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Zoning Brocade switches - Tutorial

This tutorial provides a quick walk-through of setting up zoning on a Brocade switch.


It is not a comprehensive review of the topic, but it may give you some familiarity
with the commands and syntax necessary to set up zoning in the Brocade
environment.

What is zoning?

Zoning provides a way to logically group together the components of a SAN. Ports,
interfaces and even switches themselves can be grouped together into
configurations that work together to make SANs more orderly and less daunting.

Managing configurations

All zoning in the Brocade environment is done within configurations. A


configuration contains aliases and zones.

An alias is a tool to simplify repetitive port numbers or WWN entries into an easy-
to-remember name. For instance: rather than typing in the WWN
"50:00:0e:10:00:00:00:17" in zoning operations, one could use an alias to identify
the WWN as being "DF350_intfc_0". Aliases can also be used to identify multiple
ports or WWNs by a single name. All zoning commands accept aliases as valid
parameters.

A zone is a set of devices that access one another. All devices connected to a
Fabric may be configured into one or more zones. Devices that are in the same zone
can see each other, devices that are in different zones can not.

Commands used in this example

alicreate : Creates new zone aliases. Assigns a name to a list of alias members.
Alias members can include port numbers (for example; 1,2 indicates switch 1, port
2) or WorldWide? names. If there are multiple alias members, all members must be
separated by semicolons within the list of alias members.

example : alicreate "df350_intfc_0", "50:00:0e:10:00:00:00:17"

zonecreate : Groups a list of zone members under a zone name. Zone members
can include port numbers, WorldWide? names, or aliases created by the alicreate
command. Multiple zone members must be separated by semicolons within the list
of zone members.

example : zonecreate "c2zone", "snowtop_c2; df350_intfc_1"

cfgcreate : Assigns a configuration name to a list of configuration members. The


configuration members are all zones Multiple configuration members are separated
by semicolons.
example : cfgcreate "c2config", "c2zone"

cfgenable : Checks a specified configuration for errors and makes it the active
configuration of the switch. Note: No zoning is applied to the switch until the
cfgenable command completes successfully. If there is already an active
configuration, cfgenable will replace the active configuration with the specified
configuration.

example : cfgenable "c2config"

cfgdisable : Deactivates a specified configuration

example : cfgdisable "c2config"

cfgsave : Saves zoning information to switch's flash memory. Configuration will not
survive a reboot of the switch until the configuration is saved.

cfgclear : Deactivates and removes all zoning information from active memory. To
remove a configuration from flash memory, run cfgsave after cfgclear.

zoneshow : Shows zoning configuration.

switchshow : Shows overall configuration of switch. WWNs, login types (F-port, L-


Port etc.) port status and some general switch info show up in switchshow.

Setting up a zoning configuration

The following example sets up a switch so that the LUNs presented on controller 0
of a DF350 Fibre unit are presented either to controller 2 or controller 3 of a Sun
Solaris host depending on which configuration is activated.

Please note : If ANY ports on a switch are in an active zone configuration,


ALL ports on the switch MUST be zoned in order to be useable. Since this
example only uses ports 4-7 of the switch, ports 0-3 would not be useable
until they were included in the active zoning configuration.

'Another note : Usually it is best to zone by WWN, rather than by port


number. That way, if a port goes bad the user just has to move the
affected interface cable to a different port on the switch and the zoning
should still be in place.

login: admin
Password:

sw2400_68:admin> switchshow
switchName: sw2400_68
switchType: 3.2
switchState: Online
switchRole: Principal
switchDomain: 1
switchId: fffc01
switchWwn: 10:00:00:60:69:20:13:c0
port 0: sw No_Light
port 1: sw No_Light
port 2: sw No_Light
port 3: sw No_Light
port 4: sw Online F-Port 50:00:0e:10:00:00:00:5d
port 5: sw Online F-Port 50:00:0e:10:00:00:00:17
port 6: sw Online F-Port 20:00:00:e0:69:c0:08:23
port 7: sw Online F-Port 20:00:00:e0:69:c0:08:45
sw2400_68:admin> alicreate "df350_intfc_0", "50:00:0e:10:00:00:00:17"
sw2400_68:admin> alicreate "df350_intfc_1", "50:00:0e:10:00:00:00:5d"
sw2400_68:admin> alicreate "snowtop_c2", "20:00:00:e0:69:c0:08:45"
sw2400_68:admin> alicreate "snowtop_c3", "20:00:00:e0:69:c0:08:23"
sw2400_68:admin> zoneshow
Defined configuration:
alias: df350_intfc_0
50:00:0e:10:00:00:00:17
alias: df350_intfc_1
50:00:0e:10:00:00:00:5d
alias: snowtop_c2
20:00:00:e0:69:c0:08:45
alias: snowtop_c3
20:00:00:e0:69:c0:08:23

Effective configuration:
no configuration in effect

sw2400_68:admin> zonecreate "c2zone", "snowtop_c2; df350_intfc_1"


sw2400_68:admin> zonecreate "c3zone", "snowtop_c3; df350_intfc_1"
sw2400_68:admin> zoneshow
Defined configuration:
zone: c2zone snowtop_c2; df350_intfc_1
zone: c3zone snowtop_c3; df350_intfc_1
alias: df350_intfc_0
50:00:0e:10:00:00:00:17
alias: df350_intfc_1
50:00:0e:10:00:00:00:5d
alias: snowtop_c2
20:00:00:e0:69:c0:08:45
alias: snowtop_c3
20:00:00:e0:69:c0:08:23
Effective configuration:
no configuration in effect

sw2400_68:admin> cfgcreate "c2config", "c2zone"


sw2400_68:admin> cfgcreate "c3config", "c3zone"
sw2400_68:admin> zoneshow
Defined configuration:
cfg: c2config
c2zone
cfg: c3config
c3zone
zone: c2zone snowtop_c2; df350_intfc_1
zone: c3zone snowtop_c3; df350_intfc_1
alias: df350_intfc_0
50:00:0e:10:00:00:00:17
alias: df350_intfc_1
50:00:0e:10:00:00:00:5d
alias: snowtop_c2
20:00:00:e0:69:c0:08:45
alias: snowtop_c3
20:00:00:e0:69:c0:08:23

Effective configuration:
no configuration in effect

sw2400_68:admin> cfgenable "c2zone"


error: "c2zone" is not a configuration
sw2400_68:admin> cfgenable "c2config"
zone config "c2config" is in effect
sw2400_68:admin> zoneshow
Defined configuration:
cfg: c2config
c2zone
cfg: c3config
c3zone
zone: c2zone snowtop_c2; df350_intfc_1
zone: c3zone snowtop_c3; df350_intfc_1
alias: df350_intfc_0
50:00:0e:10:00:00:00:17
alias: df350_intfc_1
50:00:0e:10:00:00:00:5d
alias: snowtop_c2
20:00:00:e0:69:c0:08:45
alias: snowtop_c3
20:00:00:e0:69:c0:08:23
Effective configuration:
cfg: c2config
zone: c2zone 20:00:00:e0:69:c0:08:45
50:00:0e:10:00:00:00:5d

What does this configuration look like on the Sun Solaris host?

After a reconfiguration boot, this is what the host sees when the " c2config "
configuration is used on the switch.

# format
Searching for disks...done

c2t0d1: configured with capacity of 32.45GB


c2t0d2: configured with capacity of 15.51GB

AVAILABLE DISK SELECTIONS:


0. c0t0d0 <SUN9.0G cyl 4924 alt 2 hd 27 sec 133>
/pci@1f,4000/scsi@3/sd@0,0
1. c2t0d0 <HITACHI-DF350F-0000 cyl 17 alt 2 hd 8 sec 65>
/pci@6,4000/fibre-channel@2/sd@0,0
2. c2t0d1 <HITACHI-DF350F-0000 cyl 65438 alt 2 hd 16 sec 65>
/pci@6,4000/fibre-channel@2/sd@0,1
3. c2t0d2 <HITACHI-DF350F-0000 cyl 62539 alt 2 hd 8 sec 65>
/pci@6,4000/fibre-channel@2/sd@0,2

Changing the configuration

To change the configuration, simply log into the switch and activate the " c3config
" configuration that we created earlier.

sw2400_68:admin> cfgenable "c3config"


zone config "c3config" is in effect

After a reconfiguration boot, the Sun Solaris host now sees the new configuration.
The LUNs that used to be presented to controller 2 are now presented to controller
3:

# format
Searching for disks...done

c3t0d1: configured with capacity of 32.45GB


c3t0d2: configured with capacity of 15.51GB

AVAILABLE DISK SELECTIONS:


0. c0t0d0 <SUN9.0G cyl 4924 alt 2 hd 27 sec 133>
/pci@1f,4000/scsi@3/sd@0,0
1. c3t0d0 <HITACHI-DF350F-0000 cyl 17 alt 2 hd 8 sec 65>
/pci@6,4000/fibre-channel@3/sd@0,0
2. c3t0d1 <HITACHI-DF350F-0000 cyl 65438 alt 2 hd 16 sec 65>
/pci@6,4000/fibre-channel@3/sd@0,1
3. c3t0d2 <HITACHI-DF350F-0000 cyl 62539 alt 2 hd 8 sec 65>
/pci@6,4000/fibre-channel@3/sd@0,2