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REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES

PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENT OF BULACAN


BULACAN POLYTECHNIC COLLEGE
MALOLOS CAMPUS

Instructor: Mariella R. Mallari


School Year/Terms 2019-2020/ 2nd Semester
Subject code/Title : STS 123 SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND SOCIETY
Date covered: April 16-30 2020
Topic: THE INFORMATION AGE
References: SCIENCE ,TECHNOLOGY AND SOCIETY
BY: JANICE PATRIA JAVIER SERAFICA

BIDIVERSITY AND THE HEALTHY SOCIETY


Learning Objectives: After the discussions the students should be able to:
1. Determine the interrelatedness of society, environment, and health:
2. Create a diagram that would show the relatedness of species in forming up a diverse and healthy
society without compromising one another: and,
3. Identify everyday tasks and evaluate whether they contribute to the and wellness
Health of biodiversity and society or not.

INTRODUCTION;

Decrease in biodiversity is eminent worldwide. Vertebrates fell to 60% from the 1970’s due to human causes. It is
projected that by 2020, wildlife decline will be 67% of the present number. The world Wide Found for Nature and
Zoological Society of London reported an annual decrease in wildlife by 2%. A major cause is human population
which has doubled in number since 1960 to 7.4. Humans have industrialized the natural habitat of wildlife as well as
marine life. Humans have industrialized the natural habitat of wildlife as well as marine life. Leaving these creatures
with no place to live would eventually cause their deaths. Marco Lambertini, the general director of WWF
International, described that the disappearance of Wildlife is at unprecedented rate. Earth might enter the sixth
extinction event according to experts, Mass extinction is described as the disappearance of species at a rate of 1000
faster than usual. Moreover, the disappearance of species in a certain environment causes an imbalance in the
ecosystem, producing more chaotic changes that harm the entire ecosystem.

BIODIVERSITY AND ECOSYSTEM

Biodiversity is defined as the vast variety of life forms in the entire Earth. It encompasses a kinds of life forms, from
the single-celled organisms to the largest multi-celled organisms. Its definition is in the structural and functional
perspective and not as individual species.
Another definition of biodiversity is “ the variability among living organisms from all sources, including terrestrial,
marine and other aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes of which are part; tis includes diversity within
species, between species, and of ecosystem.
Biodiversity plays a major role in this natural dynamics, example a large number of golden snails in a certain area of a
rice field can help predict a low production of rice harvest, since eggs of a golden snails are considered pest of rice
plant. on a positive view, the larger the number of different species in a certain area can be a predictor of sustainable
life in that area. Sustainability of the ecosystem ensures a better survival rate against any natural disaster. Therefore,
we, as a human inhabitants of the ecosystem, must preserve the biodiversity of all creatures.
CHANGES IN BIODIVERSITY

Alteration in any system could bring varied effects. A change in biodiversity could have erratic effects not only in
wildlife or marine life but also in human beings. For example, humans inhabiting the forest would disturb the natural
order of life. Trees and plants would be affected in the land clearing operations where the houses would be built. The
animals and insects and all types of life forms in the cleared area would either be displaced or most likely be killed.
The loss of these life forms could affect the entire ecosystem governing that environment. The food chain might be
damaged, From this, we can clearly infer that when our ecosystem is not well taken care of, biodiversity encounters
changes that may impact human health on such different levels.

THREATHS TO BIODIVERSITY
There are are major threats to biodiversity that were identified by the United Nations’ r Programme( WHO,
n.d.) These are the following:

1. Habitat loss and destruction- Major contributing factor is the inhabitation of human beings and the use of land for
economic gains.
2. Alterations in ecosystem composition- Alterations and sudden changes, either within species groups or within the
environment, could begin to change entire ecosystems. Alterations in ecosystems are a critical factor contributing to
species and habitat loss.
3. Over-exploitation - Over hunting, overfishing, or over collecting of species can quickly lead to its decline, changing
consumptions patterns of human patterns is often cited as the key reason for this unsustainable exploitation of natural
resources.
4. Pollution and Contamination- Biological systems respond slowly to changes in their surrounding environment.
Pollution and contamination cause irreversible damage to species and varieties.
5. Global climate change- Both climate variability and climate change cause biodiversity loss, Species and
populations may be lost permanently if they are not provided with enough time to adapt to changing climatic
conditions.

ASSESSMENT/ACTIVITY/

ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS BRIEFLY:

1. How would you reconcile the emerging needs of human beings regarding their health and the need to protect the
growth of biodiversity.
2. Do you think thaoot Earth can exist without human beings taking care of it? Or biodiversity also needs human
being for it to be in a continuous growing process.
3. What are small ways that you think would promote safekeeping our biodiversity?