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Statistical Analysis and Design

Statistical Analysis and Design

Activity 1.0
Submitted by:
Jericka Christine Alson, CIE
Statistical Analysis and Design

Activity for One Sample Test


• Instructions
• For each problem perform the analysis using Minitab
• Present/ Screen shots your results same as the presentation of the example
• Interpret the result of the data
• Present your results in a power point
• Copy the problem then followed by results
• Submit your output in powerpoint pdf format.
• Note: if there is no given level of significance used 0.05
• Due on Sunday (May 10, 2020) until 12 midnight
Statistical Analysis and Design

Activity 1.0
The Edison Electric Institute has published figures on
the number of kilowatt hours used annually by various
home appliances. It is claimed that a vacuum cleaner
uses an average of 46 kilowatt hours per year. If a
random sample of 12 homes included in a planned
study indicates that vacuum cleaners use an average
of 42 kilowatt hours per year with a standard deviation
of 11.9 kilowatt hours, does this suggest at the 0.05
level of significance that vacuum cleaners use, on
average, less than 46 kilowatt hours annually? Assume
the population of kilowatt hours to be normal.
Statistical Analysis and Design

Activity 1.0 Results


P value Interpretation
The null hypothesis states that the mean of the annual
number of kilowatt-hours of a vacuum cleaner is 46
kilowatt-hours. Because the p-value is 0.134, which is
greater than the significance level of 0.05, Edison Electric
Institute does not reject the null hypothesis and
concludes that the average number of kilowatt-hours
expended annually by home vacuum cleaner is not
significantly less than 46.

Confidence Interval Interpretation


In these results, the estimate of the population mean for
the annual number of kilowatt-hours is 42. You can be
95% confident that the population mean is greater than
48.17.
Statistical Analysis and Design

Activity 2.0
It is claimed that automobiles are driven on
average more than 20,000 kilometers per year.
To test this claim, 100 randomly selected
automobile owners are asked to keep a record
of the kilometers they travel. Would you agree
with this claim if the random sample showed
an average of 23,500 kilometers and a
standard deviation of 3900 kilometers?
Statistical Analysis and Design

Activity 2.0 Results


P value Interpretation
The null hypothesis states that automobiles are driven on
20,000 kilometers per year. Because the p-value is 0,
which is less than the significance level of 0.05, We reject
the null hypothesis and conclude that the kilometers
travelled is significantly greater than 20,000.

Confidence Interval Interpretation


In these results, the estimate of population mean for the
kilometers travelled is 23,500. You can be 95% confident
that the population mean is lower than 22,859.
Statistical Analysis and Design

Activity 3.0
According to a dietary study, high sodium intake
may be related to ulcers, stomach cancer, and
migraine headaches. The human requirement for
salt is only 220 milligrams per day, which is
surpassed in most single servings of ready-to-eat
cereals. If a random sample of 20 similar servings
of a certain cereal has a mean sodium content of
244 milligrams and a standard deviation of 24.5
milligrams, does this suggest at the 0.05 level of
significance that the average sodium content for a
single serving of such cereal is greater than 220
milligrams? Assume the distribution of sodium
contents to be normal.
Statistical Analysis and Design

Activity 3.0 Results


P value Interpretation
The null hypothesis states that the human
requirement for salt is only 220 milligrams per day.
Because the p-value is 0, which is less than the
significance level of 0.05, We reject the null
hypothesis and conclude that the average sodium
content for a single serving of such cereal is
significantly greater than 220 milligrams.

Confidence Interval Interpretation


In these results, the estimate of population mean for
the sodium content is 244. You can be 95% confident
that the population mean is lower than 234.53.
Statistical Analysis and Design

Activity 4.0
Test the hypothesis that the average content
of containers of a particular lubricant is 10
liters if the contents of a random sample of
10 containers are 10.2, 9.7, 10.1, 10.3, 10.1,
9.8, 9.9, 10.4, 10.3, and 9.8 liters. Use a
0.01 level of significance and assume that
the distribution of contents is normal.

Sample mean computed using Minitab:


STAT > BASIC STATISTICS > DISPLAY DESCRIPTIVE STATISTICS
Statistical Analysis and Design

Activity 4.0 Results


P value Interpretation
The null hypothesis states that the average content of
containers of a particular lubricant is 10 liters.
Because the p-value is 0.460, which is greater than
the significance level of 0.01, We do not reject the null
hypothesis and conclude that the average content of
containers of a particular lubricant is 10 liters.

Confidence Interval Interpretation


In these results, the estimate of population mean for
the average content of lubricant containers is 10.06.
You can be 99% confident that the population mean is
between 9.8073 and 10.3127.
Statistical Analysis and Design

Activity 5.0
A commonly prescribed drug for relieving
nervous tension is believed to be only 60%
effective. Experimental results with a new
drug administered to a random sample of
100 adults who were suffering from nervous
tension show that 70 received relief. Is this
sufficient evidence to conclude that the new
drug is superior to the one commonly
prescribed? Use a 0.05 level of significance.
Statistical Analysis and Design

Activity 5.0 Results


P value Interpretation
The null hypothesis states that the proportion of a
commonly prescribed drug for relieving nervous
tension is only 0.06 (60%). Because the p-value is 0,
which is less than the significance level of 0.05, we
reject the null hypothesis. The results indicate that the
new drug is superior to the one commonly prescribed.

Confidence Interval Interpretation


In these results, the estimate of the proportion of a
new drug administered is 70. You can be 95%
confident that the population proportion is
approximately lower than 0.6155779.
Statistical Analysis and Design

Activity 6.0
A new radar device is being considered for a
certain missile defense system. The system is
checked by experimenting with aircraft in which
a kill or a no kill is simulated. If, in 300 trials, 250
kills occur, accept or reject, at the 0.04 level of
significance, the claim that the probability of a
kill with the new system does not exceed the 0.8
probability of the existing device.
Statistical Analysis and Design

Activity 6.0 Results


P value Interpretation
The null hypothesis states that the that the probability of a kill
with the new system is 0.8. Because the p-value is 0.938, which
is greater than the significance level of 0.04, we accept the null
hypothesis. The results indicate the claim that the probability of
a kill with the new system does exceed the 0.8 probability of the
existing device.

Confidence Interval Interpretation


In these results, the estimate of the proportion of the claim that
the probability of a kill with the new system is 250. You can be
96% confident that the population proportion is approximately
higher than 0.869807.
Statistical Analysis and Design

Activity 7.0
Past experience indicates that the time
required for high school seniors to complete a
standardized test is a normal random variable
with a standard deviation of 6 minutes. Test
the hypothesis that σ = 6 against the
alternative that σ ≠ 6 if a random sample of the
test times of 20 high school seniors has a
standard deviation s = 4.51. Use a 0.05 level
of significance.
Statistical Analysis and Design

Activity 7.0 Results

P value Interpretation
The null hypothesis states that the that the probability of
the time required for high school seniors to complete a
standardized test is a normal random variable with a
standard deviation of 6 minutes. Because the p-value is
0.135, which is greater than the significance level of 0.05,
we accept the null hypothesis. The results indicate that
the time required for high school seniors to complete the
test is 6 minutes.
Statistical Analysis and Design

Activity 8.0
Past data indicate that the amount of money
contributed by the working residents of a large city
to a volunteer rescue squad is a normal random
variable with a standard deviation of $1.40. It has
been suggested that the contributions to the rescue
squad from just the employees of the sanitation
department are much more variable. If the
contributions of a random sample of 12 employees
from the sanitation department have a standard
deviation of $1.75, can we conclude at the 0.01
level of significance that the standard deviation of
the contributions of all sanitation workers is greater
than that of all workers living in the city.
Statistical Analysis and Design

Activity 8.0 Results


P value Interpretation
The null hypothesis states that the that the probability
of the amount of money contributed by the working
residents of a large city to a volunteer rescue squad is
$1.40. Because the p-value is 0.102, which is greater
than the significance level of 0.01, we accept the null
hypothesis. The results indicate the claim that the
probability of the contributions of all sanitation
workers is not greater than that of all workers living in
the city.

Confidence Interval Interpretation


You can be 99% confident that the population
proportion is approximately lower than 1.17.
Statistical Analysis and Design

Activity 9.0
A manufacturer of sports equipment has
developed a new synthetic fishing line that
the company claims has a mean breaking
strength of 8 kilograms with a standard
deviation of 0.5 kilogram. Test the
hypothesis that μ = 8 kilograms against the
alternative that μ ≠ 8 kilograms if a random
sample of 50 lines is tested and found to
have a mean breaking strength of 7.8
kilograms. Use a 0.01 level of significance.
Statistical Analysis and Design

Activity 9.0 Results


P value Interpretation
The null hypothesis states that the mean of a new
synthetic fishing line has a mean breaking strength of
8 kilograms. Because the p-value is 0.005, which is
less than the significance level of 0.01, the
manufacturer rejects the null hypothesis and
concludes that the mean breaking strength is not
equal to 8.

Confidence Interval Interpretation


In these results, the estimate of the population mean
for the mean breaking strength of a new synthetic
fishing line is 7.8. You can be 99% confident that the
population mean is between 7.6179 and 7.9821.
Statistical Analysis and Design

Activity 10
According to the journal Chemical
Engineering, an important property of a fiber
is its water absorbency. A random sample of
20 pieces of cotton fiber was taken and the
absorbency on each piece was measured.
The following are the absorbency values.
Test the normality of the data below:
Statistical Analysis and Design

Activity 10 Results

Interpretation
The p-value equal to 0.932 is
greater than the significance
level of 0.05.

Therefore, we accept the null


hypothesis because the data
does follow a normal
distribution.