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-1Tiffany Gargel

Anatomy

Period: 2

December 23, 2010

Vocabulary Bank Chapter 4

Word Root Word, Connection Definition


Origin,
Prefixes, (Where do I find it?
Suffixes
What does it
remind me of?
What other word is
similar?)

Adipose Adipo- of or located Connective


relating to fat beneath the tissue that
skin, around stores energy
internal in the form of
organs, and in fat
bone marrow

Apocrine Apo- derived Reminds me of Produces a


from the exocrine secretion along
gland with part of the
cell
Cartilage Found between Tough elastic
joints, in the tissue
rib cage, ear,
nose, elbow,
ankle..
Chondrocyte Chondro- Found in the Produces and
cartilage, cartilage maintains the
gristle, cartilaginous
granule, matrix
granular

Cyte- a cell

Cyte- cell

Collagenous Gen- of a Found Relating to or


certain kind exclusively in consisting of
animals collagen
Genous-
yielding or
generating
Columnar Simple Refers to the
columnar is shape of
found in the epithelial cells
squamuos layer that are taller
of epithelial then their
tissue width
Cuboidal Oid- Reminds me of Something
resemblance to a cube cube like,
shaped like a
Cubo- lie in or cube
on

Elastin Elast- elastic Reminds me of Protein in


something elastic tissue
flexible that allows the
cell to resume
Found in its shape after
elastic tissue stretching or
contracting

Endocrine Endo- with in Reminds me of Cell signaling


the hormones by the
Crin-secrete in the body secretion of
chemicals to a
target cell

Endothelial Endo- with in Found in the Flattened cell


body cavity that lines the
inside of some
body cavity

Epithelium Epi- upon Reminds me of Membranous


something tissue covering
relating to the internal organs
epithelial layer

Found
covering
internal
organs

Exocrine Exo- out of Reminds me of A gland that


sending secretes
Crine- secrete something out externally
though a duct

Fibroblast Fibro- fiber Found in many A cell from


parts of the which
Blast- initial body; aids connective
stage of healing tissue develops
development
Histology Hist- denotes Reminds me of Study of the
tissue a branch of microscopic
biology having structure of
Ology- the to do with plants and
study of small things animals

Holocrine Holo- complete, Reminds me of A classification


whole, having to do of exocrine
unsegmented with the glands glands in the
in the body study of
Crine- to histology
secrete

Intercalated Inter- between Reminds me of A dense region


something in at the junction
between 2 of cellular units
things in cardiac
muscle

Involuntary Voluntary- Reminds me Without


done free- of some intention,
willingly actions of unintentional
certain cells
In- without

In- not

Lamellae Lamella- leaf I think of a gill- Fine sheets of


of layer shaped material held
structure adjacent to one
another, with
fluid in-
between

Macrophage Macro- large, Found on the A type of white


long, big surface of the blood cell or
pathogen phagocyte that
Phage- digests foreign
destroying invaders and
damaged
tissues
Mast cell Mast- tall/slim Found in most A large
tissues, connective
surrounding tissue released
blood vessels in allergic
and nerves reactions or in
response to
injury

Merocrine Mero- part Found in the Relating to a


study of gland which
Crine- to histology secretes
secrete relating to a without major
certain type of damage to its
exocrine gland secretory cells

Microvilli Micro- denoting Relates to the Cellular


something as surface of the membrane that
small cell; increase the
absorption, surface area of
secretion… cells
Neuroglial Neuro- nervous Found in the Non-neuronal
tissue/ system central nervous cells that
system maintain
homeostasis,
and provide
support and
protection for
the brain's
neurons

Neuron Neuro- nervous Reminds me of A specialized


tissue/ system the one doing nerve cells that
the action it conducts nerve
receives impulses

Osteoblast Osteo - bone Reminds me of A cell from


a fibroblast which bones
Blast- initial develop
stage of
development

Osteocyte Osteo- bone Resides in A mature bone


special regions cell that is
Cyte- cell of adult bone involved in the
maintenance of
that bone

Osteon Osteo- bone Reminds me of Central canals


the words and
osteocyte and surrounding
osteoblast bony layers
which are through which
similar pass nerves,
blood and
lymphatic
vessels

Pseudostratified Pseudo- Remind me of Closely packed


something fake something cells which
that appears appear to be
Strat- stratum fake arranged in
layers but are
attached to the
basement
membrane
Reticuloendothelial Reticulo- net Occur in widely Phagocytic
separated cells that
Endo- parts of t engulf and
in/within human body destroy
bacteria,
viruses, etc.

Squamous Squamo- scale- Found in blood Epithelium


like vessels characterized
by its most
superficial
layer consisting
of flat, scale-
like cells

Stratified Strat~ stratum Found in Cells arranged


layers of cells in horizontal
layers

Striation Stria- groove, Reminds me of Series of


furrow striated muscle furrows, ridges,
or linear marks

Uroepithelium Uro- urine Located in/ Affecting the


around the epithelium of
Epi- upon urinary tract the urinary
tract