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Honeywell

Commercial Electronic Systems


P.O. Box 21111
Phoenix, Arizona 85036-- 1111
U.S.A.

PRIMUSR II Integrated Radio


System

Pilot’s Manual

Revised August 2000


Printed in U.S.A. Pub. No. A28--1146--050--07 November 1987
PROPRIETARY NOTICE

This document and the information disclosed herein are proprietary


data of Honeywell. Neither this document nor the information contained
herein shall be used, reproduced, or disclosed to others without the
written authorization of Honeywell, except to the extent required for
installation or maintenance of recipient’s equipment.

NOTICE -- FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT (5 USC 552) AND


DISCLOSURE OF CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION GENERALLY
(18 USC 1905)

This document is being furnished in confidence by Honeywell. The


information disclosed herein falls within exemption (b) (4) of 5 USC 552
and the prohibitions of 18 USC 1905.

S2000

ASSOCIATE
MEMBER

Member of GAMA

General Aviation
Manufacturer’s Association

SPEX and PRIMUS are U.S. registered trademarks of Honeywell.

E2000 Honeywell
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

Record of Revisions

Upon receipt of a revision, insert the latest revised pages and dispose
of superseded pages. Enter revision number and date, insertion date,
and the incorporator’s initials on this Record of Revisions. The typed
initial H is used when Honeywell is the incorporator of the revision.

Revision Revision Insertion


Number Date Date By

1 Jun 1988 Jun 1988 HI

2 Oct 1989 Oct1989 HI

3 Dec 1991 Dec 1991 HI

4 Apr 1993 Apr 1993 HI

5 Mar 1999 Mar 1999 HI

6 Jun 2000 Jun 2000 H

7 Aug 2000 Aug 2000 H

A28-- 1146-- 050 Record of Revisions


Rev 7 RR-- 1/(RR-- 2 blank)
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

Record of Temporary Revisions


Upon receipt of a temporary revision, insert the yellow temporary
revision pages according to the filing instructions on each page. Then,
enter the temporary revision number, issue date, and insertion date on
this page.

Date the
Temporary
Revision Was Insertion of Removal of
Temporary Incorporated Temporary Temporary
Revision by a Regular Revision, Revision,
No. Issue Date Revision Date/By Date/By

1 Mar 1989 Dec 1991 — —


2 Oct 1992 Apr 1993 — —
3 May 1995 Mar 1999 — —

A28--1146--050 Record of Temporary Revisions


Rev 5 RTR--1/(RTR--2 blank)
PRIMUSR II Integrated Radio System

List of Effective Pages


Original ..0 .. Nov 1987
Revision ..1 .. Jun 1988
Revision ..2 .. Oct 1989
Revision ..3 .. Dec 1991
Revision ..4 .. Apr 1993
Revision ..5 .. Mar 1999
Revision ..6 .. Jun 2000
Revision ..7 .. Aug 2000

Subheading and Page Revision Subheading and Page Revision

Title Page H 7 2–7/2–8 5


F 2–9/2–10 5
Record of Revisions
RR–1/RR–2 H 7 Radio Management Unit (RMU)
3–1 5
Record of Temporary Revisions 3–2 5
RTR–1/RTR–2 5 3–3 5
3–4 5
List of Effective Pages 3–5 5
LEP–1 H 7 3–6 5
LEP–2 H 7 3–7 5
LEP–3/LEP–4 H 7 3–8 5
3–9 5
Table of Contents 3–10 5
TC–1 5 3–11 5
TC–2 5 3–12 5
TC–3 6
TC–4 6 VHF Communication (COM)
TC–5 5 Transceiver Operation
TC–6 6 4–1 5
4–2 5
Introduction 4–3 5
1–1 5 4–4 5
1–2 5 4–5 5
4–6 5
System Description 4–7 5
2–1 5 4–8 5
2–2 5 4–9 5
2–3 5 4–10 6
2–4 5 4–11 5
2–5 5 4–12 5
2–6 5

H indicates changed, added or deleted pages.


F indicates right foldout page with a blank back.

A28–1146–050 List of Effective Pages


Rev 7 LEP–1
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

Subheading and Page Revision Subheading and Page Revision


VHF Communication (COM)
Transceiver Operation (cont) Microwave Landing System (MLS)
4--13 5 Operation
4--14 5 9--1 5
4--15 5 9--2 5
4--16 5 9--3 5
4--17 5 9--4 5
4--18 5 9--5 5
9--6 5
Navigation (NAV) Receiver Operation 9--7 5
5--1 5 9--8 5
5--2 5 9--9 6
5--3 5 9--10 H 7
5--4 5 9--11 5
5--5/5--6 5 9--12 5
9--13 5
Distance Measuring Equipment 9--14 5
(DME) Operation
6--1 5 Audio Panel Operation
6--2 5 10--1 5
F 6--3/6--4 5 10--2 5
F 6--5/6--6 5 10--3 5
F 6--7/6--8 5 10--4 5
6--9 5 10--5 5
6--10 5 10--6 5
10--7 5
Air Traffic Control (ATC) Transponder/ 10--8 5
TCAS Operation
7--1 5
Clearance Delivery Control Display
7--2 5 Head (CDH)
7--3 5 11--1 5
7--4 5 11--2 5
7--5 5 11--3/11--4 5
7--6 5
7--7 5 Built--In Test (BIT) and Self--Test
7--8 5 12--1 5
7--9 5 12--2 5
7--10 5 12--3 5
7--11/7--12 5 12--4 5
F 12--5/12--6 5
Automatic Direction Finder (ADF) 12--7 5
Operation
12--8 5
8--1 5
12--9 5
8--2 5
12--10 5
8--3/8--4 5
12--11 5
12--12 5
12--13/12--14 5

List of Effective Pages A28-- 1146-- 050


LEP-- 2 Rev 7
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

Subheading and Page Revision Subheading and Page Revision


System Maintenance Information
13--1 5
13--2 5
13--3 5
13--4 5
13--5 5
13--6 6
13--7/13--8 6

Honeywell Product Support


14--1 H 7
14--2 H 7
14--3 H 7
14--4 H 7

Acronyms and Abbreviations


15--1 H 7
15--2 H 7
15--3/15--4 H 7

Index
Index--1 5
Index--2 5
Index--3 5
Index--4 6
Index--5 5
Index--6 6
Index--7/Index--8 5

A28-- 1146-- 050 List of Effective Pages


Rev 7 LEP-- 3/(LEP-- 4 blank)
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

Table of Contents

Section Page

1. INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1

2. SYSTEM DESCRIPTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1


General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1
Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1
Audio Panel Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1
Radio Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-2
Integrated Navigation Unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-3
VHF Navigation (NAV) Receiver . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-3
Distance Measuring Equipment (DME) . . . . . . . 2-3
Automatic Direction Finder (ADF) . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4
Integrated Communication (COM) Unit . . . . . . . . . . 2-4
VHF Communication Transceiver . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4
Air Traffic Control (ATC) Mode S Transponder . . 2-4
Microwave Landing System (MLS) Receiver . . . . . 2-5
Radio Management Unit (RMU) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5
Audio Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-6
Optional Controls and Displays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-7

3. RADIO MANAGEMENT UNIT (RMU) . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1


General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1
RMU Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1
RMU Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2
VHF COM and NAV Memory Pages . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-5
Radio On--Off Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-6
System Select Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-8
RMU Display Dimming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-9
Command Failure Safety Feature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-9
Cross--Side Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-9
Maintenance Mode (Not Available In Flight) . . . . . . 3-11
Flight Management System (FMS) Interface . . . . . 3-12
Clearance Delivery Control Display Head
(CDH) Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-13

4. VHF COMMUNICATION (COM) TRANSCEIVER


OPERATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-1
Preset Tuning Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-2
Direct Tuning Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-4
COM Memory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-5
Preset Memory Editing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-6

A28--1146--050 Table of Contents


Rev 5 TC--1
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

Table of Contents (cont)


Section Page

4. VHF COMMUNICATION (COM) TRANSCEIVER


OPERATION (CONT)
Preset Memory Appending . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-8
COM Memory Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-10
COM Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-17

5. NAVIGATION (NAV) RECEIVER OPERATION . . . 5-1


Preset Tuning Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-2
Direct Tuning Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-2
NAV Memory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-3
FMS Autotune and Override . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-5

6. DISTANCE MEASURING EQUIPMENT (DME)


OPERATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-1
DME Hold With Navigation (NAV) Operation . . . . . 6-1
DME Hold With TACAN Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-2
DME Hold With MLS Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-2
Single DME Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-2
DME Indicator (Optional) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-8

7. AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL (ATC) TRANSPONDER/


TCAS OPERATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-1
ATC Transponder Operating Controls . . . . . . . . . . . 7-1
ATC Window Annunciators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-3
ATC Control Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-8
Traffic Alert and Collision Avoidance System
(TCAS) Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-8
TCAS Window Annunciators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-9
TCAS Operating Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-10
ATC/TCAS Control Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-10

8. AUTOMATIC DIRECTION FINDER (ADF)


OPERATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-1
Single ADF Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-1
ADF Operating Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-2

9. MICROWAVE LANDING SYSTEM (MLS)


OPERATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-1
MLS Operating Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-1
MLS Window Annunciators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-2

Table of Contents A28--1146--050


TC--2 Rev 5
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

Table of Contents (cont)


Section Page

9. MICROWAVE LANDING SYSTEM (MLS)


OPERATION (CONT)
MLS Operating Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-4
TCAS/MLS Split Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-8
MLS Control Display Unit (CDU) (optional) . . . . . . . 9-9
MLS Control Display Unit Controls (CDU)
and Annunciators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-10

10. AUDIO PANEL OPERATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-1


General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-1
Alternate Audio Panel Versions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-5

11. CLEARANCE DELIVERY CONTROL DISPLAY


HEAD (CDH) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-1
Clearance Delivery CDH Controls and
Annunciators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-2

12. BUILT--IN TEST (BIT) AND SELF TEST . . . . . . . . 12-1


Power--On System Test (POST) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-2
System Test Results Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-3
Radio Test Results Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-4
Pilot--Activated Self Test (PAST) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-7
Test Module Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-9

13. SYSTEM MAINTENANCE INFORMATION . . . . . . 13-1


Maintenance Data Menu Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13-1
Straps Menu Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13-2
Software Versions Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13-5
Maintenance Log Menu Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13-6
RMU Setup Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13-7

14. HONEYWELL PRODUCT SUPPORT . . . . . . . . . . 14-1


Publication Ordering Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14-4

15. ABBREVIATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-1

A28-- 1146-- 050 Table of Contents


Rev 6 TC-- 3
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

Table of Contents (cont)


List of Illustrations
Figure Page
2--1 System Block Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-9

3--1 Radio Management Unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1


3--2 RMU Annunciators and Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2
3--3 RMU Page Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-4
3--4 Memory Pages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-5
3--5 Radio On--Off Page (Example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-6
3--6 RMU Dimming Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-8
3--7 Left Side RMU Controlling Right Side Radios . . . . 3-9
3--8 Cross--Side Frequency Selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-10

4--1 RMU in Basic COM Tuning Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-1


4--2 RMU After Power--On System Test (POST) . . . . . . 4-2
4--3 Swapping the Active and Preset Frequencies . . . . 4-3
4--4 Direct COM Tuning Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-4
4--5 COM Memory Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-5
4--6 Memory Editing Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-7
4--7 Memory Appending Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-9
4--8 COM Memory Display (Example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-10
4--9 COM Memory Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-11
4--10 Skipping a Memory Location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-12
4--11 Inserting a Frequency in Memory Displays . . . . . . . 4-13
4--12 Deleting Frequencies From Memory Displays . . . . 4-14
4--13 Memory Locations 7--12 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-15
4--14 Bandwidth Selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-16
4--15 COM Messages Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-17

5--1 NAV Radio Receiver Window (Example) . . . . . . . . . 5-1


5--2 NAV Radio Receiver With Preset Frequency
Selected . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-2
5--3 NAV Tuning Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-3
5--4 NAV Memory Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-4
5--5 FMS Autotune on the Main Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-5

6--1 DME Split NAV Windows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-1


6--2 DME Window Sequence --
VOR/ILS Initial Pairing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-3
6--3 DME Window Sequence --
Even MLS Initial Pairing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-5
6--4 DME Window Sequence --
Odd MLS Initial Pairing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-7

Table of Contents A28-- 1146-- 050


TC-- 4 Rev 6
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

Table of Contents (cont)


List of Illustrations (cont)
Figure Page
6--4 DME Window Sequence --
Odd MLS Initial Pairing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-7
6--5 DME Indicator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-8

7--1 ATC Transponder Window -- Without TCAS . . . . . . 7-1


7--2 ATC Window Annunciation Locations . . . . . . . . . . . 7-4
7--3 ATC Reply Light Annunciations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-5
7--4 ATC Status/Failure Warnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-6
7--5 ATC Test Annunciations (Example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-7
7--6 ATC Control Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-8
7--7 RMU Tuning Page Without TCAS and
With TCAS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-9
7--8 ATC/TCAS Control Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-10

8--1 ADF Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-1

9--1 MLS Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-1


9--2 MLS Window Annunciators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-2
9--3 MLS Window With GP and AZ Set Manually . . . . . 9-5
9--4 MLS Window With BAZ Set Manually . . . . . . . . . . . 9-7
9--5 MLS/TCAS Split Window Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-8
9--6 MLS Control Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-9
9--7 MLS CDU . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-9
9--8 MLS CDU Controls and Annunciators . . . . . . . . . . . 9-10

10--1 Audio Panel (Example 1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-1


10--2 Single and Dual Channel Control Knobs . . . . . . . . . 10-3
10--3 Audio Panel (Example 2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-5
10--4 Audio Panel (Example 3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-6
10--5 Audio Panel (Example 4) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-7
10--6 Audio Panel (Example 5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-8

11--1 Clearance Delivery Control Display Head . . . . . . . 11-1


11--2 Clearance Delivery Control Display Head
Controls and Annunciations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-2

12--1 System Test Results WIndow (Example) . . . . . . . . 12-3


12--2 Radio Test Results Window (Example) . . . . . . . . . . 12-4
12--3 PAST Results Indications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-7

A28--1146--050 Table of Contents


Rev 5 TC--5
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

Table of Contents (cont)


List of Illustrations (cont)
Figure Page
13--1 Maintenance Data Menu Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13-1
13--2 Straps Data Menu Page (Example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13-2
13--3 COM Unit Straps Page (Example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13-3
13--4 NAV Unit Straps Page (Example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13-3
13--5 RMU Straps Page (Example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13-4
13--6 MLS Straps Page (Example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13-4
13--7 Software Versions Page (Example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13-5
13--8 Maintenance Log Menu Page (Example) . . . . . . . . 13-6
13--9 RMU Setup Page (Example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13-7

List of Tables
Table Page
1--1 Equipment List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2

3--1 Radio Page ON--OFF Functions .............. 3-7

4--1 Preset Memory Editing Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-6


4--2 Preset Memory Appending Procedure . . . . . . . . . 4-8
4--3 Adding and Changing Frequencies in Memory
Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-12
4--4 Inserting Frequencies Between Memory
Locations Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-13
4--5 Deleting Frequencies From Memory Procedure . . 4-14
4--6 COM Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-18

7--1 ATC Mode Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-5


7--2 PAST or POST Message Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . 7-7

9--1 MLS Approach Procedure (Normal Conditions) . . 9-4


9--2 Back Azimuth Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-6

12--1 Error Messages the Pilot Can Troubleshoot . . . . . 12-5


12--2 PAST/POST Test Times . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-8
12--3 VHF COM PAST Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-9
12--4 ATC Transponder PAST Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-10
12--5 VOR/ILS/MARKER/DME PAST Procedure . . . . . 12-11
12--6 ADF PAST Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-12
12--7 MLS PAST Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-13

Table of Contents A28-- 1146-- 050


TC-- 6 Rev 6
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

1. Introduction

The PRIMUSR II SRZ--85X Integrated Radio System consists of two


subsystems:
D Integrated communication unit
D Integrated navigation unit.

A microwave landing system (MLS) receiver can be installed with this


system. The MLS receiver can be used as another module that is
associated with the integrated navigation unit or as a stand--alone MLS
receiver. The cockpit controls consist of the following:
D Radio management unit (RMU)
D Audio panel
D Clearance delivery control display head (CDH), auxiliary control
unit, or flight management system (FMS) control display unit (CDU).

The distance measuring equipment (DME) indicator is also available for


display of DME navigation information.

The PRIMUSR II Integrated Radio System can be installed in


applications requiring digital or analog interfaces. It can be integrated
with any FMS that is compatible with commercial standard digital bus
(RS422) radio tuning.

The radio system displays communication and navigation information.


It is usually installed in a dual system configuration, with System No. 1
being the left side and System No. 2 being the right side.

A28--1146--050 Introduction
Rev 5 1-1
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

The equipment for the PRIMUSR II Integrated Radio System is listed


in table 1--1.

Model Unit Part No.

Cockpit Mounted
RM--850 CRT Radio Management Unit (See 7012100--XXX
Note 1)
AV--850 Audio Panel (See Note 2) 7511000--XXX
CD--850 Clearance Delivery Control Display 7513000--XXX
Head (CDH)
Remote Mounted
RNZ--85X Integrated Navigation Unit 7510100--XXX
RCZ--85X Integrated Communication Unit 7510700--XXX
AT--860 Automatic Direction Finder (ADF) 7510300--901
Antenna
Optional Equipment
RM--855 Flat Panel Radio Management Unit 7013270--XXX
(See Note 1)
AV--850A Audio Panel (See Note 2) 7511001--XXX
DI--851 Distance Measuring Equipment 7513006--9XX
(DME) Indicator
CM--850 Microwave Landing System (MLS) 7513004--9XX
Control Head
ML--85X Microwave Landing System (MLS) 7510600--XXX
Receiver
NOTES: 1. Either the RM--850 or RM--855 RMU can be installed.

2. Either the AV--850 or AV--850A Audio Panel can be installed.

3. This manual describes several standard and optional radio system


configurations. Refer to the aircraft equipment list, flight manual, and
flight manual supplement for the specific aircraft configuration.

Equipment List
Table 1--1

Introduction A28--1146--050
1-2 Rev 5
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

2. System Description

GENERAL
The system block diagram of the PRIMUSR II Integrated Radio System
is shown in figure 2--1. The frequency and modes are controlled by the
radio management unit (RMU). Frequency can also be controlled by a
flight management system (FMS) control display unit (CDU) or auxiliary
control units. Each remote radio unit contains a number of functional
modules that are grouped as follows:

D Integrated navigation unit


- VHF navigation (NAV) receiver module
- Distance measuring equipment (DME) transceiver module
- Automatic direction finder (ADF) receiver module
- Cluster module (radio system bus (RSB) and digitized audio
interface)
D RCZ--85X Integrated Communication Unit
- VHF communication (COM) transceiver module
- Transponder module
- XS--850 (Models A, B, C, or none) -- Air traffic control radio
beacon system (ATCRBS) or Mode S
- XS--852 (Models A, B, C, or none) -- ATCRBS, Mode S, or
diversity
- Cluster module (RSB and digitized audio interface)
D Microwave landing system (MLS) receiver unit

CONTROLS

Audio Panel Controls


The audio panel is used to select microphone audio, headset, and
speaker. The audio panel also controls volume.

A28--1146--050 System Description


Rev 5 2-1
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

Radio Controls
Controls and the associated displays for the radios are in the following
units:
D RMU
D Audio panel
D Clearance delivery control display head (CDH)
D DME indicator
D Microwave landing system (MLS) control display unit.

The basic radio control functions are:


D VHF communication (VHF COM)
D VHF navigation (VOR, localizer (LOC), glideslope (GS) and marker
beacon)
D ADF
D Transponder (ATCRBS and Mode S)
D Traffic alert and collision avoidance system (TCAS I or II)
D MLS
D DME (including DME hold).

With the exception of audio, all data for these control functions are
transmitted through an RSB. Audio switching is controlled using the
audio panel. The audio signals are transmitted from the remote units to
the audio panel through a dedicated digital audio bus.

With the exception of a DME indicator, all the navigation data is


displayed on an electronic flight instrument system (EFIS) or on a
display system that has a horizontal situation indicator (HSI), radio
magnetic indicator (RMI), VOR indicator, ADF indicator, etc. A separate
DME indicator is an option that displays the distance, groundspeed,
time--to--station, and station identifier.

The radio system has been designed with built--in tests that the
flightcrew can use to verify system operation, and the ground crew can
use for maintenance.

There are three levels of built--in test:

D At power--up the RMU checks itself and the buses, and then
commands each of the remote functions to run through a full
self--test. Errors are annunciated on the RMU.

System Description A28--1146--050


2-2 Rev 5
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

D The pilot can activate a self--test of any individual function through


the RMU.

D Key parameters in the radios are monitored at all times. If a


discrepancy occurs, it is recorded in non--volatile memory located
in the remote module. The discrepancy remains there, even after
power--down. The discrepancy is logged in terms of the time into
mission it took place, the temperature, and the discrepancy itself.
The memory can be read in the aircraft on the RMU, or the remote
unit can be taken into the shop where a technician can read out the
results on a digital interface unit.

INTEGRATED NAVIGATION UNIT


The integrated navigation unit is a self--contained navigation system.
It contains the VOR, LOC, GS, and marker beacon receiver module, the
ADF module, and a six--channel scanning DME module.

VHF Navigation (NAV) Receiver


The VHF NAV receiver is a module of the integrated NAV unit. It houses
the major navigation functions of the VOR/LOC receiver, GS receiver,
and marker beacon receiver.

The instrument landing system (ILS) meets Category II instrument


landing requirements. The receiver is designed to ensure reduced
interference from high--power FM broadcast stations that operate on
frequencies just below the LOC frequencies. Inside the NAV receiver
is a GS receiver that is the source for 40 channels of glideslope
information for the conventional ILS. The receiver also has a
conventional 75 MHz marker beacon receiver that detects the three
tones of the marker beacons.

Distance Measuring Equipment (DME)


The DME module is a six--channel scanning DME that simultaneously
tracks four selected DME channels for distance, groundspeed, and
time--to--station, as well as monitoring two additional channels for the
ident functions. The unit dedicates two of the four channels it tracks to
an FMS (if installed). Therefore, the flightcrew has the two remaining
channels that can be tracked to control and display ident, distance,
time--to--station, and groundspeed. With an FMS installed, when the
preset or standby VOR channel is selected, it instantly identifies the
station because it was one of the two additional channels being
monitored.

A28--1146--050 System Description


Rev 5 2-3
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

The DME module is designed to meet the accuracy, coding, and


operation requirements for precision DME stations associated with
MLS. The DME meets the initial approach mode accuracy
requirements of the precision distance measuring equipment (P--DME)
specification with accuracy typically better than 100 feet.

AUTOMATIC DIRECTION FINDER (ADF)

The ADF system consists of a receiver and companion antenna. The


ADF meets the accuracy requirements of the standards called out in the
Radio Technical Commission for Aeronautics (RTCA) document
DO--179. The ADF functions over the frequency range of 100 to 1799.5
KHz in addition to optionally operating on the marine emergency range
of 2181 to 2183 KHz. All of these frequency ranges are tuneable with
0.5 KHz increments. The voice mode features a wider bandwidth for
high quality ADF audio.

INTEGRATED COMMUNICATION (COM) UNIT


The integrated COM unit is identical in concept to the integrated NAV
unit. The modules within the COM unit are the VHF COM transceiver
and the ATC transponder.

VHF Communication Transceiver


The VHF COM transceiver module is a conventional VHF COM
transceiver that has a receiver, synthesizer, transmitter, power supply,
and audio circuitry.

The COM receiver has dual bandwidth capability (wide and narrow).
Wide bandwidth operation can improve reception of transmitting
stations that are using older equipment.

Air Traffic Control (ATC) Mode S Transponder


The Mode S transponder module encodes and decodes aircraft data as
required for Mode S operation. It can also operate as a conventional
ATCRBS transponder. Mode S operates with a planned Federal
Aviation Administration (FAA) system that digitally addresses individual
aircraft and communicates messages back and forth between the air
and the ground. In addition, TCAS--equipped aircraft transmit data
between them through a diversity type Mode S transponder.

System Description A28--1146--050


2-4 Rev 5
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

XS--850A TRANSPONDER

This transponder module only has conventional ATCRBS transponder


capabilities.

XS--852 MODE S DIVERSITY TRANSPONDER

This transponder has full ATCRBS, Mode S, and TCAS data


communications capability. The different models are listed below:

D XS--852 -- This transponder has ATCRBS, Mode S, and TCAS II


capability, Gillham altimeter, digital air data, and RSB altimeter
inputs, and airborne data link processor (ADLP) interface.

D XS--852A -- This transponder has ATCRBS, Mode S, and TCAS I/II


capability, digital air data and RSB altimeter inputs, and a ADLP
interface.

D XS--852B -- This transponder has ATCRBS, Mode S, and TCAS I


capability, digital air data and RSB altimeter inputs, and ADLP
interface.

D XS--852C -- This transponder has ATCRBS, Mode S, and TCAS I


capability, as well as digital air data and RSB altimeter inputs.

NOTE: For further information on TCAS operation, refer to Traffic


Alert and Collision Avoidance System Pilot’s Manual,
Honeywell Pub. No. 28--1146--70.

MICROWAVE LANDING SYSTEM (MLS) RECEIVER


The MLS receiver is housed in a self--contained package. It can be used
with the radio system as another module associated with the integrated
navigation unit, or it can be installed in a stand--alone configuration with
a dedicated controller. As part of the radio system, its operation is fully
integrated with the NAV unit.

RADIO MANAGEMENT UNIT (RMU)


The RMU is the central control unit for the radio system. It is used to
control the operating mode, frequencies, and codes within all the units
of the radio system. The RMU can also switch its operation from the
primary radio system to the cross--side system.

A28--1146--050 System Description


Rev 5 2-5
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

The RMU display is divided into dedicated windows. Each window


groups the data associated with a particular function of the radio
system. The windows (COM, NAV, transponder, TCAS display, ADF,
and MLS) are used to control the frequency and operating mode of the
associated function. The RMU also has pages that are used to control
other features of the radio system. A menu of the pages accesses these
additional features and functions.

NOTE: The RM--850 RMU has a CRT display. The RM--855 RMU
has a flat panel display. In addition to standard RMU
functions, some models of the RM--855 can display
navigation and engine data. Since these capabilities are
aircraft dependent, they are described in the specific aircraft
pilot’s manual.

AUDIO PANEL
The audio panel is available in several models. It receives digitized
audio from the remote NAV and COM units through a high speed digital
audio bus from each side of the airplane. Each audio panel selects the
proper channels from the digital audio bus and reconstitutes
headphone and speaker signals. This means that the system can select
the radio function the crewmember wants to hear.

The advantage of digitized operation is that each volume control can be


independently set by each crewmember. For instance, if the pilot wants
to have a loud COM 1 and soft COM 2, and the copilot wants the VOR
to be loud, COM 1 to be soft and COM 2 to be moderate, the audio panel
can be used to adjust the volume of each input. The digitized audio
system can be used to filter and set priority functions to enhance the
operation and the human interfaces.

The audio panel also has inputs for intercom, crew annunciation, crew
communication, hot microphone, and full time emergency warning
inputs from aircraft systems. Up to six audio panels can be installed in
the aircraft.

The audio panel contains a combination of emergency operations. If


there is a power down or audio system failure, pushing the microphone
select switch in the upper right--hand corner of the audio panel
bypasses all the circuitry in the audio panel and places the emergency
COM and/or NAV audio in the headphone circuitry. This function can
also be used for minimum power consumption during ground
operations.

System Description A28--1146--050


2-6 Rev 5
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

OPTIONAL CONTROLS AND DISPLAYS


The following auxiliary controls are available for use with the system:
D Clearance delivery CDH
D DME indicator
D MLS CDU.

The clearance delivery CDH can be used before engine start for initial
communications with low power drain. It can act as a stand--alone
control unit or a back--up third control.

The clearance delivery CDH has several operating modes that are
selected by either the mode knob or by installation strapping on the rear
connector.

The DME indicator can display the following:


D Four different DME distances
D Groundspeed
D Time--to--station
D Ident.

The MLS CDU can be used to set MLS operating modes and functions.
Each of four functions can be controlled separately:
D Channel (CH) select
D Azimuth (AZ) select
D Back azimuth (BK) select
D Glidepath (GP) select.

A28--1146--050 System Description


Rev 5 2-7/(2-8 blank)
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

IC--800 INTEGRATED IC--800 INTEGRATED


AVIONICS COMPUTER AVIONICS COMPUTER

RM--85( ) RADIO RM--85( ) RADIO


MANAGEMENT MANAGEMENT
UNIT NO. 1 UNIT NO. 2

AV--85( ) AUDIO AV--85( ) AUDIO


RS--422FMS CONTROL CONTROL RS--422FMS
TUNING UNIT NO. 1 UNIT NO. 2 TUNING

NO. 1 DIGITAL AUDIO BUS

NO. 2 DIGITAL AUDIO BUS DI--85( ) DME


DI--85( ) DME INDICATOR
INDICATOR
RADIO SYSTEM BUS

CD--85( ) NOTE 1
CLEARANCE
DELIVERY RNZ--85( ) AUXILIARY
CONTROL ARINC 429 ML--85( )
INTEGRATED MLS RNZ--85( ) INTEGRATED
DISPLAY NAVIGATION FMS TUNING NAVIGATION UNIT NO. 2
HEAD RECEIVER
UNIT NO. 1 ML--85( ) NO. 2
MLS RCB
RCB RECEIVER
NO. 1

RCZ--85( ) RCZ--85( ) DME ANTENNA


INTEGRATED INTEGRATED
COMMUNICATION COMMUNICATION
DME ANTENNA UNIT NO. 1 UNIT NO. 2

NOTE 2 NOTE 2
MLS ANTENNAS MLS ANTENNAS
GLIDESLOPE GLIDESLOPE
ANTENNA MARKER BEACON MARKER BEACON
ANTENNA ANTENNA
ANTENNA TRANSPONDER TRANSPONDER TRANSPONDER TRANSPONDER
ANTENNA ANTENNA ANTENNA ANTENNA

COMM COMM
ANTENNA ANTENNA
VOR/LOC AT--860 ADF ANTENNA VOR/LOC AT--860 ADF ANTENNA
ANTENNA ANTENNA
NOTES:
1. FMS CDU WITH ARINC 429 MAY BE SUBSTITUTED
FOR THE CLEARANCE DELIVERY CONTROL DISPLAY HEAD.
2. FOR DIVERSITY TRANSPONDER, USE TWO
ANTENNAS PER TRANSPONDER. AD--50474@

System Block Diagram


Figure 2--1

A28--1146--050 System Description


Rev 5 2-9/(2-10 blank)
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

3. Radio Management Unit (RMU)


GENERAL
The RMU shown in figure 3--1 controls operating modes, frequencies,
and codes within all the units of the integrated radio system.
Frequencies can also be controlled by radio inputs from a flight
management system (FMS), if it is installed. When an FMS tunes the
radios, digital signals from the FMS interact with the system to change
the radio frequencies. For detailed FMS operation, refer to the
applicable FMS operating procedures. A third method of frequency
control is through the clearance delivery control display head (CDH),if
it is installed.

AD--45710@

Radio Management Unit


Figure 3--1

RMU OPERATION
The RMU is the central control unit for the radio system. It uses line
select keys to simplify its operation. Any selectable parameter, such as
a VOR frequency, can be changed by pushing the corresponding line
select key to place the cursor around the parameter, and rotating the
TUNE knobs to change the boxed frequency value.
The RMU screen is divided into dedicated windows. Each window
groups the data associated with a function. The windows (COM, NAV,
transponder, TCAS display, ADF, and MLS) are used to control both the
frequency and operating mode of the function. The RMU uses a paging
system to control other functions in the radio system.

A28--1146--050 Radio Management Unit (RMU)


Rev 5 3-1
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

On the ground, the RMU initiates a power--on system test when power
is applied if power has been off more than 10 seconds. The power--on
system test is described in the Built--In Test (BIT) and Self--Test section
of this manual.

RMU CONTROLS

The paragraphs below describe the operating controls called out in


figure 3--2.

TRANSFER
(FLIP--FLOP) TRANSFER
KEY (FLIP--FLOP)
KEY

LINE LINE SELECT


SELECT KEY
KEY

CURSOR

FUNCTION
KEYS TUNING
KNOBS

AD--51015@

RMU Annunciators and Controls


Figure 3--2

D Transfer Key -- When the transfer key is pushed, it flip--flops the


active frequency (top line) and the preset frequency (second line) of
the window. This key becomes a line select key when it does not
perform a transfer or flip--flop function.

D Line Select Key -- The first push of a line select key moves the
yellow cursor to surround the data field associated with that key.
This electronically connects that data field to the TUNE knobs so the
digits or modes can be changed. For some functions, pushing the
line select key toggles modes or recalls stored frequencies. This
operation is described in the individual function operation
descriptions. For some functions, if the line select key is pushed and
held, the ADF and ATC memories are recalled, or the system enters
or exits the direct tune mode for COM and NAV.

Radio Management Unit (RMU) A28--1146--050


3-2 Rev 5
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

D Cursor -- The yellow cursor is a box that encloses the data field that
is selected using the line select key. The cursor in the COM or NAV
window can enclose either the preset frequency or the memory
location. The selection is made by pushing the preset frequency line
select key more than once. The cursor homes to the preset
frequency in the COM window 20 seconds after the last tuning
operation on the RMU.

NOTE: In early versions of the RMU, the cursor encloses both the
preset frequency and the memory location. With these
units, pushing the line select key scrolls through the
memory locations and turning the TUNE knobs changes
the preset frequency.

D TUNE Knobs -- The TUNE knobs are used to change a data field
that is enclosed by the cursor. This can be either digits or modes
depending upon the data field.

D Function Keys

- SQ (SQUELCH) KEY -- Pushing the SQ key opens COM radio


squelch, and any noise or signal present in the radio can be
heard in the audio system. The squelch button is a toggle switch.
The letters SQ are annunciated along the top line of the COM
window when the squelch is opened.

- DIM (DIMMING) KEY -- Pushing the DIM button connects the


RMU brightness control to the TUNE knobs that are used to
increase or decrease display brightness to match overall cockpit
brightness.

- 1/2 (CROSS--SIDE) KEY -- With the cursor in any window except


the ATC or TCAS display, pushing this key transfers the entire
RMU operation and display to the cross--side system. If the
cursor is in the ATC or TCAS display, pushing this key selects the
operating transponder. With TCAS II, the key is used to control
TCAS data in the cross--side display.

- STO (STORE) KEY -- Pushing the STO key when the cursor is
around a COM or NAV preset frequency stores that preset
frequency in memory and assigns a numbered location. The
ADF frequency or ATC code each have one memory location.
Pushing the STO key when the cursor BOX is around the ATC
code or ADF frequency places that information in memory.

- ID (IDENT) KEY -- Pushing the ID key places the transponder in


the identification response mode. The ident squawk terminates
after 18 seconds.

A28--1146--050 Radio Management Unit (RMU)


Rev 5 3-3
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

- PGE (PAGE) KEY -- When the PGE key is pushed, the page
menu is displayed, as shown in figure 3--3. COM memory, NAV
memory, MLS and ATC/TCAS control, and ON/OFF pages are
selected from this menu. Pushing the PGE key accesses the
page menu at any time, except when a maintenance page is
displayed.
NOTE: In early versions of the RMU, pushing the PGE key
multiple times scrolls through the RMU pages.

AD--45705@

RMU Page Menu


Figure 3--3

- TST (TEST) KEY -- Pushing the TST key activates the pilot
activated self--test (PAST) which is a complete, end--to--end test
for the function that is boxed by the cursor. The TST button must
be pushed for the duration of the test:
D About 2 seconds for COM transceiver
D 5 to 7 seconds for DME, ATC, and ADF
D About 20 seconds for NAV (VOR/ILS) and MLS.
Any time the TST button is released, the function being tested
returns to normal operation. If the TST button is held for 30
seconds or more, the radios are automatically commanded back
into normal operation.

Radio Management Unit (RMU) A28--1146--050


3-4 Rev 5
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

- DME (DISTANCE MEASURING EQUIPMENT) KEY -- The DME


key deslaves the DME from the active VOR frequency so a
different DME channel can be tuned without changing the active
VOR. This is also called DME hold. Repeatedly pushing the DME
key enables the display and selection of the DME channels in
VHF and tactical air navigation (TACAN) formats.

VHF COM AND NAV MEMORY PAGES


The memory pages are shown in figure 3--4. There are 12 memory
locations associated with both NAV and COM windows. Each memory
location is numbered and appears on one of the two memory pages.
Each page stores up to six frequencies. Push the line select key next
to a memory location to tune that location. Push the memory load key
to load the active channel with the memory channel.

MEMORY
LOAD KEY

AD--55925@

Memory Pages
Figure 3--4

The line select keys function as follows:


D MORE Line Select Key -- Pushing the MORE line select key
accesses the second COM or NAV memory page (storage locations
7 through 12). By pushing the MORE line select key, the
crewmember can toggle back and forth between the first and
second six--memory sets if 6 or more memories are filled. If fewer
than 6 memories are filled, the display flashes CAN’T for two
seconds in the INSERT field when the MORE key is pushed.

A28--1146--050 Radio Management Unit (RMU)


Rev 5 3-5
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

D RETURN (to radios) Line Select Key -- Pushing the RETURN line
select key returns the display to the main tuning page.

D INSERT Line Select Key-- Pushing the INSERT line select key
moves the boxed frequency, and the frequencies below, down one
position. The system changes the value in the cursor to an initial
frequency, 118.00 in COM and 108.00 in NAV. It can then be
changed using the TUNE knobs. If all 12 memory locations are filled,
the display flashes MEMFULL for two seconds in the INSERT field
when the INSERT key is pushed.

D DELETE Line Select Key-- No matter what the position of the


cursor, when the DELETE line select key is pushed, the boxed
frequency is deleted and all the frequencies below the boxed
frequency are moved up one position, so the frequency that was
below the deleted frequency is placed in the cursor.

RADIO ON--OFF PAGE


The radio on--off page, shown in figure 3--5, lists all of the integrated
COM and NAV radio modules. It is used to turn off any function
independently. The line select keys adjacent to the listed modules act
as ON--OFF toggles. The on--off page affects only on--side radios. The
1/2 switch for cross--control is disabled when this page is in use. On--off
function and line select key operations are described in table 3--1.

AD--45709@

Radio On--Off Page (Example)


Figure 3--5

Radio Management Unit (RMU) A28--1146--050


3-6 Rev 5
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

CAUTION

IF A SWITCH IS OFF, IT IS INDICATED BY DASHES IN THE COR-


RESPONDING FREQUENCY WINDOW ON THE MAIN PAGE.

Key Pushed Resulting Action

PGE Function Returns to the radio tuning page.


COM Toggles on--side COM on and off. It is
ignored when N/A COM is displayed
ATC Toggles on--side ATC on and off. It is
ignored when TCAS is displayed.
RETURN Returns to radio tuning page.
VOR Toggles on--side NAV on and off. It is
ignored when N/A VOR is displayed
DME Toggles on--side DME on and off.
ADF Toggles on--side ADF on and off.
MLS Toggles on--side MLS on and off.

Radio Page ON--OFF Functions


Table 3--1

NOTES: 1. The COM and NAV (VOR) that are the emergency
radios (and therefore cannot be turned OFF) have an
N/A annunciation in place of ON or OFF. In some
installations, the RMU can be inhibited from calling up
the RADIO ON--OFF page.
2. Certain combinations of transponder and TCAS
equipment require the RMU to inhibit the
ATC--ON/OFF function. When that inhibit occurs, the
ATC--ON/OFF changes to ATC--TCAS.
3. When a radio module is not installed, the RMU
removes the ON/OFF selection for that radio.

A28--1146--050 Radio Management Unit (RMU)


Rev 5 3-7
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

RMU DISPLAY DIMMING


The RMU display brightness is controlled by pushing the DIM function
key to display the dimming insert, shown in figure 3--6, and adjusting the
display brightness using the TUNE knobs. Turning either knob
clockwise (cw) increases the brightness, counterclockwise (ccw)
rotation decreases it. The bar in the center of the dimming insert moves
left and right with TUNE knob rotation. Full scale to the right is maximum
brightness.

AD--45770@

RMU Dimming Page


Figure 3--6

COMMAND FAILURE SAFETY FEATURE


If any of the components of the radio system are not supplying valid
data to the RMU, the frequencies or operating commands associated
with that function are removed from the RMU and replaced with dashes.

CROSS--SIDE OPERATION
The RMU normally controls tuning of the radio system on its side of the
aircraft, but it can be switched to a cross--side mode so that it can
display and control the radio system on the other side of the aircraft.

Radio Management Unit (RMU) A28--1146--050


3-8 Rev 5
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

The left side RMU normally tunes the No. 1 system. To tune the right
side system (No. 2), push the 1/2 function key to transfer the No. 1 RMU
function and display to the No. 2 side, as shown in figure 3--7.

A55897@

Left Side RMU Controlling


Right Side Radios (Example)
Figure 3--7

When this has been done, both RMU displays are identical, but the left
side RMU shows the function legends on the main tuning page and
memory pages in magenta, indicating that the RMU is controlling
cross--side radios.

In addition to having access to the No. 2 system, the pilot can still control
the NAV and COM memory frequencies in the No. 1 RMU memory. In
this case the No. 1 frequencies stored in memory can be used to control
the No. 2 radios and vice versa for the right side RMU. This cross--side
transfer function is a back--up function in the event that one RMU is
inoperative.

NOTES: 1. The 1/2 function key does not affect the ATC window.
Moving the cursor to the ATC window and then
pushing the 1/2 function key activates the opposite
side transponder.

2. The NAV and COM memory frequencies stay with the


individual RMU. The No. 1 RMU does not have access
to the memory of the No. 2 RMU, and vice versa.

A28--1146--050 Radio Management Unit (RMU)


Rev 5 3-9
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

With the RMUs displaying as shown in figure 3--8, any frequency or


mode on the No. 2 system can be changed using the left side RMU. Any
changed frequency is annunciated in yellow on the right--side RMU.

AD--55898@

Cross--side Frequency Selection


Figure 3--8

A second push of the 1/2 key cancels cross--side control and reverts the
RMU to on--side control.

NOTE: Any parameter annunciated in yellow indicates it was not set


using that side RMU.

MAINTENANCE MODE (NOT AVAILABLE IN FLIGHT)


The RMU has a maintenance mode of operation accessed through the
main menu page (see figure 3--3) and only when weight--on--wheels
(WOW). In this mode, various pages are used by maintenance
personnel to reconfigure the RMU display, evaluate installation
configuration parameters, and access the maintenance log for each
element of the radio system. In the aircraft maintenance mode (AMM),
parameters can only be examined, they cannot be modified by the crew.
To leave maintenance mode, push the left line select key adjacent to
RETURN FOR NORMAL OP.

Radio Management Unit (RMU) A28--1146--050


3-10 Rev 5
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

FLIGHT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (FMS) INTERFACE


The following summarizes operations/interface with an FMS installed.
For details of FMS operation, refer to the aircraft flight manual
supplement.

If the clearance delivery CDH is in the emergency mode, neither FMS


can autotune any NAV radio (except for blind DME channels), and no
radio can be manually tuned using the FMS control display unit (FMS
CDU). In this condition, the message FMS DISABLED is displayed on
the NAV memory page. AUX ON is displayed on the main tuning page
on the NAV memory page on the radio side that the clearance delivery
CDH is controlling.

If the FMS computer or CDU is faulty and causing unintentional radio


tuning, FMS autotune and all CDU tuning can be inhibited by pushing
the line select key adjacent to FMS ENABLED/DISABLED when a
NAV memory page is being displayed. In this situation the radios cannot
be tuned through the FMS control display unit, but they can still be tuned
using the RMU and clearance delivery CDH. The message FMS
DISABLED is displayed in the upper right corner of the NAV memory
page. This is also annunciated on the FMS control display unit as the
manual mode. Even though FMS remote and automatic tuning is
disabled, the FMS continues to tune the dedicated blind DME channels.

NOTE: RMU selection of FMS DISABLED does not effect FMS CDU
tuning of radios that are not interfaced to the PRIMUSR II
Integrated Radio System.

RMUs display FMS autotuning with a magenta VOR or ILS frequency


and an AUTO annunciator in the top border of the NAV window. To
override the autotuned selection, use the normal cursor and tuning
knob procedure that transitions the FMS from autotune to remote tune.
With the FMS in remote tuning, all of the interfaced radios, including
NAV, can be tuned from the FMS control display unit. Autotune can be
reactivated on the FMS control display unit.

A28--1146--050 Radio Management Unit (RMU)


Rev 5 3-11
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

CLEARANCE DELIVERY CONTROL DISPLAY HEAD


(CDH) INTERFACE
The RMU cannot be used to tune frequencies for a function when the
clearance delivery CDH is in the emergency (EMRG) mode. The RMU
displays the message AUX ON in this mode. The frequency tuned by
the clearance delivery CDH is displayed but cannot be changed using
the RMU TUNE knobs until the clearance delivery CDH mode is
changed to normal.

When the clearance delivery CDH is in the normal mode, it acts as


another control head, and the radios can be tuned from the clearance
delivery CDH or RMU.

NOTE: If the clearance delivery CDH fails with the AUX ON message
on the RMU, the circuit breaker must be pulled to remove
power from the clearance delivery CDH and restore normal
RMU operation.

Radio Management Unit (RMU) A28--1146--050


3-12 Rev 5
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

4. VHF Communication (COM)


Transceiver Operation

The COM window has two lines that display COM frequency. As shown
in figure 4--1, the top line displays the active frequency of the COM,
while the second line displays either the memory frequency or a scratch
pad frequency, depending on the RMU’s last operation.

ACTIVE

PRESET

MEMORY
POSITION

AD--45710@

RMU in Basic COM Tuning Mode


Figure 4--1

A28--1146--050 VHF Communication (COM) Transceiver Operation


Rev 5 4-1
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

PRESET TUNING PROCEDURE


After completing power--on system test (POST), the RMU displays the
main tuning page, and the configuration is the same as it was before the
last power down.

Normally, the cursor is parked at the COM preset window, as shown in


figure 4--2. If it is not, push the line select key adjacent to the preset
COM frequency to move the cursor to that window. This connects the
TUNE knobs to the preset COM frequency. In figure 4--2, the TUNE
knobs have been used to set frequency 123.55. The TEMP--1 label
indicates that the temporary frequency can be stored in memory
location 1.

AD--45712@

RMU After Power--On System Test (POST)


Figure 4--2

VHF Communication (COM) Transceiver Operation A28--1146--050


4-2 Rev 5
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

Push the transfer key adjacent to the active COM frequency to swap
the preset and active frequencies, as shown in figure 4--3.

AD--45714@

Swapping the Active and


Preset Frequencies
Figure 4--3

The 118.00 preset frequency can be changed using the TUNE knobs.

A28--1146--050 VHF Communication (COM) Transceiver Operation


Rev 5 4-3
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

DIRECT TUNING PROCEDURE


To direct tune the COM, push the line select key adjacent to the COM
preset frequency key and hold it for more than two seconds. The cursor
moves to the active frequency so it can be tuned directly using the
TUNE knobs, and the preset frequency and memory position blank, as
shown in figure 4--4.

PUSH
AND HOLD

AD--45715@

Direct COM Tuning Display


Figure 4--4

To exit from direct tuning, push the line select key adjacent to the blank
preset frequency window and hold it until the preset frequency is
displayed.

VHF Communication (COM) Transceiver Operation A28--1146--050


4-4 Rev 5
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

COM MEMORY
Any of the memory locations can be accessed from the main tuning
page. When the cursor box is around the preset COM frequency,
pushing the adjacent line select key moves the cursor box to the
memory location annunciator (TEMP--X or MEMORY--X), as shown in
figure 4--5. With the cursor in this position, the TUNE knobs are used
to scroll through the memory locations, and the stored frequencies are
displayed in the preset COM frequency field. Any of the stored
frequencies can be edited, or new frequencies can be stored, from the
main tuning page.

AD--60092@

COM Memory Display


Figure 4--5

A28--1146--050 VHF Communication (COM) Transceiver Operation


Rev 5 4-5
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

Preset Memory Editing


Table 4--1 describes the preset memory editing procedure shown in
figure 4--6.

Step Procedure

1 Push the line select key adjacent to the preset COM


frequency to place the cursor around the preset COM
frequency.
2 Push the same line select key again to access the memory
location window.
3 Rotate the TUNE knobs until the memory location to be
edited is displayed.
4 Push the line select key adjacent to the preset COM
frequency to toggle the cursor back to the preset COM
frequency.
5 Change the frequency in the preset window to the desired
frequency. This changes the memory label from
MEMORY--X to TEMP--X.
6 Push the STO function key. The memory label changes
from TEMP--X to MEMORY--X. The new frequency
overwrites the existing frequency located at MEMORY--X.
NOTE: If the TEMP--X frequency is not stored, the MEMORY--X location remains
unchanged.

Preset Memory Editing Procedure


Table 4--1

VHF Communication (COM) Transceiver Operation A28--1146--050


4-6 Rev 5
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

STEP 1 STEP 2

STEP 3 STEP 4

STEP 5 STEP 6

AD--60061@

Memory Editing Display


Figure 4--6

A28--1146--050 VHF Communication (COM) Transceiver Operation


Rev 5 4-7
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

Preset Memory Appending


Table 4--2 describes the preset memory appending procedure shown
in figure 4--7.

Step Procedure

1 Push the line select key adjacent to the preset COM


frequency to place the cursor around the preset COM
frequency.
2 Push the same line select key again to access the memory
location window.
3 Rotate the TUNE knob past MEMORY--X, the last memory
location filled (ex. MEMORY--6). The display label changes
to TEMP--(X+1) (ex. TEMP--7) and an initial frequency of
118.00 is displayed in the window (X+1 is at most 12).
4 Push the line select key adjacent to the preset COM
frequency to toggle the cursor back to the preset COM
frequency.
5 Change the initial frequency to the new frequency using
the TUNE knobs.
6 Push the STO function key to store the new frequency as
an appended frequency in MEMORY--(X+1).
NOTE: If all memories are used, rotating past memory location 12 returns
to memory location 1, and pushing STO stores the new frequency
in memory location 1.

Preset Memory Appending Procedure


Table 4--2

VHF Communication (COM) Transceiver Operation A28--1146--050


4-8 Rev 5
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

STEP 1 STEP 2

STEP 3 STEP 4

STEP 5 STEP 6

AD--60062@

Memory Appending Display


Figure 4--7

A28--1146--050 VHF Communication (COM) Transceiver Operation


Rev 5 4-9
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

COM Memory Page


The COM memory page, shown in figure 4--8, is accessed by pushing
the PGE function key and then the line select key adjacent to COM
MEMORY. Stored frequencies are displayed, up to six at one time.
Push the RETURN line select key to return to the main radio tuning
page.

AD--45718@

COM Memory Display (Example)


Figure 4--8

The COM memory page features the following:

D The white COM frequency (123.55) in the upper left corner is the
active frequency.

D The bandwidth select annunciation in the upper right corner is


normally set to the NARROW mode (NB). Pushing the line select
key adjacent to the BANDWIDTH SELECT annunciator toggles the
bandwidth between NARROW and WIDE (WB).

D There are 6 memory locations on the first memory page, and 6 more
are on the second page (12 total).

D The MORE, RETURN, INSERT, and DELETE functions are


initiated by pushing their associated line select key.

VHF Communication (COM) Transceiver Operation A28-- 1146-- 050


4-10 Rev 6
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

ADD OR CHANGE A FREQUENCY IN MEMORY

Figure 4--9 shows the COM memory page.

AD--45719@

COM Memory Display


Figure 4--9

Frequencies must be added sequentially. The system does not store


frequencies non--sequentially (i.e., in location 1, 2, and 4, leaving 3
blank).

A28--1146--050 VHF Communication (COM) Transceiver Operation


Rev 5 4-11
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

If the crewmember tries to skip a location, the system replaces INSERT


with CAN’T for two seconds, as shown in figure 4--10.

AD--60093@

Skipping a Memory Location


Figure 4--10

To add or change a frequency in memory, follow the procedure


described in table 4--3.

Step Procedure

1 Move the cursor to the first blank memory location at the


end of the list by pushing the line select key by it. The initial
frequency of 118.00 is displayed inside the cursor box.
2 Use the TUNE knobs to set the new frequency.
3 After the first 6 memory locations are filled, push the MORE
key to access COM memory page 2 for frequency storage
locations 7 through 12. If all six of the memory locations on
page 1 are filled, pushing the MORE line select key toggles
between pages 1 and 2. If the MORE line select key is
pushed when page 1 is NOT full, the system replaces the
INSERT annunciation with CAN’T for two seconds.
4 To change a frequency in memory, push the line select key
adjacent to the memory location to move the cursor and
use the TUNE knobs to change the frequency value.

Adding and Changing Frequencies in Memory Procedure


Table 4--3

VHF Communication (COM) Transceiver Operation A28--1146--050


4-12 Rev 5
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

INSERT FREQUENCY IN MEMORY

To insert a new frequency between two other frequencies, follow the


procedure in table 4--4.

Step Procedure

1 Push the line select key adjacent to the location where the
frequency is to be inserted.
2 Push the INSERT line select key. The frequency list below
the insert location shifts downward, and the initial
frequency (118.00) is displayed inside the cursor box.
3 Use the TUNE knobs to set the memory position
frequency.

Inserting Frequencies Between Memory Locations Procedure


Table 4--4

Figure 4--11 shows the displays described in the procedure above.

AD--55890@

Inserting a Frequency in Memory Displays


Figure 4--11

If all 12 memory locations are filled, MEM FULL is displayed for two
seconds in place of the INSERT annunciator when the INSERT key is
pushed.

A28--1146--050 VHF Communication (COM) Transceiver Operation


Rev 5 4-13
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

DELETING FREQUENCIES FROM MEMORY

To delete a frequency from memory, follow the procedure in table 4--5.

Step Procedure

1 Push the line select key adjacent to the location of the


unwanted frequency.
2 Push the DELETE line select key. The frequency inside
the cursor is deleted and the frequency in the memory
location below it moves into the cursor box. All other
frequencies below the cursor also move up one position.
NOTE: If the crew member pushes the DELETE line select key when the
cursor does not have a frequency value in it, the system does
nothing. There is no annunciation of this event.

Deleting Frequencies From Memory Procedure


Table 4--5

Figure 4--12 shows the displays described in the procedure.

AD--55891@

Deleting Frequencies From Memory Displays


Figure 4--12

VHF Communication (COM) Transceiver Operation A28--1146--050


4-14 Rev 5
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

MORE MEMORY LOCATIONS (7 THROUGH 12)

The memory page with locations 7 through 12 is shown in figure 4--13.


To view locations 7 through 12, push the MORE line select key. When
locations 1 through 6 are filled, locations 7 through 12 are accessible.
If locations 1 through 6 are not filled and the MORE key is pushed, the
RMU replaces the INSERT annunciation with CAN’T for two seconds,
and memory locations 1 through 6 remain displayed. Locations 7--12
function identically to locations 1--6.

AD--45724@

Memory Locations 7--12


Figure 4--13

A28--1146--050 VHF Communication (COM) Transceiver Operation


Rev 5 4-15
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

BANDWIDTH SELECT

The narrow (25 KHz) or wide (50 KHz) bandwidth is selected by pushing
the line select key adjacent to the BANDWIDTH SELECT annunciator
on the COM memory page, as shown in figure 4--14. Wideband
operation can improve reception of certain stations using older
equipment.

AD--45725@

Bandwidth Selection
Figure 4--14

NOTE: The selected bandwidth is also annunciated above the COM


window on the main tuning page as NB (narrow) or WB
(wide).

RETURN TO RADIOS

Pushing the RETURN line select key on the memory page returns the
RMU to the main tuning page.

VHF Communication (COM) Transceiver Operation A28--1146--050


4-16 Rev 5
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

COM Messages
The COM messages are displayed at the top of the COM tuning window
to the right of the COM 1 (white) annunciation, as shown in figure 4--15.

AD--45729@

COM Messages Display


Figure 4--15

A28--1146--050 VHF Communication (COM) Transceiver Operation


Rev 5 4-17
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

Table 4--6 describes the COM messages displayed at the top of the
COM tuning window to the right of the COM 1 (white) annunciation.

Message Conditions

MICSTK When the microphone is stuck for about two


minutes a beep sounds on the audio. This
message is displayed until the mike button is
released. Ten seconds after the MICSTK
annunciation is displayed, the selected transmitter
automatically turns off.
AUX ON This annunciation indicates that the clearance
delivery CDH or FMS CDU is in the emergency
mode. The respective COM is being channeled by
the clearance delivery CDH or FMS CDU. The
RMU is locked out from control of that COM.
AUXOFF This annunciation indicates that the auxiliary COM
control head is turned off.
TX This annunciation indicates that the transmitter is
ON.
SQ This annunciation indicates the squelch has been
opened with the SQ button.
NB This annunciation indicates that narrow bandwidth
has been selected.
WB This annunciation indicates that wide bandwidth
has been selected.

COM Messages
Table 4--6

VHF Communication (COM) Transceiver Operation A28--1146--050


4-18 Rev 5
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

5. Navigation (NAV) Receiver


Operation

The NAV frequency select window is in the upper right corner of the
main tuning page, as shown in figure 5--1.

AD--45731@

NAV Radio Receiver Window (Example)


Figure 5--1

If the clearance delivery control display head (CDH) is used to tune the
radio in the EMERGENCY mode, RMU control is taken away from the
NAV radio and the message AUX ON is displayed at the top of the
window.

NOTE: Under some circumstances, some integrated automatic flight


control/flight director systems have a VOR tuning inhibit
signal that can be sent to the navigation receiver (i.e., to
prevent retuning the radio after approach course capture). If
the aircraft has this capability, the message INHIBIT is
displayed in the NAV window.

A28--1146--050 Navigation (NAV) Receiver Operation


Rev 5 5-1
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

PRESET TUNING PROCEDURE


The NAV window has two lines that display NAV frequency. The NAV
window is operated the same way as the COM with regard to tuning,
preset memory editing, and appending, adding, deleting, and inserting
frequencies in memory.

The transfer key adjacent to the active NAV frequency toggles the
active and preset frequencies to swap positions, as shown in figure 5--2.
The frequency that is displayed in the top section of the window is the
ACTIVE frequency.

AD--45733@

NAV Radio Receiver With Preset


Frequency Selected
Figure 5--2

DIRECT TUNING PROCEDURE


Pushing the line select key adjacent to the preset NAV frequency and
holding it for more than two seconds, moves the cursor to the top
window, as shown in figure 5--3. The preset window blanks, and the
NAV active frequency is set so it can be tuned using the TUNE knobs.

Navigation (NAV) Receiver Operation A28--1146--050


5-2 Rev 5
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

AD--45735@

NAV Tuning Display


Figure 5--3

To exit from direct tuning, push the line select key adjacent to the blank
preset NAV frequency display and hold it until the preset frequency is
displayed.

NAV MEMORY
The procedure for loading frequencies is the same in both COM and
NAV, however, the messages in the upper right corner of the memory
page differ. In place of the BANDWIDTH message of the COM page,
the NAV page has an FMS ENABLED/DISABLED legend, as shown
in figure 5--4. This is displayed regardless of whether the radio system
interfaces with an FMS or not. If the system interfaces with an FMS, the
NAV memory page is the only place that the FMS can be disabled from
tuning the radios. Selecting FMS DISABLED with the line select key
adjacent to the FMS ENABLED/DISABLED annunciator prevents
tuning any of the radios through the FMS control display unit and also
disables the NAV autotune from the FMS (except tuning blind DME
channels).

A28--1146--050 Navigation (NAV) Receiver Operation


Rev 5 5-3
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

The frequency in any memory location can be transferred to ACTIVE.


Figure 5--4 shows that the memory location 1 is marked by the cursor.
If the transfer key adjacent to the active NAV frequency is pushed, the
frequency in location 1 (110.30) becomes the active frequency. The
memory remains unchanged.

The MORE, INSERT, RETURN, and DELETE prompts operate the


same way as on the COM memory page.

AD--45736@

NAV Memory Page


Figure 5--4

NOTES: 1. If the clearance delivery CDH is in the emergency


mode for either System 1 or 2, neither FMS computer
can autotune any NAV radio (except for blind DME
channels), nor can any radio be tuned manually
through the FMS control display unit. In this condition,
the messages AUX ON and FMS DISABLED are
displayed and the RMU inhibits selection of FMS
ENABLED.
2. Toggling either RMU 1 or RMU 2 FMS ENABLED/
DISABLED changes both radio systems as described
above.

Navigation (NAV) Receiver Operation A28--1146--050


5-4 Rev 5
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

FMS AUTOTUNE AND OVERRIDE


An FMS autotuned VOR or instrument landing system (ILS) frequency
is displayed on the main tuning page with a magenta VOR or ILS
frequency (110.25) and a magenta AUTO in the top border of the NAV
window, as shown in figure 5--5.

AD--45738@

FMS Autotune on the Main Page


Figure 5--5

To override an FMS autotuned VOR or ILS frequency, either toggle the


active and preset frequencies with the line select key adjacent to the
active NAV frequency, or if in the direct tuning mode, place the cursor
around the frequency and change it using the TUNE knobs. The active
frequency color returns to white, and autotune remains inhibited until
it is restored on the FMS CDU.

Once FMS autotuning has been overridden in this manner, it can only
be reactivated through the FMS CDU.

A28--1146--050 Navigation (NAV) Receiver Operation


Rev 5 5-5/(5-6 blank)
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

6. Distance Measuring Equipment


(DME) Operation

DME HOLD WITH NAVIGATION (NAV) OPERATION

Pushing the DME function key places the system in the DME hold mode
and the NAV window is split, as shown in figure 6--1.

When the navigation (NAV) window is split, an H is displayed next to the


DME label to indicate that the distance display (DME or TACAN) is not
paired with the active VOR/ILS navigation signal (DME hold). When the
H is displayed, the other aircraft systems HOLD annunciators light.

AD--55926@

DME Split NAV Windows


Figure 6--1

In normal VOR/ILS/DME operation, one of 6 DME channels is paired


with the active frequency and another with the preset frequency.
Pushing the DME function key splits the NAV window on the main tuning
page so the active DME channel can be selected separately from the
active VOR/ILS frequency.

When the system is in split DME tuning, pushing the transfer key
adjacent to the active NAV frequency selects the NAV active channel
for tuning. Pushing the line select key adjacent to the DME hold
frequency selects the DME channel for tuning. The DME station
identifier is displayed next to the hold annunciator.

NOTE: It can take 2 to 3 minutes for the station identifier to be


displayed. The DME ident is three letters long for VOR/DME
and combined VOR and TACAN stations (VORTAC). For ILS
and microwave landing systems (MLS), the ident is four
letters long with the first letter being an I or M.

A28--1146--050 Distance Measuring Equipment (DME) Operation


Rev 5 6-1
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

Cycling the DME function button sequences the NAV window from
normal to several configurations, depending on existing DME pairing.
Figures 6--2, 6--3, and 6--4 display the NAV/DME split window sequence
when DME is paired to VOR/ILS, even MLS channel, and odd MLS
channel, respectively.

DME HOLD WITH TACAN OPERATION


After the second push of the DME function key, the system enters DME
TACAN split mode. When the cursor is around the TACAN channel, the
TUNE knobs are used to scroll through all 126 TACAN channels in each
operating mode. The large outer TUNE knob selects the channel. The
small inner knob sets the W, X, Y, or Z mode. X and Y are the normal
modes. W and Z are used for precision DME (P--DME) with MLS. Verify
the charts or approach plates for TACAN mode information.

NOTE: If a TACAN channel is tuned, only the distance data and


station identifier are able to be received. Complete TACAN
data (bearing and distance) requires additional equipment.

DME HOLD WITH MLS OPERATION


When a microwave landing system (MLS) is being used as the
displayed navigation source, the DME automatically displays distance
to the paired MLS DME station. A DME (white) annunciation is
displayed vertically next to the MLS window display (refer to MLS
operation).

SINGLE DME INSTALLATION


Single DME installations operate the same as dual configurations.
However, the No. 2 NAV uses a DME channel in the No. 1 DME.

Distance Measuring Equipment (DME) Operation A28--1146--050


6-2 Rev 5
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

297.0 297.0

When the DME is paired with Pushing the line select key
the active NAV frequency, adjacent to the DME window Use the tuning knobs to change
pushing the DME function key places the cursor around the the paired NAV frequency.
splits the NAV window. paired NAV frequency.

Pushing the DME function key Pushing the DME function


again will put the DME window Use the tuning knobs to change key a third time returns the NAV
in DME/TACAN split mode. the TACAN channel. window to the original configuration.

AD--60094@

DME Window Sequence --


VOR/ILS Initial Pairing
Figure 6--2

A28--1146--050 Distance Measuring Equipment (DME) Operation


Rev 5 6-3/(6-4 blank)
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

When the DME is paired to an even Pushing the DME function key a Pushing the DME function key a
MLS channel, pushing the DME second time changes the system third time returns the NAV
function key splits the NAV window, to DME/TACAN split mode and window to the original
and the DME window displays the the DME window displays the configuration.
MLS/VHF paired frequency. TACAN channel.
AD--60095@

DME Window Sequence --


Even MLS Initial Pairing
Figure 6--3

A28--1146--050 Distance Measuring Equipment (DME) Operation


Rev 5 6-5/(6-6 blank)
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

When the DME is paired to an odd Pushing the DME function key a Pushing the DME function key a
MLS channel, pushing the DME second time changes the system third time returns the NAV
function key splits the NAV window, to DME/TACAN split mode and window to the original
and the DME window displays 1XX.XX the DME window displays the configuration.
since odd MLS channels do not have TACAN channel.
a corresponding VOR/ILS frequency. AD--60096@

DME Window Sequence --


Odd MLS Initial Pairing
Figure 6--4

A28--1146--050 Distance Measuring Equipment (DME) Operation


Rev 5 6-7/(6-8 blank)
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

DME INDICATOR (OPTIONAL)


The DME indicator, shown in figure 6--5, displays the following:
D Four different DME distances
D Groundspeed
D Time--to--station
D Ident
FREQ SELECT LEFT SIDE/RIGHT SIDE MLS TUNE
ANNUNCIATOR (1/2) ANNUNCIATOR ANNUNCIATOR

PARAMETER
DISPLAY
DME HOLD IDENT
ANNUNCIATOR KNOTS
MINUTES
DME KTS/MIN
DISTANCE ANNUNCIATOR

DME CHANNEL PARAMETER


SELECT SELECT

AD--55913@

DME Indicator
Figure 6--5

All of these functions are selected by the pilot. Each DME has six
scanning channels, four (two from each side) that are accessible to the
pilot. The DME indicator displays the distances associated with each
one of these channels.

The DME digital display is separated into two windows of the liquid
crystal display. The window on the left continuously displays distance
in nautical miles, and the other displays either station identifier,
groundspeed in knots, or time--to--go in minutes. The annunciators
called out in figure 6--5 are described in the paragraphs that follow.

A28--1146--050 Distance Measuring Equipment (DME) Operation


Rev 5 6-9
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

D Frequency Select Annunciator -- This annunciator identifies the


channel being displayed as either NAV (active) or PRE
(preselected). Some configurations do not display the preset
frequencies. Preset frequencies are not displayed if in DME HOLD
or MLS modes. With an FMS installation and a single DME, only
Ident is available for display for the preset channels.

D Left Side/Right Side (1/2) Annunciator -- This annunciator


indicates which side (No. 1 or No. 2) has been selected using the CH
(channel) key.

D MLS (Microwave Landing System) Annunciator -- If an MLS is


installed, MLS is displayed when a DME receiver is being tuned by
the microwave landing system receiver.

D Parameter Display -- The parameter display section can


annunciate a station ident, the airspeed followed by KTS (knots), or
the time--to--station followed by MIN (minutes).

D KTS/MIN (Knots/Minutes) Annunciator -- This annunciator


qualifies the parameter display. KTS annunciates airspeed. MIN
annunciates time--to--station, and no annunciator means the
readout is a station ident.

D SEL (Select) Key --The SEL button toggles between the three
parameter displays. Each time the button is pushed, the display
changes to the next option, such as: IDENT, KTS, MIN, and back to
IDENT.

D CH (Channel) Key --The CH button selects which DME channel to


display. Annunciators along the top of the display identify the
channel being displayed.

NOTE: The indicator powers--up on the same channel being


displayed at power--down.

D DME Distance Digital Read--out -- The DME distance readout is


a digital readout of the aircraft’s distance--to--station, It is always
followed by the nautical mile (NM) annunciation. The DME indicator
display segments can be tested by pushing the CH and SEL buttons
together, All segments light.

D HLD (Hold) Annunciator -- HLD is displayed if the DME frequency


is split from the VOR.

Distance Measuring Equipment (DME) Operation A28--1146--050


6-10 Rev 5
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

7. Air Traffic Control (ATC)


Transponder/TCAS Operation

ATC transponders are controlled using the ATC window, shown in figure
7--1. The window can control one or two transponders. In the dual
transponder system, the ATC window sets the reply code and mode for
the active transponder (the other transponder is in standby). Each radio
management unit (RMU) monitors the status of the dual transponder
system, and shows the active transponder information on its display.

NOTE: Both transponders can be in the standby mode.

AD--45743@

ATC Transponder Window -- Without TCAS (Example)


Figure 7--1

ATC TRANSPONDER OPERATING CONTROLS


The transponder window is controlled by:
D The line select keys adjacent to the transponder window on the RMU.
D The ID, 1/2, STO, and TST function keys on the bottom of the RMU.
D The TUNE knobs.

A28--1146--050 Air Traffic Control (ATC) Transponder/TCAS Operation


Rev 5 7-1
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

The paragraphs below describe the operation of the transponder


window controls.

D ATC Code Line Select Key -- When pushed, this key places the
cursor box around the transponder code. With the box around the
code, the TUNE knobs are used to change the transponder code.
If this key is pushed and held for two seconds, a stored transponder
code is set into the transponder.

D Transponder Mode Line Select Key -- When pushed, the line


select key adjacent to the transponder mode places the cursor
around the transponder mode. Pushing this key again toggles the
transponder mode field between STANDBY mode and the last mode
selected. (In early versions of the RMU, pushing this key
sequences through: STANDBY -- Transponder 1 ON -- STANDBY --
Transponder 2 ON -- STANDBY.)

D ID (Ident) Function Key -- Pushing the ID function key activates the


ident function for 18 seconds. It is enabled anytime the transponder
is ON and the RMU is not displaying the maintenance pages.

D 1/2 Function Key -- When the cursor box is anywhere in the ATC
window in a dual installation, the 1/2 function key toggles the active
transponder between No. 1 (left side) and No. 2 (right side)
transponder. In single installations this key does not function. (Also,
in early versions of the RMU this key does not function. The No. 1/
No. 2 transponder selection is made by repeatedly pushing the
transponder mode line select key.)

D STO (Store) Function Key -- The STO function key stores the
transponder reply code. Each RMU has one transponder code
memory location. To store a code, push the STO function key when
the cursor box is around the ATC code. To retrieve a code from
memory, push and hold the ATC code line select key.

D TST (Test) Function Key -- If the cursor box is anywhere in the ATC
window, and the TST function key is pushed and held for two
seconds, the transponder pilot activated self--test (PAST) is
initiated. During the ATC test, ATC TEST is displayed indicating that
the transponder is performing self--test. When the test is completed,
the words ATC PASS, or ATC ERR are displayed in the ATC
window. The other transponder can be tested by selecting it as
active (using the 1/2 key) and pushing the TST function key.

Air Traffic Control (ATC) Transponder/TCAS Operation A28--1146--050


7-2 Rev 5
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

NOTES: 1. When traffic alert and collision avoidance system


(TCAS) is installed, SYS TEST is displayed, to
indicate that both TCAS and the transponder are
being tested. A successful test is annunciated with
SYS PASS, failure is displayed as SYS ERR. In
addition, the TCAS aural warning annunciates
TCAS TEST, TCAS PASS, or TCAS FAIL
separately.
2. If a Honeywell TCAS is installed, the TCAS test
begins at the same time as the transponder test.
3. If a Honeywell TCAS is installed, pushing and
holding the TST key for more than 8 seconds forces
TCAS and the TCAS traffic display into the
maintenance mode. Normal operation is
re--established by entering a transponder code.
4. TCAS can be tested with the cursor in the TCAS
display window.

D TUNE Knobs -- The TUNE knobs are used to set reply codes. The
larger, outer knob controls the left two digits, and the smaller, inner
knob controls the right two digits. The knobs are also used to select
a mode, but only if the displayed mode is not STANDBY.

ATC WINDOW ANNUNCIATORS


The ATC window, shown in figure 7--2, displays the following
annunciations:
D ATC window label
D ATC mode
D ATC reply light
D ATC ident
D ATC status
D ATC code
D ATC test in progress/status

A28--1146--050 Air Traffic Control (ATC) Transponder/TCAS Operation


Rev 5 7-3
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

The ATC window annunciations are described below. The locations of


the annunciators are shown in figure 7--2.

AD--45752@

ATC Window Annunciation Locations


Figure 7--2

D ATC Window Label -- The ATC window label is in the upper left
corner of the window. It displays either ATC or ATC/TCAS. The
window label color follows the colors of the other windows.

D ATC Modes -- The ATC mode annunciators are described in table


7--1.

NOTE: Dashes are displayed when the active transponder is off


line.

Air Traffic Control (ATC) Transponder/TCAS Operation A28--1146--050


7-4 Rev 5
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

Mode Definition

STANDBY The standby function is the same regardless of


installation.
ATC ON The transponder is replying in modes A and S
without altitude reporting.
ATC ALT The transponder is replying in modes A, C, and
S with altitude reporting.
TA ONLY The transponder is replying in modes A, C, and
S with altitude reporting and the TCAS traffic
advisory (TA) mode is selected. (Available only
for TCAS I and TCAS II installations.)
TA/RA The transponder is replying in modes A, C and S
with altitude reporting, and the TCAS traffic
advisory and resolution advisory (RA) modes are
selected. (Available only for TCAS II installation.)
TUNE ME The transponder operating mode is invalid. The
pilot must attempt to tune a mode using the
TUNE knobs.

ATC Mode Definitions


Table 7--1

D ATC Reply Light -- The ATC reply light is either an empty green box
or a filled yellow box displayed to the right of the ATC mode
annunciator, as shown in figure 7--3.

AD--58904@

ATC Reply Light Annunciations


Figure 7--3

The empty green box (j


j) indicates that the transponder has no
reply in progress.

The filled yellow box (J


J) is displayed when the transponder is
sending a reply.

A28--1146--050 Air Traffic Control (ATC) Transponder/TCAS Operation


Rev 5 7-5
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

D ATC Ident -- The transponder has an ident function that is required


by ATC. When the ID function button (or a remote ident switch) is
pushed, the transponder enters the ident mode for about 18
seconds. During this mode, an ID annunciator is displayed to the
immediate right of the ATC mode annunciator to indicate that the
transponder is in the ident mode.

D ATC Status/Failure Warnings -- The ATC status annunciator,


shown in figure 7--4, is one of the following:

- ATC ERR -- HIGHEST PRIORITY -- This annunciation is


displayed if the transponder is signalling squitter fail. Try the
PAST on the ATC. If the test fails, the transponder is not
transmitting properly and the other side transponder must be
selected. If the transponder passes the PAST, only the squitter
function is not operating properly.

- ATC FLIGHT ID -- The ATC flight ID (white) is not displayed


unless FLIGHT ID--ENABLE is selected on the RMU setup page.
When ATC flight ID is present, dashes replace ATC ERR or ATC
flight ID when the transponder goes off line. See ATC/TCAS
control and ATC control pages for a description of tuning the ATC
flight ID.

AD--45753@

ATC Status/Failure Warnings


Figure 7--4

Air Traffic Control (ATC) Transponder/TCAS Operation A28--1146--050


7-6 Rev 5
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

D ATC Code -- The four digit ATC reply code is always present with
leading zeroes if required. The code is for the active transponder.
The digits are normally white. They turn yellow when remotely
tuned, and dashes replace the digits if the active transponder goes
off--line.

D ATC Test In Progress/Status -- The general format for the ATC


window during non--normal operating modes is shown in figure 7--5.
Non--normal modes include the following:
- Pilot activated self--test (PAST)
- Power--on system test (POST)
- Aircraft maintenance mode (AMM)

AD--58906@

ATC Test Annunciations (Example)


Figure 7--5

Normal window annunciators are removed when the RMU either


commands a transponder test, or when the RMU senses a
transponder test. The ID annunciation is removed, and the reply
light (if displayed) reverts to the empty green box. The window label
does not change. TEST and STATUS annunciators are present as
described below:
- PAST and POST -- STATUS tracks the transponder test and
annunciates the test status using messages returned from the
transponder and colored as described in table 7--2.

Test Status

ATC TEST PAST or POST test in progress (without TCAS


installed)
SYS TEST PAST or POST test in progress (with TCAS
installed)
ATC PASS PAST or POST test passed
ATC ERR PAST or POST test failed

PAST or POST Message Definitions


Table 7--2

A28--1146--050 Air Traffic Control (ATC) Transponder/TCAS Operation


Rev 5 7-7
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

ATC CONTROL PAGE


The ATC control page, shown in figure 7--6, is displayed when TCAS
DISPLAY -- DISABLE is selected on the RMU setup page.

AD--55895@

ATC Control Page


Figure 7--6

TRAFFIC ALERT AND COLLISION AVOIDANCE


SYSTEM (TCAS) OPERATION
Figure 7--7 shows the RMU tuning page without the TCAS window (left)
and with the TCAS window (right). The annunciations in the TCAS
window are described in the paragraphs that follow.

Air Traffic Control (ATC) Transponder/TCAS Operation A28--1146--050


7-8 Rev 5
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

AD--55893@

RMU Tuning Page Without TCAS (Left) and With TCAS (Right)
Figure 7--7

TCAS Window Annunciators


D TCAS DSPY 1 (Display 1) -- This annunciator shows which TCAS
display is being controlled (TCAS DSPY 1 is the left side, TCAS
DSPY 2 is the right side).

D RANGE -- The RANGE can be set to 6, 12, 20, or 40 nautical miles


(NM) by toggling the line select key adjacent to the RANGE
annunciation, or by rotating either of the TUNE knobs when the
cursor is around the RANGE selection.

D Altitude Band Select -- This annunciator can be one of three


settings. It is selected by toggling the line select key adjacent to the
altitude band annunciator in the bottom of the TCAS DSPY window.
The three settings that are defined relative to the aircraft’s current
altitude are:

- NORMAL -- The NORMAL annunciation selects traffic


advisories (TA) 1200 ft. when the system is in AUTO, and
2700 ft. when the system is in MANUAL.

- ABOVE -- The ABOVE annunciator indicates that the system


displays TAs +7000 ft. above to --2700 ft. below the aircraft.

- BELOW -- The BELOW annunciator indicates that the system


displays TAs +2700 ft. above to --7000 ft. below the aircraft.

A28--1146--050 Air Traffic Control (ATC) Transponder/TCAS Operation


Rev 5 7-9
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

TCAS Operating Controls


In addition to the RANGE and altitude band select keys, the TCAS
window is controlled using the following function keys.
D 1/2 -- When the cursor box is anywhere in the TCAS display window
in a dual TCAS II system, the 1/2 function key toggles between
TCAS DSPY 1 and TCAS DSPY 2. In TCAS I and single TCAS II
installations this key does not function.
D STO -- Same operation as with the ATC window.
D TST -- Same operation as with the ATC window.
D TUNE Knobs -- Same operation as with the ATC window.

ATC/TCAS Control Page


The ATC/TCAS control page is displayed by pushing the line select key
adjacent to the ATC/TCAS annunciator on the page menu. The
ATC/TCAS control page is available only when TCAS DISPLAY --
ENABLE is selected on the RMU setup page. The ATC/TCAS control
page, shown in figure 7--8, displays the following:
D TCAS display control parameters
D Transponder flight ID
D Transponder uncorrected altitude.

AD--55894@

ATC/TCAS Control Page


Figure 7--8

Air Traffic Control (ATC) Transponder/TCAS Operation A28--1146--050


7-10 Rev 5
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

The flight ID can be changed using the TUNE knobs. The ATC flight ID
is not displayed unless FLIGHT ID -- ENABLE is selected on the RMU
setup page.

Uncorrected altitude, including data, status, and source is displayed,


but cannot be changed. The TCAS controllable parameters are
INTRUDER ALTITUDE (the adjacent line select key toggles between
FL and REL) and TA DISPLAY (the adjacent line select key toggles
between AUTO and MANUAL).

The active transponder selection is not annunciated on the ATC/TCAS


control page. The ATC window on the radio tuning page shows the
active transponder selection.

The ATC/TCAS control page displays the following:

D Intruder Altitude -- Using the adjacent line select key, the intruder
altitude can be toggled between the following:
- REL -- The target’s altitude is displayed relative to one’s own
aircraft (i.e., +500, --1200)
- FL -- The target altitude is displayed as a flight level (i.e., FL200,
FL100).
NOTE: If the flight level is selected, the TCAS display returns to
REL after 18 seconds.

D TA Display -- Using the adjacent line select key, the intruder TA


display can be toggled between the following:
- AUTO -- The traffic targets are displayed only when a TA or RA
target condition exists.
- MANUAL -- All traffic targets are displayed in the viewing
airspace.
NOTE: For TCAS I installations, the TA display is removed and
the RMU fixes the TA display to MANUAL.

D Flight ID (If available) -- This displays the Mode S transponder


coding of the current flight’s call sign. The outer TUNE knob moves
the character position designator and the inner TUNE knob selects
the alphanumeric character. (The system does not accept blanks
between characters.)

D Uncorrected Altitude -- Uncorrected altitude is always displayed.


It represents the active transponder information only. The air data
source is annunciated by ATC ALTITUDE 1 and ATC ALTITUDE 2.
Uncorrected altitude is in units of feet.

A28--1146--050 Air Traffic Control (ATC) Transponder/TCAS Operation


Rev 5 7-11/(7-12 blank)
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

8. Automatic Direction Finder


(ADF) Operation

The ADF receiver can drive a variety of bearing pointers. The receiver
frequency range is 100 to 1799.5 KHz and 2181 to 2183 KHz (optional).
It is tuned using the line select key adjacent to the ADF frequency
display to position the cursor, then turning the TUNE knobs. The ADF
window, shown in figure 8--1, is displayed in the middle of the right side
of the RMU display.

AD--45754@

ADF Window
Figure 8--1

The extended frequency range of the ADF is used to receive the marine
emergency frequency at 2182 KHz.

SINGLE ADF INSTALLATION


Single ADF installations operate the same as dual configurations
except that the ADF window annunciator does not identify a side
number (1 or 2). The main tuning page always displays the ADF for
tuning.

A28--1146--050 Automatic Direction Finder (ADF) Operation


Rev 5 8-1
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

ADF OPERATING CONTROLS


The ADF window operates using the controls listed in the paragraphs
below.

D ADF Frequency Line Select Key -- This key is used to set ADF
frequencies. When this key is pushed, the cursor boxes the
frequency annunciation. With the cursor around the frequency, the
TUNE knobs are used to change the frequency value, clockwise
(cw) to increase it and counterclockwise (ccw) to decrease it. When
the key is pushed and held for three seconds, the ADF frequency
memory is recalled.

D ADF Mode Line Select Key -- This key is used to select the ADF
modes. When this line select key is pushed, the cursor boxes the
mode annunciation. ADF operating modes are selected by turning
the TUNE knobs or by pushing the mode line select key repeatedly.

- ANT (ANTENNA) -- In this mode the ADF has maximum


sensitivity, range, aural beacon ident and voice only, but no
bearing.

- ADF-- In this mode the ADF has bearing determination. There is


some loss of received audio range and sensitivity.

- BFO (BEAT FREQUENCY OSCILLATOR) -- In this mode the


ADF adds a beat frequency oscillator to detect continuous wave
signals.

- VOICE -- In this mode the ADF has maximum audio clarity and
fidelity, but no bearing.

NOTES: 1. Since the VOICE mode uses a wider


bandwidth, it is possible to have some
interference when listening to an ADF station
within 3 KHz of another ADF station. This
interference can be eliminated by using the ANT
mode.

Automatic Direction Finder (ADF) Operation A28--1146--050


8-2 Rev 5
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

2. When a high frequency communication (HF


COM) radio is keyed, the ADF bearing needles
are frozen. After the HF transmits for five
seconds, the electromechanical indicator
moves to 090 relative bearing position, and the
electronic flight instrument system (EFIS)
removes the ADF bearing needles until the HF
transmission stops. This avoids bearing
inaccuracy caused by interference.

D STO (Store) Function Key -- With the cursor around the frequency
readout, pushing the STO function key stores that frequency. Each
RMU has one ADF frequency storage location.

D 1/2 Function Key -- In single ADF systems, the 1/2 function key
toggles between the on--side and off--side colors, but has no other
effect on the ADF window. In dual ADF systems, the 1/2 function key
toggles between ADF No. 1 and ADF No. 2.

D TUNE Knobs -- The TUNE knobs are used to tune the ADF
frequency when the cursor is around the frequency readout. The
large knob controls the first digits of the frequency, and the smaller
knob controls the last digits of the frequency. Turning the knob
slowly changes the frequency by one step. Multiple step changes
can be made by turning the knob rapidly.

D TST (Test) Function Key -- When the cursor is positioned


anywhere in the ADF window, pushing and holding the TST key
initiates the ADF PAST. The RMU returns to normal operation when
the TST key is released, or after 30 seconds.

A28--1146--050 Automatic Direction Finder (ADF) Operation


Rev 5 8-3/(8-4 blank)
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

9. Microwave Landing System


(MLS) Operation
The MLS can be integrated by the PRIMUSR II Integrated Radio
System and controlled using the RMU, or it can be independently
installed, in which case it is operated using a dedicated controller. In
dual MLS systems, the MLS window can tune either the MLS No. 1 or
MLS No. 2 system.

MLS OPERATING CONTROLS


The MLS and traffic alert and collision avoidance system (TCAS)
windows are enabled and disabled from the RMU setup page. With
MLS enabled and TCAS disabled, the bottom portion of the radio tuning
page, shown in figure 9--1, is dedicated to MLS control.

AD--45755@

MLS Window
Figure 9--1
The MLS is configured using the maintenance mode. Once configured,
the MLS information is selected and displayed in the MLS window. The
MLS receiver can operate in either the AUTO or MANUAL mode. The
MLS azimuth (AZ), back azimuth (BAZ), and glidepath (GP) signals can
be used by the aircraft guidance system for approach operations. In the
MANUAL mode, the AZ and BAZ course values and GP value can be
selected in a range from the ground station minimum up to the installed
aircraft maximum limit. In the AUTO mode, the ground station transmits
data that automatically selects the AZ or BAZ course and minimum GP
values.

A28--1146--050 Microwave Landing System (MLS) Operation


Rev 5 9-1
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

MLS WINDOW ANNUNCIATORS


Figure 9--2 shows the location of the MLS window annunciators that are
described in the following paragraphs.
IDENTIFIER

TUNING SOURCE

MLS ERROR
ANNUNCIATOR MLS CHANNEL

AZ/BAZ/GP
WARNING
SELECTED AZIMUTH

GLIDEPATH

SELECTED BACK AZIMUTH

INHIBIT ANNUNCIATOR
DME ANNUNCIATOR

BACK AZIMUTH
ANNUNCIATOR

AD--59020@

MLS Window Annunciators


Figure 9--2

D Identifier -- Four letter MLS identifier (MXXX). Dashes indicate an


invalid station identification.

D MLS Channel -- Displays the selected MLS channel in white when


tuned locally and in yellow when tuned remotely. Dashes are
displayed when the selected MLS is off--line or if the receiver won’t
tune.

Microwave Landing System (MLS) Operation A28--1146--050


9-2 Rev 5
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

D Selected Azimuth -- Displays the selected approach azimuth in


white when tuned locally and in yellow when tuned remotely
(including the MLS receiver). ARM is displayed when the MLS
receiver has been auto tuned but the azimuth has not yet been
captured. Dashes are displayed when the MLS is off--line or if the
receiver won’t tune.

D Selected Back Azimuth -- Displays the selected back approach


azimuth in white when tuned locally and in yellow when tuned
remotely (including the MLS receiver). ARM is displayed when the
MLS receiver has been auto tuned but the back azimuth has not yet
been captured. N/A in displayed when BAZ is not available. Dashes
are displayed when the MLS is off--line or if the receiver won’t tune.

D Glidepath -- Displays the selected glidepath in white when tuned


locally and in yellow when tuned remotely (including the MLS
receiver). ARM is displayed when the MLS receiver has been auto
tuned but the glidepath has not yet been captured. BAZ replaces the
glidepath annunciation when a back azimuth is used. Dashes are
displayed when the MLS is off--line or if the receiver won’t tune.

D AZ/BAZ/GP Warning -- AZ WARN, BAZ WARN, GP WARN, or any


combination of AZ/BAZ/GP, indicate that certain function(s) are not
supported by the channeled MLS station or the selected angle is
outside allowable limits and must be reset inside the limits.

D MLS Error Annunciator -- RCVR ERR indicates that the MLS has
failed a self--test or that internal MLS receiver monitors have
detected an internal receiver fault.

D Tuning Source -- MAN MODE indicates that the tuning source is


the RMU or some other operator--controlled input. AUTO MODE
indicates that the receiver data source is the channeled MLS ground
station. This annunciator is yellow if the MLS was tuned remotely.
Dashes are displayed when the MLS is off--line or if the receiver
won’t tune.

D Distance Measuring Equipment (DME) Annunciator -- Indicates


the DME is coupled to the paired MLS/DME station.

D Back Azimuth Annunciator -- Displayed in place of the glidepath


annunciator when a back azimuth is being used.

D Inhibit Annunciator -- This annunciation indicates that no MLS


function can be changed, they are all inhibited. Some integrated
flight control systems have a tuning inhibit signal that prevents
tuning the MLS once approach capture has been completed.

A28--1146--050 Microwave Landing System (MLS) Operation


Rev 5 9-3
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

MLS OPERATING PROCEDURES


In the approach operation, the procedures described in table 9--1 are
used to set up the MLS for approach.

Step Procedure

AUTO Mode
1 Move the the cursor to the channel (CH) prompt by
pushing the line select key adjacent to the channel
annunciator.
2 With the cursor around the channel annunciator, set the
channel number using the TUNE knobs. The automatic
(AUTO) mode automatically engages, and the AZ, BAZ,
and GP arm.
3 When the MLS signal is valid, the ARM legends are
replaced with AZ, BAZ, and GP values that are received
from the ground station.
4 When the pilot selects MLS for navigation, the course
pointer automatically slews to the displayed AZ course,
and the DME active channel is automatically paired to
display MLS distance. This is annunciated with a vertical
DME annunciator located near the MLS channel.
5 The MLS station identifier is decoded and displayed on the
top of the MLS window (to the right of MLS1, see figure
9--1) replacing the four dashes.
NOTE: It may take 2 to 3 minutes for the station identifier to be decoded
and displayed.

NOTE: The glidepath range is 2.0_ to 4.0_, 2.0_ to aircraft maximum, or airport
minimum to aircraft maximum, depending on conditions.

MLS Approach Procedure (Normal Conditions)


Table 9--1 (cont)

Microwave Landing System (MLS) Operation A28--1146--050


9-4 Rev 5
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

Step Procedure

MANUAL Mode
6 The MANUAL mode can be entered by toggling the line
select key adjacent to the mode annunciator, or by pushing
the line select switch adjacent to AZ (bottom key on the
right) to box the AZ value and using the TUNE knobs to
enter a value, or by pushing the line select key adjacent to
GP and using the TUNE knobs to enter a value. In all three
cases, the system enters the MANUAL mode. Figure 9--3
shows entries of 3.3 for GP and 070 for AZ.

AD--45756@

MLS Window With GP and AZ Set Manually


Figure 9--3
NOTE: The glidepath range is 2.0_ to 4.0_, 2.0_ to aircraft maximum, or airport
minimum to aircraft maximum, depending on conditions.

MLS Approach Procedure (Normal Conditions)


Table 9--1

A28--1146--050 Microwave Landing System (MLS) Operation


Rev 5 9-5
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

The BAZ function procedure is given in table 9--2.

Step Procedure

AUTO Mode
1 The BAZ operation is selected by toggling the line select
key adjacent to the AZ and BAZ annunciators (bottom
right line select key).
2 When BAZ is selected, the GP annunciation on the left
side changes to BAZ, as shown in figure 9--4, and the BAZ
selected course is displayed in larger type than the AZ
course on the right side.
3 The displayed deviation is calculated from the BAZ
transmitter relative to the BAZ selected course. Deviation
data is flagged if it is not within the BAZ coverage volume.
4 To return to approach AZ operation, push the bottom right
line select key.
NOTES: 1. Glidepath data is not available in BAZ operation.
2. BAZ operation is not present in all installations.
3. In a single MLS system, the 1/2 function key toggles the MLS
annunciator between on--side and off--side colors, but it has no effect
on the window. In dual installations the 1/2 function key toggles
between MLS No. 1 and MLS No. 2.

Back Azimuth Procedure


Table 9--2 (cont)

Microwave Landing System (MLS) Operation A28--1146--050


9-6 Rev 5
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

Step Procedure

MANUAL Mode
5 The MANUAL mode can be entered by toggling the line
select key adjacent to the mode annunciator, or by pushing
the line select key adjacent to BAZ to box the BAZ value
and using the TUNE knobs to enter a value. In either case,
the system enters the manual mode.

AD--45758@

MLS Window With BAZ Set Manually


Figure 9--4
NOTES: 1. Glidepath data is not available in BAZ operation.
2. BAZ operation is not present in all installations.
3. In a single MLS system, the 1/2 function key toggles the MLS
annunciator between on--side and off--side colors, but it has no effect
on the window. In dual installations the 1/2 function key toggles
between MLS No. 1 and MLS No. 2.

Back Azimuth Procedure


Table 9--2

A28--1146--050 Microwave Landing System (MLS) Operation


Rev 5 9-7
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

TCAS/MLS SPLIT WINDOW


With both MLS and TCAS windows enabled from the RMU setup page,
the bottom of the radio tuning page is split between the MLS and TCAS
display windows, as shown in figure 9--5.

AD--55896@

MLS/TCAS Split Window Display


Figure 9--5

With a split window configuration, MLS controls are abbreviated on the


radio tuning page.

D Only the tuned MLS channel and AZ/BAZ modes are displayed.

D Manual mode is annunciated with an M next to the azimuth value.

D Auto mode is not annunciated.

Microwave Landing System (MLS) Operation A28--1146--050


9-8 Rev 5
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

More extensive operations are done using the MLS control page shown
in figure 9--6, which is accessed through the page menu.

NOTE: If the TCAS display is selected OFF from the maintenance


menu on the RMU setup page, the MLS CONTROL selection
is removed from the page menu.

CHANNEL LINE AUTO/MANUAL


SELECT KEY LINE SELECT KEY

AZIMUTH LINE AZ/BAZ


SELECT KEY LINE SELECT
KEY
BACK AZIMUTH
LINE SELECT KEY

GUIDEPATH LINE
SELECT KEY

RETURN TO
RADIOS KEY

AD--45759@

MLS Control Page


Figure 9--6

A28-- 1146-- 050 Microwave Landing System (MLS) Operation


Rev 6 9-9
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

MLS CONTROL DISPLAY UNIT (CDU) (OPTIONAL)


The MLS CDU, shown in figure 9--7, can be used to set MLS operating
modes and functions. Each of four functions, CH select, AZ select, back
azimuth (BK) select, and GP select, has an annunciator, an arrow
cursor, and a button associated with it. Pushing any one of the buttons
selects that function for programming and turns on the associated
arrow cursor.

VOL
OFF

AD--58956@

MLS CDU
Figure 9--7

Two sets of two concentric knobs are used for function control. The two
knobs on the right are used for tuning or changing the numbers in the
display. Whenever any display information is changed, it is annunciated
with the arrow cursor to the left of the number. Pushing and holding the
center of the right knob initiates a system self--test.

The center knob on the left controls the ON/OFF switch (latched/
unlatched) and audio volume (knob rotation). Both of these functions
are optional.

Rotating the detented large knob on the left selects the mode. As the
knob is rotated, it selects either the manual or automatic mode. The
mode selected is annunciated in the display as MAN or AUTO. In the
manual mode the values for glidepath, azimuth, and back azimuth are
manually set for a given channel, while in the automatic mode the
values are received from a ground station.

Microwave Landing System (MLS) Operation A28-- 1146-- 050


9-10 Rev 7
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

MLS Control Display Unit Controls (CDU) and


Annunciators
This section describes all display annunciators and controls that are
located on the front panel of the MLS CDU. Some annunciators are
turned on in pairs, such as BACK AZ. See figure 9--8 for the locations
of the controls and annunciators described below.
REMOTE TUNING DME CHANNEL TUNING
ANNUNCIATOR ANNUNCIATOR ANNUNCIATOR CURSOR

SYSTEM INSTALLATION
ANNUNCIATOR CHANNEL/IDENT
READOUT
MAN OR AUTO MODE
ANNUNCIATOR 12 DME CH BACK AZIMUTH NOT
MAN A AVAILABLE
GLIDEPATH
ANNUNCIATOR AUTO BACK N/A
ANNUNCIATOR

GP AZ
GLIDEPATH AZIMUTH
READOUT ANNUNCIATOR

GLIDEPATH SELECT AZIMUTH


BUTTON CH GP AZ READOUT
CHANNEL SELECT MODES
BUTTON AZIMUTH
VOL BK SELECT
TEST
MODE SELECT OFF BUTTON
SWITCH

ON/OFF SWITCH MLS ROTARY


VOLUME CONTROL TUNING KNOBS
KNOB (OPTIONAL)
BACK AZIMUTH TEST
SELECT BUTTON
BUTTON AD--31548@

MLS CDU Controls and Annunciators


Figure 9--8

D Remote Tuning (A) Annunciator -- The A annunciator indicates


that the MLS receiver and CDU are being controlled from the flight
management system (FMS) database.

D DME Annunciator -- The DME annunciator is turned on if the DME


is MLS paired. When the DME is MLS paired, the DME active
channel tracks the MLS channel that is displayed on the MLS CDU.

D CH Annunciator -- The CH annunciator is displayed when the


channel number is being displayed. The CH annunciator is off
whenever IDENT is being displayed.

A28--1146--050 Microwave Landing System (MLS) Operation


Rev 5 9-11
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

D Tuning Cursor -- The tuning cursor is a filled--in arrow that is


annunciated to the left of any digital readout that is being changed.
The cursor means that the numbers to its right are being controlled
by the rotary tuning knob on the lower right corner of the unit.

D CHANNEL/IDENT Readout -- The alphanumeric channel readout


can display either the MLS channel number, the ident acquired from
the ground station or various test messages. MLS channel numbers
500 through 699 are displayed and are denoted by the display of the
CH annunciator.

The channel/ident readout is also used to display ERR when an


error is found during the pilot activated self--test or continuous
receiver self--test.

D Back Azimuth N/A (BACK AZ N/A) Annunciator -- BACK AZ N/A


is turned on if BACK AZIMUTH has been selected but is not
available.

D Back Azimuth (BACK AZ) Annunciator -- The BACK AZ


annunciator is turned on if the BACK AZ mode is selected. BACK
is turned off if the forward azimuth is being displayed. If a back
azimuth warning exists, then the BACK AZ annunciator flashes.

D AZ Annunciator -- The AZ annunciator is always on unless an


azimuth warning exists. An azimuth warning is annunciated with a
flashing AZ annunciator.

D AZIMUTH Readout -- The azimuth readout can display azimuth


angles from 000 to 359. The azimuth digits flash if an azimuth
warning exists. The azimuth readout is also used to display the error
codes of the CDU power--on system test.

D AZ Select Button -- When the AZ button is pushed, the cursor is


moved to the azimuth angle digital readout, and the azimuth angle
can be changed using the rotary tuning knobs. If BACK is displayed
and the AZ button is pushed, the BACK annunciator is turned off and
the AZ digits display the forward azimuth. Also, the glidepath digits
are turned on and they annunciate the glidepath angle.

Microwave Landing System (MLS) Operation A28--1146--050


9-12 Rev 5
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

D Rotary Tuning Knobs -- The rotary tuning knobs are used to


change MLS channel numbers, and azimuth, glidepath, and back
azimuth angles depending upon which select button (CH, GP, AZ,
or BK) was pushed. The tuning knobs control the number block that
has the cursor triangle to its immediate left.

D TEST Button -- Pushing and holding the TEST button for 2 seconds
initiates the MLS radio self--test. The CDU displays TST in the
channel display while the radio is being tested and until the radio test
results have been reported. When the test is completed, the MLS
CDU reverts to normal operation if the button is released or after 30
seconds, whichever occurs first.

The alphanumeric CH/ident display is used to display the results of


the radio test. If the MLS radio passes the test, the MLS CDU
displays OK. If the MLS radio test fails, the MLS CDU displays
ERR.

D Back Azimuth (BK) Select Button -- When the BK button is


pushed, the cursor is placed on the azimuth angle digital readout
and the back azimuth angle can be changed using the rotary knobs.
If AZ is displayed and the BK button is pushed, the BACK
annunciator is turned on and the BACK AZ digits display the back
azimuth.

The glidepath display is blank when the MLS CDU is in BACK AZ


mode.

D Rotary MODE Select Switch -- Rotating the mode switch


(clockwise or counterclockwise) toggles the mode to the next
position. If the system is in the AUTO mode, the mode changes to
MAN mode. If in MAN mode, the mode changes to AUTO.

D CH Select Button -- Pushing the CH button lights the CH


annunciator, displays the channel digital readout and moves the
cursor to the left channel number bank to indicate that the channel
value can be changed using the rotary tuning knobs. If the CH button
is held for 2 seconds, then the CH annunciator turns off and, if
available, the MLS station ident is displayed. When the ident is
displayed, the CH annunciator is turned off. The ident is displayed
until the channel button is released or after 30 seconds (whichever
occurs first).

A28--1146--050 Microwave Landing System (MLS) Operation


Rev 5 9-13
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

D GP Select Button -- Pushing the GP button moves the cursor to the


left of the glidepath digital readout to indicate that the glidepath
angle can be changed using the rotary tuning knobs. If BACK is
annunciated when the GP button is pushed, the BACK annunciator
is turned off and the AZ display shows the forward azimuth. The
glidepath digits light to display the glidepath angle.

D GLIDEPATH Readout -- The glidepath readout can display valid


glidepath angles from 2.0 to 19.9. The glidepath digits flash if a
glidepath warning exists.

D GP Annunciator -- The GP annunciator is always displayed unless


a glidepath warning exists or if back azimuth has been selected. If
a glidepath warning exists, and back azimuth is not selected, the GP
annunciator flashes.

D MAN Annunciator -- The MAN annunciator turns on whenever the


manual mode is selected using the rotary mode switch or whenever
the AZ, GP, or BAZ is pushed and the tuning knob is rotated.

D AUTO Annunciator -- The AUTO annunciator turns on whenever


the AUTO mode is selected using the rotary mode switch, or if the
channel is changed using the rotary tuning knobs.

D System Installation Annunciators -- The 1 or 2 annunciator is


displayed to annunciate the side the CDU is installed on.

Microwave Landing System (MLS) Operation A28--1146--050


9-14 Rev 5
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

10. Audio Panel Operation

GENERAL
The audio panel, shown in figure 10--1, receives digitized audio from
remote radio units, decodes the audio, controls the gain (volume) and
routing of the various channels, filters audio signals, and outputs the
audio to various speakers and headphones. It controls microphone
inputs to various radios, intercom, and passenger address systems.
Amplifiers are included for driving headphones and speakers.
The audio panel also has inputs for intercom, crew annunciation, crew
communication, hot microphone, etc., and full time emergency warning
inputs from aircraft systems.

AD--62070@

Audio Panel (Example 1)


Figure 10--1

The microphone input selection switches are located along the upper
edge of the audio panel. When the rectangular latching switches are
pushed, they lock into position. These switches direct microphone
audio to one of the transceivers or available intercom channels. The
received audio is routed to the speakers and headphones at an
internally preset minimum level. The level is adjusted using the audio
source control knobs located below each latching switch. During night
flying operations, the microphone switches are annunciated with a bar
at the top of the switch that lights to indicate what has been selected.
NOTE: The audio panel, shown in figure 10--1, has many of the
typical controls and features found on most versions of the
AV--850A Audio Panel. These are explained in the following
paragraphs. Features not included in this version are
explained later in this section.

A28--1146--050 Audio Panel Operation


Rev 5 10-1
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

D COM1, COM2, HF1, HF2, and AUX Microphone Switches -- These


switches are used to connect the on--side cockpit microphone to the
selected transceiver. The received audio from the selected transceiver
is routed to the on--side speaker or headphone at an internally preset
minimum level, regardless of the setting of the audio source
(on/off/volume) control located below the switches. The received audio
can then be adjusted using the audio source volume control knobs.
The transceiver is selected when the switch is latched in, and it is
turned off when the switch is latched out.

NOTE: Labeling for transceiver microphone switches varies with


audio panel dash number. Optional labels include FM,
UHF, and ROLE.

D CABIN Microphone Switch -- When the CABIN microphone switch


is latched in, the on--side microphone is connected directly to the
passenger address audio amplifier, independent of power being
applied to the audio panel. Passenger address sidetone is
generated in the PA amplifier and routed back to the audio panel by
way of the digital audio bus. Headphone sidetone volume is
controlled by PA and HEADPHONE volume controls. The speaker
sidetone volume is controlled by the PA, ST, and SPEAKER volume
controls. During audio panel power loss, no sidetones are available.
During passenger address operations, all other audio outputs,
except warning audios, are deselected.

NOTE: Labeling for passenger address microphone switches


varies with audio panel dash number. Optional labels
include PA, PAGE, and PAX.

D EMER (Emergency) Microphone Switch -- When the EMER


switch is pushed the following occurs:
- The on--side microphone is connected directly to the emergency
VHF COM.
- The emergency VHF COM received audio is connected directly
to the on--side headphone.
- The emergency VOR/ILS audio is also connected directly to the
on--side headphone (provided it has been selected by the NAV
AUDIO switch on the backup control head).

NOTES: 1. The specification of COM 1, 2, or 3 and VHF


NAV 1, 2, or 3 as the emergency radios is
dependent on aircraft wiring.
2. In addition to the above emergency operations,
AV--850A Audio Panel EMER switch does the
following:

Audio Panel Operation A28--1146--050


10-2 Rev 5
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

- Audio warnings are broadcast through the


cockpit speaker.
- Microphone audio, emergency phone audio,
and warning audio are broadcast to the
cockpit voice recorder output.
- Panel lighting remains lit if power is lost to
the audio panel.

When EMER is selected, headphone volume is controlled by the


on--side headphone (HDPH) volume control. The EMER switch
disables all other audio panel controls.

D MIC/MASK Switch -- The oxygen mask microphone is selected


when this switch is latched out. When it is latched in, the normal
microphone is selected.

NOTE: This switch is labeled BOOM/MASK on some audio panel


dash numbers.

D Audio Source (COM, HF, AUX, NAV, ADF, DME and MLS)
Control Knobs -- There can be as many as 18 audio source selector
control knobs on the audio panel. Each audio source control knob
is either a single channel control or a dual channel control.

A single channel control selects the associated channel audio when


it is latched out, and deselects the audio when it is latched in. Turning
the knob adjusts the audio level from minimum (fully ccw), to
maximum (fully cw).

The dual channel control selects the audio in both channels when
it is latched out. Each channel’s audio level is minimum when the
knob is in the centered position, as shown in figure 10--2. Rotating
the knob in either direction (toward 1 or toward 2) increases the
volume for that channel. The audio for both channels is deselected
when the knob is latched in.

Single and Dual Channel Control Knobs


Figure 10--2

A28--1146--050 Audio Panel Operation


Rev 5 10-3
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

D ID/VOICE Switch -- The ID/VOICE switch is used to filter the VOR


and ADF audio signals. In the latched out position (ID), the audio
panel enhances Morse code identification. In the latched in position
(VOICE), the audio is filtered to reduce the Morse code signal for
received VOR/ILS audio. ADF audio is unaffected when the VOICE
mode is selected.

D SPKR (Speaker) and HDPH (Headphone) Control Knobs --


These control knobs are used to adjust the overall on--side speaker
and headphone volume. They function in series with the individual
audio source control knobs.

D ST (Sidetone) Level Control Knob -- The sidetone level control


knob is used to prevent feedback from speaker sidetone audio into
the transmitting microphone. When transmitting, both the on--side
and off--side speaker sidetone audio levels are lowered. In addition,
the off--side headphone sidetone level is lowered. When the ST
control knob is latched in, the on--side cockpit speaker is turned off
(except for warning audio) and when the control knob is latched out,
the on--side cockpit speaker is on. If the oxygen mask microphone
has been selected, the speaker audio cannot be disabled with this
knob.

D MKR (Marker) Beacon Volume Control Knob -- This control knob is


used to adjust the marker beacon volume to the speaker and
headphone. The volume cannot be adjusted below an internally preset
minimum level. When the MKR control knob is latched in, MKR audio
to the on--side cockpit speaker/headphone is turned off and when the
control knob is latched out, MKR audio to the on--side cockpit
speaker/headphone is on.

D Marker Beacon MUTE and HI SENS/LO SENS (High Sensitivity


and Low Sensitivity) Control Knob -- The MUTE control knob is
used to temporarily silence the marker beacon audio. When the
MUTE control knob is momentarily pushed, the audio is muted. The
audio remains muted for the time it takes the aircraft to leave the
influence of the marker beacon, then it resets (unmutes) in
preparation for reception of the next marker beacon. The marker
beacon receiver sensitivity is controlled by rotating the MUTE
control knob to the HI SENS or LO SENS positions.

D INPH, INT, or ICS (Interphone or Intercom) Volume Control


Knob -- The INPH/INT/ICS volume adjusts the on--side headphone
audio level when the intercom function is used.

Audio Panel Operation A28--1146--050


10-4 Rev 5
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

ALTERNATE AUDIO PANEL VERSIONS


All audio panels have the same basic functions. The audio panels,
shown in figures 10--3 through 10--6, feature additional controls not
explained in the previous paragraphs.

Figure 10--3 shows the locations of the following functions.

AD--58994@

Audio Panel (Example 2)


Figure 10--3

D COM 1/2 Section -- The COM 1/2 section has separate audio
source control knobs for the speaker and headphone. The COM 1
and COM 2 control knobs are latched out to select the channel and
latched in to deselect it. The speaker volume is controlled by turning
the bottom COM 1 and COM 2 knobs. The headphone volume is
controlled turning the top COM 1 and COM 2 knobs.

D MASK Switch -- There is no MASK microphone switch. The oxygen


mask audio is controlled using an external switch in this audio panel
installation.

D ID/BOTH/VOICE Control Knob -- This knob controls the filter for


the VOR and ADF audio signals. In the BOTH position, all filtering
is disabled. Turning the knob toward ID enhances Morse code
identification. Turning it toward VOICE filters the audio to reduce the
Morse code signal for received VOR/ILS audio. ADF audio is
unaffected when the VOICE mode is selected.

A28--1146--050 Audio Panel Operation


Rev 5 10-5
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

Figure 10--4 shows the locations of the following functions.

NAV/ADF

I I

AD--58996@

Audio Panel (Example 3)


Figure 10--4

D PAGE Microphone Switch -- When the PAGE switch is latched in,


the on--side microphone is connected directly to the external
passenger address audio amplifier, independent of power being
applied to the audio panel.

D PAGE Knob -- The PAGE knob is used to control volume so the pilot
can listen to a third party input to the external cabin page system.
On audio panels with this knob, passenger address internal
sidetone is disabled.

D FOOT Switch -- The FOOT switch selects a foot operated


push--to--talk (PTT) switch to either the MIC position (latched in) for
radio communications or the ICS position (latched out) for intercom
communications.

D VOX (Voice Activated Squelch) Knob -- The VOX knob in the ICS
section selects the hot microphone (H’MIC) and adjusts the level
that the microphone breaks squelch (SQL). (In some versions of the
audio panel these functions are controlled by a separate H’MIC
switch and SQL knob.)

D VOL (Volume) Knob -- The VOL knob controls the intercom


headphone level.

D PRVT (Private) Switch -- This switch is used to select (latched out)


or deselect (latched in) an optional external audio input to the pilot’s
intercom system.

Audio Panel Operation A28--1146--050


10-6 Rev 5
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

Figure 10--5 shows the locations of the following functions.

NAV 3 INT

H’MIC

AD--58997@

Audio Panel (Example 4)


Figure 10--5

D VHF 3 Knob -- The VHF 3 knob is used to select the microphone/


audio source to a third VHF transceiver.

D NAV 3 Knob -- The NAV 3 knob selects the audio from a third NAV
receiver. The ID/VOICE filtering function is controlled by the
ID/BOTH/VOICE control knob.

D H’MIC Switch -- When the H’MIC switch is latched out, the on--side
microphone operates as a hot mic for intercom. In the latched in
position, the on--side microphone is connected to the intercom PTT
switch.

A28--1146--050 Audio Panel Operation


Rev 5 10-7
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

Figure 10--6 shows the locations of the following functions. (This is an


AV--850 Audio Panel, the predecessor to the AV--850A Audio Panel.)

MKR

AD--58992@

Audio Panel (Example 5)


Figure 10--6

D MASK Microphone Switch --When this switch is latched out, the


headphone microphone is selected. When the switch is latched in,
the oxygen mask microphone is selected.

Audio Panel Operation A28--1146--050


10-8 Rev 5
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

11. Clearance Delivery Control


Display Head (CDH)

The clearance delivery CDH, shown in figure 11--1, can be used before
engine start for initial communications with low power drain. It can act
as a stand--alone control unit or a back--up third control.

E
M
R
G

VOL

AD--58998@

Clearance Delivery Control Display Head (Example)


Figure 11--1

The clearance delivery CDH has several operating modes that are
selected by either the mode knob or set by installation strapping on the
rear connector. There are three modes selected by installation
strapping.
D Clearance Delivery -- normal operating mode.
D COM only -- where the unit is used as a dedicated COM control.
D NAV only -- where the unit is used as a dedicated NAV control.

The remaining two modes (normal and emergency) are submodes


used when the unit is used as a back--up third control.

NOTE: Depending on installation, the clearance delivery CDH can


interface with several combinations of the aircraft’s VOR and
communication transceivers, (COM1/NAV1, COM1/NAV2,
etc.). Refer to the aircraft’s flight manual or flight manual
supplement for the specific option installed.

A28--1146--050 Clearance Delivery Control Display Head (CDH)


Rev 5 11-1
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

CLEARANCE DELIVERY CDH CONTROLS AND


ANNUNCIATORS
The clearance delivery CDH controls and annunciators, shown in figure
11--2, are described below.

Clearance Delivery Control Display Head


Controls and Annunciations
Figure 11--2

D System Installation Annunciator (1 2 3) -- Annunciates the radio


system that the clearance delivery CDH is connected to.

D Remote Tune Annunciator -- The remote tune annunciator is only


active when the system is strapped for NAV only tuning. It is on when
the radio is tuned from the FMS.

D Tuning Cursor (") -- The tuning cursor is a lighted triangle that is


controlled by the transfer key. It indicates the frequency that can be
changed by the tuning knobs.

D Navigation Audio (NAV AUDIO) On Annunciator -- When


displayed, this annunciator indicates that NAV audio has been selected
on.

Clearance Delivery Control Display Head (CDH) A28--1146--050


11-2 Rev 5
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

D Transmit (TX) Annunciator -- This annunciator indicates when the


connected COM transmitter is transmitting.

D Emergency (EMRG) Mode Annunciator -- The EMRG


annunciator indicates when the clearance delivery CDH has been
placed in the emergency mode. This annunciation is not related to
the emergency COM frequency of 121.5.

D Squelch (SQ) Annunciator -- When displayed, this annunciator


indicates the squelch has been opened with the SQ switch.

D NAV AUDIO On/Off Switch -- This alternate action button is used


to toggle NAV audio on or off to the audio panel in the EMRG mode.

D Norm/Emergency MODE Switch -- This rotary switch knob selects


the normal and emergency modes.

D Squelch On/Off Switch -- This alternate action button is used to


toggle COM squelch on or off.

D Transfer Key (YyB) -- The transfer key alternately selects either the
COM frequency (top) or the NAV frequency (bottom) to be
connected to the tuning knobs.

D Radio Tuning Annunciators -- These annunciators are lit


individually to identify source of the frequencies on the top and
bottom lines.

A28--1146--050 Clearance Delivery Control Display Head (CDH)


Rev 5 11-3/(11-4 blank)
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

12. Built--In Test (BIT) and


Self--Test
The PRIMUSR II Integrated Radio System contains BITs that verify
system operation and isolate faults for maintenance personnel. The
system BIT has three major functions:
D Performs a pre--flight test
D Checks for latent failures that affect redundancy
D Assists in troubleshooting failures.

Each remote radio function has a pilot--activated self--test (PAST) that


checks individual radio functions. In addition, a power--on system test
(POST) is initiated when power is applied to the RMU. During the POST,
the RMU tests the following:
D RMU functions
D The primary digital bus that connects both sides
D Each side secondary or back--up bus
D The interface to the remote units.

The RMU then commands each remote unit to perform its self--test. The
self--test checks system and internal unit parameters to verify that they
are within tolerance.
NOTE: The errors identified by the self--test indicate that one or more
internal parameters are outside their self--test limit. This
result does not necessarily indicate that the unit does not
operate. The crewmember must verify whether or not the
flagged function operates. If any question remains, an
authorized service agency should be contacted.
The BIT function is also used to continually monitor radio parameters
and temperatures. When a discrepancy occurs, the following is
recorded in non--volatile memory:
D The code for the discrepancy
D The power--up count
D The elapsed time since power--up
D The module temperature
D The measured value of the discrepant parameter.

To aid in troubleshooting, the radio system maintenance memory can


be read when the aircraft is on the ground, or the flagged radio system
component can be taken into a shop where a digital interface unit can
be used to determine the failures.

A28--1146--050 Built--In Test (BIT) and Self--Test


Rev 5 12-1
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

POWER--ON SYSTEM TEST (POST)


The RMU self--initiates a POST when power has been off for more than
10 seconds and power is applied to the avionics bus with weight--on--
wheels (WOW). In dual systems, the POST is run on each side
simultaneously.

The POST consists of two separate sequences:

D Bus Interconnect Tests -- The bus interconnect tests verify the


integrity of the primary and secondary radio buses as well as the
back up instrument buses.

D Radio Module Tests -- The radio module tests command each


radio module to perform a self--test and report their results to the
RMU.

The POST is completed so the pilot can use the VHF voice
communication radio within seven seconds of power--on. If all tests
pass, the radio tuning page is automatically displayed. If a test fails, the
failed test results are displayed in the RMU/system test results window,
and the radio test results window.

The RMU automatically clears the system test results window as


remote units power on, assuming all other system conditions are
normal. The crew must clear the radio test results window manually.

The communication (COM) and navigation (NAV) windows, and the


transponder ID function key, can be used throughout POST and when
any test results are displayed. All other tuning functions are disabled
during POST. The RMU ignores the test (TST) function key during
POST, unless the system test results window or radio test results
window is displayed. If either of these two windows are displayed, the
TST function key acts as an EXIT key. Pushing the TST key advances
the display to the next test results window, or to normal operation.

Built--In Test (BIT) and Self--Test A28--1146--050


12-2 Rev 5
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

System Test Results Window


If any bus interconnect test fails for 30 seconds, the RMU displays the
system test results window, as shown in figure 12--1. Test results are
displayed immediately, or five seconds after any knob is turned or any
button is pushed and the cursor is not in the COM or NAV windows. The
five second delay feature is used to prevent crew operations from being
unintentionally interrupted.

AD--55930@

System Test Results WIndow (Example)


Figure 12--1

The COM and NAV windows, the TUNE knob, and the transponder ID
function key can be used for normal tuning operations while this window
is being displayed. The TST key becomes an EXIT key. Pushing the
TST key restores the radio tuning page to the display and continues with
the radio modules test. Alternatively, the RMU automatically restores
the radio tuning page and continues with the radio modules test as
remote units power on, assuming all other system conditions are
normal.

NOTE: The format of the test results window may vary, depending on
RMU model number and software version.

A28--1146--050 Built--In Test (BIT) and Self--Test


Rev 5 12-3
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

Radio Test Results Window


If any radio module tests fail, the RMU displays the radio test results
window, as shown in figure 12--2. The COM and NAV windows, the
TUNE knobs, and the transponder ID function key can be used for
normal tuning operations while this window is being displayed. The TST
function key becomes an EXIT key. Pushing the TST key restores the
radio tuning page to the display.

AD--45767@

Radio Test Results Window (Example)


Figure 12--2

NOTES: 1. The clearance delivery control display head (CDH)


conducts an independent, six second POST whenever
it senses a power cycle with WOW.
2. If the clearance delivery CDH interrupts POST at any
time by entering EMRG (emergency) mode, the radio
test results page displays either the COM AUX ON or
NAV AUX ON message in place of the COM ERR,
NAV ERR, or DME ERR.

Table 12--1 explains the meaning of several error messages and also
gives basic troubleshooting procedures to resolve the identified
problems.

Built--In Test (BIT) and Self--Test A28--1146--050


12-4 Rev 5
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

Error Meaning Action Decision


Message

RMU ERROR One or more of the internal parameters were 1. Verify that the AUX control heads are OFF If the tuning test fails, this RMU is not fully
measured to be outside of their self--test or the clearance delivery CDH is not in the operational. If the other RMU is operable,
limit. EMRG mode. the decision to dispatch is left to the pilot.
2. On the main tuning page, perform the
tuning test on all radios by setting
frequency and determinig that the radio is
operating
PRI BUS Full RMU communications with all COMs, 1. Verify that all radio circuit breakers are on. Any of these messages indicate that the
NAVs and cross side RMU cannot be system redundancy has been reduced.
established on the primary bus. 2. Check the RMU ON--OFF page and verify
that all functions are ON.
The decision to dispatch is left to the pilot.
SEC BUS Full RMU communications with the on--side 3. Verify that the AUX control heads are OFF
COM and NAV cannot be established using or that the clearance delivery CDH is not in
the secondary bus. the EMRG mode. If any questions remain, contact qualified
maintenance personnel.
4. If 1, 2, or 3 are sources, correct and turn
NAV UNIT/ The NAV unit and/or COM unit cannot fully RMU power OFF for 10 seconds. Turn
COM UNIT communicate with both RMUs over the power ON to start a new POST.
primary bus and/or the on--side RMU over
the secondary bus. 5. If the error still occurs, perform on--side and
cross--side tuning of all radios and acitvate
auxillary tuning sources to determine
which functions are still operable.

Error Messages the Pilot


Can Troubleshoot
Table 12--1

A28--1146--050 Built--In Test (BIT) and Self Test


Rev 5 12-5/(12-6 blank)
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

PILOT--ACTIVATED SELF TEST (PAST)


The crewmember can initiate the radio system PAST anytime, on the
ground or in flight. To initiate the PAST, position the cursor on the
function to be tested, and push and hold the TST function key. Anytime
the TST function key is released, the radio system returns to normal
operation.

After the test is complete, the PASS or ERR annunciation is displayed


as shown in figure 12--3.

DURING TEST PASSING TEST FAILING TEST


AD--55931@

PAST Results Indications


Figure 12--3

NOTE: The errors identified by the PAST indicate that one or more
of the internal functions were measured and were found to be
outside the test limit. This does not necessarily mean the
error indicates that the function is not operational. The pilot
must verify whether or not the function operates. If any
questions arise, qualified maintenance personnel must be
consulted.

A28--1146--050 Built--In Test (BIT) and Self Test


Rev 5 12-7
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

PAST test times are given in table 12--2.

Unit Module Time

XC--850 COM Cluster Module 5 sec.


TR--850 COM Module 2 sec.
XS--850 Mode S 2 sec.
XS--850A ATCRBS
COM Unit
XI--851 TCAS Interface Module 2 sec.
XS--852 BCAS Diversity Mode S 4 sec.
XS--852 ATCRBS
XS--852 Mode S
XN--850 NAV Cluster Module 5 sec.
NV--850 NAV Module 14 sec.
NAV Unit
DM--850 DME Module 10 sec.
DF--850 ADF Module 10 sec.
ML--85X Microwave Landing System Unit 2 sec for POST
14 sec. for PAST

PAST/POST Test Times


Table 12--2

Built--In Test (BIT) and Self Test A28--1146--050


12-8 Rev 5
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

Test Module Procedures


Individual modules are tested according to the procedures given in
tables 12--3 through 12--7.

For all test module procedures, releasing the TST key generally ends
the test and restores the module to normal operation.

Table 12--3 describes the VHF COM PAST.

Step Procedure

1 Position the cursor in the COM window. Verify that AUX ON


is not displayed.
2 Push and hold the TST function key. The word TEST is
displayed in the COM window.
3 Continue to hold the TST function key. COM TEST is
displayed to indicate that the COM is conducting self--test.
4 Continue to hold the TST function key. When the test is
completed, the annunciation COM PASS or COM ERR is
displayed in the COM window to indicate the pass or fail
condition for the test.
NOTE: If the COM squelch was open before the PAST was run, the squelch closes
during the test.

VHF COM PAST Procedure


Table 12--3

A28--1146--050 Built--In Test (BIT) and Self Test


Rev 5 12-9
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

Table 12--4 describes the air traffic control (ATC) Transponder PAST.

Step Procedure

1 Position the cursor in the ATC transponder window and select


transponder 1.
2 Push and hold the TST function key. The word TEST is
annunciated in the ATC window.
3 Continue to hold the TST function key. ATC TEST is
displayed to indicate that the transponder is conducting
self--test.
4 Continue to hold the TST function key. When the test is
completed, the annunciation ATC PASS or ATC ERR is
displayed in the ATC window to indicate pass or fail
conditions for the test.
5 Release the TST key and select transponder 2.
6 Go to step 2 and repeat this procedure for transponder 2.
NOTES: 1. When TCAS is installed, SYS TEST is displayed to indicate that
both TCAS and the transponder are being tested. A successful test
is annunciated with SYS PASS and a failure with SYS ERR. In
addition, the TCAS aural warning annunciates TCAS TEST, TCAS
PASS or TCAS FAIL.

2. If a Honeywell TCAS is installed, releasing the TST key within 8


seconds starts the TCAS computer test.

3. With a Honeywell TCAS installed, the TST function key can be held
for 8 seconds to force the TCAS and TCAS traffic display into the
extended maintenance mode. Normal operation is re--established
by entering a transponder code.

ATC Transponder PAST Procedure


Table 12--4

Built--In Test (BIT) and Self Test A28--1146--050


12-10 Rev 5
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

Table 12--5 describes the VOR/ILS/MARKER/DME PAST.

Step Procedure

1 Adjust the selected course for 000.


NOTE: While in flight, this test can be inhibited by other aircraft systems
(i.e., autopilot while on course and tracking).

2 Position the cursor in the NAV window. Verify that AUX ON


is not displayed.
3 Push and hold the TST function key. The word TEST is
displayed in the NAV window.
4 Continue to hold the TST function key. VOR TEST and DME
TEST are displayed in the NAV window to indicate that the
NAV and DME are performing self--test.
VOR/ILS/MARKER PAST Results:
D After 2 seconds, the marker lamps and tones annunciate in the
order of inner (3000 Hz), middle (1300 Hz) and outer (400 Hz).
D The localizer (LOC) and glideslope (GS) deviation bars indicate a
centered course for about 2 seconds with flags out of view.
D The LOC and GS deviation bars deflect left (LOC) and up (GS)
one dot, for about 2 seconds with flags out of view.
D If the course selector is zero, the VOR deviation bar centers on the
000 course, the TO/FROM indicator shows TO, and the RMI
indicates 000 (north) for about 5 seconds with the flags out of
view.

D The RMU annunciates VOR PASS or VOR ERR.


DME PAST Results
D TEST is annunciated as the Morse identifier on the DME indicator
and EFIS.
D 10.0 NM are displayed on the DME indicator and EFIS
120 KTS
5 MIN
D The RMU annunciates DME PASS or DME ERR.

VOR/ILS/MARKER/DME PAST Procedure


Table 12--5

A28--1146--050 Built--In Test (BIT) and Self Test


Rev 5 12-11
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

Table 12--6 describes the automatic direction finder (ADF) PAST.

Step Procedure

1 Position the cursor in the ADF window.


2 Push and hold the TST function key. The word TEST is
displayed in the ADF window.
3 Continue to hold the TST function key. ADF TEST is
displayed in the ADF window to indicate that the ADF is
performing self--test.
ADF PAST Results
D ADF TEST is annunciated on the RMU.

D The ADF bearing pointer slews to 135 10 relative to the nose
of the aircraft.

D An audio tone is heard in the audio system.

D The RMU annunciates ADF PASS or ADF ERR.

ADF PAST Procedure


Table 12--6

Built--In Test (BIT) and Self Test A28--1146--050


12-12 Rev 5
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

Table 12--7 describes the MLS PAST.

Step Procedure

1 Position the cursor around any function in the MLS window.


2 Push and hold the TST function key. The word TEST is
annunciated in the MLS window.
3 Continue to hold the TST function key. MLS TEST is
displayed in the MLS window to indicate that the MLS is
performing self--test.
MLS PAST Results
D The azimuth (AZ) and glideslope (GS) deviation bars indicate a
centered course for about 2 seconds with the flags out of view. The
flags come into view on the electromechanical indicators.

D The AZ and GS deviation bars deflect left (AZ) and up (GS) one
dot for about 2 seconds with the flags out of view.

D The deviation bars move right (AZ) and down (GS) for about 5
seconds.

D The bars center and the flags are displayed.

D The RMU annunciates MLS PASS or MLS ERR.

MLS PAST Procedure


Table 12--7

A28--1146--050 Built--In Test (BIT) and Self Test


Rev 5 12-13/(12-14 blank)
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

13. System Maintenance


Information

MAINTENANCE DATA MENU PAGE


When the MAINTENANCE DATA page is selected the radio management
unit (RMU) displays the maintenance data menu, shown in figure 13--1.
The maintenance data menu page can be accessed from the page
menu or by pushing the top line select keys (transfer keys) on both sides
of the RMU simultaneously.

AD--55899@

Maintenance Data Menu Page


Figure 13--1

This menu can only be displayed with the aircraft on the ground
(WOW switch engaged). When this page is displayed, various pages
that show software versions, strap option settings, maintenance log
data and operating window conditions of the radio system can be
selected using the line select keys. The STRAPS, SOFTWARE
VERSIONS, MAINTENANCE LOG, and RMU SETUP pages are
selected by pushing either line select key to the right or left of the page
annunciator. Pushing the RETURN FOR NORMAL OP. key returns the
RMU to the main tuning page.

NOTE: The format of the maintenance pages window may vary,


depending on RMU model number and software version.

A28--1146--050 System Maintenance Information


Rev 5 13-1
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

STRAPS MENU PAGE


The STRAPS menu page, shown in figure 13--2, is selected using the
top line select on the maintenance page.

AD--55900@

Straps Data Menu Page (Example)


Figure 13--2

The straps menu page can be used to select communication (COM)


unit straps.

The RETURN FOR NORMAL OP. key returns the display to the RMU
radio tuning page. The line select key adjacent to the MAINT MENU
annunciator returns the display to the maintenance menu.

System Maintenance Information A28--1146--050


13-2 Rev 5
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

Pushing the line select key adjacent to the COM UNIT annunciator calls
up the COM unit straps display, shown in figure 13--3.

AD--55902@

COM Unit Straps Page (Example)


Figure 13--3

Pushing the line select key adjacent to the NAV UNIT annunciator calls
up the navigation (NAV) unit straps display, shown in figure 13--4.

AD--55901@

NAV Unit Straps Page (Example)


Figure 13--4

A28--1146--050 System Maintenance Information


Rev 5 13-3
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

Pushing the line select key adjacent to the RMU annunciator calls up
the RMU straps display, shown in figure 13--5.

AD--55903@

RMU Straps Page (Example)


Figure 13--5

Pushing the line select key adjacent to the MLS (microwave landing
system) annunciator calls up the MLS straps display, shown in figure 13--6.

AD--59028@

MLS Straps Page (Example)


Figure 13--6

System Maintenance Information A28--1146--050


13-4 Rev 5
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

SOFTWARE VERSIONS PAGE


The SOFTWARE VERSIONS page, shown in figure 13--7, is accessed
through the maintenance data page (second line select key from the
top). The software versions page is used by maintenance technicians
to determine what software versions (by part numbers) are installed in
the radio system.

AD--55904@

Software Versions Page (Example)


Figure 13--7

A28--1146--050 System Maintenance Information


Rev 5 13-5
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

MAINTENANCE LOG MENU PAGE


The MAINTENANCE LOG menu page, shown in figure 13--8, is
accessed through the maintenance data page. This page is used by
technicians to retrieve maintenance logs for installed radio systems.

AD--55905@

Maintenance Log Menu Page (Example)


Figure 13--8

Pushing the line select adjacent to the annunciation calls up the


maintenance log for that unit or module. Pushing the RETURN FOR
NORMAL OP. key displays the main radio tuning page, and pushing the
MAINT MENU key returns to the maintenance menu.

System Maintenance Information A28-- 1146-- 050


13-6 Rev 6
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

RMU SETUP PAGE


The RMU SETUP page, shown in figure 13--9, is accessed through the
maintenance data page. The RMU setup page is used to configure the
RMU displays.

AD--55906@

RMU Setup Page (Example)


Figure 13--9

Availability of options on the RMU setup page depends on the


equipment and software installed. Available options are described in
the following paragraphs.
D MLS DISPLAY -- This line select key enables or disables the MLS
display window.
D ATC FLIGHT ID -- This line select key enables or disables the ATC
(air traffic control) FLIGHT ID display. (Available only if one or both
transponders are traffic alert and collision avoidance system (TCAS)
diversity type.)
D TCAS DISPLAY -- This line select key enables or disables the
display of all other TCAS annunciators except the ATC/TCAS
window label, and the TA (traffic advisory) only and TA/RA
(resolution advisory) transponder operating mode selection.
NOTE: When two TCAS diversity type transponders are installed,
the ATC FLIGHT ID ENABLE/DISABLE setting must be
the same on both RMU1 and RMU2.
D AUTO BRIGHT -- This line select key enables or disables the
ambient light photocell input.

A28-- 1146-- 050 System Maintenance Information


Rev 6 13-7/(13-8 blank)
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

14. Honeywell Product Support

The Honeywell SPEXR program for corporate operators provides an


extensive exchange and rental service that complements a worldwide
network of support centers. An inventory of more than 9,000 spare
components assures that your Honeywell equipped aircraft will be
returned to service promptly and economically. This service is available
both during and after warranty.
The aircraft owner/operator is required to ensure that units provided
through this program have been approved in accordance with their
specific maintenance requirements.
All articles are returned to Reconditioned Specifications limits when
they are processed through a Honeywell repair facility. All articles are
inspected by quality control personnel to verify proper workmanship
and conformity to Type Design and to certify that the article meets all
controlling documentation. Reconditioned Specification criteria are on
file at Honeywell facilities and are available for review. All exchange
units are updated with the latest performance reliability MODs on an
attrition basis while in the repair cycle.
When contacting a Honeywell Dealer or Customer Support Center for
service under the SPEXR program, the following information regarding
the unit and the aircraft are required:
D Complete part number with dash number of faulty unit
D Complete serial number of faulty unit
D Aircraft type, serial number and registration number
D Aircraft owner
D Reported complaint with faulty unit
D Service requested (Exchange or Rental)
D Ship to address
D Purchase order number
D If faulty unit is IN WARRANTY:
- Type of warranty (NEW PRODUCT or Exchange)
- Date warranty started
D If faulty unit is covered under a Maintenance Contract:
- Type of contract
- Contract date
- Plan ID number
D If faulty unit is NOT IN WARRANTY, provide billing address.

A28-- 1146-- 050 Honeywell Product Support


Rev 7 14-1
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

The Honeywell Support Centers listed below will assist with processing
exchange/rental orders.

24--HOUR EXCHANGE/RENTAL SUPPORT CENTERS

U.S.A. -- DALLAS AUSTRALIA -- TULLAMARINE


800--872--7739 61--3--9330--1411
972--402--4300

ENGLAND -- BASINGSTOKE GERMANY -- AOA GAUTING


44--1256--72--2200 0172--8207300 (in Germany)
49--172--8207300 (outside Germany)

FRANCE -- TOULOUSE SINGAPORE


33--5--6171--9662 65--542--1313

CUSTOMER SUPPORT CENTERS -- NORTH AMERICA

Dallas Support Center Miami Support Center


Honeywell Honeywell
7825 Ridgepoint Dr. 7620 N.W. 25th Street
IRVING, TX 75063 Bldg. C Unit 6
TEL: 972--402--4300 MIAMI, FL 33122
FAX: 972--402--4999
TEL: 305--436--8722
FAX: 305--436--8532

Minneapolis Support Center Ohio Support Center


Honeywell Honeywell
8840 Evergreen Boulevard 8370 Dow Circle
MINNEAPOLIS, MN 55433--6040 STRONGSVILLE, OH 44136
TEL: 612--957--4051 TEL: 440--243--8877
FAX: 612--957--4698 FAX: 440--243--1954

Central Support Center Northwest Support Center


Honeywell Honeywell
1830 Industrial Avenue 4150 Lind Avenue Southwest
WICHITA, KS 67216 RENTON, WA 98055
TEL: 316--522--8172 TEL: 425--251--9511
FAX: 316--522--2693 TLX: 320033
FAX: 425--243--1954

Honeywell Product Support A28-- 1146-- 050


14-2 Rev 7
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

CUSTOMER SUPPORT CENTERS -- REST OF THE WORLD

United Kingdom Support Center France Support Center


Honeywell Avionics Systems Ltd Honeywell Aerospace
Edison Road, Ringway North 1 Rue Marcel--Doret, B.P.14
BASINGSTOKE, HANTS, 31701 BLAGNAC CEDEX,
RG21 6QD FRANCE (Toulouse)
ENGLAND TEL: 33--5--6212--1500
TEL: 44--1256--72--2200 FAX: 33--5--6130--0258
FAX: 44--1256--72--2201 AOG: 33--5--6171--9662
AOG: 44--1256--72--2200 TLX: 521635F
TLX: 51--858067
Singapore Support Center Australia Support Center
Honeywell Aerospace Pte. Ltd. Honeywell Ltd.
2 Loyang Crescent Trade Park Drive
SINGAPORE 1750 TULLAMARINE, 3043, VICTORIA
TEL: 65--542--1313 AUSTRALIA (Melbourne)
FAX: 65--542--1212 TEL: 61--3--9330--1411
AOG: 65--542--1313 FAX: 61--3--9330--3042
TLX: RS 56969 HWLSSC AOG: 61--3--9330--1411
TLX: 37586 HWLTUL

Germany Support Center


AOA Apparatebau Gauting GmbH
Ammerseestrasse 45--49
D82131 Gauting
GERMANY
TEL: 49--89--89317--0
FAX: 49--89--89317--183
After Hours AOG Service:
0172--8207300 (in Germany)
49--172--8207300 (outside Germany)
TLX: 0521702

A28-- 1146-- 050 Honeywell Product Support


Rev 7 14-3
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

PUBLICATION ORDERING INFORMATION


Additional copies of this manual can be obtained by contacting:
Honeywell
Commercial Electronic Systems
P.O. Box 21111
Phoenix, Arizona 85036--1111
Attention: Publication Distribution, Dept. M/S V19A1

Telephone No.: (602) 436--6900


FAX: (602) 436--1588
E--MAIL CAS--publications--distribution@
honeywell.com

Honeywell Product Support A28-- 1146-- 050


14-4 Rev 7
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

15. Acronyms and Abbreviations


Abbreviations used in this manual are defined as follows:

TERMS DEFINITION
ADF Automatic Direction Finder
ADLP Airborne Data Link Processor
ALT Altitude
AMM Aircraft Maintenance Mode
ANT Antenna
ATCRBS Air Traffic Control Radio Beacon System
AUTO Automatic
AUX Auxillary
AZ Azimuth

BAZ Back Azimuth


BFO Beat Frequency Oscillator
BIT Built--In Test
BK Back Azimuth

ccw Counterclockwise
CDH Control Display Head
CDU Control Display Unit
CH Channel
COM Communication
cw Clockwise

DIM Dimming
DME Distance Measuring Equipment
DSPY Display

EFIS Electronic Flight Instrument System


EMER Emergency
EMRG Emergency
ERR Error

FAA Federal Aviation Administration


FL Flight Level
FMS Flight Management System

A28-- 1146-- 050 Acronyms and Abbreviations


Rev 7 15-1
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

TERMS DEFINITION
GP Glidepath
GS Glideslope

H’MIC Hot Microphone


HDPH Headphone
HF High Frequency
HI High
HLD Hold
HSI Horizontal Situation Indicator
Hz Hertz

ICS Intercom System


ID, IDENT Identification/Identifier
ILS Instrument Landing System
INPH Interphone
INT Intercom

kHz Kilohertz
KTS Knots

LO Low
LOC Localizer

MAINT Maintenance
MAN Manual
MEM Memory
MIC Microphone
MICSTK Microphone is Stuck
MIN Minutes
MKR Marker
MLS Microwave Landing System

N/A Not Available


NAV Navigation
NB Narrow Bandwidth
NM Nautical Mile

OP Operation

Acronyms and Abbreviations A28-- 1146-- 050


15-2 Rev 7
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

TERMS DEFINITION
P--DME Precision Distance Measuring Equipment
PAST Pilot--Activated Self--Test
PG, PGE Page
POST Power--On System Test
PRE Preselected
PRVT Private
PTT Push--To--Talk

RA Resolution Advisory
RCVR Receiver
REL Relative
RMI Radio Magnetic Indicator
RMU Radio Management Unit
RSB Radio System Bus
RTCA Radio Technical Commission for Aeronautics

SEL Select
SENS Sensitivity
SQ, SQL Squelch
STO Store
SYS System

TA Traffic Advisory
TACAN Tactical Air Navigation
TCAS Traffic Alert and Collision Avoidance System
TEMP Temporary
TST Test
TX Transmit

VHF Very High Frequency


VOL Volume
VOR Very High Frequency Omnidirectional Radio
Range
VORTAC Combined VOR and TACAN Stations
VOX Voice Activated Squelch

WARN Warning
WB Wide Bandwidth
WOW Weight--On--Wheels

A28-- 1146-- 050 Acronyms and Abbreviations


Rev 7 15-3/(15-4 blank)
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

Index
A ID/voice switch, 10-4, 10-5, 10-7
intercom, 10-4
interphone, 10-4
Abbreviations list, 15-1
marker beacon, 10-4
Acronym list, 15-1
microphone switches, 10-1, 10-2
Air traffic control (ATC), 2-4, 7-1
NAV receiver, 10-7
annunciators, 7-3
operation, 10-1
control page, 7-8, 7-10
oxygen mask microphone, 10-3,
cross--side function, 3-10
10-4, 10-5, 10-8
dual installation, 7-1, 7-2
page switch, 10-2, 10-6
failure warnings, 7-6
passenger address, 10-2, 10-6
flight ID, 7-6, 7-10, 7-11, 13-7
sidetone, 10-2, 10-4
ident function, 7-6
speaker volume, 10-2, 10-4, 10-5
intruder altitude, 7-11
squelch, 10-6
mode definitions, 7-5
third VHF transceiver, 10-7
Mode S transponder, 2-4, 7-5,
VOX knob, 10-6
7-11
Automatic direction finder (ADF),
operating controls, 7-1
2-4, 8-1
squitter fail, 7-6
bearing pointers, 8-1, 8-3
TCAS operation, 7-1
beat frequency oscillator, 8-2
test (PAST), 7-2, 7-7, 12-10
controls, 8-2
Approach operations, 9-1
dual installation, 8-3
azimuth, 9-1, 9-3, 9-4, 9-9, 9-11
frequency range, 2-4, 8-1
auto mode, 9-4, 9-10
frequency selection, 8-2
manual mode, 9-5
operating modes, 8-2
warning, 9-3
single installation, 8-1
back azimuth, 9-1, 9-3, 9-6, 9-9,
test (PAST), 8-3, 12-12
9-11
voice mode, 8-2
auto mode, 9-6, 9-10
Azimuth, 9-1, 9-3, 9-4, 9-9, 9-11
manual mode, 9-7
auto mode, 9-4, 9-10
warning, 9-3
manual mode, 9-5
glidepath, 9-1, 9-3, 9-9, 9-13
warning, 9-3
auto mode, 9-10
warning, 9-3
Audio panel, 2-1, 2-6, 10-1 B
alternate versions, 10-5
audio source select, 10-3 Back azimuth, 9-1, 9-3, 9-6, 9-9,
cabin microphone, 10-2 9-11
controls, 2-1 auto mode, 9-6, 9-10
dual channel control, 10-3 manual mode, 9-7
emergency microphone, 10-2 warning, 9-3
emergency operations, 2-6 Bandwidth, 2-4
foot switch, 10-6 dual capability, 2-4
headphone, 10-2, 10-4, 10-5 narrow, 4-18
hot mic, 10-6, 10-7 selection, 4-10, 4-16
ICS position, 10-6 wide, 4-18

A28--1146--050 Index
Rev 5 Index--1
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

Index (cont)
Bearing pointers, 8-1, 8-3 change a frequency, 4-11
Beat frequency oscillator, 8-2 deleting a frequency, 4-14
Block diagram, system, 2-9 editing, 4-6
Built--in test (BIT), 2-2, 12-1 insert a frequency, 4-13
DME PAST, 12-7 memory locations, 4-15
NAV PAST, 12-7 page, 4-10
pilot--activated self--test (PAST), straps menu, 13-2
12-1 system select page, 3-8
power--on system test (POST), test (PAST), 12-9
12-1, 12-2 tuning procedure
radio monitor, 2-3, 12-1 direct , 4-4
RMU POST, 3-2, 12-1, 12-2 preset, 4-2
temperatures monitor, 12-1 VHF COM transceiver, 2-4
test module procedures, 12-9 Controls, 2-1
test times, 12-8 ADF operating, 8-2
three levels, 2-2 ATC operating, 7-1
Bus interconnect tests, 12-2 audio panel, 2-1
radio test results, 12-4 clearance delivery CDH, 11-2
system test results, 12-3 MLS operating, 9-1
radio panel, 2-2
RMU, 3-2
C TCAS operating, 7-10
Cross--side operation, RMU, 3-9
Customer support centers, 14-2
Clearance delivery CDH, 11-1
North America, 14-2
annunciators, 11-2
Rest of the world, 14-3
back--up control, 11-1
COM control, 11-1
controls, 11-2
emergency mode, 3-12, 4-18, D
5-1, 5-4, 11-1, 11-3
error messages, 12-4, 12-5 Dimming control, 3-3, 3-9
NAV control, 11-1 Direct tuning
operating modes, 11-1 COM, 4-4
POST, 12-4 NAV, 5-2
RMU interface, 3-13 Distance measuring equipment
squelch, 11-3 (DME), 2-3, 6-1
troubleshooting, 12-5 channel select, RMU, 3-5
tuning, 11-2, 11-3 channel tuning, 6-1
COM messages, 4-17, 4-18 digital display, 6-8
Command failure safety feature, 3-9 frequency pairing, 6-1
Communication (COM) unit, 2-4 frequency select, 6-9
auxiliary control head, 4-18 hold, 3-5, 6-1
memory, 4-5 MLS operation, 6-2, 6-9
add a frequency, 4-11 NAV operation, 6-1
appending, 4-8 TACAN operation, 6-2

Index A28--1146--050
Index--2 Rev 5
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

Index (cont)
indicator (optional), 6-8 F
MLS paired, 9-3, 9-11
NAV initial pairing Flight ID, 7-6, 7-10, 7-11
MLS, even, 6-5 Flight management system (FMS)
MLS, odd, 6-7 autotune, 3-12, 5-5
VOR/ILS, 6-3 CDU, emergency mode, 4-18
operation, 6-1 enable/disable, 3-12, 5-3
parameter display, 6-9 NAV override, 5-5
precision DME, 6-2 NAV receiver interface, 5-3
scanning channels, 6-8 RMU interface, 3-12
single installation, 6-2 Foot switch, 10-6
station identifier, 6-1 Frequency
TACAN format, 3-5 ADF, 2-4
test (PAST), 12-7, 12-11 COM
add/change a frequency, 4-11
appending preset, 4-8
deleting, 4-14
E editing preset, 4-6
insert in memory, 4-13
extended range, ADF, 8-1
Emergency, 2-4
marine emergency, 2-4, 8-1
audio panel operations,
NAV, select, 5-1
2-6
range, 8-1
marine frequency, 2-4, 8-1
selection, 8-2
microphone switch, 10-2
radios, 3-7
Emergency mode G
clearance delivery CDH, 3-12,
4-18, 5-1, 5-4, 11-1, 11-3 Glidepath, 9-1, 9-3, 9-9, 9-13
FMS CDU, 4-18 auto mode, 9-10
Equipment list, 1-2 warning, 9-3
Error message
MLS, 9-3
RCVR ERR, 9-3 H
Error messages
clearance delivery CDH, 12-4, Headphone, 10-2, 10-4, 10-5
12-5 Honeywell product support, 14-1,
PAST, 12-7 14-2
POST, 12-1, 12-4, 12-5 customer support centers, 14-2
RMU, 12-4, 12-5 North America, 14-2
test, 12-1, 12-4, 12-5, 12-7 Rest of the world, 14-3
Exchange/rental support centers, exchange/rental support centers,
14-2 14-2

A28--1146--050 Index
Rev 5 Index--3
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

Index (cont)
publication ordering information, Memory pages, 3-5
14-4 COM memory, 3-5, 4-10
SPEX program, 14-1 NAV memory, 3-5, 3-12
support centers, 14-2 storage locations, 3-5
Hot mic, 10-6, 10-7 Microphone stuck, 4-18
Microwave landing system (MLS),
2-1, 2-5, 9-1
I annunciators, 9-2
approach operations, 9-1
ID/voice switch, 10-4, 10-5, 10-7 auto mode, 9-1, 9-3, 9-8, 9-10
Instrument landing system (ILS), azimuth, 9-1, 9-3, 9-9, 9-11
PAST (test), 12-11 back azimuth, 9-1, 9-3, 9-9, 9-11
Integrated COM unit, 2-1, 2-4 CDU (optional), 9-9
ATC Mode S transponder, 2-4 annunciators, 9-10
VHF COM transceiver, 2-4 controls, 9-10
Integrated NAV unit, 2-1, 2-3, 5-1 test, 9-12
automatic direction finder (ADF), channel select, 9-2, 9-9
2-4 configuration, 9-1
distance measuring equipment display enable, 13-7
(DME), 2-3 DME hold, 6-2
VHF NAV receiver, 2-3 DME paired, 9-3, 9-4, 9-11
Intercom, 10-4 error message, 9-3
Interphone, 10-4 extensive operations, 9-8
Introduction, 1-1 glidepath, 9-1, 9-9, 9-13
equipment list, 1-2 maintenance mode, 9-1, 9-8
Intruder altitude, 7-11 manual mode, 9-1, 9-3, 9-8, 9-10
operation, 9-1
controls, 9-1
modes, 9-9
M procedures, 9-4
receiver, 2-5
Maintenance, 13-1
remote tuning, 9-11
data menu page, 13-1
station identifier, 9-2, 9-4
log page, 13-1, 13-6
TCAS split window, 9-8
mode, 3-11
test (PAST), 9-10, 9-12, 12-13
MLS, 9-1
tuning, 9-3
operating window conditions,
Mode S transponder , 7-5, 7-11
13-1
RMU setup, 13-1, 13-7
software versions, 13-1, 13-5
strap options, 13-1, 13-2 N
Marine emergency frequency, 2-4,
8-1 NAV receiver operation, 5-1
Marker beacon direct tuning procedure, 5-2
test (PAST), 12-11 FMS autotune, 5-5
volume, 10-4 FMS interface, 5-3

Index A28-- 1146-- 050


Index-- 4 Rev 6
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

Index (cont)
FMS override, 5-5 radio test results, 12-4
NAV memory, 5-3 remote units self--test, 12-1
preset tuning procedure, 5-2 RMU, 3-2
straps menu, 13-3 system test results, 12-3
test (PAST), 12-7 test module procedures, 12-9
results indications, 12-7 test times, 12-8
test, VOR/ILS PAST, 12-11 troubleshooting, 12-5
tuning functions, 12-2
Preset tuning, NAV, 5-2
O Procedures
add a frequency in memory, 4-12
On--off page, radio, 3-6
ADF PAST, 12-12
TCAS inihibit, 3-7
approach, 9-4
Ordering information, 14-4
ATC PAST, 12-10
Oxygen mask microphone, 10-3,
azimuth, 9-4
10-4, 10-5, 10-8
auto mode, 9-4
manual mode, 9-5
P back azimuth, 9-6
auto mode, 9-6
Page switch, 10-2, 10-6 manual mode, 9-7
Passenger address, 10-2, 10-6 change a frequency in memory,
Pilot--activated self--test (PAST), 4-12
12-1, 12-7 COM direct tuning, 4-4
ADF, 8-3, 12-12 COM preset, 4-2
ATC transponder, 7-2, 7-7, 12-10 memory appending, 4-8
DME unit, 12-7, 12-11 memory editing, 4-6
error messages, 12-7 tuning, 4-2
marker, 12-11 deleting a COM frequency, 4-14
MLS, 12-13 DME PAST, 12-11
NAV unit, 12-7 insert a COM frequency, 4-13
results indications, 12-7 marker PAST, 12-11
RMU, 3-4 MLS operating, 9-4
TCAS, 12-10 MLS PAST, 12-13
test module procedures, 12-9 MLS tuning, 9-3
test times, 12-8 NAV tuning, 5-2
VHF COM, 12-9 TCAS PAST, 12-10
VOR/ILS, 12-11 test modules, 12-9
Power--on system test (POST), VHF COM PAST, 12-9
12-1, 12-2 VOR tuning, 5-1
ATC transponder, 7-7 VOR/ILS PAST, 12-11
bus interconnect tests, 12-2 Product support, 14-1, 14-2
error messages, 12-1, 12-4, 12-5 Publication ordering information,
radio module tests, 12-2 14-4

A28--1146--050 Index
Rev 5 Index--5
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

Index (cont)
R Remote units self--test, 12-1
Rental support centers, 14-2
Radio management unit (RMU), 2-5,
3-1
ADF operation, 8-1 S
ATC transponder operation, 7-1
clearance delivery CDH interface, Safety feature, command failure,
3-13 3-9
COM memory pages, 3-5 Self--test, 12-1
command failure safety feature, error messages, 12-1, 12-4, 12-5,
3-9 12-7
controls, 3-2 troubleshooting, 12-5
cross--side operation, 3-9 Sidetone, 10-2, 10-4
dimming control, 3-3, 3-9 Software versions, 13-5
error messages, 12-4, 12-5 Speaker, 10-2, 10-4, 10-5
FMS interface, 3-12 SPEXr program, 14-1
autotune, 3-12 Squelch, 3-3, 4-18, 10-6, 11-3
enable/disable, 3-12 Station identifier, DME, 6-1
maintenance, 13-1 Support centers, 14-2
log page, 13-1, 13-6 System block diagram, 2-9
mode, 3-11 System description, 2-1
operating window conditions, audio panel, 2-6
13-1 controls, 2-1
RMU setup, 13-1, 13-7 audio panel, 2-1
software versions, 13-1, 13-5 radio panel, 2-2
strap options, 13-1, 13-2 integrated COM unit, 2-1, 2-4
MLS operation, 9-1 ATC mode S transponder, 2-4
NAV memory pages, 3-5 VHF COM transceiver, 2-4
operation, 3-1 integrated NAV unit, 2-1, 2-3
squelch, 3-3 ADF, 2-4
straps menu, 13-4 DME, 2-3
system select page, 3-8 VHF NAV receiver, 2-3
test (PAST), 3-4 microwave landing system
test (POST), 3-2, 12-1, 12-2 (MLS), 2-1, 2-5
bus interconnect tests, 12-2 optional controls and displays,
radio module tests, 12-2 2-7
radio test results, 12-4 radio management unit (RMU),
system test results, 12-3 2-5
troubleshooting, 12-5 System maintenance information,
Radio module tests, 12-2 13-1
Radio monitor, 2-3, 12-1 data menu page, 13-1
Radio on--off page, 3-6 log page, 13-1, 13-6
TCAS inihibit, 3-7 operating window conditions,
Radio panel controls, 2-2 13-1
Radio test results, 12-4 RMU setup, 13-1, 13-7

Index A28-- 1146-- 050


Index-- 6 Rev 6
PRIMUS R II Integrated Radio System

Index (cont)
software versions, 13-1, 13-5 ATC PAST, 7-3
strap options, 13-1, 13-2 controls, 7-10, 9-1
System select page, 3-8 display enable, 13-7
System test results, 12-3 intruder altitude, 7-11
MLS, 9-8
operation, 7-8
T range, 7-9
TCAS control page, 7-10
Temperatures monitor, continual, test (PAST), 7-3, 12-10
12-1 Troubleshooting, 12-1
Test, 2-2 radio system, 12-1
ADF PAST, 8-3, 12-12 temperatures, 12-1
ATC PAST/POST, 7-2, 7-7, 12-10 test, 12-5
built--in test (BIT), 2-2, 12-1 Tuning procedure, 5-2
three levels, 2-2 COM direct, 4-4
bus interconnect tests, 12-2 COM preset, 4-2
DME PAST, 12-7, 12-11 MLS, 9-3
error messages, 12-1, 12-4, 12-5, NAV, 5-2
12-7 VOR, 5-1
marker PAST, 12-11
MLS PAST, 9-10, 9-12, 12-13
NAV PAST, 12-7
pilot--activated self--test (PAST), V
12-1
power--on system test (POST), VHF COM operation, 4-1
12-1, 12-2 add/change a frequency, 4-11
radio module tests, 12-2 auxiliary control head, 4-18
radio monitor, 2-3 COM memory, 4-5
radio test results, 12-4 COM memory page, 4-10
remote units self--test, 12-1 COM messages, 4-17, 4-18
RMU PAST/POST, 3-2, 3-4, 12-1, deleting a frequency, 4-14
12-2 direct tuning procedure, 4-4
system test results, 12-3 insert a frequency, 4-13
TCAS PAST, 12-10 memory locations, 4-15
test module procedures, 12-9 preset memory appending, 4-8
test times, 12-8 preset memory editing, 4-6
troubleshooting, 12-5 preset tuning procedure, 4-2
tuning functions, 12-2 test (PAST), 12-9
VHF COM PAST, 12-9 transceiver, 2-4
VOR/ILS PAST, 12-11 VHF NAV receiver, 2-3
Traffic alert and collision avoidance VOR
system (TCAS), 7-3 test (PAST), 12-11
altitude band select, 7-9 tuning inhibit, 5-1
annunciators, 7-9 VOX knob, 10-6

A28--1146--050 Index
Rev 5 Index--7/(Index--8 blank)