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Trace Deformation Stress Tersier-Miosen Case Study of Kedungbener River


in Penosogan Formation Karangsambung Central Jawa

Asri Nababan1, Friska Agustin2, C.I.Abdullah2, Diamant1, Andhika Chandra3, W.N


Hamzah2, W. M. Sari1, D.A Prasetyo1, Khemal Amrullah1, Y.F Amrulloh1, D.I.N
Muhamad1

1
Geology Engineering Study Program, University Jenderal Soedirman, UNSOED
2
Geology Engineering Study Program, Faculty of Earth Sciences and Technology, ITB
3
Ksgjt, Geology Study GroupCentral Java
Email: Friskaagustin.ITB@gmail.com

Abstract: The study was carried out at the turbidite sediment gravity deposits. This was
Panosogan Formation with tertiary-miocene age attributed to the results of active geological
on the Kedungbener river, Karangsambung structure activities in the Late Miocene-Early
district, Kebumen Regency, Central Java. The Pliocene due to the high tectonic activity.
lithology in the study area contact breccia with
sandstones, carbonate sandstone clay rocks, Keywords: Deformation Stress, Sediment gravity
carbonate clay sandstone sandstone, and tuff flow, Stratigraphy, tertiary-Miocene formation.
sandstone sandstone. Indication of structure in
kedungbener river shows a very intensive Introduction
deformation in the folding and thrust Fault Research on the corals, the slaughtering focus is
process, and associated with the sedimentation done a lot, as this location is very interesting to
process and the avalanche process. Based on the study in greater detail. The corals are the location
measurement of the results of fault minor, Joint, of the exposed sites of mixed rocks resulting from
fault analysis. the subduction process that occurs in the ages of
the Late Cretaceous to Paleocene. The
The structural reconstruction assumed when Karangsambung Rock Complex is divided into two
ductile deformation influences the formation of a main zones namely North Zone and South Zone
fault fault system with the relative tectonic (Prasetyadi, 2007). The North Zone consists of
direction of NW-SE and W-E. Based on Lime-aged rocks exposed in the form of giant
observations of field data, the folded and fault blocks forming rows of rugged hills with coarse
rock Penosogan Formation shows eroded reliefs and straightness patterns of structures
pathways and disturbed layers and other rock parallel to or referred to as the Tectonic Melange
fragments. Base on field study in this Formation Complex (Melange Tectonic Complex). While the
Penosogan, rock have been folded and thrusted South Zone consists of Tertiary-lived rocks with
0 0 Amphitheatre morphology composed of the
N 145 E/4 SW resulting shear zone. In
Waturanda Formation, Defiant Formation and
general, the deformation of the recommended
Shallow Formation. Formation Penosogan with
fault is interpreted at the Tertiary-Miocene age.
Tertiary- Miocene age in Kedungbener river,
The fold structure in the study area is related to
Karangsambung district, Kebumen Regency,
minor faults observed in claystone and
Central Java. Structure indications on the river's
sandstone rocks. The Kedungbener River Minor
Kedungbener show very intensive deformation on
Fault reflects a Shear Zone that intersects or
the folding and thrust process of the Fault, and are
is parallel to coating.
associated with sedimentation poses and
avalanche processes. Based on measurement
The depositional environment that occurs in the
results Analysis of minor faults, Joint, and faults.
study area is influenced by the presence of a
turbid current consisting of sediments that move
Research Method
down due to the sediment gravity flow which
then develops. The appearance of the
The study used several methods among them
stratigraphic pattern is composed of sediment
namely library studies to know geology regionally
packages which indicate the process of rock layer
particularly in research areas and beyond, as well
resedimentation in the form of a slump
as library studies on the geological conditions of
sedimentary structure and the association of
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research areas. The second stage is observing the Figure 1. Research area location. Modification
symptoms of structure in the research area by from SRTM (Global Mapper) and google maps.
drawing straightness on topographic maps and Areas consisting of sedimentary rocks and surface
DEM imagery. The third stage of mapping (field deposits. The Formation Penosogan, with
data capture), this stage represents the characteristics consists of sandstone, clay, tuff,
observation and recording stages of geological napal and calcarenite interludes. End- Pliocene
data in the field in the form of lithological data, Miocene Aged. 5 - 60 cm.
and structures in the form of fracture shear, fault
field, burrow, minor fault, san orientation of Treverse of Research Area
destroyed zone. The third stage is to perform
advanced analysis of trace data of the structure is The creation of a track map of research areas
fielded, straightforward interpretation data as well based on mappings is in the form of detailed
as regional geological structures around the observations of outcrops at research sites, to find
research area. From such data it can be used to out the spread of deposited layers of rocks were
reconstruct the developing structure and predict sited research. There are 73 observed outcrops.
the continuous zone and its spread.

Regional and Local Geology of Research Area

The research location is in Karangsambung


district, Kebumen Regency, Central Java,
Indonesia. Geographically, the Karangsambung
area has coordinates of 7034’00”—7036’30” LS
and109037’00”—109044’00”BT, the Kedungbener
River area belongs to the Karangsambung district
of the craggy village, east of the Luk-ulo river.
Including physiography into the South Serayu
Land zone. The position of the southern Serayu
throw zone on the convergence system between
the Indian-Australian plates with the edge of the
Eurasian continent in tertiary times was the region
of the Retro Arc fold Thrust Belt, the wedge zone Figure 2. Treverse map of Research Area, in Krakal
(Pringgoprawiro, 1976), the Bogor zone area, Karangsambung district, Kebumen Regency,
(Martodjojo, 1985). Consists of multiples and Central Java, Indonesia.
faults, and is composed complete. Stratigraphic
regional research is based on regional maps of the Geomophological of Research Area
flatness sheet (S. Asikin, A. Handoyo, H. Busono,
S. Gafoer (1992), linking research in areas Observations made take the form of observations
beginning from proposed research (Paleocene) to on SRTM imagery and topographic maps which
(Pliocene). on structural geological determination, include observation of height and relief differences
mapping and characterization of lithology. viewed from contour density. The face shape of the
now-looking research area is caused by the
combined endogenic processes and exogenic
processes that produce the patterns of spread and
the differences in lithology that compose them as
well as the patterns of geological structures that
can be patterns of valley straightness, hill line and
flow patterns in research areas.

In a grouping of landform units on this study using


the Van Zuidam classification (1985). The division
of land spans according to Van Zuidam (1985) is
constituted by 3 parameters, namely
morphograph, and morphogenesa. Based on the
Van Zuidam classification (1985) it is divided into
2 (two) units namely steeply sloped hill units (S3)
and a unit of sloped slack anticline synchronous
structural hills. a stream stream pattern in the
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research area is the trellis River Flow Pattern. The diagrams, the dominant direction of the
genetic type of rivers that develop is the resequent straightness in the research area is N 335°E.
and subsequent rivers. Stadia river on research
area namely young stadia, with valley “V” and old
stadia with valley “U”.

Figure 6. the straightness map of the SRTM image.

Based on field observations there is an presence of


geological structure in the form of tensile burrows,
gust burrows (shear fractures), and faults
observed on the Kedungbener River. In research
areas also found waterfalls on research areas in
the northern part, these waterfalls signify the
presence of weak zones on research areas, which
reinforce that in research areas there was once
tectonicism that resulted in a geological structure
in the form of a rising fault. Based on the results
Figure 3. Geomophological Map of Research Area, of fault analysis using data shear fracture
steeply sloped hill units (S3) and a unit of sloped according to the classification of Rickard (1972)
slack anticline synchronous structural hills (S9). obtained the primary style of NW–SE direct relative
under the fault name Thrust Right Slip Fault.

Figure 4. Section Line of Geomophological Map of


Research Area, steeply sloped hill units (S3) and a
unit of sloped slack anticline synchronous
structural hills (S9).

Geological structure of Research Area

The geological structure present in this area of


research can first be observed on the straightness
map of the SRTM image. Based on observations
from SRTM imagery of hill line straightness
patterns and the flow pattern of thriving valleys in
northwest - southeast directional research areas
(NW-SE). Based on analysis using rosette Figure 7. Geological map and geological structure
of Research Area,in Krakal area, Karangsambung
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district, Kebumen Regency, Central Java,


Indonesia.

Figure 8. Section line Geology of Research Area,in


Krakal area, Karangsambung district, Kebumen
Regency, Central Java.

Stratigraphy of Research Area.

Stratigraphy on the research site is grouped into


three unofficial units of rock. Of the older units of
rock the youth that the unit breccia is contact not
with sandstones, units of sandstones and units of
clay rocks Figure 5.

• Breccia units
The unit is of age the oldest consisting of breccia
lithology, and sandstone, tertiary– Miocene in the
Formation Waturanda. Has a parallel bedding
sediment structure.

• Sandstone unit
The unit consists of sandstone lithology, and
claystone. The sandstones are deposited unaligned
above breccia, tertiary–Miocene-aged lies in the
Formation Panosogan. There are sedimentary
structures in the form of parallel bedding, slump,
cross lamination, cross laminate, graded bedding,
parallel laminate.

• Claystone unit
This unit is deposited the youngest, consisting of
lithology of claystones, sandstones, and tuffs. The
Claystones are deposited in harmony over
tertiary–Miocene-aged sandstone units on the
Formation Panosogan. There are bedding graded
sediment structures, parallel bedding, slump,
cross lamination, cross laminate, laminated
parallel and convolute. Tuff lithology deposited
from the result of underwater volcanic eruptions,
precipitated gradually, resulting from differences
in sediment suplay deposited different lithology
(tuff-interesting sandstones).
Figure 5. Stratigraphy column of result area.
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Based on observational results of outcrops and Martodjojo S. 1985. Evolusi Cekungan Bogor.
sediment structures in the research area, it is Bandung: ITB. Tidak dipublikasikan.
interpreted that in the research area it has a fluid
movement mechanism that is, the traction current Rickard, 1972. Rickard Clasification.
is controlled by the graphic current, at the very
front of the debris flow followed by suspended low Zuidam, R.A. Van., 1985. Analisis Medan
parts of the rear Materials more smoothly. There Interpretasi Foto Udara dan Pemetaan
is a Bouma Sequence characterized from a bedding Geomorfologi. Penerbit Smith Den Haag, ITC.
graded sediment structure (Ta), laminated parallel
(Tb), cross lamination (Tb). Convolute (Tc), as well Field records of the 2019 Coral Field Lecture.
as the discovery of the sedimentary structure of
the slump. Interpreted that the precipitation
environment of such research sites is a deep-sea Acknowledgement
deposition environment.
I would like to express my special thanks to my
CONCLUSION
collage teacher Dr. Chalid Idham Abdullah who
gave me the opportunity and helped me is
Traces of Geological structure on NW-SE direct
completing my research.
relative research areas, with type Thrust right slip
fault (Rickard, 1972) dated tertiary- Miocene.
I would like to express my special thanks to
Including into the pattern of Tertiary- Miocene-
DIAMANT as student in Geology 2016 Unsoed is
lived Javanese. Based on moody and hill theory
grateful for the opportunities, scientific
due to continuous deformation so as to form rising
discussions, critiques and suggestions that have
faults (Northern sections) and there is a rock layer
been given.
standing with a strapping dip showing ascending
faults.

The geological history of the Krakal region, the


Kedungbener river and surrounding it dates back
to the deposition of the breccia Unit on the deep
sea, continued deposition of the sandstone Unit,
on the deep sea deposition environment. Then
deposited the unit of clay is characterized by tuff
lithology that arises due to the volcanism activity
of the underwater volcanism. Thereafter a
compressive tectonic (Endogen) process results
from plate subduction resulting in the structure of
the fold and fault in the research area. Then there
was exogenous activity of weathering, erosion,
transport producing Aluvials deposited out of
harmony over the units below.

REFERENCES

Asikin, S., Harsolumakso, A. A., Busono H., and


Gafoer S, 1992, Geologic Map Of
KebumenQuadrangle, Java, Scale 1:100,000.
Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Geologi,
Bandung.

Prasetyadi, C., 2007. Evolusi Tektonik Paleogen


Jawa Bagian Timur, Tidak dipublisasikan,
Disertasi, dept. Teknik Geologi ITB, Bandung

Pringgoprawiro, H. (1976). Biostratigrafi dan


Paleogeografi Cekungan Jawa Timut Utara,
Suatu Pendekatan Baru. Disertasi Doktor, ITB.
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Figure 7. Geological map and geological structure of Research Area,in Krakal area,
Karangsambung district, Central Java, Indonesia.

Figure 8. Section line Geology of Research Area, in Krakal area, Karangsambung district Central Java.