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CRITICAL RECEPTION OF SHAKESPEARE

MACBETH
Scotland, 1600

MacBeth: Dunkan's cousin (the king)

Banquo and Macbeth are friends : they were walking calmly when suddenly found 3 witches, who tell
Macbeth that he will become the king of Scotland (profecy)

Macbeth wants to become the king of Scotland

Lady Macbeth is married to Macbeth: she receives a letter from Macbeth and she decides that the best
way for Macbeth to become king is to kill the actual king

Macbeth kills the king Dunkan

Lady Macbeth blame the servants

Malcom and Donaldbine : the king's sons : get away from the castle not to be killed

Macbeth becomes king of Scotland

Macbeth is king but he is not calmed because the profecy said that Banquo's sons would become kings
and he decided to murder them

Outside the castle, the murderer kills Banquo but his son gets to scape

Banquo is death and as a ghost, he torments Macbeth

Macbeth asks the whitches for help: there are 3 spirits and the 3 spirits make 8 ghosts appear : 3
whitches + 3 spirits + 8 ghosts : 14

The whitches make their profecy and claim that no man born from a woman will be able to defeat
Macbeth

The whitches tell him to be careful with Macduff

Macbeth decides to murder Macduff's family : Macduff and Malcom (Dunkan's son) decide to team up
agaisnt Macbeth

Lady Macbeth, who regrets all the pain she has commited, decides to kill herself

MacBeth, furious, struggle against Macduff because he knows that no man who was born from a woman
can defeat him
but Macduff was born when his mother had died in the birth

MacBeth was defeated and he died

Malcom became the king of Scotland

HAMLET
The King of Denmark is death and his brother (Claudio) has got married to his wife

Horatio is Hamlet's best friend - Hamlet is the dead king's son

Some people has seen the spirit of the dead king : Hamlet talks to his dead father , who tells him that he
has been murdered by his uncle

Polonius and his son Laertes, forbide Ophelia's relationship with Hamlet, given that he is a prince

The king (Claudius) and the queen (Gertrude)are confused because of Hamlet's weird behaviour, so they
ask Rosencrantz and Guildenstern to investigate the reasons of it.

Ophelia is afraid of Hamlet because of his weird behaviour and Polonius thinks that his madness is due to
a love extasis for his daughter

Hamlet gets angry with Ophelia when she give him back the letter he had sent to her

Hamlet tries to reproduce his father's death in a play and all of the court see the scene which shows his
father's death

Claudius left the scene, showing that he was the guilty one

Hamlet gets mad and kills Polonius with a knife because he thought it was Claudius

The spirit appears and Hamlet talks to him. However, the queen can't see it and thinks that Hamlet has
become completely mad

Laertes and Claudius plan to kill Hamlet : A poisoned cup and a poisoned sword

Ophelia gets suicide by drawning in a river

Hamlet tells Horace that he found a letter from Claudius in which it was written that he was planning to
kill him, but he modifies it by writting that they should kill Rosencrantz and Guildenstern

LAERTES VS HAMLET : HAMLET KILLS LAERTES with Laerte's poisoned sword

Queen Gertrude: Dies by mistake when she drinks from the poisoned cup

Laertes confess Hamlet that the trick of the wine was Claudio's idea
Hamlet gets furious and oblies Claudius to drink from his own trick and he also dies

Hamlet, before dying, asks his friend Horatio to tell the truth about what had happenned and that he
wanted Fortimbras to become the next king

BETRAYAL, REVENGE, GHOST : CRUCIAL THEMES