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MODULE 16

SKIM TUISYEN FELDA (STF) MATEMATIK SPM “ENRICHMENT”

TOPIC : EARTH AS A SPHERE

TIME : 2 HOURS

1. (50ºS, 70ºE), G, H and K are four points on the earth’s surface. F, G and H are

on the same latitude such that FG is the diameter. The longitude of H is 45ºW.

(b) An aeroplane flew due west from F to H. It then flew 4800 nautical miles

due north to K. Given that its average speed for the whole journey was

680 knots, calculate

Answer:

(a)

(b) (i)

(ii)

(iii)

PPR Maths nbk

2. G (60ºS, 20ºW) and H are two points on the surface of the earth where GH is a

diameter of the common parallel of latitude.

(b) Given GL is a diameter of the earth. On the diagram in the answer space,

mark the locations of H and L. Hence, state the location of L.

(c) Calculate the shortest distance, in nautical miles, from H to the South

Pole.

(d) An aeroplane took off from G and flew due east along the common

parallel of latitude at an average speed of 450 knots. The aeroplane took

8 hours to reach a point P. Calculate

Answer:

(a)

N

(b)

Equator

•

G

S

(c)

(d)

PPR Maths nbk

3. P (51ºN, 20ºW) and Q are two points on the Earth’s surface. PQ is a diameter of

the latitude.

(b) Given that PR is the Earth’s diameter, mark the positions of Q and R on

the diagram provided below. Hence, state the position of R.

(c) Calculate the shortest distance, in nautical miles, from Q to the North

Pole.

(d) An aeroplane flew due west from P along the latitude with an average

speed of 500 knots.The aeroplane took 9 hours to reach a point M.

Calculate

Answer:

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d) (i)

(ii)

PPR Maths nbk

4. R (40ºN, 80ºW) , S and T are three points on the surface of the earth. RS is the

diameter of a parallel of latitude 40ºN. T is 6600 nautical miles to the south of R.

along the surface of the earth.

(d) A ship sailed from S to R along the common parallel of latitude and then

due south to T. The total time taken for the journey was 20 hours.

Calculate the average speed of the ship for the whole journey.

Answer:

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

PPR Maths nbk

5. G (65ºN, 10ºW) and H (65ºN, θ ºE) are two points on the surface of the earth. GH

is a diameter of the parallel of latitude 65ºN. A yacht sailed with an average

speed of 375 knots from G to H using the shortest distance, as measured along

the surface of the earth.

(c) Calculate the shortest distance, in nautical miles, from point G to point H.

(d) Calculate the total time, in hours, taken for the yacht to sail from point G to

point H.

Answer:

(a)

N

(b)

0º O.

S

(c)

(d)

PPR Maths nbk

6. P (50ºs,40ºw), Q (50ºS, 90ºE), R and T are four points on the earth’s surface. PR

is the diameter of the common latitude.

(ii) Calculate the ratio of the distance from P to R through the South Pole

to its distance through North Pole.

measured along the common latitude.

(b) Find the latitude of T which is situated 3900 nautical miles due North

of Q.

Answer:

(a) (i)

(ii)

(iii)

(b)

PPR Maths nbk

MODULE 16 - ANSWERS

TOPIC: EARTH AS A SPHERE

1. (a) 110 °W 2m

4800

(b)(i) ∠ HOK = 1m

60

= 80° 1m

Latitude of K = 80 – 50

= 30°N 1m

(ii) Distance F to H

= ( 70 + 45 ) 60 cos 50° 2m

= 4435.23 n.m 1m

680

= 13.58 hrs 1m

2. (a) 60°S 2m

(b) Point H 1m

Point L 1m

L ( 60°N, 160°E ) 1m

= 30 X 60 1m

= 1800 n.m. 1m

= 3600 n.m. 1m

3600

(ii) ∠ GOP = 2m

60 cos 60°

= 120°

PPR Maths nbk

(b) Distance PR = 40 x 60 1m

= 2400 n.m. 1m

= 1128.67 n.m. 1m

160 × 60

(d) Time = 3m

600

= 16 hrs 1m

60

= 60° 1m

Latitude of T = 60 – 40 1m

= 20°S 1m

(c) Distance R to S

= 100 x 60 1m

= 6000 n.m. 1m

20

8273.30 + 3600

=

20

= 593.66 n.m. 1m

5. (a) θ =170°E 2m

(b) Point G 2m

Point H 2m

(c) Distance G to H

= 50 x 60 2m

= 3000 n.m 1m

375

= 8 hrs 1m

PPR Maths nbk

80x 60 : 280 x 60 2m

2 : 7 1m

(iii) Distance P to Q

= ( 40 + 90 ) 60 x cos 50° 3m

= 5013.74 n.m 1m

(b) ∠ QOT =

3900

60 1m

= 65° 1m

= 15°N 1m

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