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Reclaim responsibility for what’s in our food

To survive need oxygen, water, food.

Since 1827 british physician William Prout suggested that human body needs 3 macronutrients to
survive.

Increasingly the general public study how these optimise our health.

Scientists need to reduce thins to a single variable to study things, nutrients. Studies show that
removing or boosting nutrients or turning them into supplements doesn’t seem to work. Food is
more complicated it’s a system.

Dietary carbohydrates are a combination of sugar units that come in both simple and complex forms.

Simple carbohydrates include the monosaccharides, or single sugar units like glucose and fructose as
well as disaccharides, or two sugar units like sucrose or table salt.

Complex carbohydrates or polysaccharides include the dietary starches that our body can break
down and digest and also the indigestible polysaccharides that make up dietary fibre.

During the process of digestion, carbohydrates are broken down and are then converted to glucose
which can then be metabolised by the body to produce usable energy in the form of ATP. If energy
demands are low, glucose can be stored and most of the time it’s stored as adipose tissue.

Dietary protein are also broken down into their component parts, amino acids during the process of
digestion and these amino acids can be used to build and repair lean tissues in the body and perform
other important functions. The amino acids can also be broken down and used for energy. If they are
consumed in excess, they can contribute to fat stores in the body as well. Dietary fats can also be
broken down into smaller componentns and used for energy or stored as adipose tissue depending
on our energy needs. Fats are the most energy dense storage form, providing nine calories of energy
for every gram and alcohol provides seven calories per gram. In contrast, carbohydrates and protein
provide only four calories per gram. This is one of the reasons we have evolved to store excess
nutrients as adipose tissue and this brings us to the underlying physiologic cause of overweight and
obesity. Any calories that aren’t converted into usable energy in the form of ATP are stored in the
body for later use. Most of the time stored as adipose tissue. So disturbing the energy balance to
favour energy expenditure over energy storage needs to be one of the priorities for people losing
excess weight. This can be achieved by consuming fewer calories and burning more

In addition, when long term health is the end goal the quality of our food matters just as much as the
number of calories we consume.