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Statistics

Learning Objective
To solve problems that involve the use of statistical data

Success Criteria
• Describe methods and analyse results and make decisions
• Communicate findings and decisions made using vocabulary associated
with statistics
• Demonstrate an understanding of mode and mean
Tally Charts
• How do you formulate a question that can be addressed with data?

• If you need to find out about anything you must collect data. You collect
data by asking questions.

Situation
Students of a primary school are only allowed to eat fruit for recess time.

Possible Questions:
1. Which fruit do you prefer: apples, oranges, bananas or mangoes?
2. Which of these fruits would you buy to eat at recess time: banana,
mango, pineapple or plums?
3. Do you prefer your fruit whole or in a chow?
Tally Charts
How do you collect data and record the results?

A survey collects data or information that answers


a question

You can use a tally chart or a frequency table to


record the data. Frequency is the number of times
an event occurs

A frequency table is a table that uses numbers to


record data about how often something happens.
Tally Charts
Represent Data Using a Pictogram and Graphs
What Is an Average?

There are three


types of average:
• mode
• mean
• median
The Mode
Look at the hair colours in this group of people.
Which hair colour do you see the most often?

Hair Colour Tally


Blonde I The mode is the one that you see most often.
Brown IIII
Ginger I

Brown is the hair colour you see the most often.


Therefore, the mode is brown.
The mode is the only average that can be applied
to non-numerical data as well as numerical data.
There may be more than one mode or no mode.
Your Turn
Watch out! There could be more than one mode or no mode at all.

Which colour of Which colour of


bead is the mode? car is the mode?
Red Silver

Which sort of cupcake Which colour of


is the mode? book is the mode?
No mode. There are Grey and green
2 of each cupcake.

For each group of numbers below, write down the mode.

5, 4, 3, 5 5 5, 3, 0, 7, 3, 7, 8, 2, 3, 7, 0 3 and 7

2, 7, 4, 2, 7, 5, 3, 2, 6, 8 2 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 No mode
Finding the Modal Value
Find the modal number of goals scored. With numerical data, the
Goals scored Frequency mode can be referred to as
0 5 the modal value.
1 2 This is often the case with
2 7 groups of data.
3 0
4 1

A common mistake is to give the answer Take Notes


as 4, as this is the highest amount of goals The easiest way to find the
scored in a match. This is not the mode. modal value in a table is to
It might help to write the data in a list in look down the frequency
ascending order: column and find the largest
value. Then its corresponding
000001122222224 value in the first column will
be the modal value.
We can now see that 2 is the modal value.
Finding the Mean
A mean is a type of average. The mean of
a set of data is the sum of the data divided
by the number of pieces of data.
The sum of data / Number of pieces of
data.
Data = 4,5,7,4,6,8
4+5+7+4+6+8/6
36/6
So the mean is 6
Finding the Mean
How do you use the mean to solve problems?
Tricia’s mean score from the six Mathematics tests was 82. Five of her
scores were 86, 90, 97, 72 and 94. What was her sixth score?
Sum of data = mean x number of pieces of data
Mean = 82
Number of pieces of data = 6
Total of 6 scores = 82 x 6 =492
Total of 5 scores = 86+90+97+72+94 = 439
6th Score = 492-439 = 53
So her sixth score was 53
Finding the Mean
Exam Practice