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MATHEMATICS

Daily Practice Problems


Target IIT JEE-2020

TOPIC : FUNCTION DPP. NO.-1

1. Find domain of following functions :

 log10 x 
(i) f(x) = 4x  8(2/3)(x 2)  13  22(x 1) (ii) f (x)  log10  
 2(3  log10 x) 
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(iii) f(x) = log(x–4) (x2 –11x + 24) (iv) f (x)   log10 (x 3  x)
4  x2
1 1
(v) f (x) 
2
(vi) f (x) 
log1/2 (x  7x  13) x | x |

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(vii) f (x)  (viii) f(x) = log3 + x(x2 – 1) is
x | x |
 1  
(ix) f(x) = log2   log1/2  1    1
  x1/4  

(1  x  x 2 )(1  x 4 )
2. Find the range of (i) f (x)  1  x 2  6x  9 (ii) f (x)  , for x > 0
x3
x 3
3. Solve the following : (a) 1  |x – 2|  3 (b) 0 < |x – 3|  5 (c) 1
x 1
4. The number of integral values of a for which f(x) = log (log1/3 (log7 (sin x + a))) is defined for every real
value of x is
5. The number of values of x for which | x 2  x  4 | 2  3  x 2  x  12 is

Comprehension (6-10)
Let f(x) = x2 – 5x + 6, g(x) = f(|x|), h(x) = |g(x)| and (x) = h(x) – (x) are four functions, where (x) is the least
integral function of x  x.
On the basis of above information, answer the following questions :
6. The number of solutions of the equation g(x) = 0 is
(A) 0 (B) 2 (C) 4 (D) 6
7. The value of  for which the eqaution g(x) –  = 0 has exactly three real and distinct roots
(A) 2 (B) 4 (C) 6 (D) None
8. The set of values of  such that the equation h(x) –  = 0 has exactly eight real and distinct roots
 1  1  1  1
(A)    0, 2  (B)    0, 4  (C)    0, 2  (D)    0, 4 
       
9. The set of all values of x, such that equation g(x) + |g(x)| = 0 is satisfied
(A) [–3, –2] (B) [2, 3] (C) [–3, –2]  [2, 3] (D) 
10. Which statement is correct for (x) = 0
(A) One value of x is satisfied for (x) = 0 and that x lie between 4 and 5
(B) One value of x is satisfied for (x) = 0 and that x lie between 3 and 4
(C) Two values of x is satisfied for (x) = 0
(D) None

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MATHEMATICS
Daily Practice Problems
Target IIT JEE-2020

TOPIC : FUNCTION DPP. NO.-1

SOLUTION
1. and x2 – 7x + 12 < 0 ....(ii)
2
2
( x  2)
or x – 7x + 12 < 0 and (x – 4) (x – 3) < 0
(i) 4x  83  13  22(x 1)  0 or 3 < x < 4 and x  R
or 3<x<4
4x 4x
or 4x    13
16 4  x  x  0, if x  0
(vi) x – |x| = 
or x 2
4  4 or x  [2,  )  x  x  2x, if x  0

(ii) Clearly, f(x) is defined if or x – |x|  0 for all x


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 log10 x  log10 x i.e., does not take real values for
log10    0,  0, x | x |
 2(3  log10 x)  2(3  log10 x)
any x  R.
and x>0
i.e., f(x) is not defined for any x  R.
log10 x log10 x Hence, the domain (f) is .
or  1,  0,
2(3  log10 x) log10 x  3
 x  x, if x  0
and x > 0 (vii) x + |x| = 
 x  x, if x  0
3(log10 x  2) log10 x
or  0, 0,
2(log10 x  3) log10 x  3  2x, if x  0
or x + |x| =  ....(i)
and x > 0  0, if x  0
or 2  log10 x < 3, 0 < log10 < 3, and x > 0
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or 102  x < 103, 100 < x < 103, and x > 0 Now, f(x) = assumes real values of x
x  [10 2 , 103 )
x | x |
or

(iii) x – 4 > 0 and  1 and x2 – 11 x + 24 > 0 + |x| > 0


or x>0 [using (i)]
or x > 4 and  5 and (x – 3) (x – 8) > 0
or x  (0, )
i.e., x > 4 and  5 and x < 3 or x > 8
or domain (y) = (8, ) Hence, domain (f) = (0, )

(iv) f is defined when (viii) f(x) is to be defined when x2 – 1 > 0 and


x   2 and x3 – x > 0 3 + x > 0 and 3 + x 1,
or x   2 and x(x2 – 1) > 0 i.e., x2 > 1 and x > –3 and x –2
or x   2 , x  (1, 0)  (1, ) i.e., x < –1 or x > 1 and x > –3 and x –2
or x  (1, 0)  (1, 2)  (2, )  Df = (–3, –2) (–2, –1) (1, )

 1 
1 (ix) f(x) is defined if  log1/2 1   1  0
(v) f (x)  exists if  x1/4 
log1/2 (x 2  7x  13)
 1 
log1/2 (x2 – 7x + 13) > 0 or log1/2  1  1/4   1
 x 
or x2 – 7x + 13 < 1 ....(i)

2
1 4. (3)
1 1
or 1   log1/3log7(sin x + a) > 0
x1/4  2 
or 0 < log7(sin x + a) < 1
1 1 < (sin x + a) < 7  x  R [a should be less
or 1
x1/4 than the minimum value of 7 – sin x and x must
or 0<x<1 be greater then the maximum value of
1 – sin x]
 1 – sin x < a < 7 – sin  x  R
2.(i) f (x)  1  x 2  6x  9
2<a<6
 1  (x  3) 2  1 | x  3 | 5. (1)
Therefore, range of f(x) is [0, 1]. | x 2  x  4 | 2  3  x 2  x  12

 1  1 
(ii) f (x)   x   1  x 2  2 ; or x 2  x  2  3  x 2  x  12
 x  x 
or | x 2  x  1| x 2  x  12
1 1
x2  2
 2 ; x  1  3 or 2x = 11
x x or x = 11/2
 f(x)  6
Comprehension (6-10)
3. 6. (C)
(a) 1  |x – 2|  3  g(x) = 0
 f(|x|) = 0
We known that a  |x|  b  x 
 x2 – 5|x| + 6 = 0
[–b, –a]  [a, b]
2
Given that 1  |x – 2|  3  x  5x  6  0, x  0
  2
or (x – 2)  [–3, –1]  [1, 3]  x  5x  6  0, x  0

or x  [–1, 1]  [3, 5]
 x  2,3 x0
 
(b) 0 < |x – 3|  5  x  3,  2 x  0

or x – 3  0 and |x – 3|  5  Number of solutions = 4


or x  3 and – 5  x – 3  5 7. (C)
 g(x) – = 0
or x  3 and – 2  x  8
 f(|x|) –  = 0
or x  [–2, 3)  (3, 8]
Let y = f(|x|) = 
x 3
(c) 1
x 1

x 3
or 1  1
x 1

x 3 x 3
or  1  0 and 0 1
x 1 x 1

4 2x  2
or  0 and 0
x 1 x 1
For exactly three real and distinct roots
or x > –1 and {x < –1 or x 1}
=6
or x 1

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8. (C) 10. (A)
 h(x) –  = 0  (x) = 0
|g(x)| – = 0 h(x) – (x) = 0
Let y = |g(x)| = 
0, 1  x  0
or y = |f(|x|)| =  1,
 0  x 1
y = h(x) = (x) = 
 2, 1 x  2
3, 2 x 3

5 1
The vertex of f(x) = x2 – 5x + 6 is  ,   for
2 4
eight real and distinct roots
1  1
0<<    0, 
4  4

9. (C)
Graph of g(x) + |g(x)| = 0 is from the graph the
solution set is
x [–3, –2]  [2, 3]