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Republic of Iraq

Ministry of Higher Education

And Scientific Research
University of Baghdad
College of Dentistry

Attitude towards dental implants

treatment from patient point of view

An undergraduate dissertation
submitted to the Council of College of Dentistry at the University of Baghdad in
partial fulfilment of the requirements for B.D.S degree.


Hayder Hussien Aliwi

Supervised by

Dr. Ghazwan Adnan

B.D.S., M.Sc, Ph.D. Prosthodontics

2020A.D 1441 A.H.

Every challenging work needs self-efforts as well as guidance of elders especially those who
were very close to our heart. My humble effort I dedicate to my sweet and loving

Father & mother , my family and my fiancée.

Whose affection, love, encouragement and prays of day and night make me able to get
such success and honor .

First and foremost, I would like to express my utmost gratitude to Allah for
giving me the strength, endurance and patience to achieve this project.

My sincere thanks go to assist Prof. Dr. Nada Jafer MH. Radhi, Dean of
College of Dentistry / University of Baghdad, for his great support.

I’m deeply indebted to Prof. Dr. Raghdaa karim chairman of prosthodontics

Department for her kindness, encouragement and unlimited support. I
consider it an honor to work with my supervisor Dr. Ghazwan Adnan His
guidance is greatly beneficial for me in all the time of research and writing of
this project.
list of Contents

Subjects Page No.

List of content
List of figures
List of tables
List of abbreviation
Aim of the study
Chapter one: Review of literature
Chapter two: Materials and Methods
Chapter three: Results
Chapter four: Discussion
Chapter five: Conclusion
Loss of teeth, which may be due to trauma, dental diseases, pathology, or otherwise not
only alters the psychological thought of the patients but also disturbs the esthetics,
phonetics, and functional occlusion.( Zarb GA et al., 1997).

A poorly treated decay, a genetic alteration of enamel or dentine (e.g., amelogenesis or

dentinogenesis imperfecta) and a trauma are sufficient to lose a tooth. Fortunately, in
most cases, a solution exists for a tooth replacement such as bridge, dental implant,
pivot tooth or denture. The solution depends of the local conditions, of the dental status
and also of the financial aspect of the treatment. Uncemented endosseous implants have
become a most valuable alternative to dental prostheses supported by remaining teeth
or adjacent oral soft tissues. The method started in the late sixties. During the last
decades, metallic implants have become the most frequently used treatment. Titanium is
one of the most commonly used biomaterial in oral and maxillo-facial surgery. Excellent
clinical results have been obtained with threaded titanium implants by pioneer workers. (
Adell R. et al., 1981) ( Albrektsson T. et al., 1981) ( Brånemark PI, et al., 1985)
After more than four decades, dental implantology is now a well-recognized therapeutic
advance in the treatment of partial or complete teeth loss. ( Guillaume B. 2011)
The technique is reliable and suppresses the use of fixed or removable dentures, which
invariably alter the supportive adjacent teeth after a short or medium period. The
sustainability of dental implantology is primarily based on the overall analysis of the
patient’s clinical situation (periodontal condition, occlusion, available bone volume,
general health condition) and the appropriate adaptation of surgical-prosthetic options.
The threaded implants currently available meet strict criteria of manufacturing and
surgical procedures for their bone fixation and adaptability are now done according to
specific prosthetic concepts ( Bodic F et al., 2005).
Awareness and knowledge about dental implants to patients is important to enable the
patient to choose the most appropriate option, and also to improve the success rate of
the dental implant.
Aims of the review
The aim for the study was to assess the awareness of the patients regarding
implant-retained prosthesis as an option for tooth replacement and the
knowledge about tooth replacement as a whole including source of
information and attitude towards it.
Chapter one
Review of Literature




1.2.1 Indications

1.2.2 Contraindications

1.2.3 Advantages

1.2.4 Disadvantages