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Changing-the-material-valuation-types

Assuming you have defined split valuation types in the sap img, you must remove all stock for the current period and one previous period before you can create
the material with different valuation types.

The best method is to wait until the last day of a period, and then perform a physical inventory adjustment to remove the stock.

Then on the first day of the next period you can set up the material accounting views for each split valuation type.

After the material valuation types are set up for the material, you can do an inventory adjustment to put the stock back in. 

Make sure you notify your accounting inventory control departments as to the quantities and values you are taking out at 
the end of the period.

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Material Valuation Basics

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Split Valuation’ allows substocks of the same material to be managed in different stock accounts. This allows substocks to be valuated separately, and every
transaction is carried out at the substock level. So, when processing a transaction, it is necessary to mention the substock.
The ‘split valuation’ is necessary if the material has:
 Different Origins
 Various Levels of Quality
 Various Statuses
It is also required in situations where you need to make a distinction between ‘in-house produced materials’ and ‘materials procured externally,’ or if there is
a distinction between ‘different deliveries.’

Split Valuation

Though known by many users, Split Valuation’s functionality is not known well by everyone. Split Valuation allows substocks of the same material to be
managed in different stock accounts. This allows substocks to be valuated separately, and every transaction is carried out at the substock level. So, when
processing a transaction, it is necessary to mention the substock. Split valuation requires that you have the Materials Management and Finance modules
implemented. It also helps management accountants to get accurate information of actual value and and cost of particular stocks.
The split valuation is necessary if the material has:

 Different Origins
 Various Levels of Quality
 Various Statuses
 Difference between delivery times

It is also required in situations where you need to make a distinction between ‘in-house produced materials’ and ‘materials procured externally, or if there is a
distinction between ‘different deliveries.’

Activate Split Valuation


Split Valuation is set active by default in the SAP Standart System. Somehow if it is not active, you can activate it through
SPRO >> IMG >> Materials Management >> Valuation & account assignment >> Split Valuation >> Activate
Configure Split Valuation

In split valuation, you can distinguish between partial stocks of a material according to certain criteria and valuate them separately.The material stock is divided
according to valuation category and valuation type:

 The valuation category determines the criteria for distinguishing between stocks
 The valuation types describe the possible features of the partial stocks.
You can refer to sapficoconsultant free sample Split Valuation Configuration document for further steps and details.
How does Split Valuation Affect in your System
Every processed valuation relevant transactions as goods issue, goods receipts or physical inventory are executed at the level of partial stocks. It must be
always specified which partial stock is affected and so other remaining partial stocks are unaffected. Total stocks are also updated by this way.The value of the
total stock is calculated from the sum of the stock values and the stock quantities of the individual partial stocks.

For more references to understand better Split Valuation visit,


 Understand the Split Valuation functionality with a given real life example
 Step by step procedures of Split Valuation for Materials
 An introduction to Split Valuation
 Step by step Configuration of Split Valuation with screenshots
====== ==========================================
Introduction

Split Valuation In the normal course of business there is a strong need for sub-division of material stock based on certain criteria. Some of
the common criteria are defined as follows, but there may be more or less per the business process at Client Level.

 Source of Supply may be different


 Types of Procurement- Internal or External
 Quality of the material may be different
 Statutes of the material may be different
 Differentiation based on different deliveries
 Differentiation based on batch management

Once the stock has been sub divided, now the business may be interested to valuate these sub stocks based on the different criteria. So in
SAP we map this requirement by using Split Valuation (which means valuating a material as several sub stocks separately.) It may be
required for certain materials or all, per the client requirement.

Based on split valuation, we can monitor each transaction of these sub stocks and capture the actual value of the material which is affected
by the movement of any goods.

Before creating a material Master Record, the business has to decide whether the material is subject to split valuation or not. If it is subject
to split valuation, then it needs to be defined on the accounting view of the material master record under the field valuation category.

Now we can divide the material stock according to valuation category and valuation type. The valuation category determines how the partial
stocks are divided, that is, according to which criteria. And the valuation type describes the characteristics of the individual stocks. If our
material is batch managed then we need not maintain it at valuation type level. The only thing we have to assign is the appropriate
valuation category. In this case the batch number itself will be treated as the valuation type for all purposes.

How to Configure Split Valuation  After activating the split material valuation, we need to configure the same in SPRO under the node
configure the split valuation. It is divided in the same way as follows:

 Global Types (Valuation Types)


 Global Categories (Valuation Categories)
 Local categories (Valuation Area)

In SPRO we can determine or create the following settings per our requirements:

 Which valuation categories exist in your company (global categories)


 Which valuation types exist in your company (global types)
 Which valuation types belong to which valuation category
 Which valuation categories exist in a valuation area (local categories)

SAP Split Valuation for Materials


The SAP R/3 System allows you to valuate stocks of a material either together or separately, that
is, according to different valuation criteria. Split valuation is necessary if, for example:

1. Stock from in-house production has a different valuation price than externally procured stock.

2. Stock obtained from one manufacturer is valuated at a different price than stock obtained from
another manufacturer.
3. Different batch stocks of a material have different valuation prices.

4. Value damaged and repair part differently from a new part.

To used split valuation, you have to activate it using 'OMW0'.

To change split material valuation once it has been set, you must

1.  first post out all stocks (for example, to a cost center or with movement type 562) 
2.  then change the control parameters 
3.  if necessary, change the automatic account determination 
4.  finally post the stocks back in again

In split valuation, you can distinguish between partial stocks of a material according to certain criteria
and valuate them separately.

The material stock is divided according to valuation category and valuation type.

The valuation category determines how the partial stocks are divided, that is, according to which
criteria. 

The valuation type describes the characteristics of the individual stocks. 

With the function "Setting" you can determine:

which valuation categories exist in your company (global categories)  


which valuation types exist in your company (global types)  
which valuation types belong to which valuation category  
which valuation categories exist in a valuation area (local categories) 

Your entries are only relevant if you set split valuation as active in the function "Global settings".

In the standard SAP R/3 System, the following valuation categories are default settings :

B procurement type 

with the valuation types:

"EIGEN" for in-house production 


"FREMD" for external procurement

H Origin 

X automatic valuation (only for batch) 

To select split valuation ('OMWC'), proceed as follows:

1.  Determine the valuation categories and valuation types that are allowed for all valuation areas: 
    global valuation categories via menu "Goto --> Global Categories"  
    global valuation types via menu "Goto --> Global Types" 

2.  Allocate the valuation types to the valuation categories. 


     a) Select "Goto --> Global Categories". 
     b) Position the cursor on a valuation category and select  
        "Goto --> Global Categories --> Assignments --> 'Types->Category'". 
     c) Activate the valuation types you want.

3.  Determine the local valuation categories for each valuation area. 
     a) Select "Goto --> Local definitions". 
     b) Position the cursor on a valuation area and select  
         "Goto --> Local Definitions --> Allocate Categoires->Org.units (button Cats->(OU)".  
         You obtain a list of the global valuation categories. 
     c) Activate the categories to be used in this valuation area. 
         The system creates the local valuation types based on the allocations under point 2. 
         Only now can you create a master record with split valuation.

Specifying Split Valuation by creating Material Subject to Split Valuation

1.  Create a material master record, selecting the Accounting View 1.  
2.  Enter your data as required on the Accounting data screen, specifying a valuation category.  
     (If you can't find the valuation category field, it might be hidden, use OMSR to define the Field
Groups.  
      Look for the field MBEW-BWTTY for Valuation category). 
3.   Be sure that the price control indicator is V for moving average price and enter a moving
average price.  
4.   In the case of split valuation, you can create only one valuation header record with price control
V because the  
      individual stock values are cumulated, and this total value is written to the valuation header
record.  This is where the  
      individual stocks of a material are managed cumulatively. To do this, fill in the Valuation
category field on the accounting 
      screen when you create the material master record and leave the Valuation type field blank. 
5.   Save your data and the system creates the valuation header record. 
6.   The initial screen appears. 
7.   Extend the material by creating new material master records from the Accounting view 1. For the
first material, specify a 
      valuation type in the Organizational Levels dialog box and enter the respective accounting data on
the data screen.  
      Proceed likewise for the other materials, distinguishing between them by valuation type.  To do
this, call up the material in  
      creation mode again. Due to the fact that a valuation header record exists, the system requires you
to enter a valuation  
      type for the valuation category. 
8.   Repeat step seven for every valuation type planned.

You want to valuate the stock of material XYZ that you obtain from manufacturer A in Los Angeles
at a different price than the stock you obtain from manufacturer B in Detroit. In this case, the
valuation category is H for origin. Your valuation types can be LOS ANGELES and DETROIT.

If a material is subject to split valuation, every quantity (sub-stock) of this material must be assigned
to a valuation type (for example, country of origin). 

For every valuation type, there are two types of data in the system, as follows:

Valuation data (for example, valuation price, total stock quantity, total stock value), which is defined
for every valuation type at valuation-area level and applies to all dependent storage locations. 

Stock data, which, like batch data, is managed separately for each storage location. If a material that is
subject to split valuation is also subject to management in batches, its stock data is not managed by
valuation type, but rather by batch. Every batch is assigned to a valuation type.

The stock quantity, stock value, and valuation price for all valuation types are managed cumulatively
at valuation-area level.

Must the Valuation Type Exist Before the First Goods Receipt?

You can post the goods receipt of material of a certain valuation type only if the valuation data for
this valuation type already exists, because the system valuates the goods receipt at the price defined in
the valuation data. On the other hand, the stock data for the valuation type is created automatically
during the first goods receipt into the storage location, if this is defined in Customizing for Inventory
Management. 

Goods Movements with Materials Subject to Split Valuation

If you want to enter goods movements for materials subject to split valuation, you must enter the
valuation type in addition to the material number. 

Enter the valuation type in the Batch field for MB01.

In MIGO, there is a valuation type field in Detail data -> Material.

Split Valuation
By Willem Hoek
This notes relates to SAP ECC (ERP Central Component) 5.0  

Without split valuation, materials are valued at plant level. 


With split valuation, the same material number at a plant can have different stock quantity and value for
different groupings (called valuation types). 

The valuation types are set up in configuration could be for example: 

 newd, old or 


 GB, US, AU, ... (indicating countries for example) 
 red, blue, black, etc.... (indicating colors for example)

The valuation typs are grouped together in a valuation category 


So for example, the above valuation types could be grouped by age, country, color. 

A material is activated by entering the valuation type in the accounting view of the material master. 

IMPORTANT: It is possible to change a valuation category if no stock and PO were created. However,
once a Valuation category is assigned -- it can not be un-assigned (make blank again). So it is not
something that get changed at will. It needs to be decided on creation of material. 

Steps to set it up 

CONFIGURATION 

1. Activate Valuation 
2. Create Valuation Category 
3. Create Valuation Types 
4. Link Categories > Types 
5. Link valid Valuation Categories to Plant

MASTER DATA 

1. Activate Split valuation for a material 


(Add Valuation Category in material master) 
2. Create Accounting views for every valuation type

Using Split Valuation in transactions 

1. Create Purchase Order 


2. Goods Receipt / Goods Issue 
3. Physical Inventory 
4. Stock Overview

-------------DETAIL------------------ 

In this example we want to group material in the same plant based on AGE (valuation category). We will
have two "groups" (valuation types): OLD and NEW. 

Configuration 
IMG: Material Management > Valuation > Split Valuation 

1. Activate Valuation - tcode OMW0 

Configure Split Valuation - tcode OMWC 

2. Create Valuation Category 


Select: Global Categories 
 

The Ext Mandatory option will force users to enter a valuation type in purchase orders. 
Select: Create (to save) 

3. Create Valuation Types 


Select: Global Types > Create 

Select: Create (to save) 

The Purchase Orders attributes option indicate if PO's are allowed or not. 
1 - Not allowed 
2 - Allowed but with warning 
3 - Allowed 

The account category reference determines what GL valuation classes will be allowed. 

4. Link Categories > Types 


Select: Global categories (from main config menu) 
Select: Valuation Category 
Select: Types > cat. 

Activate valid valuation categories 

5. Link valid Valuation Categories to Plant 


Select: Local Definitions (from main config menu) 
Select: Plant to use 
Select: Cats -> OU 
Select: Valuation Categegory and press Activate 
 

ACTIVATE MATERIAL MASTER 

1. Activate Split valuation for a material 


(Add Valuation Category in material master) 
Material Master create - MM01 

NOTE: It is only possble to change a material (valuation category) if no stock and PO were created. So it
is not something that get changed at will. It needs to be decided on creation of material. 

2. Create Accounting views for every valuation type - mm01 


 

USING SPLIT VALUATION IN TRANSACTIONS 

1. Create Purchase Order - ME21N 


 

2. Goods Receipt / Goods Issue - MIGO 

4. Physical Inventory - example MI10 

 
Note that the batch field is used! 

5. Stock Overview - MMBE 


 

--------------- END OF DOCUMENT -----------

==========================================

SAP Material Valuation Basics - 1.............................................................................2


Material Valuation General.....................................................................................................2
Valuation Level............................................................................................................................2
Valuation area = company code..........................................................................................3
Valuation area = plant.............................................................................................................3
SAP Material Valuation Basics - 2.............................................................................4
Material Master Record Accounting Data.........................................................................4
Standard price.............................................................................................................................5
Moving average price...............................................................................................................5
SAP Material Valuation Basics - 3.............................................................................6
Material : V price 20 EUR.......................................................................................................6
Material : S price 20 EUR.......................................................................................................6
Material Valuation Examples.................................................................................................6
Posting to Moving Average Price (Example)...........................................................8
SAP Material Valuation Basics - 4 ................................................................................10
Stock Types, Valuation, GR in Warehouse - 1 ................................................................10
SAP Material Valuation Basics - 5 ................................................................................12
Stock Types, Valuation, GR in Warehouse - 2 ................................................................12
SAP Material Valuation Basics - 6 ................................................................................14
Stock Types, Valuation, GR in Warehouse - 3 ................................................................14
Documents at Goods Receipt ........................................................................................................................14
SAP MATERIAL VALUATION BASICS -
1is series of articles give an overview of the determination
h of valuation levels for
materials using the valuation area, and the two possible procedures for material
valuation. These articles will also explain:
The significance of the valuation area
The function of the valuation class
Material valuation with the moving average price
Material valuation with the standard price
In a company, most of the externally procured materials are stored before they are
required for production or sales. The warehouse stocks of materials must be updated
on a quantity and value basis.

Material Valuation General


In most goods movements in Inventory Management, the stock quantity and
therefore also the stock value vary. In goods receipts, the stock value increases; in
goods issues, the stock value decreases. The quantity and value of the material stock
and the material price (=valuation price) are updated in the material master record.
You therefore also need a material master record for warehouse material. The
material valuation determines and maintains the stock value of a material. The
following formula is used to calculate the stock value:
Stock value = stock quantity * material price
From this formula it follows that the stock value changes when the stock quantity or
material price changes.
During the valuation of a goods movement, not only the total value and, if necessary,
the valuation price are updated in the material master record, but also the accounts in
Accounting. Material valuation demonstrates a connection between Materials
Management (MM) and Financial Accounting (FI) because material valuation accesses
G/L accounts in Financial Accounting and updates them. Material valuation is
essentially controlled by two factors:
System setting (Customizing)
Material Master Record
The material valuation is adjusted with SAP R/3 settings to meet the needs of your
department. For system configuration, the following questions are defined:
On which level are materials valuated?
Which types of goods movements are relevant for valuation?
Which accounts are posted to during a transaction?
The following sections cover the questions about the valuation level and the settings
in the material master record. The movement type determines which types of goods
movements are relevant for valuation. The settings for automatic account
determination determine which accounts are posted to during a transaction.

Valuation Level
The valuation area is the organizational level at which material is valuated. You can
decide whether the valuation area is determined at company code or plant level.
SAP MM Material Valuation Levels
Figure SAP MM Material Valuation
Levels

Valuation area = company code


The valuation data of a material is created separately for each company code. The
price control and valuation price of a material are valid for each company code. The
material is therefore valuated consistently in all plants of a company code.

Valuation area = plant


The valuation data of a material is created for each plant. The price control and
valuation price of a material are valid for each plant. The same material can therefore
be valuated differently in different plants. SAP recommends that you valuate material
at plant level. Valuation at plant level is mandatory if you want to use either the
Production Planning or Product Cost Accounting components or if your system is a
mySAP Retail system.
Defining the valuation level in Customizing is a fundamental setting, and is very
difficult to reverse. (Customizing → Enterprise Structure → Definition → Logistics
General→ Define Valuation Level)
Standard price
During the valuation using the standard price (price control “S”), there are many stock
postings to a price determined in the material master record, the standard price.
M aterial M
Variances toasthis
ter standard
Record Acco priceunaretinposted
g Datato the price differences accounts. For
statistical
In purposes,
the material mastertherecord,
systemyoualso calculates
enter the moving
the necessary average
valuation price
data for for materials
a material in
that are valuated at standard price in the material master record. This
the accounting data. Depending on the valuation area, you must specify either the means that you
can spot major
company code or differences
plant when between the current
maintaining procurement
the accounting priceWhen
data. and the standard
entering the
price, and react
accounting data, accordingly.
you must answerThe system calculates
the following the total stock value for materials
questions:
with
In standard
which price control
G/L account shouldasthe
follows:
stock value of this material be managed?
Is the stock of a material to be valuated at a constant price or should the price be
Total valuto
adjusted e =match
standathe
rd pfluctuations
rice (per baseofunthe
it ofcost
measprice?
ure) * total
stockmaterial type you selected when creating a material determines whether the
The
material is to be valuated at all. The material type controls whether the stock is to be
managed on a quantity and/or value basis and whether this update can be controlled
at valuation area level.

SAP MM Material Valuation Classes


Figure SAP MM Material Valuation
Classes

In automatic account determination, the SAP R/3 system works with valuation classes.
The valuation class is used to determine which stock account is to be updated during
the goods movements of a material.
You can use the valuation class to combine materials for assigning G/L accounts so
that you do not have to manage a separate stock account for each material. You
maintain the valuation class in the Accounting view of the material master record. The
valuation class allowed for a material depends on the material type and can be
configured in Customizing. A valuation class can also be assigned to several material
types. Figure SAP MM Material Valuation Procedure
The price control procedure set in the material master record determines the value
used to valuate the goods receipt of a material. In SAP R/3, material valuation can be
carried out according to the standard price (S price) or the moving average price (V
price).
Standard price
During the valuation using the standard price (price control “S”), there are many stock
postings to a price determined in the material master record, the standard price.
Variances to this standard price are posted to the price differences accounts. For
statistical purposes, the system also calculates the moving average price for materials
that are valuated at standard price in the material master record. This means that you
can spot major differences between the current procurement price and the standard
price, and react accordingly. The system calculates the total stock value for materials
with standard price control as follows:

Total value = standard price (per base unit of measure) * total


stock
Moving average price
In valuation using the moving average price (price control “V”), the system valuates
goods receipts with the purchase order price and goods issues with the current
moving average price. The system automatically calculates the moving average price
for every goods movement as follows:

Moving average price = total stock value / total stock


quantity

Any differences from the purchase order price that occur during the invoice receipt are
posted directly to the stock account during stock coverage, and the system
determines a new moving average price.
SAP MATERIAL VALUATION BASICS -
3he following figure “SAP MM Material Valuation of
T Goods Receipt” clarifies both
valuation procedures in a single example.

SAP MM Material Valuation of Goods Receipt


Figure SAP MM Material Valuation of Goods
Receipt

Material : V price 20
EUR
The goods receipt for a purchase order of 10 pieces at 25 EUR is valuated with a
procurement price of 25 EUR. An amount of 10 at 25 EUR = 250 EUR is posted to the
stock account. The offsetting entry for the same amount is posted to the GR/IR
clearing account

Material : S price 20
EUR
The goods receipt quantity must be valuated with the standard price. The result of the
goods receipt for the purchase order of 10 pieces is an amount of 10 at 20 EUR = 200
EUR. This amount is posted to the stock account. The difference of 50 EUR from the
actual procurement value (10 at 25 EUR =250EUR) is posted to a price differences
expense account. The offsetting entry with an amount of 10 at 25 EUR = 250 EUR is
posted to the GR/IR clearing account.

Material Valuation Examples


The figures in this section describe the postings in Financial Accounting and the
updates in the material master record for a simple procurement process, once for the
V price and once for the S price procedures. Initial stock quantity and value are
displayed in the Initial situation column. Then a goods receipt for a purchase order of
100 pieces at 2.40 is posted (second line). The process is completed with an invoice
receipt of 100pieces at 2.20 (third line).
SAP MM Material Valuation STD Price
Figure SAP MM Material Valuation STD
Price

SAP MM Material Valuation STD Price Goods


Receipt Figure SAP MM Material Valuation STD
Price GR
During goods receipt, the system updates the stock value and stock quantity at
standard price. It updates the GR/IR clearing account at the purchase order price. It
posts the difference between the purchase order price and the standard price to the
price difference account.

SAP MM Material Valuation STD Price Invoice


Receipt Figure SAP MM Material Valuation STD
Price IR

When the incoming invoice is posted, the GR/IR clearing account is cleared at the
order price. The vendor (creditor) account is updated at the invoice price. It posts the
difference between the purchase order price and the invoice price to the “Income from
price differences” account. It does not change the total stock value.

Posting to Moving Average Price (Example)

SAP MM Material Valuation Moving


Average Figure SAP MM Material
Valuation MA Price
During goods receipt, the system updates the stock value, stock account, and GR/IR
clearing account at the purchase order price. The moving average price is recalculated
on the basis of the new stock value: V price (for each base unit of measure) = total
value/total stock.

SAP MM Material Valuation Moving Average GR


Figure SAP MM Material Valuation MA Price GR

When the incoming invoice is posted, the GR/IR clearing account is cleared at the
order price. The vendor (creditor) account is updated at the invoice price. The system
posts the difference between the purchase order price and the invoice price to the
stock account. It recalculates the stock value based on the invoice price.

SAP MM Material Valuation Moving Average


IR Figure SAP MM Material Valuation MA
Price IR

The system redetermines the moving average price based on the changed stock
value. If the stock quantity in the invoice receipt is less than the invoice quantity, the
system posts part of the difference to the “Expenditure/income from price differences”
account instead of the stock account.
SAP MATERIAL VALUATION BASICS -
4
This series of articles cover the goods receipt of ordered goods into the warehouse
and the effects that this goods receipt has on Inventory Management and Accounting.
The material document and the accounting document are also discussed. Many of the
goods delivered to a company are first posted after receipt into the quality inspection
stock. After a successful quality check, the materials can then be released. In
addition, we will also discuss briefly the stock types unrestricted-use, quality
inspection stock, blocked stock, and transfer postings.
This article uses the process shown in the figure below, “Stock Material Procurement:
Goods Receipt.” After material was requested from several vendors and then ordered
from the most favorable vendor, the goods receipt is posted. Some of the delivered
goods are posted to the quality inspection stock. The checked quantity is later
released with a transfer posting to the unrestricted-use stock.

SAP MM Stock Material Procurement-Goods Receipt


Figure SAP MM Stock Material Procurement-Goods Receipt
Following transaction is used for stock overview.
→ Inventory → Materials Management Choose Logistics → Stock Overview (MMBE).

Stock Environment →
Management
Enter material M-01 and plant 1000 to 3000 and execute the selection.
Discuss the stock overview displayed and the navigation as follows:

· Scroll with and Right columns or Left columns.


· Double-click on an organization level to display all stocks in one dialog box.
· Choose Extras → Display material.
· Change the material without having to return to the selection screen

To simplify daily work in Inventory Management, several functions and reports contain
detailed information about all materials and their stock data.

The stock overview is an analysis that delivers information about the stock situation of
an individual material. The material stocks are displayed in the stock overview for
each individual organizational level. Quantities posted for a particular stock type are
totaled for each organizational unit. You can display the stock overview for
batches/valuation type and special stocks (for example, consignment material), as
well as for organizational units client, company code, plant, and storage location.

SAP MM Stock Overview


Figure SAP MM Stock Overview

To display the stock overview, choose between different display versions. These
display versions differ in the listing and sequence of the individual stock types. In
Customizing for Inventory Management, the system administrator defines which
stocks are displayed in each column and the order in which they are displayed.
SAP MATERIAL VALUATION BASICS -
5
For goods receipts, you decide which stock type a quantity is posted to. The stock
type is relevant for determining the stock available in Materials Planning and is used
for withdrawals in Inventory Management.

SAP MM Valuated Goods Receipt


Figure SAP MM Valuated Goods Receipt

You can post a goods receipt for the warehouse into three stock types:

1. Unrestricted-use stock (no usage restrictions)


2. Quality inspection stock (available from an MRP perspective, but no withdrawals
are possible for consumption)
3. blocked stock (not usually available from an MRP perspective and no
withdrawals are possible for consumption)

Do not confuse the valuated stock type “blocked stock” with the non-valuated goods
receipt blocked stock (otherwise known as GR blocked stock). In the purchase order
and material master, you can plan whether the material is to be posted to the quality
inspection stock. When the goods are received, you decide the stock type to which the
material is posted.
You always use movement type 101 to post goods receipts for a purchase order to
valuated stock. You can enter a stock indicator such as the movement type at item
level for the goods receipt, enabling you to differentiate between different stock types.
You can post withdrawals for consumption only from unrestricted-use stock. From
quality inspection stock and blocked stock, you can withdraw only one sample, scrap a
quantity, or post an inventory difference.
SAP MM Transfer Posting
Figure SAP MM Transfer
Posting

If you want to withdraw goods from blocked stock or quality inspection stock for
consumption, you first have to carry out a transfer posting to unrestricted-use stock.
You use the movement type to control the stock types involved in the transfer.

When you carry out a transfer posting, the stock type, batch number, or material
number is changed. A transfer posting can also involve an actual physical stock
transfer.

As for all goods movements, the system also creates a material document during
transfer postings to show the transaction in the system. The system generates
accounting documents only if a change in valuation is involved (for example, stock
transfer from plant to plant).
SAP MATERIAL VALUATION BASICS -
6

Documents at Goods Receipt


The document principle also applies in IT-based Inventory Management. A document
is the proof that a transaction involving stock changes has taken place. Documents
are stored in the system. A material document is created in SAP R/3 as proof of a
transaction involving stock changes.
If the goods movement is relevant to valuation, the system creates at least one
accounting document in addition to the material document. Goods movements (goods
receipts, goods issues, or transfer postings) are relevant to valuation when your
company’s Accounting department is affected by them. For example, a goods receipt
posting of a raw material usually results in an increase in the stock value of your
current assets. If the raw material is only transferred within one plant, no postings are
made in Financial Accounting

SAP MM Documents for Goods Movement


Figure SAP MM Documents for Goods Movement
As soon as a goods movement is posted, the quantities, material, movement type and
organization level can no longer be changed. If you want to correct errors, you must
create a new document. So that the postings of the incorrect document can be
reversed, you must first cancel the incorrect document.

SAP MM Material and Accounting Documents


Figure SAP MM Material and Accounting Documents

The material document consists of a document header and at least one item. The
header information includes the posting date and the name of the creator. The system
records the quantity of the material that is posted to a storage location of a plant at
item level. The accounting document records the effects of material movements on
the accounts. The document header contains generally applicable data, such as the
document date, posting date, posting period, and document currency. The G/L
account numbers and the associated amount posted are recorded at item level.
The material and accounting documents are independent documents. You can identify
the material document by the material document number and the material document
year. The accounting document can be uniquely identified by the company code, the
accounting document number, and the fiscal year. The company code in which the
accounting document is posted is taken from the plant in which the goods movement
takes place.
SAP MM Effects of Goods
Receipt Figure SAP MM
Effects of Goods Receipt

The figure provides an overview of all the key effects of a goods receipt
referencing a purchase order.