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Technical presentation

Improve Water Resistance with


Rheology Additives
Add a drop of rheology to your paints and coatings

Improve Water Resistance with Coatex


Rheology Additives

China Coat

December 2014

Michelle Shen
Water resistance: what are we talking about?

As a result of regulatory changes, new paint formulations are required to meet


low-VOC regulations.

The reduction in VOC, the lack of coalescent aids are contributing factors to
poor water resistance properties.

Water resistance of the film can be increase by the use of use specific
binders and a lower pigment volume concentration (PVC) but also by the use of an
efficient and hydrophobic dispersing agent.

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Coatex – Arkema group

 World leading designer and producer of waterborne


Rheology Additives

 Entirely dedicated to water based processes and


formulations with minerals

 More than 40 years of experience in Rheology

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Our Brand

Mineral process
RHEOSPERSETM

Coat、Ink、adhesive Paper
RHEOTECHTM, COAPURTM TOPSPERSETM, RHEOCOATTM
VISCOATEXTM, ECODISTM RHEOCARBTM
COADISTM

Construction Detergent
ETHACRYLTM, RHEALISTM RHEOSOLVETM

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Content

 Dispersing theory

 Dispersant introduction

 Case studies

 Wrap up

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I. Pigment Dispersing Process

Wetting Dispersing Stabilizing

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ZETA Theory : Stabilization

Definition:
Particles surface were coverd with charges. These charges help to increase the
thickness of the double layer charge and the surface ZETA potential. Then bigger
repulsion will occur and result to better dispersion between particles.
Repulsion between particles

+ + + + ++ ++ ++ ++
+ + + +
+ + + +
+ + + + + +
+ + + + + +
+ + + + + +
+ + ++ ++
+ + + + + ++ + + ++ +

Zeta low Zeta high


Flocculation excellent stability
Aggregate

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Steric and Ionic Dispersants

Repulsive energy between particles depends on the nature of the dispersant

Steric Dispersants
Ionic Dispersants
(comb polymers)
E
+
+ +
E ?

+ dc
dc d +
d
+

In can long term pigment Maintains steric spacing and


stabilization best pigment positioning for
Prevents flocculation and opacity until the latest phases
acceleration of settling of film drying

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Coadis™ and Ecodis™

Pigment
Matt Eggshell Satin Semi gloss Gloss Paste

Coadis™ 123 K
+
Water Resistance

Potassium salt

Ecodis™ P 90 Coadis™ BR 3 Coadis™ BR 85


Ammonium salt Potassium salt

Ecodis™ P 30
Sodium salt
-

Coarse Fine
Oxide Organic
Fillers CaCO3 CLAY TiO2 ZnO Fe2O3
pigments pigment

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Case Studies

 Interior wall paints PVC=40%


● Tinting strength
● Scrub resistance
● Stain resistance

 Exterior wall paints PVC=60%


● Early water resistance
● Acid rain resistance

 Exterior primer
● Alkali burnout and Salting out resistance

 Coadis™ and Ecodis™, the right dispersant for every situation

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Amount/g

Ingredient Function Reference Coadis 123K

grinding Water Water 13.20 13.20

Biocide Biocide 0.17 0.17

PVC=40% interior wall paint


AMP 95 pH adjuster 0.46 0.46

Dispersant1 Dispersant1 1.06 0.50

Coadis 123K Dispersant2 0.00 0.50

CF 246 defoamer 0.18 0.18

R996 pigment 17.60 17.60

CC-700 pigment 11.44 11.44

MXK-201 filler 11.44 11.44

Let down Texanol coalescent 1.06 1.06

Encor 662 emulsion 38.71 38.71

CF 246 defoamer 0.18 0.18

Water 水 3.65 3.15

Rheotech 3800 thickener 0.53 0.53

Coapur 2025 thickener 0.35 0.35

12 Total 100.00 100.00


Color development

Test results

After finger rub up test,


there is no color
changing on the panel
with 123K for the
tested three color

ΔE of paint with 123 K are


all lower than 0.5
which are better than
that of reference paint.

Tinting strength of
Reference Coadis 123K formulas with 123K is
better than that of
general salt dispersant.

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Tinting Strength

Tinting Strength

107%
106%
105%
104% Reference
103% 123 K
102% Reference
101% 123 K
100% Reference
99%
123 K
98%
97%
96%
Reference 123 K Reference 123 K Reference 123 K

Tinting strength of reference paint is 100% and as the std., higher than 100% is better and
lower than 100% is worse.

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Stain Resistance

Basic processes:

Tests initial whiteness of panels marked as Y0.

Drops 5 liquid stains and brush 1 solid stain on the panels, after 2 hours, moves away
stains by water and tissue.

Uses GB scrub machine and 2% washing powder solution as media, brushes 200
times and dries.

Tests whiteness of panels marked as Y1.

Anti stain resistance ability: X=Y1/Y0*100%.


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Scrub Resistance
Scrub resistance(ASTM,SC-II)

900
800
700
600
500
400
300
200 123 K reference
100
0
reference 123 K

64% PVC interior wall paint

Scrub resistance of 123K is much better than that of general salt dispersant.

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Amount/g
Ingredient Function Reference Coadis 123K
Grinding Water Water 19.00 19.00

Biocide Biocide 0.15 0.15

Dispersant Dispersant 1 0.60 0.00

60% PVC exterior wall paint


Coadis 123K Dispersant 2 0.00 1.50

Anti Freeze-thaw
PG 1.60 1.60
agent

Surfactant Surfactant 0.50 0.50

Texanol coalscent 1.50 1.50

CF 246 defoamer 0.40 0.40

R996 pigment 15.00 15.00

KTY-1 filler 8.00 8.00

MXK-201 filler 14.00 14.00

250HBR thickener 0.40 0.40

Let down pH adjuster pH adjuster 0.20 0.20

Water Water 9.05 8.15

Encor 2741 binder 21.00 21.00

Celocor Opaque polymer 8.00 8.00

CF 246 defoamer 0.40 0.40


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Rheotech 3800 thickener 0.20 0.20
Color development

Coadis 123K reference

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Performance additives: Coadis™ dispersants

Early rain resistance


123K Reference

Highly resistant Not resistant


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Acid rain resistance
Basic processes:
123K Ammonium salt
Prepare acid rain solution
by nitric acid and
sulfuric acid and keep
pH value to 3.5.

Mix paint with 4% iron red


and brush paint on
cement panels with
200um film.

Put panel lying on the wall


and drop acid rain
solution on the panel
for at least 40 times.

And then to find there is


any difference on the
panel.

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Tinting strength

Tinting Strength

130%

120%
Reference
123 K
110%
Reference
123 K
100%
Reference
123 K
90%

80%
Reference 123 K Reference 123 K Reference 123 K

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Exterior Primer PVC=40%

Amount/g
Ingredient Function Reference Coadis 123K
Grinding Water Water 20.00 20.00
LXE Biocide 0.10 0.10
Dispersant Dispersant 1 0.50 0.00
Coadis 123K Dispersant 2 0.00 0.80
AMP 95 pH adjuster 0.10 0.10
Anti Freeze-thaw
PG 1.99 1.99
agent
Texanol Coalescent 2.30 2.30
CF 246 Defoamer 0.10 0.10
LF-45 Wetting 0.15 0.15
R996 Pigment 4.50 4.50
MS 800 Filler 26.00 26.00
250HBR Thickener 0.60 0.45
Let down Water Water 10.46 10.31
Encor 2470 Binder 33.00 33.00
CF 246 Defoamer 0.20 0.20
Total 100.00 100.00

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Alkali burnout and Salting out resistance

123K Ammonium salt Basic processes:

Brush 0.4 g PVA-iron blue


solution on the primer, use
paraffin to band the edge.

Put the cement panels into the


alkali and salt resistance
solution, and solution would
not exceed the surface of
primer.

After 24hs, to observe the


surface of panel, if the iron
blue doesn’t turn from blue to
white, it is called “no
abnormality”.

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Trim paint
Amount/g

Ingredient Function Reference Coadis 123K


Grinding Water Water 49.0 49.0
Reference Dispersant1 3.0
CODIS 123K Dispersant2 7.0
BYK-025 Defoamer 2.0 2.0
R960 Pigment 170.0 170.0
Let down SNAP 2142 Emulsion 570.0 570.0
Rocima 640 Biocide 5.0 5.0
AMP-95 pH adjuster 5.0 5.0
BYK-025 Defoamer 1.0 1.0
texanol Coalescent 13.0 13.0
Water Water 157.0 153.0
Rheotech 3800 Thickener 6.0 6.0
Rheotech 2000 Thickener 19.0 19.0
Total 1000.0 1000.0

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gloss

20° 60° 85° block resistance water resistance

CODIS 123K 34.0 73.9 93.9 A-0 good

ECODIS P90 19.2 65.9 92.0 A-0 good

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Coadis 123 other application

 Wood coating

 Muti-color paint

 Industrial paint

 ….

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Conclusion
 The different concerns linked to water resistance

Early rain resistance


Easy to clean
Washability

Scrub resistance

Snail traces
Extending painting season

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Conclusion
 How to improve water resistance?

Improve hydrophobicity
Optimize pigment dispersion

Improve the surface of the film


Increase water repellency

by using an efficient
and hydrophobic
dispersing agent
Coadis™ 123 K

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Thank you for your attention!

Let’s visit us at the Arkema booth (n°10.2B25-40)


for technical discussions and exchanges.

Chinacoat

December 2014