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# UNIVERSITY OF RIZAL SYSTEM

Morong, Rizal
COLLEGE OF EDUCATION

## PRELIMINARY EXAMINATION IN FLUID MECHANICS

Name: ___________________________________________________ Date:_______________
Yr. and Section:____________________________________________ Score:______________
Directions: Encircle the letter of the correct answer.
1. Solids can resist a shear stress by a static deformation.
a. True
b. False
c. Either a and b
d. None of the above
2. It is the science that deals with the flow of fluids that undergo significant density
changes such as the flow of gasses through nozzles at high speeds.
a. Hydraulics
b. Aerodynamics
c. Gas Dynamics
d. Hydrology
3. The number of molecules within the smallest region of interest are sufficient that
all fluid properties are point functions.
a. True
b. False
c. Either a and b
d. None of the above
4. The fluids that deform at different rates under the action of the same applied
shear stress.
a. Incompressible fluids
b. Compressible Fluids
c. Newtonian Fluids
d. Non-Newtonian Fluids
5. The fluids that is highly ordered fluid motion with smooth streamlines.
a. Laminar Flow
b. Turbulent
c. Transitional Flow
d. Newtonian Flow
6. The density and specific weight of water do vary slightly with density.
a. True
b. False
c. Either a and b
d. None of the above
7. The property of fluid that can be thought as the internal stickiness of a fluid; that
is due to its resistance to shearing stress.
a. Specific gravity
b. Dynamic viscosity
c. Kinematic viscosity
d. Compressibility
8. It is the ratio of the velocity of a fluid to the velocity of sound in that fluid.
a. Mach number
b. Bulk Modulus of Elasticity
c. Compressibility
d. Celerity
9. What is the force exerted on the palm of your hand by the atmospheric pressure?
Assume your palm measures 0.080 m by 10 m.
a. 810N
b. 710N
c. 910N
d. 820N
10. The Titanic was found in 1985 lying on the bottom of the North Atlantic at a depth
of 2.5 miles. What is the pressure at this depth?
a. 4.1x107 Pa
b. 4.1x108 Pa
c. 4.1x106 Pa
d. 4.1x109 Pa
11. It is the difference between the actual pressure and atmospheric pressure.
a. Air Pressure
b. Water Pressure
c. Gauge Pressure
d. Absolute Pressure
12. It is the locus of particle whch have earlier passed through a prescribed point.
a. Pathline
b. Timeline
c. Streamline
d. Streakline
13. The capillary height increases directly with the tbe radius R and is negative if Ө<
90o and positive if Ө> 90o
a. True
b. False
c. Either a and b
d. None of the above
14. It is the formation of impenetrable surface on the body of water due to cohesive
forces.
b. Cohesive force
c. Surface tension
d. Centripetal force
15. The region of space where the pressure is less than pressure of 760 mm Hg.
a. Earth
b. Vacuum
c. Sun
d. Moon
16. What is the mass and weight of the air in living room with a 4.0 x 5.0m floor and
ceiling 3.0 m high. What is the mass and weight of an equal volume of water?
a. Mair = 73Kg, Wair = 150 lbs;
b. Mair = 72Kg, Wair = 160 lbs;
c. Mair = 72Kg, Wair = 160 lbs;
d. Mair = 72Kg, Wair = 160 lbs;
17. What is the mass and weight of an equal volume of water in problem number 16?
a. mwater = 5.0x104 kg; Wwater = 66tons
b. mwater = 7.0x104 kg; Wwater = 66tons
c. mwater = 6.0x104 kg; Wwater = 66tons
d. mwater = 8.0x104 kg; Wwater = 66tons
18. The pressure above the absolute zero.
a. Absolute pressure
b. Gauge Pressure
c. Vacuum
d. Atmospheric pressure
19. A Newtonian fluid is defined as the fluid which
a. Obeys Hook’s law
b. Is compressible
c. Obeys Newton’s law of viscosity
d. Is incompressible
20. The unit of pressure one bar is
a. 1 Pascal
b. 1 kilo Pascal
c. 100 kPascal
d. 1000 kPascal
21. The dynamic viscosity of a liquid is 1.2 × 10-4 Ns/m2, whereas, the density is
600 kg/m3. The kinematic viscosity in m2/s is
a. 72 × 10-3
b. 20 × 10-8
c. 7.2 × 103
d. 70 × 106
22. The location of the centre of pressure over a surface immersed in a liquid
is
a. always above the centroid
b. will be at the centroid
c. will be below the centroid
d. for higher densities it will be above the centroid and for lower densities it
will be below the centroid
23. What is the pressure in Pascals at a depth of 1m below the water surface?
a. 98100 Pa
b. 980 Pa
c. 98 Pa
d. 1 Pa
24. 15 bar equals to __________ Pascals.
a. 105Pa
b. 1.5 x 106 Pa
c. 100 Pa
d. 1000 Pa
25. The pressure at any given point of a non-moving fluid is called the
____________
a. Gauge Pressure
b. Atmospheric Pressure
c. Differential Pressure
d. Hydrostatic Pressure
26. The device used to measure the fluid pressure is _____________
a. Hygrometer
b. Calorimeter
c. Manometer
d. Thermometer
27. What type of liquids are measured using a manometer?
a. Heavy liquids
b. Medium Liquids
c. Light Liquids
d. Heavy and light liquids
28. Which among these devices are the best suited for the measurement of high
pressure liquids with high accuracy?
b. Vacuum Gauge
c. Manganin wire pressure
d. Ionization Gauge
29. How do we measure the flow rate of liquid?
a. Coriolis method
c. Conveyor method
d. Ionization method
30.  Define Viscosity?
a. Resistance to flow of an object
b. Resistance to flow of air
c. Resistance to flow of fluid
d. Resistance to flow of heat
31. What is the viscosity of water at 30oC?
a. 80.1
b. 0 .801
c. 801
d. 0.081
32. A Hydraulic press has a ram of 30 cm diameter and a plunger of of 2 cm
diameter. It is used for lifting a weight of 35 kN. Find the force required at the
plunger.
a. 233.3 kN
b. 311.1 kN
c. 466.6 kN
d. 155.5 kN
33. The pressure at a point in the fluid is 4.9 N/cm2. Find height when the fluid under
consideration is in oil of specific gravity of 0.85.
a. 5.83 m
b. 11.66 m
c. 17.49 m
d. 8.74 m
34. 3. An open tank contains water upto a depth of 350 cm and above it an oil of
specific gravity 0.65 for a depth of 2.5 m. Find the pressure intensity at the
extreme bottom of the tank.
a. 5.027 N/cm2
b. 10.05 N/cm2
c. 2.51 N/cm2
d. None of the mentioned
35. 4. The diameters of a small piston and a large piston of a hydraulic jack are 45
mm and 100 mm respectively. Force of 0.09 kN applied on smaller in size piston.
Find load lifted by piston if smaller in size piston is 40 cm above the large piston.
The density of fluid is 850 kg/m3
a. 60 N/cm2
b. 12 N/cm2
c. 30 N/cm2
d. None of the mentioned
36. If fluid is at rest in a container of a narrow mouth at a certain column height and
same fluid is at rest at same column height in a container having broad mouth,
will the pressure be different at certain depth from fluid surface.
a. Pressure will be same for both.
b. Pressure will be more for narrower mouth
c. Pressure will be less for narrower mouth
d. None of the mentioned
37. We can draw Mohr’s circle for a fluid at rest.
a. True
b. False
c. Either a or b
d. None of the mentioned
38. Pressure intensity or force due to pressure gradient for fluid at rest is considered
as which kind of force?
a. Surface force
b. Body force
c. Force due to motion
d. None of the mentioned
39. Calculate the hydrostatic pressure for water moving with constant velocity at a
depth of 5 m from the surface.
a. 49 kN/m2
b. 98 kN/m2
c. since fluid is in motion, we cannot analyzed
d. None of the mentioned
40. Pressure distribution for fluid at rest takes into consideration pressure due to
viscous force.
a. True
b. False
c. Either a or b
d. None of the mentioned
41. Barometer uses the principle of fluid at rest or pressure gradient for its pressure
calculation.
a. True
b. False
c. Either a or b
d. None of the mentioned
42. The right limb of a simple U-tube manometer containing mercury is open to the
atmosphere while the lift limb is connected to a pipe in which a fluid of specific
gravity 0.85 is flowing. The centre of the pipe is 14 cm below the level of mercury
in the right limb.Evaluate the pressure of fluid flowing in the pipe if the difference
of mercury level in the two limbs is 22 cm.
a. 2.86 N/cm2
b. 5.73 N/cm2
c. 1.43 N/cm2
d. None of the mentioned
43. A single coloumn manometer is connected to a pipe containing a liquid of specific
gravity 0.75. Find the pressure in the pipe if the area of reservoir is 250 times the
area of tube for the manometer reading. The difference in mercury level is 40 cm.
On the left limb the fluid is upto the height of 20 cm.
a. 10.42 N/cm2
b. 5.21 N/cm2
c. 2.60 N/cm2
d. None of the mentioned
44. A Differential manometer is connected at the points A and Bat the centre of two
pipes. The pipe A(left limb) contains a liquid of specific gravity = 1.5 while pipe B
(right limb)contains a liquid of specific gravity 0.85. The pressure at A and B are .
5 kgf/cm2 and 1.2 kgf/cm2 respectively. Find the difference in level of mercuru in
the differential manometer. A is 2.5m above B and 5 m above the mercury in its
own limb. B is 2.5 m above the mercury level in limb A.
a. 12.7 cm
b. 25.5 cm
c. 6.28 cm
d. 10.85 cm
45. An inverted differential manometer is connected to two pipes A and B which
covey water. The fluid in manometer is oil of specific gravity 0.75. For the
manometer readings, find the pressure difference between A and B. Datum in left
limb is 40 cm above point A. Point B is 60 cm below datum line. Difference in
level of fluid is 20 cm.
a. 1471 N/m2
b. 2943 N/m2
c. 735.75 N/m2
d. None of the mentioned
46. In the inverted U-tube Differential manometer, how is the specific gravity of
manometric fluid used relative to the fluid flowing in the pipes
a. Specific gravity is more than that of fluid flowing in pipes
b. Specific gravity is less than that of fluid flowing in pipes
c. Specific gravity is equal to that of fluid flowing in pipes
d. None of the mentioned
47. Why is large reservoir used in single column manometer?
a) In order to enhance the change in level of liquid in reservoir
b) In order to negate the effects of change in level due to pressure variation
c) In order to reduce the effect due to dynamic pressure variation due to motion
d) None of the mentioned

48. Manometers are the pressure measuring devices which use the principle of
dynamic pressure to measure the pressure difference.
a. True
b. False
c. Either a or b
d. None of the mentioned
49. The distance moved by liquid will be more in which type of manometer?
a. Inclined Single coloumn manometer
b. Vertical Single coloumn manometer
c. Horizontal Single coloumn manometer
d. None of the mentioned
50. Differential manometer gives the pressure reading with respect to atmospheric
pressure.
a. True
b. False
c. Either a or b
d. None of the mentioned

Prepared by:

Instructor

Checked by:

Noted:

## MARITES M. RIO, Ph. D.

Dean College of Education
UNIVERSITY OF RIZAL SYSTEM
Morong, Rizal
COLLEGE OF EDUCATION

Table of Specification
First Semester
2019-2020

## Learning Number of days Number of Placement

Competencies items
Chapter 1 Fluid 5 18 1-18
Properties

Principle

Total 14 50 1-50

Prepared by:

Instructor

Checked by:

Noted:

## MARITES M. RIO, Ph. D.

Dean College of Education
UNIVERSITY OF RIZAL SYSTEM
Morong, Rizal
COLLEGE OF EDUCATION

First Semester
2019-2020

1. A 26. C
2. C 27. C
3. A 28. C
4. C 29. A
5. A 30. A
6. B 31. B
7. B 32. B
8. A 33. A
9. A 34. A
10. A 35. A
11. C 36. A
12. D 37. B
13. B 38. A
14. C 39. A
15. B 40. B
16. D 41. A
17. C 42. A
18. D 43. B
19. C 44. A
20. C 45. A
21. B 46. B
22. C 47. B
23. A 48. B
24. B 49. A
25. D 51. B

Prepared by:

Instructor

Checked by:

Noted:

## MARITES M. RIO, Ph. D.

Dean College of Education