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Andrew Cuomo
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Andrew Mark Cuomo (pronounced /ˈkwoʊmoʊ/; Andrew Cuomo


born December 6, 1957) is the 56th and current
Governor of New York, having assumed office on
January 1, 2011. He was the 64th New York State
Attorney General, and was the 11th United States
Secretary of Housing and Urban Development. Born
in Queens, New York, he is the son of Mario
Cuomo, the 52nd Governor of New York (1983–
1994).

Contents
■ 1 Early life, education and career
■ 2 Political career
■ 2.1 Department of Housing and
Urban Development
■ 2.2 2002 New York gubernatorial 56th Governor of New York
campaign Incumbent
■ 2.3 2006 New York Attorney General Assumed office
campaign January 1, 2011
■ 2.4 Notable work as Attorney Lieutenant Robert Duffy
General Preceded by David Paterson
■ 2.4.1 Police surveillance by the
Governor's Office 64th Attorney General of New York
■ 2.4.2 Student loan inquiry
In office
■ 2.4.3 Usenet
January 1, 2007 – December 31, 2010
■ 2.4.4 Capital punishment
Governor Eliot Spitzer
■ 2.5 United States Senate David Paterson
■ 2.6 2010 New York Gubernatorial Preceded by Eliot Spitzer
campaign Succeeded by Eric Schneiderman
■ 2.7 Governor of New York
■ 3 Personal life 11th United States Secretary of Housing and
■ 4 References Urban Development
■ 5 External links In office
January 29, 1997 – January 20, 2001
President Bill Clinton
Early life, education and career Preceded by Henry Cisneros
Succeeded by Mel Martinez
Cuomo was born in Queens, New York, the eldest
son of Mario Cuomo, the first Italian American to be Born December 6, 1957
elected Governor of New York, and Matilda Raffa, Queens, New York
daughter of Charlie Raffa.[1] He is the older brother Political party Democratic Party
of ABC News journalist Chris Cuomo.[2] Spouse(s) Kerry Kennedy (1990–2003)

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Cuomo graduated from Archbishop Molloy High Children Cara


School in 1975. He graduated from Fordham Michaela
University in 1979 and Albany Law School in 1982. Mariah
A member of the Democratic Party, he was a top Residence Executive Mansion
aide to his father during his 1982 campaign for Alma mater Fordham University B.A. (1989)
Governor. He then joined the Governor's staff as one Albany Law School J.D. (1982)
of his father's top policy advisors, earning $1 a year. Religion Roman Catholic
[3]

From 1984 to 1985 he was a New York assistant district attorney. He briefly worked at the law firm of
Blutrich, Falcone & Miller. He founded Housing Enterprise for the Less Privileged (HELP) in 1986 and
left the law firm to run HELP full-time in 1988.[3][4] From 1990 to 1993, during the administration of
former New York City Mayor David Dinkins, Cuomo served as Chairman of the New York City
Homeless Commission, which was charged with developing policies to address the homeless issue in the
city and to develop more housing options.

Political career
Department of Housing and Urban Development
Andrew Cuomo was appointed to the Department of Housing
and Urban Development as Assistant Secretary in 1993, as a
member of President Bill Clinton's administration. After the
departure of Secretary Henry Cisneros at the end of Clinton's
first term under the cloud of an FBI investigation, Cuomo
succeeded him as HUD Secretary in January 1997 after being
unanimously confirmed by the Senate, serving until 2001 when
Clinton's administration ended.

In 1998, Cuomo's lauded work in the department garnered Cuomo, as HUD Secretary holding a
speculation that he could challenge Senator Al D'Amato but he press conference with then Treasury
ultimately declined, saying that he had more things to revamp in Secretary Larry Summers
the Department. Instead, Congressman Charles Schumer won the
Democratic nomination and ultimately defeated D'Amato. Cuomo was also mentioned as a candidate for
U.S. Senator in 2000 but deferred to First Lady Hillary Rodham Clinton.

In 2000, Cuomo led HUD efforts to negotiate an agreement with the United States' largest handgun
manufacturer, Smith & Wesson that required Smith & Wesson to change the design, distribution and
marketing of guns to make them safer and to help keep them out of the hands of children and criminals.
[5]
Budgets enacted during his term contained initiatives to increase the supply of affordable housing and
homeownership, and to create jobs and economic development. These include: new rental assistance
subsidies; reforms to integrate public housing; higher limits on mortgages insured by the Federal
Housing Administration; a crackdown on housing discrimination; expanded programs to help homeless
people get housing and jobs; and creation of new Empowerment Zones.

During Cuomo's tenure as HUD Secretary, he called for an increase in home ownership.[6] He also
pushed government-sponsored lenders Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac to buy more home loans issued to
poor homeowners, in an attempt to end discrimination against minorities.[4] Some believe that this
helped lead to the current subprime mortgage crisis.[6][4][7] Edward J. Pinto, former chief credit officer at
Fannie Mae, said "they should have known the risks were large. Cuomo was pushing mortgage bankers

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to make loans and basically saying you have to offer a loan to everybody."[6] But
others disagree with the assessment that Cuomo caused the crisis. Dean Baker,
co-director of the Center for Economic and Policy Research, said Cuomo "was a
contributor in terms of him being a cheerleader, but I don't think we can pin too
much blame on him."[6]

2002 New York gubernatorial campaign


Though Carl McCall was the favorite of the Democratic establishment, Cuomo
initially had more momentum and led in fundraising and polls. A turning point Cuomo as HUD
in the campaign was on April 17, 2002, when Cuomo said "Pataki stood behind Secretary
the leader. He held the leader's coat. He was a great assistant to the leader. But
he was not a leader. Cream rises to the top, and Rudy Giuliani rose to the top."
The remarks were widely derided, and even his father Mario later admitted it was a mistake.[8]

On the eve of the state convention, he withdrew from its consideration when he concluded that he had
little chance of its support as opposed to the favored party candidate, State Comptroller H. Carl McCall.
[9]
Later, in September 2002, on the all-but-certain defeat that loomed in the state primary, again at the
hands of McCall, Cuomo withdrew from the race, but his name remained on the ballot, as it did in the
general election, as the Liberal Party of New York candidate. In the primary, the withdrawn candidate
only received 14% of the vote. And then in the general election, he received 15,761 votes, out of 4.7
million cast,[10] handing a costly defeat to the Liberal Party, which thereby lost its automatic spot on the
New York ballot. McCall, who ran a poor campaign and failed to resonate with voters, was defeated in a
landslide by Governor George Pataki.

2006 New York Attorney General campaign


Main article: New York attorney general election, 2006

Some expected him to run for Governor of New York again, as a candidate for the Democratic
nomination in 2006, but Cuomo decided against a run when New York State Attorney General Eliot
Spitzer entered the race in late 2004. Cuomo declared his candidacy for the Democratic nomination for
New York State Attorney General in 2006, and on May 30, 2006, captured the Democratic Party's
endorsement, receiving 65 percent of the delegates' votes. Though Cuomo won the endorsement, former
New York City Public Advocate Mark J. Green, Charlie King, a two-time candidate for lieutenant
governor, and Sean Patrick Maloney, a former aide to President Clinton, also earned places on the
Democratic primary election ballot.[11] King dropped out of the race before the primary and endorsed
Cuomo.[12]

Cuomo won the primary with a majority of the vote, defeating his nearest opponent by over 20%.
Clinching the Democratic party nomination was considered a significant rebound following his
unsuccessful and unpopular 2002 gubernatorial campaign and at the nominating convention, June
O'Neill, the Democratic chairwoman of St. Lawrence County, called Cuomo "New York's own
Comeback Kid."[13] He won the general election against the Republican nominee, former Westchester
DA Jeanine Pirro on November 7, 2006, winning 58%-40%. Cuomo won New York City in a landslide,
and did quite well upstate, defeating Pirro in the Buffalo, Rochester, Syracuse, and Albany areas, as well
as in Westchester and Rockland counties. Cuomo only narrowly defeated Pirro on Long Island.

Notable work as Attorney General

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The Paterson Executive Chamber


OFFICE NAME TERM
Police
Governor David Paterson 2008 –
Lieutenant Governor Richard Ravitch 2009 –
Secretary to the Governor William J. Cunningham III (Acting as) 2008 –
General Counsel Terryl Brown-Clemens 2008 –
Communications Director Risa Heller 2008 –
Director of State Operations Dennis Whalen 2008 –
Chief of Staff Jon Cohen 2008 –
Office of the Attorney General Andrew Cuomo 2008 –
Office of the Inspector General Joseph Fisch –
Office of the Comptroller Thomas DiNapoli 2008 –
Department of Agriculture and Markets Patrick Hooker 2008 –
Department of Banking Richard H. Neiman 2008 –
Department of Civil Service Nancy G. Groenwegen 2008 –
Department of Correctional Services Brian Fischer 2008 –
Department of Environmental Conservation Alexander Pete Grannis 2008 –
Department of Education Richard P. Mills 2008 –
Department of Health Richard F. Daines 2008 –
Department of Insurance Eric R. Dinallo 2008 –
Department of Labor M. Patricia Smith 2008 –
Department of Motor Vehicles David Swarts 2008 –
Department of Military & Naval Affairs Maj. Gen. Joseph J. Taluto 2008 –
Department of Public Service Gary A. Brown 2008 –
Secretary of State Ruth Noemí Colón (Acting) 2010 –
Department of Taxation & Finance Robert L. Megna 2008 –
Department of Transportation Astrid C. Glynn 2008 – 2009

surveillance by the Governor's Office

Main article: Troopergate (New York)

On July 23, 2007, Cuomo's office admonished the Spitzer administration for ordering the State Police to
keep special records of then-Senate majority leader Joseph L. Bruno's whereabouts when he traveled
with police escorts in New York City.[14] At the direction of top officials of the Spitzer administration,
the New York State Police created documents meant to cause political damage to Bruno.[15] The
governor's staff had stated they were responding to a Freedom of Information request from the Albany
Times-Union in late June.[14] A scathing 57-page report issued by the Attorney General's office
concluded that Spitzer aides did not simply produce records, as the state Freedom of Information Law
requires, but were instead engaged in planning and producing media coverage concerning Senator
Bruno's travel on state aircraft before any FOIL request was made. [16][17] The investigation looked into

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both Bruno's travel and the senate leader's allegation that Spitzer used State Police to spy on him. A year
long investigation and a 57 page report was drawn up by AG Cuomo's office and leaked by Democratic
State operatives (though not tied to AG Cuomo's office) to the Spitzer Group that has since been charged
with numerous felonies involving illegal use of state positions and resources, to smear Senator Bruno,
one of New York State's "three men in a room".[18] It also suggests that the governor's staff lied when
they tried to explain what they had done and forced the State Police to go far beyond their normal
procedures in documenting Mr. Bruno's whereabouts.[19]

The report cleared Bruno of any misuse of the state's air fleet, which had been alleged.[15][20][21][22] The
report criticized Spitzer's office for using State Police resources to gather information about Bruno's
travel and releasing the information to the media.[21] New York Republican State Committee Chairman
Joseph Mondello claimed that "Today's explosive report by Attorney General Andrew Cuomo validates
the frightening charges that Governor Spitzer's administration abused the New York State Police and
New York's F.O.I.L. laws in an attempt to set up Senate Majority Leader Joseph Bruno"[14] and that
"This disturbing abuse of power by a Governor is unprecedented."[14] The findings of the report were
endorsed by Spitzer's own Inspector General, Kristine Hamann.[14][18][21][22]

Spitzer responded at a July 23 press conference that "As governor, I am accountable for what goes on in
the executive branch and I accept responsibility for the actions of my office"[14] and that his
administration had "grossly mishandled"[14] the situation.[22] The Governor issued an apology to Senator
Bruno and stated that "I apologized to Senator Bruno and I did so personally this morning […] In
addition, I apologized to the men and women of the State Police, and to acting Superintendent Preston
Felton personally for allowing this esteemed institution to be drawn into this matter."[14] Felton said he
didn't realize he was part of a political scheme, and claimed in a written statement that "I have never, in
my 26-year career with the state police, knowingly undertaken any such action and never would […] To
the extent that circumstances previously not known to me have now given rise to that appearance, I am
particularly saddened."[18]

Spitzer subsequently announced that he would indefinitely suspend his communications director, Darren
Dopp, and reassign another top official.[23] When questioned about his promise to bring a new dawn of
ethical responsibility to state politics, Spitzer responded by saying "I will not tolerate this behavior […]
ethics and accountability must and will remain rigorous in my administration",[15] and that "I have
always stated that I want ethics and integrity to be the hallmarks of my administration. That is why I
requested that the State Inspector General review the allegations with respect to my office, and that is
why we have fully cooperated with both inquiries."[20] As of July 2007, Cuomo's office was considering
recommending disciplinary action against the Governor's office.[16]

Student loan inquiry

In 2007, Cuomo has been active in a high profile investigation into lending practices and anti-
competitive relationships between student lenders and universities. Specifically, many universities
steered student borrowers to "preferred lender" which resulted in those borrowers incurring higher
interest rates. This has led to changes in lending policy at many major American universities. Many
universities have also rebated millions of dollars in fees back to affected borrowers.[24][25]

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Usenet

On June 10, 2008, Cuomo announced that three major


Internet service providers (Verizon Communications, Time
Warner Cable, and Sprint) would "shut down major sources
of online child pornography" by no longer hosting many
Usenet groups. Time Warner Cable ceased offering Usenet
altogether, Sprint no longer provides access to the alt.*
hierarchy, and Verizon limiting its Usenet offerings to the Big
8. The moves came after Cuomo's office located 88 different
newsgroups that contained child pornography.[26][27][28]
Cuomo with Representative Gary
Ackerman
Capital punishment

Andrew Cuomo opposes the death penalty.[29]

United States Senate


See also: Possible appointment choices for the New York Senate seat

After Hillary Rodham Clinton became Barack Obama's choice for the position of U.S. Secretary of
State, Governor David Paterson was charged with appointing a temporary replacement until a special
election in 2010 for the conclusion of her Class 1 seat. Cuomo was seen as a leading contender for this
appointment (in fact, his name was first mentioned dating back to the 2008 Presidential primaries).[30][31]
Caroline Kennedy (the first cousin of Cuomo's ex-wife) was another leading contender, but withdrew for
personal reasons two days before Paterson was set to announce his choice, leaving Cuomo and Rep.
Kirsten Gillibrand as the most likely appointees.[31][32] On January 24, Paterson announced he was
naming Gillibrand to the Senate.

2010 New York Gubernatorial campaign


Main article: New York gubernatorial election, 2010

Cuomo was a candidate for Governor of New York in 2010.[33][34]


On September 18, 2009, advisors to President Barack Obama
informed Paterson that the President believed Paterson should
withdraw his 2010 gubernatorial candidacy, stepping aside for
"popular Attorney General Andrew Cuomo."[35] On January 23,
2010, the New York Daily News reported that Cuomo would
announce plans for a gubernatorial campaign at the end of March.
[36]
Later reports indicated he would announce his gubernatorial
campaign coinciding with the state Democratic Convention in late
County results of the 2010
election. May.[37] On May 22, 2010, Cuomo announced his run for governor
in a video posted to his campaign website. Cuomo announced his
choice for Lt. Governor on May 26, 2010; Rochester Mayor Robert
Duffy was offered, and accepted, the position on the ticket alongside Cuomo.[38]

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In the November 2, 2010 general election, Cuomo faced Republican Carl Paladino, a Buffalo-based
businessman who has been heavily supported by the Tea Party movement. Cuomo won the election for
Governor of the State of New York.[39]

Governor of New York


Andrew Cuomo assumed the office of Governor at midnight on January 1, 2011, succeeding David
Paterson.[40]

Personal life
Cuomo was married to Kerry Kennedy, the seventh child of Robert F. Kennedy and Ethel Skakel
Kennedy, for 13 years. They have 3 children together, Cara, Michaela and Mariah, and were separated
in 2003 and divorced in 2005. He is currently dating Food Network host Sandra Lee.[41][42]

References
1. ^ Blauner, Peter (February 13, 1989). "All Star Family Feud: The Governor's In-Laws Battle Over a Father's
Legacy" (http://books.google.com/books?id=--
cCAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA35&lpg=PA35&dq=matilda+raffa+cuomo+father&source=bl&ots=YIlxN8_Vsc&si
-CA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=3&ved=0CCEQ6AEwAg#v=onepage&q=matilda%
20raffa%20cuomo%20father&f=false) . New York Magazine. http://books.google.com/books?id=--
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exce0723jul23,0,3604652.story?coll=ny-region-apnewyork) . Newsday.com. July 23, 2007.
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28. ^ McCullagh, Declan (June 10, 2008). "N.Y. attorney general forces ISPs to curb Usenet
access" (http://news.cnet.com/8301-13578_3-9964895-38.html) . CNET News. http://news.cnet.com/8301-
13578_3-9964895-38.html. Retrieved 2009-04-28.
29. ^ Andrew Cuomo Calls for Reexamination of NY's Death Penalty
(http://www.deathpenaltyinfo.org/node/450) , Death Penalty Information Center,
http://www.deathpenaltyinfo.org/node/450, retrieved 2009-10-10
30. ^ Chan, Sewell and Richard Pérez-Peña (2007-01-22). "If Clinton Should Win, Who Would Take Her
Place?" (http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=980CE0DC1F30F931A15752C0A9619C8B63) .
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res=980CE0DC1F30F931A15752C0A9619C8B63. Retrieved 2008-11-23.
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New York Times. The New York Times Company. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?
res=9503E6DA1F30F937A35753C1A9619C8B63. Retrieved 2008-11-23.
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Clinton" (http://www.nytimes.com/2008/11/22/nyregion/22york.html) . The New York Times (The New York
Times Company). http://www.nytimes.com/2008/11/22/nyregion/22york.html. Retrieved 2008-11-23.
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Bonuses" (http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=20601103&sid=ao.iJvIRIdeI) . Bloomberg.com. 2009
-09-01. http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=20601103&sid=ao.iJvIRIdeI. Retrieved 2010-05-16.
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cat=565) . www.WHEC.com. 2009-08-18. http://www.whec.com/news/stories/S1091389.shtml?cat=565.
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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andrew_Cuomo 1/3/2011
Andrew Cuomo - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Page 10 of 11

38. ^ http://rochester.ynn.com/content/top_stories/505988/cuomo-introduces-mayor-duffy-as-running-mate/
39. ^ "Long Islanders put Paladino to test as their cup of tea," Buffalo News, September 12, 2010.
(http://www.buffalonews.com/city/article187686.ece)
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2009-04-28.
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2010-05-15.

External links
■ Governor Andrew M. Cuomo (http://www.governor.ny.gov/) official state government site
■ Andrew Cuomo for New York Governor (http://andrewcuomo.com/) official campaign site
■ Biography (http://www.votesmart.org/bio.php?can_id=45083) , interest group ratings
(http://www.votesmart.org/issue_rating_category.php?can_id=45083) , public statements
(http://www.votesmart.org/speech.php?can_id=45083) , vetoes
(http://www.votesmart.org/official_veto.php?can_id=45083) and campaign finances
(http://www.votesmart.org/finance.php?can_id=45083) at Project Vote Smart
■ Biography (http://www.whorunsgov.com/Profiles/Andrew_Cuomo) at WhoRunsGov.com at The
Washington Post
■ Appearances (http://www.c-spanvideo.org/person/29750) on C-SPAN programs
■ Issue positions and quotes (http://www.ontheissues.org/Andrew_Cuomo.htm) at On The Issues
■ Campaign contributions (http://www.followthemoney.org/database/uniquecandidate.phtml?
uc=13066) at FollowTheMoney.org
■ Collected news and commentary
(http://topics.nytimes.com/top/reference/timestopics/people/c/andrew_m_cuomo) at The New York
Times

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andrew_Cuomo 1/3/2011
Andrew Cuomo - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Page 11 of 11

Political offices
United States Secretary of Housing
Preceded by Succeeded by
and Urban Development
Henry Cisneros Mel Martinez
1997–2001
Preceded by Governor of New York
Incumbent
David Paterson 2011–present
Party political offices
Liberal nominee for Governor of New
Preceded by
York No ballot line
Betsy McCaughey
2002
Democratic nominee for Attorney
Succeeded by
General of New York
Eric Schneiderman
Preceded by 2006
Eliot Spitzer Democratic nominee for Governor of
New York Most recent
2010
Legal offices
Preceded by Attorney General of New York Succeeded by
Eliot Spitzer 2007–2010 Eric Schneiderman
United States order of precedence
Succeeded by
Mayor of city
Preceded by Order of Precedence of the United in which event is held
Joe Biden States
as Vice President Within New York Succeeded by
Otherwise Nancy Pelosi
as Speaker of the House of Representatives
Preceded by Order of Precedence of the United Succeeded by
Bob McDonnell States Bev Perdue
as Governor of Virginia Outside New York as Governor of North Carolina

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andrew_Cuomo"


Categories: 1957 births | Albany Law School alumni | American people of Sicilian descent | American
politicians of Italian descent | American Roman Catholic politicians | Archbishop Molloy High School
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Queens | United States Secretaries of Housing and Urban Development

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andrew_Cuomo 1/3/2011