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drilling technology

Directional Drilling
Provided by Halliburton


1 Standard GeoForce®

Operator’s challenge HP

he operator of a North West Shelf
oil field required a solution to reduce
destructive vibration and improve
rates of penetration (ROP) while drilling
a troublesome hard limestone and chert

Halliburton’s solution
Sperry Drilling Services deployed the Geo-Pilot® The GeoForce® power section in the Geo-Pilot® GXT system produces significantly higher speed, torque,
GXT 9600 series rotary steerable system to and horsepower than conventional power sections for faster drilling and longer life.
deliver increased horsepower and revolutions
per minute (RPM) directly to the bit for inclination in two bit runs, delivering faster
Taking drilling performance to the
improved cutting efficiency in the challenging ROP than offset wells. Max3Di™ drilling
next level
formation while reducing the occurrence of optimisation software was used to monitor
stick-slip. The Geo-Pilot GXT system integrates a the Geo-Pilot GXT motor’s differential pressure
GeoForce® enhanced performance motor and keep it within the optimum range. Max3Di
power section between the rotary steerable software brings all of the critical information
Economic value created
system and the LWD system. GeoForce about the drilling process together in one user-
The Geo-Pilot GXT system improved ROP by motors have an optimised stator design friendly interface to help the directional driller
approximately 30% over two previous 12¼” that delivers more than double the power make the right decisions, ensuring the highest
sections drilled in this formation. Drilling of a conventional motor with less vibration, ROP and longest downhole tool life. The result:
efficiency improved as vibration-related resulting in faster ROP and increased reliability. increased drilling efficiency and reduced
damage was reduced by minimising stick-slip The intense delivery of power directly to the drilling costs.
and by decoupling the logging-while-drilling bit dramatically reduces the occurrence of
(LWD) tools from damaging shocks and stick-slip and other types of undesirable bit
torsional vibration. dynamics. This power is combined with the
high-precision steering and on-the-fly control The Geo-Pilot GXT system delivered the
of the proven Geo-Pilot point-the-bit rotary section in only five days, with an improved
Too many failures
steerable system. The Geo-Pilot GXT system ROP of approximately 30% over the two
The 12¼” hole sections of the appraisal wells demonstrates the ability to achieve higher previous 12¼” sections drilled in the Walcott
had proven particularly challenging as the penetration rates while minimising casing Formation. Increased RPM improved hole
section drills through the hard limestones of wear by decoupling the bit speed from the drill quality and decreased requirements for
the Walcott Formation. Previous wells had string speed. back-reaming, while vibration-related damage
encountered low ROP, high stick-slip and was reduced by minimising stick-slip and by
multiple vibration-related LWD and rotary Two bit runs were planned for the section so decoupling the LWD tool from damaging
steerable system failures, resulting in high the upper formations could be drilled with shocks and torsional vibration. As the two
non-productive time (NPT). a less aggressive bit to minimise stick-slip, previous sections in offset wells took 10
and the lower formations could use a more and 11 days respectively, due to low ROPs
The operator challenged Sperry to implement aggressive bit to increase ROP. As per the and trips for failure, the five-day run clearly
a solution that improved ROP while mitigating drilling program, the 12¼” section was demonstrates a significant performance
the destructive vibration mechanisms. kicked-off from vertical and built to 47° improvement. ■

62 | PESA News | June/July 2010

drilling technology

Case Studies
Operator’s Challenge

il Search wanted increased rates
of penetration to save time while
drilling an unstable reservoir in
Papua New Guinea.

Halliburton’s solution
Sperry Drilling Services deployed the Geo-Pilot®
9600 series rotary steerable system and
Geo-Pilot bit from Halliburton Drill Bits and
Services, delivering a 1,000 m (3,281 f ) 12¼”
hole section with average ROP of 24.72 m (81
f ) per hour, saving three days of rig time. The Geo-Pilot system can be modified to Control of the Geo-Pilot tool from the surface
help eliminate problems often associated was achieved on-the-fly using the Geo-Span®
with soft formation drilling, such as lower downlink service. Negative pulse commands
Wellbores at risk of collapse
than expected build rates, stronger walk are sent via the Geo-Span service and
Oil Search, the largest operator in Papua tendencies and excessive housing roll. confirmed within 90 s (on average) while on
New Guinea, has long aspired to achieve a Oil Search had utilised the modified soft bottom drilling, and are simultaneous with
stretch goal of 25 m (82 f ) per hour rate of formation Geo-Pilot system on two previous LWD data transmission. The cruise control
penetration (ROP) on bottom while drilling wells, which proved to be successful in the feature, three-dimensional software that
the 12¼” sections of the Kutubu field. The geologically unstable reservoir. The system allows the Geo-Pilot tool to automatically
formations, mainly shale and interbedded has a set of specially designed extended maintain the desired well trajectory and
sands, are tectonically stressed, as the area reach anti-rotation pads, which completely correct any walk tendencies or abrupt
is in an active geological province with a eliminate excessive housing roll. It also uses formation changes, was used extensively to
lot of thrust faulting. The borehole relieves stabilised lower housing that helps enhance maintain the desired hole inclination and
the stresses in the formation and tends to build rates in soft formations. azimuth.
collapse, either over time or more quickly if
the restraining force of the mud is not high A conventional rotary BHA was used to drill
enough. Additionally, the shales react to the out the 133/8” casing shoe and 21 m (69 f ) of
mud and again, over time, tend to weaken new formation before picking up the Geo- The Geo-Pilot system delivered the 1,000 m
and collapse into the wellbore. Oil Search had Pilot system. The Geo-Pilot system then (3,281 f ) section with an average ROP of
come to recognise its goal of faster ROP to drilled 270 m (886 f ) below the shoe to the 24.72 m (81 f ) per hour, beating the planned
address the critical time issues it was facing kick-off point, maintaining the existing hole ROP of 15 m (49 f ) per hour. In addition,
would only be achieved by using a rotary inclination while walking the azimuth around superior hole quality helped save even more
steerable system. to the kick-off direction. The angle was then time, allowing the 9 5/8” casing to be run in
built to 40.8° at a dogleg severity of 3°/30 m only 17¾ hours, a significant reduction from
(98 f ). This took approximately 400 m (1,312 f ), the drilling program’s planned 33 hours.
Geo-Pilot® 9600 series rotary
with deflection averaging 70%. Inclination
steerable system for increased ROP
was then held at 41° using the ‘cruise control’ Although fractionally short of its ROP goal,
Sperry Drilling Services deployed the feature of the tool. After 890 m (2,920 f ), Oil Search was extremely pleased with the
Geo-Pilot 9600 series rotary steerable system the BHA was tripped to replace a pulser. The result and time saved. By delivering optimised
with a Geo-Pilot bit from Drill Bits & Services second BHA used the same Geo-Pilot tool borehole quality and increased ROP, the soft
and a measurement/logging-while-drilling and drilled a further 110 m (361 f ) to section formation Geo-Pilot system helped Oil Search
(M/LWD) suite. target depth of 2,237 m (7,339 f ). reduce rig time by three days. ■

June/July 2010 | PESA News | 63