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No Hidden Surprises

Spirent puts the promise of LTE to the test

A New Standard
Long Term Evolution (LTE) technology supports the
next generation of mobile services. Moving far beyond
basic voice and texting, LTE also enables wireless
broadband access.

This new technology offers the promise T-Mobile, Vodafone, AT&T, and many others
of being the first truly global wireless around the globe. As of December 2009, 51
standard, increasing speed and capacity operators in 24 countries had committed to
for networks with download speeds in LTE deployments.2
excess of 100 Mb/s and uplinks of greater
LTE technology must coexist with legacy
than 50 Mb/s. The LTE specification
networks and devices for quite some
supports scalable bandwidths from 1.4
time, which could be a source of major
to 20 MHz, making it possible for service
interoperability issues, resulting in network
providers to offer new revenue-generating
resource outages and service interruptions.
residential and enterprise services that
The move to LTE will impact all aspects
were previously impossible.
of wireless service, including network
The promising benefits are tantalizing, infrastructure, device design, business
with ABI projecting that the total 4G mobile models, and services. So, despite the
consumer service revenue will top $70 enormous promise of LTE, challenges
billion worldwide in 2014.1 Deployments remain. Service providers need to ensure
are already underway; the first LTE public that there are no hidden surprises when
rollout was by TeliaSonera on December their LTE network goes live. The good news
14, 2009, when service was initiated in is that they can count on Spirent’s LTE
Stockholm and Oslo. Other major service test solutions to get below the surface and
rollouts are also expected soon from address the unknowns of LTE.
carriers such as Verizon, NTT DoCoMo,

1 Accessed January 11, 2010.
2 Accessed January 14, 2010.

Business Challenges
The economic reasons for moving to LTE are compelling. Increased bandwidth and
potential new revenue-generating services can deliver what was previously only
available through fixed networks, as well as a reduced cost per bit for operators.

However, to be successful, service the performance characteristics

providers need to immediately address of backhaul, network, and device
the business challenges of an LTE upgrade, equipment under real-world conditions
particularly in terms of meeting cost/ and help to define the optimal balance of
profitability goals and time to market. bandwidth and potential new services.
It is critical for operators to maximize By emulating multiple elements of the
their return on investment (ROI) in network or devices, Spirent’s LTE test
new infrastructure. Some of the initial solutions can help determine the best
investment will be paid back right away network topology and make the most
in terms of lower operating costs and effective use of laboratory equipment,
improved service offerings. Operators thereby reducing capital expenses and
are moving quickly towards LTE, and the ongoing support costs associated with
they need cost-effective, timely rollouts a test lab for bringing on new services.
that will ensure ROI. New networks
Choosing the right test solution
must deliver value on day one, and
provider can make all the difference
continue to do so far into the future. Only
for service providers looking to profit
comprehensive testing will ensure that.
from the promise of LTE. The right
One way to enhance profitability is solution delivers automated test
to offer tiered pricing and service methodologies with intelligent, easy-to-
packages for different customer groups. interpret results that make it possible
These new packages must be quickly to quickly and accurately validate
and fully tested across all elements performance during all stages of
of the network in order to speed time design, development, and deployment.
to market. Running realistic, real- And the right solution provider has
world simulations with Spirent’s LTE global reach, expertise, and ability to
test solutions can accurately specify put the promise of LTE to the test.

Increase in traffic
volume requires
low cost/bit
technologies to
remain profitable

Traffic Volume
Network Cost

Network Cost


Voice Data
Dominated Dominated
Source: Nokia Siemens Networks
Network Challenges -
Performance Matters
Even when business challenges are addressed, network
challenges remain. LTE requires a significant investment
in network infrastructure and mobile devices to ensure
a high Quality of Experience (QoE) for subscribers.

Most LTE deployments are likely to Major potential pitfalls include call drops,
be upgrades, so LTE equipment and network resource outages, and poor
services need seamless compatibility quality of service (QoS), which would
with incumbent network technologies. mean that real-time voice or video
Consumers selecting an LTE device signals are not getting priority over
will expect it to work on the first day lower priority data, such as texting.
of service deployment, so the secret
to success will be thorough testing of Poor QoS can result in jagged video,
network components and devices, with degraded audio, or an application
comprehensive verification during the time-out on a web page. And an
design, development, and deployment phases. overall poor QoE can result in
subscriber churn and lost revenue.

Avoid Dropped Calls Keep Networks Online Ensure QoE
To be successful at the most basic As new LTE services are installed in To ensure QoE in LTE networks, tests
level, a service provider must avoid legacy systems, network operators need must emulate realistic network
dropped calls; they are a major to validate overall network and device conditions. With robust LTE test
inconvenience for subscribers and are performance as well as interoperability solutions, it is possible to fully
immediately noticed and remembered. between new and legacy infrastructure validate performance, scalability, and
To ensure consistent service, the equipment. To achieve this, it is interoperability of LTE networks and
LTE network needs a fully functional important to have test solutions that devices under real-world conditions.
and innovative backhaul network as handle multi-generational mobile It is important to consider the entire
well as high-performance receivers network technologies, including LTE, network, including the backhaul, the
that support multiple-in multiple-out HSPA+, EVDO, EV-DO Rev. A, as well core, and the device, to ensure that
(MIMO) technology, a hallmark of the as Ethernet and IP testing capabilities. all elements operate together and
LTE specification. With these features, The test solutions need to verify that the data rates match the LTE
the network will also be positioned to performance of the mobile devices, core specification. Robust QoE along with
offer high data rates and innovative networks, and the backhaul network. QoS testing can give service providers
new services. To ensure that the mobile a competitive advantage, allowing
network offers excellent coverage them to optimize bandwidth while
with good data speeds and no dropped offering data-intensive, real-time
calls, both indoors and outdoors, it should applications, such as streaming video.
be tested using a robust traffic emulator.

Innovate on the Backhaul

The most innovative mobile backhaul could effect the others. And, they need analysis, rapidly allowing quick access to
networks combine IP, TDM, and ATM to adequately test the backhaul under the answers and identifies any potential
networks into a single Ethernet network. realistic traffic loads and ensure that breakpoints and bottlenecks on the
These converged backhaul networks can specific QoS requirements are met. All network. And the DUT Correlation
transport traffic that uses multi-layer of this testing can result in a significant feature provides a correlated picture
protocols, so service providers need to amount of data. Spirent’s powerful of the measured results with statistics
test protocol interactions and determine LTE test solutions help with extensive polled, so problem areas can be
how problems on one network layer statistics and powerful real-time results quickly identified.

Seamless Mobility
Managing Complex Networks
Sometimes the most sophisticated Delivering this “seamless mobility”
aspects of a technology are in evidence requires a lot of planning and care
by the simplicity presented to its on the part of operators and device
end users. Mobile subscribers don’t manufacturers alike. Spirent’s experts
care to know when their signal has have vast experience in this critical
been transitioned across networks, area and have delivered the appropriate
across IP servers, or even to legacy solutions for years. Today, that
radio technologies. No matter how experience extends to LTE and related
complex the delivery, wireless technologies. In fact, a single Spirent
users expect the system to work system can create a realistic multiple-
automatically and transparently. technology, multi-generational cellular
service environment in the lab.


AN Access Node PCF Packet Control Function

BTS Base Transceiver Station PCRF Policy and Changing Rules
or “base station” Function
eNodeB evolved NodeB PDN Packet Data Network
(LTE base station) PDSN Packet Data Serving Node
ePCF evolved Packet Control PGW PDN Gateway or Packet Data
Function Network Gateway
FA Foreign Agent PMIPv6 Proxy Mobile Internet Protocol
GGSN Gateway GPRS Support Node version 6
GPRS General Packet Radio Service RAT Radio Access Technology
HA Home Agent RF Radio Frequency
HSGW HRPD Serving Gateway RNC Radio Network Controller
HSS Home Subscriber Server SC-FDMA Single-Carrier Frequency
Division Multiple Access
LTE Long-Term Evolution
SGSN Serving Gateway Support
MIMO Multiple-In Multiple-Out
(antenna technologies)
SGW Serving Gateway
MME Mobility Management Entity
UE User Equipment
MSC Mobile Switching Center

How well will a mobile deal with
multiple-antenna schemes like
Diversity and MIMO? Are fall-back
schemes well-designed and effective?

Can you test a group of LTE network

elements as a single entity? Can you
also isolate individual elements for
testing and characterization?

How do mobiles and the network deal

with changing propagation conditions?
Or are you hoping your subscribers
will just stand still?

What about handovers between

new and legacy RANs?
Does the mobile handle them properly?
Does the core network?

How will a mobile app deal with a

downed server or lost connectivity?
Will it overrun the network with
connection requests?

What data rates will
subscribers see?
At what cost to network

Is it enough to say that a

mobile passed standard tests?
If not, can you quantify the
performance of the mobile?

How sensitive is data traffic

to control plane issues, both
on the mobile and on network? eNodeB eNodeB

Will the network scale to

meet the demands of BSC/PDF PDSN/FA
1x BTS
Does the mobile handle data
well during roaming? NodeB
Does the network?

How will new applications

affect mobile performance?
What about network
performance? eHRPD- capable EV-DO



The Spirent Advantage
The promise of LTE is that it fully supports voice, video, text, web traffic, email,
gaming, location-based services, and presence applications. To reliably validate
new LTE services, test solutions must reproduce the complexity and scale of a
real network. If the test equipment concentrates exclusively on the radio frequency
links or on the IP backhaul, then interaction and hand-off problems can remain
hidden with potentially disastrous effects.

The best test system delivers the highest level of realism

from backhaul to network and network to device, so
designers can be confident that the system will perform
when it is deployed. By rigorously testing a network, it
is possible to determine before deployment if it will:

• Scale to meet the capacity and performance

required for complex traffic
• Process millions of calls during activation,
deactivation, and hand-off
• Maintain high QoE with various access models
• Sustain high QoE with redundancy and high availability

When you are ready to select your test solution partner,
here’s what you should look for:

• Comprehensive solutions that meet your requirements

• Depth of networking experience from backhaul to device
• Maximum performance and functionality for the lowest price
• Financially sound
• Global support and expertise
• Quick-turn engineering support
• Training and operational support
• Long-term customer partnerships

Comprehensive solutions for backhaul, core and mobile device testing

8100 Automated Device Test System LTE/multimode mobile device RF performance, system selection and data throughput
performance. RF, protocol, RRM conformance testing (with AT4 wireless)
SR5500 Wireless Channel Emulator Wireless receivers in both mobile devices and eNodeBs
Landslide Performance Test Solution Simulation of real-world traffic models for packet core networks
Spirent TestCenter Integrated solution for testing converged Ethernet Mobile Backhaul networks
Spirent TestCenter Live Live network monitoring and service assurance solution

The Spirent Solution -
Putting the Promise of LTE to the Test
With a long history of providing wireless, IP and Ethernet test solutions for backhaul,
core network, and mobile device testing, Spirent is unique among test companies
because we offer the most comprehensive set of solutions for testing LTE networks,
backhaul, and devices.
Service providers and network Spirent has the depth of experience and With Spirent, you can aggressively
equipment manufacturers around the track record required to help deliver test from backhaul to device with
globe have depended on Spirent test new mobile technologies, including confidence, ensuring reliability
equipment for years, and our LTE HSPA+, CDMA/EV-DO, UMTS/3G, and performance under real world
solutions are already in place with and, now, LTE. Our development, conditions. The following products
several operators as they prepare engineering, and support teams comprise Spirent’s LTE test solutions:
for their early deployments. understand the challenges you face
and the pitfalls to avoid in wireless,
wireline, and converged networks.

Testing Device Performance
and Conformance
Spirent 8100 SR5500:
Mobile Device Test System Wireless Channel Emulator
The modular Spirent 8100 tests the In a wireless network, there is nothing
latest UMTS/LTE mobile devices more critical than adequately testing the
and chipsets. The Spirent 8100 receivers. Spirent has a long history of
spans the entire lifecycle of testing, expertise in RF fading and interference,
including R&D, development and the SR5500 wireless channel
testing, conformance/certification, emulator is a proven and efficient
benchmarking, evaluation, acceptance, solution for testing wireless receivers,
applications, and regression. regardless of the access technology: LTE,
Reporting and root-cause analysis
tools allow for quick interpretation Able to handle the MIMO configurations
of test results and comprehensive of LTE systems as well as diversity and
characterization of device beam-forming designs, the SR5000
performance. The 8100 features unique emulates critical radio channel
capabilities for simultaneous emulation characteristics, including time-varying
of multi-technology (LTE, CDMA/ multipath fading and delay, shadow
EV-DO, UMTS), multi-cell networks, fading, and channel loss. Because
including advanced enhanced packet it is a modular solution, the SR5000
core (EPC) emulation. This enables is scalable to support changing test
the broadest possible test coverage of requirements, and it allows testers
LTE multi-mode device performance, to quickly translate spreadsheets
including RF/MIMO, multi-mode system into complex testing scenarios.
determination, data throughput, inter-
radio access technologies and more.
RF, protocol and Radio Resource
Management (RRM) Conformance
Testing on the 8100 platform
is also enabled through a
partnership with AT4 wireless.

Testing the Backhaul and
Mobile Packet Core in the Lab
Spirent Landslide
The Landslide traffic emulator simulates
real world traffic models to evaluate
network core components and servers
in wireless networks. Supporting up to
800,000 mobile nodes and 2,000 network
components in a single chassis, it offers
industry-leading scalability, since up
to 32 chassis can be used together.
Featuring a graphical user interface
(GUI) that streamlines complex test
scenarios, Landslide simulates real-
world usage of mobile nodes in various
stages of activation, deactivation,
and hand-off between cells.
Landslide transmits and receives real-
world application data, simulating how
subscribers will simultaneously use the Spirent TestCenter
wireless network using various access Spirent TestCenter has been designed As backhaul networks evolve to carrier-
technologies, including LTE, WiMAX, to be the most flexible, scalable, and grade IP and Ethernet, the Spirent
GPRS, UMTS, CDMA2000, MIPv4/MIPv6, reliable test system in the industry to TestCenter is already a proven solution
AAA Radius/Diameter, IP Client Data, test the highly-integrated, converged, that supports testing over wireless,
and femtocell. The Landslide platform ‘anything-over-anything’ hybrid fiber, or T1/E1 virtual pipes. Testers can
supports all protocols in a single test networks of today and tomorrow. scale the number of ports, subscribers,
system, including upper layer protocol Supporting all major protocols and sessions, routes, tunnels, VLANs, and
support for: HTTP 1.0/1,1, FTP, WAP services, the Spirent Test Center type of traffic. Integrated test wizards
1.x/2.0, POP3, RTSP, RTP, RTCP, TFTP, enables realistic testing of multi-play and test automation features can
SMTP, iMAP, MMS, SIP, DNS, and telnet. services and control and data plane significantly reduce time to test.
protocols over broadband networks.

Service Assurance
in the Mobile Backhaul Network
Spirent TestCenter Live
The explosive growth of media-enabled Spirent TestCenter Live provides the provide simultaneous passive monitoring
smartphones has set off a bandwidth provisioning and network quality and proactive 24x7 performance
grab. Mobile carriers have responded by verification tools wireless providers monitoring and fault isolation in a
migrating from legacy TDM to high speed need to rapidly turn-up and troubleshoot single probe, reducing dispatches and
Ethernet for their backhaul networks. wireless backhaul circuits. The Spirent enabling the growth of Ethernet without
To ensure a 4G experience mobile TestCenter Live 1GbE and 10GbE probes an equivalent growth in staffing.
carriers must verify that the Ethernet
networks leased for wireless backhaul
are provisioned and operating
correctly. Once provisioned, wireless
carriers must also have the ability to
rapidly isolate troubles to the wireless
network or the alternate access
vendor in order to ensure quality.

© 2010 Spirent Communications, Inc. All of the company names and/or brand names and/or product
names referred to in this document, in particular the name “Spirent” and its logo device, are either
registered trademarks or trademarks pending registration in accordance with relevant national laws.
All rights reserved. Specifications subject to change without notice. Rev. B 03/10

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