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QUESTIONS OFTENLY ASKED IN INTERVIEWS

(from FRESH CHEMICAL ENGINEERS)

General
• Introduce yourself

• Why we do hire you?


• What do you know about our company?
• Your strength, your weakness?
• Family background?

Project (more than 60% of interview is based on final year project so, be careful about it)
Internship (more than 20% of interview is based on your internship)

Fluid Mechanics:
1. Darcy’s Equation
2. Hagen .Poiseuille Equation
3. Reynold’s No. and Types of flow
4. Bernoulli’s Equation
5. Pump and its types
6. Diff b/w centrifugal and +ive displacement pump.
7. Pump’s efficiency, its law, NPSH
8. Dimensionless numbers
9. Relation b/w pressure and head
10. Flow measurement and devices
11.Valve and its types
Instrumentation & Control
Types of control systems Feed forward, feed backward etc
Instrumentation of a design (in case included in final year project)
PD,PI,PID control Basic terms used in control

Thermo and Others


Heat exchanger and its types. Octane no
Dew point LMTD
Laws of thermodynamic Carnot, Otto, Diesel cycles
Global warming theory Ozone depletion
Designing parameters of valve Carbon Trading
Important unit operation definitions Distillation, Relative Volatility
Last Moments of Interview
Would you like to ask any question from us?
(Don’t ask them any question but rather show your interest for their company i.e., I have
Hidden potential and I’ll use it for your industry in case you select me)
NOTE
Never ask unnecessary questions from interviewer e.g.,
Sir ap k pas kitni vacancies hain? Result kb tk aey gay? etc etc.

PREPARED BY

SALMAN AZIM & MUHAMMAD SUFYAN KHAN 04.Chemical Deptt.

SOME IMPORTANT NOTES

Selection criteria for Pump:

Selection of depend upon number of parameters some of which are

• Amount of liquid to be handled.

• Total dynamic head required.

• The suction and discharge head.

• The type of liquid to be handled

• Physical properties of liquid vapor pressure, density, viscosity, corrosiveness and


temperature of fluid. Viscosity and density of the fluid influence the power
requirement for the given set of operating conditions, corrosive properties to
determine the acceptable materials of construction.

• Type of flow distribution required i.e. pulsating or non pulsating.

• Type of power supply available centrifugal and rotary pump driven electric motor
• Where as reciprocating pump can be driven by steam or gas.

• Cost and mechanical efficiency of pump.

Selection of the Compressor


To properly specify any type of compressor requires certain information about the

1. Operating conditions

2. Gas type

3. Temperature

4. Molecular weight

5. Corrosive properties of gas

6. Gas functioning

Design of the Reactor:

• Basic understanding of the Hydrocracking chemistry.

• Catalyst structure and properties.

• Estimation of product yield and Hydrogen required.

• Thermodynamic parameters.

• Calculation of Quench gas required.

• Residence time required for the reaction accomplishment.

• Volume of reactor vessel.

• Hydrodynamics of the reactor..

• Mechanical design.

Heat Exchanger Selection Criteria


When selecting a heat exchanger for a given duty the following points must be
considered
• Material of construction
• Operating pressure and temperature
• Flow rates
• Flow arrangements
• Performance parameters--thermal effectiveness and pressure drops
• Fouling tendencies
• Types and phases of fluids
• Maintenance, inspection, cleaning, extension, and repair possibilities
• Overall economy
• Fabrication technique
• Intended applications
Types of Furnaces:
The classification of the furnace can be done as
1) Based on process:
• Batch type
• Continuous type
2) Based on method of heating:
• Direct heating type
• Indirect heating type
3) Based on type of fuel used:
• Solid fuel fired furnace
• Liquid fuel fired furnace
• Gaseous fuel fired furnace
• Multi fuel fired furnace
4) Based on draft control:
• Natural draft
• Forced draft
• Induced draft
• Balanced draft
Selection Criteria Of Furnace
The selection of a furnace is based upon the following points.
1. Kind of product to be fired.
2. Quantity to be produced.
3. Firing temperature.
4. Kind of fuel
5. Condition of load.
6. Economics is the final factor.

What is stripper?
Stripper is equipment which is used to remove the absorbed components in liquid phase
by the action of heat and reduction in pressure.
Basic types of strippers
These are the two basic types of strippers;
(On the basis of stripping media)

1. Reboiler strippers
In reboiler strippers the bottom product is heated in a reboiler and converted to vapors
and then send to column. The reboiler used may be kettle reboiler or any other suitable
reboiler.

2. Gas strippers
In gas strippers the stripping media is an inert gas which may be air, nitrogen, methane,
steam or any other suitable hydrocarbon. Gas stripping is used in those situations where
the separation of stripping media (gas) is easy.