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TABULATION OF ULTIMATE MOMENT FOR COLUMN

Transversal Section
Roof Level
JOINT MEMBER MDM MWL MEL MU=0.75(MDM+1.6MW) MU=0.75(MDM+1.4MEL) DESIGN MOMENT
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000

Transversal Section
Third Level
JOINT MEMBER MDM MWL MEL MU=0.75(MDM+1.6MW) MU=0.75(MDM+1.4MEL) DESIGN MOMENT
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000

Transversal Section
Second Level
JOINT MEMBER MDM MWL MEL MU=0.75(MDM+1.6MW) MU=0.75(MDM+1.4MEL) DESIGN MOMENT
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
TABULATION OF ULTIMATE MOMENT FOR COLUMN
Longitudinal Section
Roof Level
JOINT MEMBER MDM MWL MEL MU=0.75(MDM+1.6MW) MU=0.75(MDM+1.4MEL) DESIGN MOMENT
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
Longitudinal Section
Third Level
JOINT MEMBER MDM MWL MEL MU=0.75(MDM+1.6MW) MU=0.75(MDM+1.4MEL) DESIGN MOMENT
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
Longitudinal Section
Second Level
JOINT MEMBER MDM MWL MEL MU=0.75(MDM+1.6MW) MU=0.75(MDM+1.4MEL) DESIGN MOMENT
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
Column Beam Slab
l (m) w (m) h (m) b (m) h (m) Thickness
First Level 0.50 0.50 4.00 0.45 0.50 0.12
Second Level 0.45 0.45 3.80 0.40 0.45 0.12
Third Level 0.40 0.40 3.60 0.35 0.40 0.12

Wt. of Concrete 24
Weight of Ceiling 0.5
Weight of Flr. Finishing 1.1
Weight of Wall 0.25
Live Load 4.8

A. INTERIOR COLUMN
Ground Floor Second Level Third Level
Tranversal Dimension 4.00 meters 4.00 meters 4.00 meters
Longitudinal Dimension 6.00 meters 6.00 meters 6.00 meters
Live Load 115.200 115.200 115.200

Dead Loads Ground Floor Second Level Third Level


Slab 69.120 69.120 69.120
Ceiling 12.000 12.000 12.000
Floor Finishing 26.400 26.400 26.400
Wall 9.375 8.313 7.938
Beam 54.000 43.200 33.600
Column 24.000 18.468 13.824
Total Dead Loads 310.095 kN 292.701 kN 278.082 kN

B. CORNER COLUMN
Ground Floor Second Level Third Level
Tranversal Dimension 2.00 meters 2.00 meters 2.00 meters
Longitudinal Dimension 3.00 meters 3.00 meters 3.00 meters
Live Load 28.800 28.800 28.800

Dead Loads Ground Floor Second Level Third Level


Slab 17.280 17.280 17.280
Ceiling 3.000 3.000 3.000
Floor Finishing 6.600 6.600 6.600
Wall 4.688 4.156 3.969
Beam 27.000 21.600 16.800
Column 24.000 18.468 13.824
Total Dead Loads 111.368 kN 99.904 kN 90.273 kN

C. EXTERIOR ALONG TRANSVERSAL DIRECTION


Ground Floor Second Level Third Level
Tranversal Dimension 4.00 meters 4.00 meters 4.00 meters
Longitudinal Dimension 3.00 meters 3.00 meters 3.00 meters
Live Load 57.600 57.600 57.600

Dead Loads Ground Floor Second Level Third Level


Slab 34.560 34.560 34.560
Ceiling 6.000 6.000 6.000
Floor Finishing 13.200 13.200 13.200
Wall 6.563 5.819 5.556
Beam 37.800 30.240 23.520
Column 24.000 18.468 13.824
Total Dead Loads 179.723 kN 165.887 kN 154.260 kN

D. EXTERIOR ALONG LONGITUDINAL


Ground Floor Second Level Third Level
Tranversal Dimension 2.00 meters 2.00 meters 2.00 meters
Longitudinal Dimension 6.00 meters 6.00 meters 6.00 meters
Live Load 57.600 57.600 57.600

Dead Loads Ground Floor Second Level Third Level


Slab 34.560 34.560 34.560
Ceiling 6.000 6.000 6.000
Floor Finishing 13.200 13.200 13.200
Wall 7.500 6.650 6.350
Beam 43.200 34.560 26.880
Column 24.000 18.468 13.824
Total Dead Loads 186.060 kN 171.038 kN 158.414 kN

SUMMARY
ALONG ALONG
INTERIOR CORNER
LEVEL TRANSVERSAL LONGITUDINAL
LL DL LL DL LL DL LL DL
First 115.200 310.095 28.800 111.368 57.600 179.723 57.600 186.060
Second 115.200 292.701 28.800 99.904 57.600 165.887 57.600 171.038
Third 115.200 278.082 28.800 90.273 57.600 154.260 57.600 158.414
Total 345.60 880.88 86.40 301.54 172.80 499.87 172.80 515.51
DESIGN OF COLUMN FOR FIRST LEVEL

A. Corner Column
DL= 301.54 kN
LL= 86.40 kN
PU= 1.2DL + 1.6LL
500.0934 kN
MU= kN-m
f'c= 27.6 MPa

Φ of Bar #30 = 29.9 mm


Φ of tie Bar #10 = 11.3 mm
Dimension Of Column
L = 500 mm
W = 500 mm
Clear Cover = 70 mm

Assume average compression stress


=0.5f'c 13.8 MPa

Ag reqd 36238.65

where:
Ag = d2
d2 = 36238.6522 mm2
d = 190.364524 mm
Use:
Ag = 250000 mm2
e = 0 mm
λ = 0.7
Pn = 714.419
e/h = 0.00
φPne
= 0.00 MPa
Agh

For Column interaction diagram for rectangular


tied column with bars on all four faces
ρg = 0.02

Ast = 5000 mm2

No. of Bars = 7.12093023

say 8 bars
For Spacing of Ties

16φ bar = 478.4


48 φ tie = 542.4
LCD = 500

S= 478.4 mm

B. Interior Column

DL= 880.88 kN
LL= 345.60 kN
PU= 1.2DL + 1.6LL
1610.012 kN
MU= kN-m
f'c= 27.6 MPa

Φ of Bar #30 = 29.9 mm


Φ of tie Bar #10 = 11.3 mm
Dimension Of Column
L = 500 mm
W = 500 mm
Clear Cover = 70

Assume average compression stress


=0.5f'c 13.8 MPa

Ag reqd 116668

where:
Ag = d2
d2 = 116667.565 mm2
d = 341.566341 mm

Use:
Ag = 250000 mm2
e = 0 mm
λ = 0.72
Pn = 2300.018
e/h = 0.00
φPne
= 0.00 MPa
Agh
For Column interaction diagram for rectangular
tied column with bars on all four faces
ρg = 0.02

Ast = 5000 mm2

No. of Bars = 7.12093023

say 8 bars

For Spacing of Ties

16φ bar = 478.4


48 φ tie = 542.4
LCD = 500

S= 478.4 mm

C. Exterior Column Along Transversal


DL= 499.87 kN
LL= 172.80 kN

PU= 1.2DL + 1.76L


876.3234 kN
MU= kN-m

f'c= 27.6 MPa

Φ of Bar #30 = 29.9 mm


Φ of tie Bar #10 = 11.3 mm
Dimension Of Column
L = 500 mm
W = 500 mm
Clear Cover = 70 mm

Assume average compression stress


=0.5f'c 13.8 MPa

Ag reqd 63501.7

where:
Ag = d2
d2 = 63501.6957 mm2
d = 251.995428 mm

Use:
Ag = 250000 mm2
e = 0 mm
λ = 0.72
Pn = 1251.891
e/h = 0.000
φPne
= 0.00 MPa
Agh

For Column interaction diagram for rectangular


tied column with bars on all four faces
ρg = 0.02

Ast = 5000 mm2

No. of Bars = 7.12093023

say 8 bars

For Spacing of Ties

16φ bar = 478.4


48 φ tie = 542.4
LCD = 500

S= 478.4 mm

D. Exterior Column Along Longitudinal

DL= 515.51 kN
LL= 172.80 kN

PU= 1.2DL + 1.6LL


895.0944 kN
MU= kN-m

f'c= 27.6 MPa

Φ of Bar #30 = 29.9 mm


Φ of tie Bar #10 = 11.3 mm
Dimension Of Column
L = 500 mm
W = 500 mm
Clear Cover = 70 mm

Assume average compression stress


=0.5f'c 13.8 MPa

Ag reqd 64861.91

where:
Ag = d2
d2 = 64861.913 mm2
d = 254.680021 mm

Use:
Ag = 250000 mm2
e = 0 mm
λ = 0.72
Pn = 1278.706
e/h = 0.000
φPne
= 0.00 MPa
Agh

For Column interaction diagram for rectangular


tied column with bars on all four faces
ρg = 0.02

Ast = 5000 mm2

No. of Bars = 7.12093023

say 8 bars

For Spacing of Ties

16φ bar = 478.4


48 φ tie = 542.4
LCD = 500

S= 478.4 mm
DESIGN OF COLUMN FOR SECOND LEVEL

A. Corner Column
DL= 190.18 kN
LL= 57.60 kN
PU= 1.2DL + 1.6LL
320.3724 kN
MU= kN-m
f'c= 27.6 MPa

Φ of Bar #30 = 29.9 mm


Φ of tie Bar #10 = 11.3 mm
Dimension Of Column
L = 450 mm
W = 450 mm
Clear Cover = 70 mm

Assume average compression stress


=0.5f'c 13.8 MPa

Ag reqd 23215.39

where:
Ag = d2
d2 = 23215.3913 mm2
d = 152.365978 mm
Use:
Ag = 202500 mm2
e = 0 mm
λ = 0.7
Pn = 457.675
e/h = 0.00
φPne
= 0.00 MPa
Agh

For Column interaction diagram for rectangular


tied column with bars on all four faces
ρg = 0.02

Ast = 4050 mm2

No. of Bars = 5.76795349

say 6 bars
For Spacing of Ties

16φ bar = 478.4


48 φ tie = 542.4
LCD = 450

S= 450 mm

B. Interior Column

DL= 570.78 kN
LL= 230.40 kN
PU= 1.2DL + 1.6LL
1053.578 kN
MU= kN-m
f'c= 27.6 MPa

Φ of Bar #30 = 29.9 mm


Φ of tie Bar #10 = 11.3 mm
Dimension Of Column
L = 450 mm
W = 450 mm
Clear Cover = 70

Assume average compression stress


=0.5f'c 13.8 MPa

Ag reqd 76346.26

where:
Ag = d2
d2 = 76346.2609 mm2
d = 276.308271 mm

Use:
Ag = 202500 mm2
e = 0 mm
λ = 0.69
Pn = 1505.112
e/h = 0.00
φPne
= 0.00 MPa
Agh
For Column interaction diagram for rectangular
tied column with bars on all four faces
ρg = 0.02

Ast = 4050 mm2

No. of Bars = 5.76795349

say 6 bars

For Spacing of Ties

16φ bar = 478.4


48 φ tie = 542.4
LCD = 450

S= 450 mm

C. Exterior Column Along Transversal


DL= 320.15 kN
LL= 115.20 kN

PU= 1.2DL + 1.76L


568.4964 kN
MU= kN-m

f'c= 27.6 MPa

Φ of Bar #30 = 29.9 mm


Φ of tie Bar #10 = 11.3 mm
Dimension Of Column
L = 450 mm
W = 450 mm
Clear Cover = 70 mm

Assume average compression stress


=0.5f'c 13.8 MPa

Ag reqd 41195.39

where:
Ag = d2
d2 = 41195.3913 mm2
d = 202.966478 mm

Use:
Ag = 202500 mm2
e = 0 mm
λ = 0.69
Pn = 812.138
e/h = 0.000
φPne
= 0.00 MPa
Agh

For Column interaction diagram for rectangular


tied column with bars on all four faces
ρg = 0.02

Ast = 4050 mm2

No. of Bars = 5.76795349

say 6 bars

For Spacing of Ties

16φ bar = 478.4


48 φ tie = 542.4
LCD = 450

S= 450 mm

D. Exterior Column Along Longitudinal

DL= 329.45 kN
LL= 115.20 kN

PU= 1.2DL + 1.6LL


579.6624 kN
MU= kN-m

f'c= 27.6 MPa

Φ of Bar #30 = 29.9 mm


Φ of tie Bar #10 = 11.3 mm
Dimension Of Column
L = 450 mm
W = 450 mm
Clear Cover = 70 mm

Assume average compression stress


=0.5f'c 13.8 MPa

Ag reqd 42004.52

where:
Ag = d2
d2 = 42004.5217 mm2
d = 204.950047 mm

Use:
Ag = 202500 mm2
e = 0 mm
λ = 0.69
Pn = 828.089
e/h = 0.000
φPne
= 0.00 MPa
Agh

For Column interaction diagram for rectangular


tied column with bars on all four faces
ρg = 0.02

Ast = 4050 mm2

No. of Bars = 5.76795349

say 6 bars

For Spacing of Ties

16φ bar = 478.4


48 φ tie = 542.4
LCD = 450

S= 450 mm
DESIGN OF COLUMN FOR THIRD LEVEL

A. Corner Column
DL= 90.27 kN
LL= 28.80 kN
PU= 1.2DL + 1.6LL
154.4073 kN
MU= kN-m
f'c= 27.6 MPa

Φ of Bar #28 = 28 mm
Φ of tie Bar #10 = 11.3 mm
Dimension Of Column
L = 400 mm
W = 400 mm
Clear Cover = 70 mm

Assume average compression stress


=0.5f'c 13.8 MPa

Ag reqd 11188.93

where:
Ag = d2
d2 = 11188.9348 mm2
d = 105.777761 mm
Use:
Ag = 160000 mm2
e = 0 mm
λ = 0.7
Pn = 220.582
e/h = 0.00
φPne
= 0.00 MPa
Agh

For Column interaction diagram for rectangular


tied column with bars on all four faces
ρg = 0.02

Ast = 3200 mm2

No. of Bars = 5.19688395

say 6 bars
For Spacing of Ties

16φ bar = 448


48 φ tie = 542.4
LCD = 400

S= 400 mm

B. Interior Column

DL= 278.08 kN
LL= 115.20 kN
PU= 1.2DL + 1.6LL
518.0178 kN
MU= kN-m
f'c= 27.6 MPa

Φ of Bar #28 = 28 mm
Φ of tie Bar #10 = 11.3 mm
Dimension Of Column
L = 400 mm
W = 400 mm
Clear Cover = 70

Assume average compression stress


=0.5f'c 13.8 MPa

Ag reqd 37537.52

where:
Ag = d2
d2 = 37537.5217 mm2
d = 193.746024 mm

Use:
Ag = 160000 mm2
e = 0 mm
λ = 0.65
Pn = 740.025
e/h = 0.00
φPne
= 0.00 MPa
Agh
For Column interaction diagram for rectangular
tied column with bars on all four faces
ρg = 0.02

Ast = 3200 mm2

No. of Bars = 5.19688395

say 6 bars

For Spacing of Ties

16φ bar = 448


48 φ tie = 542.4
LCD = 400

S= 400 mm

C. Exterior Column Along Transversal


DL= 154.26 kN
LL= 57.60 kN

PU= 1.2DL + 1.76L


277.2723 kN
MU= kN-m

f'c= 27.6 MPa

Φ of Bar #28 = 28 mm
Φ of tie Bar #10 = 11.3 mm
Dimension Of Column
L = 400 mm
W = 400 mm
Clear Cover = 70 mm

Assume average compression stress


=0.5f'c 13.8 MPa

Ag reqd 20092.2

where:
Ag = d2
d2 = 20092.1957 mm2
d = 141.746942 mm

Use:
Ag = 160000 mm2
e = 0 mm
λ = 0.65
Pn = 396.103
e/h = 0.000
φPne
= 0.00 MPa
Agh

For Column interaction diagram for rectangular


tied column with bars on all four faces
ρg = 0.02

Ast = 3200 mm2

No. of Bars = 5.19688395

say 6 bars

For Spacing of Ties

16φ bar = 448


48 φ tie = 542.4
LCD = 400

S= 400 mm

D. Exterior Column Along Longitudinal

DL= 158.41 kN
LL= 57.60 kN

PU= 1.2DL + 1.6LL


282.2568 kN
MU= kN-m

f'c= 27.6 MPa

Φ of Bar #28 = 28 mm
Φ of tie Bar #10 = 11.3 mm
Dimension Of Column
L = 400 mm
W = 400 mm
Clear Cover = 70 mm

Assume average compression stress


=0.5f'c 13.8 MPa

Ag reqd 20453.39

where:
Ag = d2
d2 = 20453.3913 mm2
d = 143.015353 mm

Use:
Ag = 160000 mm2
e = 0 mm
λ = 0.65
Pn = 403.224
e/h = 0.000
φPne
= 0.00 MPa
Agh

For Column interaction diagram for rectangular


tied column with bars on all four faces
ρg = 0.02

Ast = 3200 mm2

No. of Bars = 5.19688395

say 6 bars

For Spacing of Ties

16φ bar = 448


48 φ tie = 542.4
LCD = 400

S= 400 mm
Square Footing Corner Column Footing
Given:
qa = 310.00 kPa DL = 301.545 kN
γc = 24.00 kN/m 3
LL = 86.400 kN
γs = 15.60 kN/m 3
t = 0.500 m
hc = 0.80 m fy = 275 Mpa
hs = 1.20 m f'c = 21 Mpa
d = 725.00 mm diameter of bar 28 mm

Solution:

Effective Soil Pressure (qe): Ultimate Load (Pu):


qe = qa - γchc - γshs Pu = 1.2 DL + 1.6 LL
qe = 272.08 kPa Pu = 500.09 kN

Width of Footing (B): Ultimate Shear (Vu):


DL + LL Vu = Pu - qu (Ashaded)
B=
qe Vu = (26.23) kN
B= 1.19 m

Critical Shear Stress (Vp):


Allowable Stress (qu): Vu
Vp =
1.2 DL + 1.6 LL Φbd
qu =
Area Vp = (0.010) Mpa
qu = 350.73 kPa

Allowable Punching Shear (Vap):


Solving for the value of x: Vap =
x= B-t 3
2 Vap = 1.512 Mpa
x= 0.35 m
Vap > Va
Safe
Ultimate Moment (Mu): Number of Bars (n):
q u ( B ) ( x )2 As
Mu = n=
2 Ab
Mu = 25.22 kN-m n= 7.16
say 8 bars

Solving for Rn: Bar Spacing (s):


Mu B
Rn = s=
Φbd 2
n
Rn = 0.04 Mpa s= 166.83 mm
say 160 mm

Solving for ρ:
ρ=

ρ= 0.00016

Solve for ρmin:


1.4
ρmin =
fy
ρmin = 0.00509

Use: ρmin

Solve for Area of Steel (As):


As = ρbd
As = 4,407.27 sq.mm
Square Footing Interior Column Footing
Given:
qa = 310.00 kPa DL = 880.877 kN
γc = 24.00 kN/m 3
LL = 345.600 kN
γs = 15.60 kN/m 3
t = 0.500 m
hc = 0.80 m fy = 275 Mpa
hs = 1.20 m f'c = 21 Mpa
d = 725.00 mm diameter of bar 28 mm

Solution:

Effective Soil Pressure (qe): Ultimate Load (Pu):


qe = qa - γchc - γshs Pu = 1.2 DL + 1.6 LL
qe = 272.08 kPa Pu = 1,610.01 kN

Width of Footing (B): Ultimate Shear (Vu):


DL + LL Vu = Pu - qu (Ashaded)
B=
qe Vu = 1,074.04 kN
B= 2.12 m

Critical Shear Stress (Vp):


Allowable Stress (qu): Vu
Vp =
1.2 DL + 1.6 LL Φbd
qu =
Area Vp = 0.403 Mpa
qu = 357.16 kPa

Allowable Punching Shear (Vap):


Solving for the value of x: Vap =
x= B-t 3
2 Vap = 1.512 Mpa
x= 0.81 m
Vap > Va
Safe
Ultimate Moment (Mu): Number of Bars (n):
q u ( B ) ( x )2 As
Mu = n=
2 Ab
Mu = 249.73 kN-m n= 12.73
say 13 bars

Solving for Rn: Bar Spacing (s):


Mu B
Rn = s=
Φbd 2
n
Rn = 0.25 Mpa s= 166.83 mm
say 160 mm

Solving for ρ:
ρ=

ρ= 0.00091

Solve for ρmin:


1.4
ρmin =
fy
ρmin = 0.00509

Use: ρmin

Solve for Area of Steel (As):


As = ρbd
As = 7,836.37 sq.mm
Square Footing Exterior Column Footing Along Transversal Section
Given:
qa = 310.00 kPa DL = 499.870 kN
γc = 24.00 kN/m3 LL = 172.800 kN
γs = 15.60 kN/m3 t = 0.500 m
hc = 0.80 m fy = 275 Mpa
hs = 1.20 m f'c = 21 Mpa
d = 725.00 mm diameter of bar 28 mm

Solution:

Effective Soil Pressure (qe): Ultimate Load (Pu):


qe = qa - γchc - γshs Pu = 1.2 DL + 1.6 LL
qe = 272.08 kPa Pu = 876.32 kN

Width of Footing (B): Ultimate Shear (Vu):


DL + LL Vu = Pu - qu (Ashaded)
B=
qe Vu = 344.42 kN
B= 1.57 m

Critical Shear Stress (Vp):


Allowable Stress (qu): Vu
Vp =
1.2 DL + 1.6 LL Φbd
qu =
Area Vp = 0.129 Mpa
qu = 354.45 kPa

Allowable Punching Shear (Vap):


Solving for the value of x: Vap =
x= B-t 3
2 Vap = 1.512 Mpa
x= 0.54 m
Ultimate Moment (Mu): Number of Bars (n):
q u ( B ) ( x )2 As
Mu = n=
2 Ab
Mu = 80.11 kN-m n= 9.42
say 10 bars

Solving for Rn: Bar Spacing (s):


Mu B
Rn = s=
Φ b d2 n
Rn = 0.11 Mpa s= 166.83 mm
say 160 mm

Solving for ρ:
ρ=

ρ= 0.00039

Solve for ρmin:


1.4
ρmin =
fy
ρmin = 0.00509

Use: ρmin

Solve for Area of Steel (As):


As = ρbd
As = 5,803.45 sq.mm
Vap > Va
Safe

Square Footing Exterior Column Footing Along Longitudinal Section


Given:
qa = 310.00 kPa DL = 515.512 kN
γc = 24.00 kN/m 3
LL = 172.800 kN
γs = 15.60 kN/m3 t = 0.500 m
hc = 0.80 m fy = 275 Mpa
hs = 1.20 m f'c = 21 Mpa
d = 725.00 mm diameter of bar 28 mm

Solution:

Effective Soil Pressure (qe): Ultimate Load (Pu):


qe = qa - γchc - γshs Pu = 1.2 DL + 1.6 LL
qe = 272.08 kPa Pu = 895.09 kN

Width of Footing (B): Ultimate Shear (Vu):


DL + LL Vu = Pu - qu (Ashaded)
B=
qe Vu = 364.15 kN
B= 1.59 m

Critical Shear Stress (Vp):


Allowable Stress (qu): Vu
Vp =
1.2 DL + 1.6 LL Φbd
qu =
Area Vp = 0.137 Mpa
qu = 353.82 kPa

Allowable Punching Shear (Vap):


Solving for the value of x: Vap =
x= B-t 3
Ultimate Moment (Mu): Number of Bars (n):
q u ( B ) ( x )2 As
Mu = n=
2 Ab
Mu = 83.66 kN-m n= 9.53
say 10 bars

Solving for Rn: Bar Spacing (s):


Mu B
Rn = s=
Φ b d2 n
Rn = 0.11 Mpa s= 166.83 mm
say 160 mm

Solving for ρ:
ρ=

ρ= 0.00041

Solve for ρmin:


1.4
ρmin =
fy
ρmin = 0.00509

Use: ρmin

Solve for Area of Steel (As):


As = ρbd
As = 5,870.54 sq.mm
2 Vap = 1.512 Mpa
x= 0.55 m
Vap > Va
Safe