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The main function of the circulatory system is to pass nutrients (such as amino acids,

electrolytes and lymph), gases, hormones, blood cells, among others, to the cells of the
body, to collect metabolic waste that must then be eliminated by the kidneys. , in the
urine, and by the air exhaled in the lungs, rich in carbon dioxide (CO2). In addition, it
defends the body from infections and helps stabilize the 'temperature and pH in order to
maintain homeostasis.

2. Define the components of the circulatory system?

Heard: and in the upper ones it is muscular, contractile, and has two, three or four cavities.

lungs: The organ of respiration in vertebrate animals in which the gas exchange between air
and blood is carried out; in man they are two, located in the thoracic cavity next to each
other, soft and spongy, and during breathing they contract and dilate .
kidneys: Glandular organ located in the lumbar region that has the function of secreting urine
Arteries: Blood vessel that carries blood from the heart to various parts of the body.

Aorta: The main vertebrate artery that is born in the left ventricle of the heart and gives rise
to all the other arteries that carry oxygenated blood to all parts of the body.
capillary: Blood capillaries are the smallest diameter blood vessels, consisting of only one layer of tissue.

valve: There are four valves that control the flow of blood through the heart: The tricuspid valve controls blood

red blood cell: Red blood cells, also called red blood cells or erythrocytes, are the most numerous blood cells,

whose characteristic red color is due to a protein found inside it called hemoglobin

white blood cell: A type of blood cell that occurs in the bone marrow and is found in the blood and lymphatic


Platelets: Platelets, also known as thrombocytes, are blood cells. A sponge-like tissue forms in the bone marrow.
plasma: Plasma is the acellular fraction of blood. It is obtained by leaving the blood devoid of cells such as red
blood cells and white blood cells.

Ventricle: The ventricles are the chambers of the heart whose function is to pump blood to the systemic

circulation, through the aortic valve.

Veins: Blood vessel, especially the one that directs the blood from the capillaries towards the heart.

3. What happens in each of the heart chambers?

Upper right chamber:

Blood enters the right atrium and passes through the right ventricle, which pumps the blood to
the lungs where it is oxygenated.

Lower right
secretion chamber:
of bile La sangre
and production entra
of blood en la aurícula derecha y pasa a través del ventrículo derecho . De allí, la
sangre fluye al ventrículo izquierdo, el cual la bombea hacia la aorta que distribuye sangre oxigenada a todas las
The del responsible
lungsare cuerpo. for removing oxygen from the air we breathe and transferring it to our blood where it can be
sent to our cells. The lungs also remove carbon dioxide,
we exhale.

Uper Draw
2. chamber:
a line Thepart
showing which upper chambers,
of the the right
digestive system andthis
performs leftfunction.
atrium, receive blood

Lower left chamber:_ De allí, la sangre fluye al ventrículo izquierdo, el cual la bombea hacia la aorta que
distribuye sangre oxigenada a todas las partes del cuerpo.

The human brain is the body's control center, receiving and sending signals to other organs through the nervous
system. It is responsible for our thoughts, feelings, memory storage and general perception of the world.

The human heart is a responsible for pumping blood throughout our body.

The job of the kidneys is to remove waste from the blood. The kidneys take urea out of the blood and combine it
with water and other substances to make urine.

The liver has many functions, including detoxifying of harmful chemicals, breakdown of drugs, filtering of blood,
Adequate nutrition is the one that covers all the requirements of energy through the food. To perform the function of
nutrition the body requires the intervention of several systems:
Digestive system
Respiratory System
Circulatory System
Excretory system


Transform the food. Obtain oxygen and Transport nutrients Eliminates waste
release Carbon and waste substances.
dioxide. substances.

ACTIVITY 3. Answer the questions.

What do the digestive, respiratory, circulatory and excretory systems have in common?

What they have in common is that they all use the oxygen that the respiratory system gives them

What would happen to the human body if one of the organ systems stopped working?

Our body would simply stop functioning properly, and gradually depending on the impact of the
system, we would die, since it would affect our entire body and its health.

ACTIVITY 4. Complete.
• Body systems (2019). Recovered from:
• The Digestion Process (2019). Recovered from:
• Mammalian heart and blood vessels (2019). Recovered from:

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