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The Friar Land Act

Act No. 1120 - "AN ACT PROVIDING FOR THE ADMINISTRATION AND TEMPORARY LEASING
AND SALE OF CERTAIN HACIENDAS AND PARCELS OF LAND, COMMONLY KNOWN AS FRIAR
LANDS, FOR THE PURCHASE OF WHICH THE GOVERNMENT OF THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS HAS
RECENTLY CONTRACTED, PURSUANT TO THE PROVISIONS OF SECTIONS SIXTY-THREE, SIXTY-
FOUR AND SIXTY-FIVE OF AN ACT OF THE CONGRESS OF THE UNITED STATES, ENTITLED “AN
ACT TEMPORARILY TO PROVIDE FOR THE ADMINISTRATION OF THE AFFAIRS OF CIVIL
GOVERNMENT IN THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES,” APPROVED ON THE
FIRST DAY OF JULY, NINETEEN HUNDRED AND TWO"

 Purchased by the government for sale to actual occupants under the provisions of Act 1120 or the Friar
Lands Act.
 The Bureau of Public Lands shall first issue a certificate stating therein that the government has agreed
to sell the land to such settler or occupant.
 The latter shall then accept the certificate and agree to pay the purchase price so fixed, in installments
and at the rate of interest specified in the certificate.
 The conveyance or certificate of sale executed in favor of a buyer is a conveyance of ownership of the
property, subject only to the resolutory condition that the sale may be cancelled if the price agreed upon
is not paid in full

Sugarcane Tenancy Contract of 1933

Act no. 4113 - an act regulating the relationships of landowners and tenants of sugar.

 When the sugar cane produced on a piece of land is milled in a sugar central, it shall be the duty of the
owner of said land to inform the tenant, on the basis of the receipts issued by the central which must, on
demand, be exhibited to the tenant.
 When the cane is not milled at the central but in the private mill of the landowner, the latter, in the
absence of any agreement to the contrary, shall stipulate with his tenant regarding the necessary
expenses.
 When there is no written agreement concerning the value of the share of the tenant, the landowner shall
not sell said share without the knowledge and written consent of the tenant or his representative.
 The settlement of accounts between landowner and tenant and the distribution of the crop shall be made
immediately after each milling season.
 Any violation of the provisions of this Act shall be punished by a fine of not less than twenty-five pesos
nor more than two hundred pesos, or by imprisonment for not less than ten days nor more than sixty
days, or both, in the discretion of the court.
The Philippine Rice Share Tenancy Act of 1993

ACT NO. 4054 - AN ACT TO PROMOTE THE WELL-BEING OF TENANTS (APARCEROS) IN


AGRICULTURAL LANDS DEVOTED TO THE PRODUCTION OF RICE AND TO REGULATE THE
RELATIONS BETWEEN THEM AND THE LANDLORDS OF SAID LANDS, AND FOR OTHER
PURPOSES.

 A contract of share of tenancy is one whereby a partnership between a landlord and a tenant is entered
into, for a joint pursuit of rice agricultural work with common interest in which both parties divide
between them the resulting profits as well as the losses.
 The contract on share tenancy, in order to be valid and binding, shall:
 Be drawn in triplicate in the language or dialect known to all the parties.
 Be signed or thumb-marked both by the landlord or his authorized representative and by the
tenant,
 Before two witness, one to be chosen by each party.
 The municipal treasurer of the municipality wherein the land, which is the subject-matter of a contract,
is situated, shall keep a record of all contracts made within his jurisdiction, to be known as Registry of
Tenancy Contracts.
 Any contract on rice tenancy entered into between landlord and tenant according to this Act shall last in
accordance with the stipulation of the parties. Provided, however, that in the absence of stipulation,
same shall be understood to last only during one agricultural year.
 “Agricultural year” shall mean the length of time necessary for the preparation of the land, sowing,
planting and harvesting a crop.
 Expenses for planting, harvesting, threshing, irrigation and fertilizer, if any, as well as other expenses
incident to the proper cultivation of the land, are born equally by both the landlord and tenant, the crop
shall be divided equally.
 Profits of any other industry carried on the holding for the common benefit shall belong in equal shares
to both landlord and tenant, after making the necessary deduction for expenses which shall be returned
to the party who advanced it.
 Landlord shall not dismiss his tenant without just and reasonable cause, otherwise the former shall be
liable to the latter for losses and damage to the extent of his share in the product of the farm entrusted to
the dismissed tenant.
Following are just and reasonable cause:
 Gross misconduct or willful disobedience on the part of the tenant.
 Negligence on the part of the tenant to do the necessary farm work expected of him.
 Non-compliance with any of the obligation imposed upon the tenant
 Fraud or breach of trust in connection with work entrusted to him.
 When the tenant leases it or lets to another the use of the land entrusted to him by the
landlord, without the consent of the latter.
 Commission of crime against the person of the landlord or his representative, or any
member of the family of the same.
 All violations of the provisions of this Act involving deceit, malice, or fraud shall be punished in
accordance with article three hundred and eighteen of the Revised Penal Code.