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SPREAD FOOTING DESIGN

GIVEN: PD = 300 kips


PL = 250
kips
SOIL WEIGHT (WS ) = 115 pcf Cx =30
fy = 60,000 psi
f'c = 4,000 psi Ly = 10 Cy =

Allowable Soil Bearing pressure ( gross )


Qs = 4 ksf

F0OTING DIMENSION Lx = 16

Ly= 10 ft FOOTING PLAN


Lx = 16 ft
Cy = 12 in P
Cx = 30 in
h = 4.5 ft
M=
M =6 in
D =2 ft
T = 2.5 ft D=
h = 4.5
T=

FOOTING ELEVATION
Determine Base Area Required

Total weight of surcharge, Qsoil = Ws x h


= 0.52 ksf
Net permissible soil bearing pressure, Qs = Qs - Qsoil
= 3.48 ksf
Required base area of footing, Af = ( PD + PL ) / Qs
= 157.9 ft2

Use 10 ft x 16 ft footing ( Af = 160 ft2 ) > 157.9 O.K


Use Af = 160 ft2

Factored loads and soil reaction


Pu = 1.2 PD + 1.6 PL = 760 kips
Qu = Pu / Af = 4.75 ksf
Check beam shear ( wide beam shear) --- see figure A
Assume footing thickness, T = 2.5 ft 30 in
And average effective thickness, d = 2.21 ft 26.5 in

ф Vn ≥ Vu --------- ACI - Eq. 11-1


where;
Vu = Qu * (tributary area)

Tributary area, = Ly ( Lx/2 - T/2 - d )


= 45.42 ft2

Vu = Qu x tributary area
= 215.73 kips

½
ф Vn = Ø( 2 (f'c) bw d ) --------- ACI - Eq. 11-3
= 301.68 kips

therfore, ф Vn = 301.68 > Vu = 215.73 O.K


ratio = Vu / Ø Vn
= 0.72 < 1.0 O.K

Check two-way action( punching shear) --- see figure A


check punching shear along tributary perimeter area

where;
Vu = Qu x (tributary area)

Tributary area, = (Lx * Ly) - ((Cx + d) (Cy + d)/144 )


= 144.89 ft2

Vu = Qu x tributary area
= 688.25 kips

ф Vn ≥ Vu ( Vn=Vc ) --------- ACI - Eq. 11-3

Vc shall be the smallest of the following:


Vc = (2 + 4/ßc ) (f'c)1/2 bo d --------- ACI - Eq. 11-33
Vc = αs d / bo + 2 (f'c)1/2 bo d --------- ACI - Eq. 11-34
Vc = 4 (f'c)1/2 bo d --------- ACI - Eq. 11-35

bo = 2 ( T + d ) + 2 ( Cy + d ) = 190 in
ßc = Cx / 12 = 2.5 ft
ratio = d / bo = 0.14 in
αs = for interior column = 40 in
Vc = (2 + 4ßc ) (f'c)1/2 bo d = 3.6 kips
Vc = αs d / bo + 2 (f'c)1/2 bo d = 7.58 kips
Vc = 4 (f'c)1/2 bo d = 4.0 kips
therfore, Vc = 3.6 kips governs

ф Vc = 0.75 * (2 + 4/ßc ) (f'c)1/2 bo d


= 859.79 kips

therfore, ф Vn = 859.79 kips > 688.25 kips O.K


footing thickness, T = 30 in is adequate
ratio = Vu / Ø Vn
= 0.80 < 1.0 O.K

Beam Shear and Punching Shear in Footing


d
punching shear
beam shear
Ly = 10
Lx = 16
Cx + d = 4.71
Cy + d = 3.21 Ly Cy + d
d = 2.21
Lx-Cx-2d = 4.54
Cx + d

Lx
Lx - (Cx + d)-2d
Figure A

Design of Footing Reinforcement Cx


Ultimate moment, Mu =WI / 22

W = Qu * Lx
= 47.5 ksf
I = (Lx-Cx)/2
= 6.75 ft #7 #8

Mu = WI2 / 2
= 1082.11 k - ft critical section
Mu = ф Mn (Lx - Cx) / 2
Mn = Mu/ ф Lx
= ### k - ft
F = bd2 / 12,000 b = Ly
= 7.02 in3
Kn = Mn / F
= 171.21
From Table 6;
preqd = 0 > pmin = 0
As = p x b x d b = Ly
2
= 9.54 in

RSB to be provided ( trial );


No. of bars, n = 14
Diameter of bar, db = # 8, db = 1.0 in
As = (πd2/4) x n
= 11.0 in2 > 9.54 in2 O.K.
Required Spacing
12

2.5
x + d)-2d

(Lx - Cx) / 2
SPREAD FOOTING DESIGN

GIVEN: PD = 300 kN
PL = 250 kN
SOIL WEIGHT (WS ) = 16 kN/m3 Cx =800
fy = 60,000 kN/m2
f'c = 4,000 kN/m2 Ly = 3.1 Cy =

Allowable Soil Bearing pressure ( gross )


Qs = 200 kN/m3

F0OTING DIMENSION Lx = 4.8

Ly= 3.1 m FOOTING PLAN


Lx = 4.8 m
Cy = 300 mm P
Cx = 800 mm
h = 1.4 m
M=
M =6 in
D = 0.6 m
T = 0.8 m D=
h = 1.4
T=

FOOTING ELEVATION
Determine Base Area Required

Total weight of surcharge, Qsoil = Ws x h


= 0.02 ksf
Net permissible soil bearing pressure, Qs = Qs - Qsoil
= 199.98 ksf
Required base area of footing, Af = ( PD + PL ) / Qs
= 2.8 ft2

Use 10 ft x 16 ft footing ( Af = 160 ft2 ) > 2.8 O.K


Use Af = ### ft2

Factored loads and soil reaction


Pu = 1.2 PD + 1.6 PL = 760 kips
Qu = Pu / Af = ### ksf
Check beam shear ( wide beam shear) --- see figure A
Assume footing thickness, T = 0.8 ft 9.6 in
And average effective thickness, d = 0.51 ft 6.1 in

ф Vn ≥ Vu --------- ACI - Eq. 11-1


where;
Vu = Qu * (tributary area)

Tributary area, = Ly ( Lx/2 - T/2 - d )


= 4.62 ft2

Vu = Qu x tributary area
= 236.18 kips

½
ф Vn = Ø( 2 (f'c) bw d ) --------- ACI - Eq. 11-3
= 21.53 kips

therfore, ф Vn = 21.53 > Vu = 236.18 O.K


ratio = Vu / Ø Vn
= 10.97 < 1.0 O.K

Check two-way action( punching shear) --- see figure A


check punching shear along tributary perimeter area

where;
Vu = Qu x (tributary area)

Tributary area, = (Lx * Ly) - ((Cx + d) (Cy + d)/144 )


= ### ft2

Vu = Qu x tributary area
= ### kips

ф Vn ≥ Vu ( Vn=Vc ) --------- ACI - Eq. 11-3

Vc shall be the smallest of the following:


Vc = (2 + 4/ßc ) (f'c)1/2 bo d --------- ACI - Eq. 11-33
Vc = αs d / bo + 2 (f'c)1/2 bo d --------- ACI - Eq. 11-34
Vc = 4 (f'c)1/2 bo d --------- ACI - Eq. 11-35

bo = 2 ( T + d ) + 2 ( Cy + d ) = 643.6 in
ßc = Cx / 12 = 66.67 ft
ratio = d / bo = 0.01 in
αs = for interior column = 40 in
Vc = (2 + 4ßc ) (f'c)1/2 bo d = 2.1 kips
Vc = αs d / bo + 2 (f'c)1/2 bo d = 2.38 kips
Vc = 4 (f'c)1/2 bo d = 4.0 kips
therfore, Vc = 2.06 kips governs

ф Vc = 0.75 * (2 + 4/ßc ) (f'c)1/2 bo d


= 383.62 kips

therfore, ф Vn = 383.62 kips > -86758.61 kips O.K


footing thickness, T = 9.6 in is adequate
ratio = Vu / Ø Vn
= -226.16 < 1.0 O.K

Beam Shear and Punching Shear in Footing


d
punching shear
beam shear
Ly = 3.1
Lx = 4.8
Cx + d = 67.18
Cy + d = 25.51 Ly Cy + d
d = 0.51
Lx-Cx-2d = -31.44
Cx + d

Lx
Lx - (Cx + d)-2d
Figure A

Design of Footing Reinforcement Cx


Ultimate moment, Mu =WI / 22

W = Qu * Lx
= 158.33 ksf
I = (Lx-Cx)/2
= -30.93 ft #7 #8

Mu = WI2 / 2
= 75752.3 k - ft critical section
Mu = ф Mn (Lx - Cx) / 2
Mn = Mu/ ф Lx
= ### k - ft
300

0.6

0.8
x + d)-2d

(Lx - Cx) / 2