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JAM Chemical Equilibrium-Practice set

1) pH of a saturated solution of Ba(OH)2 is 12. The value of solubility product (Ksp) of

Ba(OH)2 is

a) 4.0 × 10–6 b) 5.0 × 10–6 c) 3.3 × 10–7 d) 5.0 × 10–7

2) H2S is passed into one dm3 of a solution containing 0.1 mole of Zn2+ and 0.01 mole of Cu2+
till the sulphide ion concentration reaches 8.1 × 10–19 moles. Which one of the following
statements is true?

[Ksp of ZnS and CuS are 3 × 10–22 and 8 × 10–36 respectively]

A) Only ZnS precipitates B) Both CuS and ZnS precipitate

C) Only CuS precipitates D) No precipitation occurs

3) A vessel at 1000 K contains CO2 with a pressure of 0.5 atm. Some of the CO2 is converted
into CO on the addition of graphite. If the total pressure at equilibrium is 0.8 atm, the value of
K is

A 0.18 atm B 1.8 atm C 3 atm D 0.3 atm

4) Passing H2S gas into a mixture of Mn2+, Ni2+, Cu2+ and Hg2+ ions in an acidified aqueous
solution precipitates

A CuS and HgS B MnS and CuS

C MnS and NiS D NiS and HgS

5) If, in the reaction N2O4 ⇌ 2NO2, x is that part of N2O4 which dissociates, then the number
of molecules at equilibrium will be

A) 1 B) 3

C) (1 + x) D) (1 + xy)2

6) One dm3 solution containing 10–5 moles each of Cl– ions and CrO4–2 ions is treated with 10–
mole of silver nitrate. Which one of the following observations is made?

[KSPAg2CrO4 = 4 × 10–12]                    

[KSP AgCl = 1 × 10–10]

A Silver chromate gets precipitated first.

B Precipitation does not occur.

C Both silver chromate and silver chloride start precipitating simultaneously.

D Silver chloride gets precipitated first

7) In aqueous solution the ionisation constants for carbonic acid are

K1 = 4.2 × 10–7 and K2 = 4.8 × 10–11

Select the correct statement for a saturated 0.034 M solution of the carbonic acid.

A) The concentration of H+ is double that of CO32-

B) The concentration of CO32- is 0.034 M

C) The concentration of CO32- is greater than that of

D) The concentrations of H+ and CO32- are approximately equal

8) The equilibrium constants Kp1 and Kp2 for the reactions X ⇌ 2Y and Z⇌ P +
Q, respectively are in the ratio of 1 : 9. If the degree of dissociation of X and Z be equal then
the ratio of total pressure at these equilibria is

a)1 : 36 b) 1 : 1 c) 1 : 3 d) 1 : 9

9) For the reaction 2HI(g)  H2(g) + I2(g) – QKJ, the equilibrium constant depends upon

a) temperature b) pressure c) catalyst d) volume

9) Consider the binding of a protein and its ligand, represented by the expression P + L ⇌ PL.
Which of the following statements in relation to this binding process is true?

a) The expression for the dissociation constant, Kd, is K d =
[ P ] [ L]

b) A small value of Kd tells us that the protein and ligand bind tightly.

c) If binding is strong, the association reaction lies to the left.

d) If binding is weak, the dissociation reaction lies to the left.

10) Which one of the following statements regarding chemical equilibria is false?

a) Catalysts do not alter the position of equilibrium: they do not shift the equilibrium to the
left or right

b) At equilibrium, ΔG = 0

c) If ΔG for a reaction is negative, the forward reaction happens spontaneously

d) If the equilibrium constant is very large, ΔG is positive

11) For the reaction H2(g) + I2(g) ⇌2Hl(g), the standard free energy is ∆G° >0  The
equilibrium constant (K) would be
(a) K = 0 (b)K> 1    (c) K=1     (d)K<l

12) When hydrochloric acid is added to cobalt nitrate solution at room temperature, the
following reaction takes place and the reaction mixture becomes blue. On cooling the
mixture, it becomes pink. On the basis of this information mark the correct answer.
[Co(H20)6]2+ (aq) + 4Cl–(aq) ⇌[CoCl4]2-(aq) + 6H20(l)
(Pink)                                             (Blue)
(a)∆H > 0 for the reaction
(b) ∆H < 0 for the reaction
(c) ∆H = 0 for the reaction
(d) The sign of ∆H cannot be predicted on the basis of this information

13) The pH of neutral water at 25°C is 7.0. As the temperature increases, ionization of water
increases, however, the concentration of H+ ions and OH– ions are equal. What will be the pH
of pure water at 60°C?
(a) Equal to 7.0          (b) Greater than 7.0
(c) Less than 7.0                                    (d) Equal to zero.

14) In which of the following reactions, the equilibrium remains unaffected on addition of
small amount of argon at constant volume?
(a) H2(g) + I2(g) ⇌2HI(g) ‘
(b) PCl5(g) ⇌PCl3(g) + Cl2(g)
(c) N2(g) + 3H2(g) ⇌2NH3(g)
(d) The equilibrium will remain unaffected in all the three cases.

15) For the reaction N204(g) ⇌2N02(g), the value of K is 50 at 400 K and 1700 at 500 K.
Which of the following options is correct?
(a) The reaction is endothermic.
(b) The reaction is exothermic.
(c) If NO2(g) and N204(g) are mixed 400 K at partial pressures 20 bar and 2 bar respectively,
more N204(g) will be formed.
(d) The entropy of the system increases.
Sol: (a, c, d)