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checklist © flugring / hd / rp revision 2004 CONVERSIONS

Cessna 210
1. Entfernungen
Centurion
1 NM / Nautical Mile (Seemeile) ...... = 1,853 km
1 km ................................................. = 0,539 NM / Nautical Miles / Seemeilen
OE - DUR 1 Statute Mile (Landmeile) ............... = 1,609 km
1 km ................................................. = 0,62 Statute Miles / Landmeilen
1 kt / Nautical Mile per Hour ............ = 1,853 km/h
1 km/h .............................................. = 0,539 kts / Nautical Miles per Hour
1 MPH / Statute Miles per Hour ....... = 1,609 km/h
1 km/h .............................................. = 0,62 MPH / Statute Miles per Hour
1 MPH .............................................. = 0,868 kts
1 ft (1') = 0,304 m 1m = 3,28 ft
1 inch (1") = 2,54 cm 1 cm = 0,393 inch

2. Gewichte und Raummaße


1 lb (pound) = 0,453 kg 1 kg = 2,205 lbs
1 GAL (US) = 3,785 Liter 1 Liter = 0,264 GAL (US)

flugring
1 qt ÖL = 0,946 Liter =~ ¼ GAL
1 l ÖL = 2 lbs 1 qt Öl = 0,85 kg Öl
1 Liter AVGAS = 1,584 lbs AVGAS 1 lb AVGAS = 0,63 Liter AVGAS
1 Liter AVGAS = 0,72 kg AVGAS
1 US GAL AVGAS = 6 lbs AVGAS

salzburg 3. Steigraten
1 m/sec = 196,8 fpm (feet per minute) 1000 fpm = 5,08 m/sec

4. Temperaturen
T °Celsius = (5/9 mal T °Fahrenheit) - 32 T °Fahrenheit = (9/5 mal T °Celsius) +32

5. Näherungsformeln
(NM (kts) x 2) minus 10 % ~ km (km/h) (km (km/h) : 2) + 10 % ~ NM (kts)
(Meter x 3) + 10 % ~ ft (ft : 10) x 3 ~ m
fpm : 200 ~ m/sec (kg x 2) + 10% ~ lbs
Temperaturabnahme mit der Höhe 2° je 1000 ft
Fahrtmesser Höhenkorrektur + 2% je 1000 ft Druckhöhe

6. Zurückgelegte Wege
Diese Checkliste dient einer sicheren Flugdurchführung
60 kt = 1 NM/Minute 120 kt = 2 NM/Minute 180 kt = 3 NM/Minute
und darf daher aus dem Flugzeug nicht entfernt werden

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© flugring / hd / rp revision 2004 TERMINOLOGY / CODES / RULES © flugring / hd / rp revision 2004 TERMINOLOGY / CODES / RULES

4. Benutzung der Checkliste


1. Abkürzungen
Die Benutzung der Checkliste enthebt nicht von der Pflicht zur Kenntnis des POH.
() bedeutet: "nach Erfordernis" oder "falls vorhanden" Folgende Regeln gelten nur insoweit, als nicht Sicherheit, Anordnungen der
(I) gilt nur für IFR (oder NVFR) Flugsicherung oder Notverfahren entgegenstehen.
N gilt nur für NVFR
5. Lärmschutz / Umweltschutz
BLOCK OFF POSITION .......... Position des Flugzeugs, von der aus mit Motorkraft zum
Start gerollt wird. Nach dem Abheben, bei "positive rate of climb", Gas und Propellerdrehzahl aus
CREW AT STATIONS .............. bedeutet, dass Besatzung und Passagiere ihre Sitze Lärmschutzgründen umgehend etwas zurücknehmen. Damit wird zwar nicht maximale
eingenommen haben, und angeschnallt sind. Steigleistung aber Lärmminderung erreicht.
KURSIV ..................................................... Allgemeine Hinweise Im Anflug mit Motorleistung keine Propellerverstellung auf "high RPM".
Auf das Verbot von Tiefflügen wird verwiesen.
rec recommended ...... empfohlene Werte, welche in Hinblick auf Sparsamkeit, Flugzeug- Die Mindestflughöhen sind, wann immer möglich, zu überschreiten.
schonung oder Lärmreduktion eingehalten werden sollen.
MAP (MP) Manifold Pressure / Ladedruck DC Direct current / Gleichstrom 6. Schonung des Motors und Verlängerung der Lebensdauer
RPM Revolutions per minute = U/min AC Alternate current / Wechselstrom
Leistungseinstellung nach Betriebshandbuch oder Checkliste.
TO Take off KIAS Knots indicated air speed
Im Regelfall sollte mit einer Leistung von 65 % das Auslangen gefunden werden.
FF Fuel flow / Kraftstoffdurchfluss am Fahrtmesser angezeigt
Exakt Leanen. Bei maximal 80 % Leistung 50°F bzw. 2 Teilstriche unter PEAK EGT
l/h Verbrauch in Liter je Stunde KTAS Knots true air speed
auf reicher Seite einstellen und Motortemperatur (CHT) beobachten.
GPH (Gal/h) Verbrauch in Gallonen je Stunde für Druck und Temperatur korrigiert
Keine abrupten Lastwechsel.
PPH (lbs/h) Verbrauch in Pfund je Stunde
Kein Sinkflug mit Motorleerlauf.
AVIONIC(S) alle Navigationsinstrumente (ADF, VOR, DME, RNAV, GPS) Im Sinkflug Gemisch nur langsam anreichern um Unterkühlung zu vermeiden.
RADIO(S) Funkgerät(e) Propellerverstellung nur langsam betätigen, insbesondere keine abrupte
Propellerverstellung auf "High RPM" unter Last.
SPEEDS alle Geschwindigkeitsangaben beziehen sich auf Geradeausflug,
Im Anflug auf lange Pisten und wenn kein Durchstarten zu erwarten ist, sollte auf eine
erhöhte Werte für Überziehgeschwindigkeit im Kurvenflug bitte beachten.
Propellerverstellung in Richtung "High RPM" verzichtet werden.
ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT alle elektrischen Verbraucher
POH = Pilots Operating Handbook = AFM = Aircraft Flight Manual = Betriebshandbuch 7. Landing Light einschalten
Hinausrollen auf die Startbahn bis zum Erreichen der Sicherheitshöhe.
2. Transponder Codes im Notfall
Landeanflug bis zum Verlassen der Piste.
Emergency ----------------------------- 7700
Communication Failure ------------- 7600 8. Taxi Light einschalten
Rollen und Run up am Tag und bei Nacht.
3. Transponder Codes VFR
Austria ----------------------------------- 7000 9. Treibstoffverbrauch
Germany -------------------------------- 0021 below 5000 ft
0022 above 5000 ft Verbrauchsangaben im POH sind Idealwerte und für eine Flugvorbereitung zu niedrig!
Es wird empfohlen die Erfahrungswerte auf dem Blatt "PERFORMANCE" als
realistischen Anhaltspunkt zu verwenden.

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© flugring / hd / rp revision 2004 LIMITATIONS / PERFORMANCE © flugring / hd / rp revision 2004 LIMITATIONS / PERFORMANCE

16. "Power setting"


10. SPEEDS
Auszüge aus dem Betriebshandbuch zur schnellen Information
- Never exceed speed.................................................. VNE ............. 203 KIAS Die Werte beziehen sich auf "STANDARD TEMPERATURE".
- Maximum structural cruising speed ......................... VNO ............. 168 KIAS Korrekturen bei Temperaturabweichungen siehe Betriebshandbuch.
- Maneuvering speed (4000 lbs) ................................. VA ............... 130 KIAS
- Maneuvering speed (2700 lbs) ................................. VA ............... 106 KIAS Altitude RPM MP % BHP KTAS PPH STD °C
- Maneuvering speed (3350 lbs) ................................. VA ............... 119 KIAS
2000 2400 28 69 158 91
- Maximum flaps extended speed 10° ............. VFE .............. 160 KIAS
2300 28 66 154 87 + 11
20° position .................... 130 KIAS
30° position .................... 115 KIAS 2200 28 62 150 82
- Maximum landing gear operating ......................... VLO .............. 165 KIAS 4000 2400 28 70 161 92
- Maximum landing gear extented ........................... VLE .............. 203 KIAS 2300 28 67 158 88 +7
- Rotating speed ......................................................... VR ............... 70 KIAS 2200 28 63 153 83
- Take off safety speed ............................................... V2 ............... 90 KIAS 6000 2400 28 71 164 93
- Approach speed ....................................................... Vref+10 ...... 90 KIAS 2300 28 68 161 89 +3
- Landing approach speed / flaps full .......................... Vref ............. 80 KIAS
2200 28 64 156 84
11. ENGINE NORMAL OPERATION 8000 2400 28 71 167 93
2300 28 68 164 90 -1
- Do not open or close throttle rapidly. 2200 26 59 152 78
- Avoid high engine speed and low manifold pressure operating.
10000 2400 26 66 164 87
- Avoid engine undercooling during descents. -5
- Do not move PROP full forward rapidly. 2300 26 64 161 84
- Do not move PROP forward during power approach. 12000 2300 26 64 164 84
-9
2200 26 60 159 80
12. WEIGHTS 14000 2300 26 65 167 85 - 13
- Empty Weight ................................................................................. 1116 kg = 2460 lbs 16000 2300 26 65 170 85 - 17
- Maximum take off (MTOW) ............................................................ 1812 kg = 4000 lbs 18000 2300 26 65 173 86 - 21
- Maximum landing weight (MLW) .................................................... 1721 kg = 3800 lbs
- Maximum in baggage compartment on & aft wheel well .................... 90 kg = 200 lbs Die Verbrauchswerte des Betriebshandbuches gelten nur für gleichmäßigen Horizontalflug
und bei optimaler Gemischeinstellung.
13. FUEL Nach der Clubstatistik ist ein Durchschnittsverbrauch von
- Total fuel ......................................... 340 l = 90 GAL = 540 lbs 70 l/h = 110 lbs = 18,5 GAL/h realistisch
- Usable fuel both tanks .................... 335 l = 89 GAL = 534 lbs
Altitude = Pressure Altitude KTAS = Knoten True Airspeed
14. OIL CAPACITIES RPM = Drehzahl GPH = Verbrauch in Gallonen je Stunde
- Oil capacity up to 3 hours ............... 8 qts MP = MAP = Manifold Pressure PPH = Verbrauch in Pfund je Stunde
- Oil capacity more than 3 hours ....... 10 qts
% BHP = Prozent Leistung EGT max = maximale Abgastemperatur
- MINIMUM ....................................... 7 qts DO NOT START ENGINE!

15. VOLTAGE
- Alternator (direct current DC) ..... 28 volts Battery DC ........ 24 volts

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4. FORWARD FUSELAGE / NOSE


1. BLOCK OFF POSITION
01 --- Windshield and heat ----------------- undamaged and clean ----------------------------- 01
01 .... Tow bar -------------------------------- remove / store --------------------------------------- 01 02 --- Engine cowling ----------------------- check for condition and security ----------------- 02
02 () . Tie downs left/right wing / tail ----- remove / store ------------------------------------ () 02 03 --- Oil capacity ---------------------------- check / rec 8qt (min 7qt / max 10qt) --------- 03
03 .... Pitot cover ----------------------------- remove / store --------------------------------------- 03 04 --- Engine compartment ---------------- check visually ---------------------------------------- 04
04 ().. Fuel drains left/right wing ---------- drain / first flight of day ------------------------- () 04 05 --- Oil inspection / refilling door ------- check locked ----------------------------------------- 05
05 () . Fuel strainer drain knob ------------ pull / first flight of day / check closed -------- () 05 06 --- Propeller / Spinner ------------------- check for nicks, security and oil leaks. --------- 06
07 --- Air intakes ----------------------------- check for restrictions ------------------------------- 07
2. CABIN 08 --- Landing / Taxi light ------------------ check for condition and cleanliness ------------ 08
09 --- Exhaust pipe -------------------------- check for condition ---------------------------------- 09
01 --- Parking brake ------------------------- set ------------------------------------------------------- 01 10 --- Cowl flaps ------------------------------ check for security ----------------------------------- 10
02 ---- Control lock ---------------------------- remove / store --------------------------------------- 02 11 --- Nose wheel tire ----------------------- check for pressure, profile and markings. ----- 11
03. --- Magnetos ------------------------------ check OFF ------------------------------------------- 03 12 --- Nose wheel strut --------------------- check for proper inflation -------------------------- 12
04 ---- Mixture --------------------------------- check idle cut off ---------------------------------- 04 13 --- Nose gear doors --------------------- check for security ----------------------------------- 13
05 --- Landing gear lever ----------------- check DOWN ---------------------------------------- 05 14 --- Landing gear well -------------------- no foreign body -------------------------------------- 14
06 --- Avionics Master / SBY switch------ OFF ----------------------------------------------------- 06
07 --- Electrical equipment ---------------- OFF ----------------------------------------------------- 07 5. RIGHT WING
08 ---- Battery switch ------------------------- ON ------------------------------------------------------ 08
09 --- Fuel quantity --------------------------- check --------------------------------------------------- 09 01 () - Fuel quantity -------------------------- check visually ------------------------------------- () 01
10 --- Exterior lights -------------------------- check function --------------------------------------- 10 02 --- Fuel filler cap -------------------------- secure and vent unobstructed ------------------- 02
11 () - Pitot heat-------------------------------- check function. ------------------------------------ ().11 03 --- Tire -------------------------------------- check for pressure, profile and markings ----- 03
12 --- Stall warning vane ------------------- check function and () heating -------------------- 12 04 --- Brake ------------------------------------ check visually (oil leakage) ----------------------- 04
13 ---- Battery switch ------------------------- OFF ----------------------------------------------------- 13 05 --- Retractable cabin step -------------- check for security and cleanliness -------------- 05
14 --- Suction gauge warning buttons --- check both extended ------------------------------- 14 06 (I)- Deice boots ---------------------------- undamaged ---------------------------------------- (I) 06
15 ---- Fire extinguisher --------------------- check pressure -------------------------------------- 15 07 ---- Wing tip / Lights ---------------------- undamaged ------------------------------------------- 07
16 () - Oxygen supply pressure ----------- check ------------------------------------------------ () 16 08 ---- Fuel tank vent ------------------------- check for stoppage --------------------------------- 08
17 () - Oxygen masks ------------------------ available and handy ----------------------------- () 17 09 --- Aileron / Wing flap ------------------- check for security / free movement ------------- 09
18 --- First aid --------------------------------- available in baggage compartment ------------- 18
6. TAIL UNIT
3. LEFT WING
01 --- Visual inspection --------------------- no damage -------------------------------------------- 01
01 --- Wing flap / Aileron ------------------- check for security / free movement ------------- 01 02 --- Static source right ------------------- check for stoppage --------------------------------- 02
02 --- Fuel tank vent ------------------------- check for stoppage --------------------------------- 02 03 --- Lights ----------------------------------- check for condition and cleanliness ------------ 03
03 --- Wing tip / Lights ---------------------- undamaged ------------------------------------------- 03 04 --- Antennas ------------------------------- undamaged and fixed ------------------------------ 04
04 () - Fuel quantity -------------------------- check visually ------------------------------------- () 04 05 (I)- Deice boots ---------------------------- undamaged ---------------------------------------- (I) 05
05 --- Fuel filler cap -------------------------- secure and vent unobstructed ------------------- 05 06 --- Elevator / Rudder -------------------- check for security / free movement ------------- 06
06 (I)- Deice boots ---------------------------- undamaged ---------------------------------------- () 06 07 --- Trim tab -------------------------------- check for security ----------------------------------- 07
07 --- Pitot tube ------------------------------- check opening for stoppage ---------------------- 07 08 ---- Static source left --------------------- check for stoppage --------------------------------- 08
08 --- Tire -------------------------------------- check for pressure, profile and markings ----- 08
09 --- Brake ------------------------------------ check visually (oil leakage) ----------------------- 09

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7. FLIGHT RECORDS / DOCUMENTS / CHARTS


01 --- Aircraft operation manual -------------------- handy ----------------------------------------- 01
02 --- Aircraft documents ---------------------------- on board and complete ------------------ 02
03 --- Pilots licence / () Passport ------------------- on board ------------------------------------- 03
04 --- Flight log / Charts ------------------------------ prepared and handy in cockpit --------- 04
05 ---- Fuel calculation --------------------------------- prepared ------------------------------------- 05
06 --- Weight and balance --------------------------- prepared ------------------------------------- 06
07 --- Weather information -------------------------- checked ------------------------------------- 07
08 () - Flight plan ---------------------------------------- acknowledged --------------------------- () 08
09 () - NOTAMS / SLOTS ---------------------------- checked ---------------------------------- () 09
10 () - Customs ------------------------------------------ disposed ---------------------------------- () 10

8. LOADING
01 --- Sic sacs ----------------------------------------- handy in cockpit (back rests) ----------- 01
02 () - Motor oil reserve ------------------------------- store in baggage compartment ----- () 02
03 () - Tie down set ------------------------------------ store in baggage compartment ----- () 03
04 --- Tow bar ------------------------------------------- store in baggage compartment -------- 04
05 () - Baggage ----------------------------------------- load and secure ------------------------ () 05
06 --- Pitot cover --------------------------------------- store (rear cabin) -------------------------- 06
07 --- Fuel sampler cup ------------------------------ store (rear cabin) -------------------------- 07
08 --- Wheel chocks ----------------------------------- remove --------------------------------------- 08
09 ---- Baggage door ----------------------------------- lock ------------------------------------------- 09
Intentionally left blank
9. PASSENGERS
01 () - Passport ------------------------------------------ check available ------------------------- () 01
02 () - Briefing ------------------------------------------- flight information given ---------------- () 02
03 () - Boarding assistance -------------------------- fasten seat belts ------------------------ () 03

EXTERIOR CHECK COMPLETED


NORMAL FLIGHT CHECKLIST NEXT

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3. ENGINE START
1. CREW AT STATIONS
01 ...... Rotating beacon ---------------------- ON ................................................................. 01
01 ...... Exterior check ------------------------- completed ...................................................... 01 02 ...... Mixture ---------------------------------- full rich ........................................................... 02
02 ...... Flight log / Charts -------------------- prepared ........................................................ 02 03 ...... Prop control --------------------------- high RPM / full forward .................................. 03
03 ...... Sun glasses --------------------------- handy ............................................................. 03 04 ...... Aux. fuel pump (yellow button) --- ON ................................................................. 04
04 () ... Pocket lamp --------------------------- handy / check function ................................ () 04 05 ...... Power ----------------------------------- advance until 60 lbs FF, then return idle ........ 05
05 ...... Head sets / Second mike ---------- installed / handy ............................................. 05 06 ...... Auxiliary fuel pump ------------------ OFF ................................................................ 06
06 ...... Tow bar / Wheel chocks ---------- be sure removed .......................................... 06 07 ...... Prop area ------------------------------ CLEAR ........................................................... 07
08 ...... STARTER ----------------------------- engage and advance power slowly ................ 08
2. BEFORE ENGINE START 09 ...... Oil pressure -------------------------- check green sector ...................................... 09

01 ...... Doors / Windows --------------------- closed / locked ............................................... 01 4. AFTER ENGINE START
02 ...... Seat belts / Seats ------------------- adjusted / locked / look for passengers ......... 02
03 ...... Parking brake ------------------------- set .................................................................. 03 01 ...... Power ----------------------------------- set to desired idle speed................................. 01
04 ...... Alternate static source valve ------- check closed .................................................. 04 02 ...... Low voltage warning light ---------- check RED / () press to test ........................... 02
05 ...... Emergency gear pump handle --- check stowed ................................................. 05 03 ...... Alternator ------------------------------ ON ................................................................. 03
06 ...... Landing gear lever ------------------- DOWN ........................................................... 06 04 ...... Low voltage warning light ---------- check OFF ..................................................... 04
07 ...... Pitch / Rudder trim ------------------- set for Take off ............................................... 07 05 ...... Ammeter ------------------------------- check charging ............................................... 05
08 ...... Cowl flaps ------------------------------ OPEN ............................................................. 08 06....... Suction --------------------------------- check within green arc / no red buttons ......... 06
09 ...... Electrical equipment ---------------- OFF ................................................................ 09 07 ...... Landing gear indicator lights ------ check green / press to test.............................. 07
10 ...... Avionics master / Intercom -------- OFF ................................................................ 10 08 ...... Wing flaps ----------------------------- check and set for Take off / rec 10° ............... 08
11 ...... Battery switch ------------------------ ON ................................................................. 11 09 ...... Avionics master / Intercom -------- ON ................................................................. 09
12 () ... Panel lights ---------------------------- ON .............................................................. () 12 10 ...... Avionics / Radios -------------------- set for departure ............................................ 10
13 ...... Circuit breakers ---------------------- check IN ......................................................... 13 11 (I) .. HSI -------------------------------------- check input (V-LOC / GPS)......................... (I) 11
14 ...... ATIS / (I) Start up --------------------- note / request.................................................. 14 12 ...... Transponder -------------------------- standby / set squawk ..................................... 12
15 ...... Avionics master --------------------- OFF ................................................................ 15 13 ...... Directional gyro ----------------------- check slaved .................................................. 13
16 ...... Altimeters 1 / 2 ----------------------- set QNH / check airport altitude...................... 16 14....... Electrical directional gyro ---------- set .................................................................. 14
17 ...... Fuel quantity -------------------------- check ............................................................. 17 15 ...... Electrical horizon --------------------- pull to erect .................................................... 15
18 ...... Fuel selector ------------------------- fuller tank ...................................................... 18 16....... Electrical trim ------------------------- check operating ............................................. 16
17 ...... EPU ------------------------------------- OFF / press to test ......................................... 17
READY FOR ENGINE START

READY FOR TAXI

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5. TAXI 6. BEFORE DEPARTURE / RUN UP


01 ...... Taxi light ------------------------------- ON ................................................................. 01 01 () ... Parking brake ------------------------- set ............................................................... () 01
02 () ... NAV lights ----------------------------- ON .............................................................. () 02 02 ...... Prop control --------------------------- High RPM / full forward .................................. 02
03 ...... Parking brake ------------------------- release ........................................................... 03 03 ...... Mixture ---------------------------------- full forward ..................................................... 03
04 ...... Cylinder head temperature -------- check ............................................................. 04
Power for taxiing maximum 1000 RPM / Don´t brake continuously 05 ...... Oil pressure / Oil temperature ---- check ............................................................. 05
06 ...... Doors / Windows --------------------- secured .......................................................... 06
04 ...... Brakes ---------------------------------- test ................................................................. 04 07 ...... Power ----------------------------------- advance to 1700 RPM ................................... 07
05 ...... Nose wheel steering ---------------- check ............................................................. 05 08 ...... Prop control --------------------------- cycle twice (max. 500 RPM drop) .................. 08
06 ...... Flight instruments -------------------- SPEED zero ................................................... 06 09 ...... Magnetos ------------------------------ check ............................................................. 09
HORIZON 1 & 2erected max drop 150 RPM, max difference 50 RPM
ALTIMETERS 1 & 2 airport altitude 10 ...... Suction --------------------------------- check (4,8 to 5,1 in. Hg.) ................................ 10
TURN COORDINATOR moving / ball free 11 (I) . Deice boots ---------------------------- ON momentarily / check visually ................ (I) 11
D-GYRO 1 & 2 correct 12 (I) . Prop anti ice system ---------------- ON / check indication / OFF ....................... (I) 12
RATE OF CLIMB zero 13 (I) . Windshield anti ice system -------- ON momentarily / observe ammeter .......... (I) 13
14 ...... Power ----------------------------------- reduce to 800 - 1000 RPM ............................. 14
15 ...... Quadrant friction --------------------- adjusted ......................................................... 15
16 ...... Cowl flaps ------------------------------ check open .................................................... 16
TAXI CHECK COMPLETED
17 ...... Wing flaps ----------------------------- set Take off position / rec 10° ........................ 17
18 ...... Pitch / Rudder trim ------------------- set for Take off ............................................... 18
BEFORE DEPATURE / RUN UP NEXT
19 ...... Flight controls ------------------------- free and correct .............................................. 19
20 ...... Auto pilot ------------------------------- OFF ................................................................ 20
21 ...... Avionics / Radios -------------------- recheck setting for departure ......................... 21
22 ...... Transponder -------------------------- check squawk ................................................ 22

7. TAKE OFF BRIEFING


01 ...... Maximum TO power ----------------- 36 MP / 2700 RPM / 186 FF / for max 5 min 01
02 ...... V1= VROT -------------------------------- 70 KIAS ......................................................... 02
03 ...... Initial Climb -------------------------- 90 KIAS / flaps TO position ....................... 03
04 ...... Cruise Climb ------------------------- 110 KIAS / flaps up .................................... 04
05 ...... Departure Route --------------------- check ............................................................. 05
06 ...... Runway --------------------------------- check ............................................................. 06
07 ...... In case of engine failure ------------ check procedures .......................................... 07

READY FOR TAKE OFF

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8. LINING UP 12. DESCENT


01 ...... Taxi / () Landing light / Strobes --- ON ................................................................. 01 01 ...... Power ----------------------------------- descend with power to avoid undercooling 01
02 () ... Pitot heat / Prop anti ice ------------ ON .............................................................. () 02 02 ...... Prop control --------------------------- maintain cruise setting / avoid high RPM .. 02
03 () ... Stormscope --------------------------- ON ...............................................................() 03 03 ...... Speed ----------------------------------- take notice of Speed Limitations ................ 03
04 ...... Transponder -------------------------- ON to ALT ..................................................... 04 04 ...... Cowl flaps ------------------------------ closed ............................................................ 04
05 ...... Parking brake ------------------------ check released ............................................. 05 05 ...... Mixture ---------------------------------- enrich for smooth operation ........................... 05
06....... Directional gyros / compass ------- check heading / RWY identified ..................... 06
07 ...... Time ------------------------------------- check and note .............................................. 07 DESCEND CHECK COMPLETED

9. NORMAL TAKE OFF 13. APPROACH BRIEFING


01 ...... Take off power ------------------------ MAP 36 / RPM 2700 / 186 ff for max. 5 min . 01 01 ...... Approach Routing ------------------- check ............................................................. 01
02 ...... Speed ----------------------------------- rising .............................................................. 02 02 ...... Landing Runway --------------------- check ............................................................. 02
03 ...... Engine instruments ------------------ check ............................................................. 03 03 () .. Missed Approach -------------------- check procedure ......................................... () 03
04 ...... Rotate = V1 ---------------------------- 70 KIAS .......................................................... 04 04 ...... Approach speeds ------------------ 110 KIAS / Flaps 10° ................................... 04
05 ...... Initial climb speed -------------------- 90 KIAS .......................................................... 05 90 KIAS / Flaps 20°
06 ...... Rate of climb -------------------------- positive ........................................................... 06 80 KIAS / Flaps 30°
07 ...... Brakes ---------------------------------- apply .............................................................. 07
08 ...... Landing gear -------------------------- UP .................................................................. 08 14. APPROACH

10. CRUISE CLIMB / when reaching safe altitude at 300 ft ground 01 ...... Seat belts / Seats -------------------- fasten / adjust / look for passengers .............. 01
02 ...... ATIS ------------------------------------- note ................................................................ 02
01 ...... Cruise climb speed ------------------ 110 KIAS ........................................................ 01 03 ...... Altimeters 1 / 2 ----------------------- set QNH ......................................................... 03
02 ...... Power setting -------------------------- reduce 30 MAP / 2500 RPM / FF 120 ........... 02
04 ...... Fuel selector -------------------------- fuller tank ....................................................... 04
03 ...... Wing flaps ----------------------------- UP .................................................................. 03 05 ...... Cowl flaps ------------------------------ check closed .................................................. 05
04....... Taxi / Landing light ------------------ OFF ................................................................ 04 06 ...... Mixture ---------------------------------- full rich ........................................................... 06
05 ...... Pitch trim / Rudder trim ------------- correct / center ball before Autopilot ON ........ 05
07 ...... Power ----------------------------------- reduce / rec 130 KIAS ................................... 07
06 () ... Altimeter -------------------------------- set 1013 ...................................................... () 06
08 ...... Landing / Taxi light ------------------ ON ................................................................. 08
CLIMB CHECK COMPLETED 09 ...... Landing gear below 165 KIAS --- DOWN / check visually and green light ......... 09
10 ...... Flaps 10° below 160 KIAS -------- Approach speed 110 KIAS .......................... 10
11. CRUISE 11 ...... Flaps 20° below 130 KIAS -------- Approach speed 90 KIAS ............................ 11

01....... Power setting ------------------------- rec. max. 65 % / see checklist "performance" 02 15. FINAL APPROACH
02 ...... Pitch trim / Rudder trim ------------- adjust / center ball before Autopilot ON ......... 03
03 ...... Cowl flaps ------------------------------ close as required ........................................... 04 01 ...... Runway --------------------------------- identified ........................................................ 01
04 ...... Mixture ---------------------------------- lean 50°F / 2 dots / rich of peak EGT .......... 05 02 ...... Auto pilot ------------------------------- OFF ................................................................ 02
05 ...... Fuel quantity -------------------------- check / avoid fuel imbalance ......................... 06 03 ...... Flaps 30° below 115 KIAS……… Final approach speed 80 KIAS .................... 03
06 ...... Fuel selector --------------------------- change left/right ............................................. 07 04 ...... Trim ------------------------------------- correct............................................................. 04
05 ...... Landing gear ------------------------- RECHECK DOWN / GREEN LIGHT ............. 05
06 () .. Prop control --------------------------- slowly high RPM .......................................... () 06
CRUISE CHECK COMPLETED only if go around may be expected

DESCEND CHECK NEXT

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16. AFTER LANDING 19. SECURING AIRPLANE


Brake only if necessary / Apply brakes smoothly 01 () .. Parking brake ------------------------- set ............................................................... () 01
01 ...... Transponder -------------------------- stand by ......................................................... 01 02 ...... Control lock ---------------------------- install .............................................................. 02
03 ...... Windows ------------------------------- check closed .................................................. 03
17. AFTER RUNWAY VACATED 04 ...... Seat belts ------------------------------ arranged ........................................................ 04
05 ...... CABIN CLEARING UP ------------- done ............................................................... 05
01 () .. Pitot heat ------------------------------- OFF ............................................................. () 01 06 ...... Checklist ------------------------------- store on copilots seat ..................................... 06
02 () .. Prop anti ice --------------------------- OFF ............................................................. () 02 07 () ... Sun protection ------------------------ apply ........................................................... () 07
03 () .. Windshield anti ice ------------------ OFF ............................................................. () 03
04 ...... Prop control --------------------------- high RPM / full forward .................................. 04 08 ...... Pitot cover ----------------------------- adjust ............................................................. 08
05 ...... Cowl flaps ------------------------------ OPEN ............................................................. 05 09 () ... Wheel chocks ------------------------- apply ........................................................... () 09
06 ...... Wing flaps ----------------------------- UP .................................................................. 06 10 () ... Tie downs ------------------------------ secure ......................................................... () 10
07 ...... Landing light / Strobe lights ------- OFF ................................................................ 07
08 ...... Stop watch ----------------------------- start................................................................. 08 20. BEFORE LEAVING HANGAR / APRON
09 ...... Pitch / Rudder trim ------------------- set for Take off................................................ 09
01 ...... Battery / Alternator switch --------- recheck OFF .................................................. 01
18. ENGINE CUT OFF 02 ...... Cabin doors --------------------------- lock ................................................................ 02
03 ...... Tow bar --------------------------------- remove and store when out of hangar ........... 03
01 ...... Power------------------------------------ 1000 RPM....................................................... 01 04 ...... Baggage door ------------------------- lock ................................................................ 04
02 () ... Parking brake ------------------------- set ............................................................... () 02
03 ...... Taxi light ------------------------------- OFF ................................................................ 03
04 () .. NAV lights ----------------------------- OFF ............................................................. () 04
05 ...... Pitot heat ------------------------------- recheck OFF .................................................. 05 Don´t forget to remove insects from all external surfaces
06 ...... Prop anti ice --------------------------- recheck OFF .................................................. 06
07 ...... Windshield anti ice ------------------ recheck OFF .................................................. 07
08 ...... Stormscope --------------------------- OFF ................................................................ 08
09 ...... Intercom -------------------------------- OFF ................................................................ 09
10 ...... Avionics master ---------------------- OFF ................................................................ 10
11 ...... TURBO CHARGER ----------------- cool down 5 min at max 1000 RPM ............ 11
12 ...... Magnetos CUT OFF TEST -------- ONLY with POWER IDLE ............................. 12 Die Benutzung dieser "flugring checklist" enthebt den Piloten
13 ...... Mixture ---------------------------------- idle cut off ...................................................... 13 nicht von der Pflicht zur Kenntnis des Betriebshandbuches.
14 ...... Magnetos ------------------------------ OFF / REMOVE KEY ................................... 14
15 ...... Rotating beacon ---------------------- OFF ................................................................ 15
16 ...... All internal lights ---------------------- OFF ................................................................ 16
17 ...... Battery ---------------------------------- OFF ................................................................ 17
18 ...... Alternators ----------------------------- OFF ................................................................ 18

SECURING AIRPLANE NEXT

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3. Short field take off


1. Cold weather operation
01 ...... Wing flaps ----------------------------- set to 10 °....................................................... 01
02 ...... Brakes ---------------------------------- apply .............................................................. 02
1.1 Allgemeine Hinweise 03 ...... Power ----------------------------------- 36,5 inches / 2700 RPM ( 5 min limit) ............ 03
04 ...... Mixture ---------------------------------- adjust to 186 lbs/h .......................................... 04
Bei Temperaturen unter - 5°C sollte der Motor grundsätzlich nur nach Vorwärmung
05 ...... Brakes ---------------------------------- release ........................................................... 05
gestartet werden.
06 ...... Speed ----------------------------------- rising .............................................................. 06
Da bei Minustemperaturen auch die Batterien nicht mehr ihre volle Kapazität haben, 07 ...... Lift nose wheel ---------------------- 65 KIAS ......................................................... 07
wird die Verwendung eines externen Startaggregates / Starterbatterie empfohlen. 08 ...... Positive rate of climb ---------------- check ............................................................. 08
Es empfiehlt sich vor dem Anlassen die Propeller manuell durchzudrehen, 09 ...... Initial Climb Speed ----------------- 78 KIAS / until clear of obstacles ................... 09
Mixture "idle cut off" und Zündung AUS. 10 ...... Brakes ---------------------------------- apply .............................................................. 10
11 ...... Landing gear -------------------------- UP / after obstacles are cleared .................... 11
1.2 Anlassen mit Vorwärmung
12 ...... Wing flaps ----------------------------- UP / after reaching 85 KIAS ........................... 12
Warmluft auf Ölwanne und Zylinder richten / mindestens 1 Stunde.
Nach Ende der Vorwärmung Motor unverzüglich starten Do not reduce power until wing flaps and landing gear have been retracted
Normales Anlassverfahren nach "NORMAL FLIGHT CHECKLIST".

1.3 Anlassen mit externer Stromquelle / Using external ground power


---- Bordspannung 24 Volt Gleichstrom beachten!
01 --- Avionics Master --------------------- OFF
02 --- Electrical equipment ---------------- OFF
03 --- BAT ------------------------------------- ON
04 --- Externe Stromquelle anschließen, 24 Volt wählen
05 --- Normales Startverfahren
06 ----- Wenn Motor angesprungen, Drehzahl auf Minimum reduzieren (Funkenbildung!)
07 --- Stecker zur externen Stromquelle herausziehen / auf drehende Luftschraube achten
08 --- ALT -------------------------------------- ON

Beim Anlassen muss der Pilot im Flugzeug sitzen und eine zweite fachkundige Person
die Ground Power an- und abschließen und den ganzen Startvorgang von außerhalb
des Flugzeuges überwachen.

2. Anlassen des warmen Motors


Gashebel ------------------------------- 1/3 bis ½ geöffnet
Auxiliary fuel pump ------------------- LOW bis Fuel flow 25 – 35 lbs/h angezeigt
Fuel pump ------------------------------ OFF
Starter ----------------------------------- betätigen
Drehzahl -------------------------------- 1200 bis 1400 RPM
Wenn Motordrehzahl abfällt (Dampfblasenbildung):
Auxiliary fuel pump ------------------- kurzzeitig HIGH

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4. Garmin GNS 430 4.2 GPS Rechte Geräteseite


Einschalten
Drehen von "C" auf linker Seite schaltet das Gerät (COM+NAV+GPS) ein
GPS Selbsttest automatisch / Kenntnisnahme Database ENTER
Panel self test ENTER
Anzeige der verschiedenen NAV Seiten
im NAV Menü ------------------------------------ Kleiner Drehknopf
Anzeige der 4 Hauptmenüs ------------------ Großer Drehknopf
Eingabe / Auswahl von Daten --------------- nur im grün unterlegten Cursorfeld
Aktivieren / Deaktivieren des Cursors ----- drücken des kleinen Knopfes
Wechseln zur Default NAV Page
zur Anzeige flugrelevanter NAV Daten ---- Drücken (und Halten) der Taste CLR
Direct-TO Destination
4.1 COM und NAV Linke Geräteseite "D" drücken ------------------------- Direct-TO Waypoint Page erscheint
Cursor bewegen ------------------- Großer Drehknopf
Einschalten Buchstaben eingeben ------------ Kleiner Drehknopf
Drehen von "C" schaltet das Gerät (COM+NAV+GPS) ein. Bestätigen und aktivieren -------- ENTER
Bezeichnungen am Gerät SID / STAR / APP Procedures
Funk = COM NAV = VLOC PROC drücken --------- Procedure Page erscheint
Procedure wählen ----- Cursor auf Departure, Arrival, Approach / ENTER
Standby Flugplatz wählen ------- Eingabe der ICAO Kennung / ENTER
Die jeweils unteren Fenster (COM oder VLOC) zeigen die Standby Frequenzen. Procedure wählen ----- Cursor auf DEP, ARVL, APR, TRANS, RWY (Großer Knopf)
Nur diese können eingestellt werden. dann Verfahren auswählen (Kleiner Knopf) / ENTER
Frequenzwahl LOAD / ENTER -------- gewählte Option wird dem Flugplan angefügt
Cursor (= helles Feld) muss im gewünschten Fenster COM oder VLOC stehen. ACTIVATE / ENTER -- gewählte Funktion wird sofort aktiviert
Cursorwechsel COM zu VLOC DRÜCKEN Drehknopf "PUSH C/V". Map Direct - TO
Einstellung MHz Drehen des äußeren Knopfes. Pointer aktivieren ------------------ Drücken rechter kleiner Drehknopf
Einstellung kHz Drehen des inneren Knopfes. Pointer auf – ab ------------------- Kleiner Knopf
Wird der Cursor in das VLOC Standby Fenster gestellt, springt er bei Inaktivität Pointer rechts – links ------------- Großer Knopf
automatisch nach 30 Sekunden wieder in das COM Standby Fenster zurück. Pointer an gewünschter Stelle - Bezeichnung der Facility wird eingeblendet
"D" Drücken ------------------------- Direct-TO Waypoint Page erscheint
Wechsel ACTIVE – STANDBY Bestätigen und aktivieren -------- ENTER
COM DRÜCKEN TASTE "C". HSI
VLOC DRÜCKEN TASTE "V".
Das HSI kann sowohl mit GPS als auch mit VOR 1 gekoppelt werden
Lautstärke und Squelch Umschalten VOR – GPS "CDI" Taste drücken
COM - Lautstärke Drehknopf "C".
COM - Automatic Squelch Aktivieren/Deaktivieren durch Drücken "C". Um Fehlinterpretationen zu vermeiden, die über der CDI Taste am Gerät sichtbare
NAV - Ident Ton Aktivieren/Deaktivieren durch Drücken "V". Anzeige und das zusätzliche Leuchtsymbol am Panel GPS – VLOC beachten.
NAV - Lautstärke Drehknopf "V".

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