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Is Japan Heading Towards Recession?

A Study
Capital expenditure
Trading partner china
How to invest and where
Domestic front

New opportunities in south east asia


There isn’t any skilled labour in asia
Brain drain
Fiscal gap and income gap major challenges
Consumption tax isn’t so great
Gdp is moderate
Japan, the world's third-largest economy, has unexpectedly slid into recession. This comes after
a rise in the national sales tax from five percent to eight percent resulted in reduced consumer
spending. The tax hike was part of a plan to curb Japan's huge public debt, the worst among
advanced nations. Japanese Economy Minister Akira Amari said the April sales tax hike had
made it harder than anticipated for the public to shake off their deflationary mindset.

Shannon McConaghy of Horseman Capital paints a dour picture of the Japanese banking
system. He reveals the accounting tricks that have allowed these banks to survive in a
predominantly negative-interest-rate world, and discusses why credit costs are finally rising.
Shannon warns of a potential meltdown that could have far-reaching ramifications,

Debt Crisis of Greece: Lessons for Stable Economy


Nigeria’s Struggle Against Poverty and Unemployment: An Analysis
86.9m extremely poor 71.5 million
Rate of unemployment is 23.1%
Poverty
Nigeria's unemployment numbers jumped by nearly 30% this year to 16 million, according to a
November report by the National Bureau of Statistics. Another two million are expected to be
unemployed by the end of the year. The negative trend comes as Nigeria this year overtook India
as having the world's largest population of people living in extreme poverty and just ahead of
February presidential elections.
Policy are not so good due to which the struggle of Nigeria has been continuing from past few
years

Inflation Crisis in Venezuela: Macroeconomic Perspectives


Parallel Economy – Boon or Bane?
Main economy and parallel economy
Right so whatever we go through everyday is reflected in the mainstay economy or the main
economy right so whatever money is generated all that money is is accounted account in
within the taxation authorities within the economic growth of the country so if I am getting
my salary and my salary is coming into my bank account then that money is account
because it is in the bank account to income tax authorities account thats the first time so
whatever money has been accounted if that money grows in size particularly we call it GDP
growth yes so when we say the GDP is going when we say that money is going when we say
that all these things are happening but parallel to this mainstream economy something the
speed that we do not reliance and something that we have been a part of is unaccounted
money whenever money is not accounted not accounted in front of the income tax
authorities and that money has been generated from certain sources which may be but
money that you have generated it is not in the knowledge of income tax authorities if
money is not in the knowledge of income taxation authorities that money is not text him
that money is called as unaccounted money or what we love to call it black money money or
black money yes regulating at a huge scale at a very large scale then we say that it is very
very big so we only have certain words in mind that what constitutes so whatever funds
whatever money is generated through search sources which are unregulated I repeat such
sources which are unregulated unregulated means there is no regulation on those particular
on this particular sources of funds that generate that kind of money so somebody has made
money but the sources not disclosed unaccounted money and unaccounted money comes
from and regulated market and it is also called as so unregulated unaccounted and text so
because of unregulated markets runs because of unaccounted money and runs because of
so more and more and more and more and more and more you'd be surprised to know
we're the population of a billion roads roads and how many people how many people are
subject to income tax they are hardly 2,000,000 people after demonetisation after the most
5.5 around 6 to 7,000,000 but that increase is also very less in comparison to the entire
thing when you see so when you see the entire thing you see so many people 60% - 70%
and 50% population and agriculture people at least 20 people would be employed or would
be working for would be generating money so people only 5 to 6,000,000 people are paying
income taxes this huge economy which is run by those 18% on 19.8% people who are
paying taxes it means that they have people were not paying taxes and people who are not
paying taxes they are pretty higher number 9% of the people 96 to 97% of the people are
not paying taxes this is what we call as black money which constitutes parallel economy.
there has to be a crackdown on which we haven't been successfully able to do from where
did this party record crack down and originate parallel economy, it has to relief from
somewhere setting over here if we are running a company like take an example of a Biju’s so
it has its money in his bank account and everything is paid through the bank account in the
bank account of other people hence that every single piece of money is accounted and we
pay taxes on everything on the other hand if there is a pain to the workers that is non
taxable it isn't text whatever they are generating the that money is also so if you are
generating that kind of money which is untaxed so automatically what what does that result
in to it results into high amount of money which is unregulated which is black which is an
account ,the reason is that we people are paying taxes and the reality is that we people are
paying taxes because we do not have any escape are you able to understand what I'm
saying those people who can access it is called as tax evasion because they have the
opportunity to avail tax probably if people like us also had the opportunity to away tax or
opportunity to listen a tax we would have done the same and stems from a simple mentality
that why should we pay taxes we have broken roads we have polluted weather but this we
have that this is a mentality and not mine not yours i'm not blaming you I'm just saying that
every single person when every single individual start thinking on that access from taxes
from direct tax like income tax direct tax start charging indirect tax GST charges but taxes
GST on certain items which has 18% then government charges GST on sanitary napkins
which city biological the city do you speak out the defence expenditure the capitalization of
banks expenditures from the tax money if you are if you are not paying direct taxes

Euro Turns 20: Lessons from Two Decades of Single Currency System
 Trade and financial integration
large positive effect of currency union on international trade, and a small negative effect of
exchange rate volatility Currency unions, like the EMU, lead to a large increase in
international trade.
Euro has also had large effects on financial integration in Europe which documented the
nature, size and other aspects
They also said hat euro impact on financial integration was not because of goods but its
primarily driven by eliminating currency risk
 euro and structural reforms
The reform behind the the Europe of its structural changes is because of euro and
membership in the euro, by reducing interest rates and exchange rate risk, induced large
capital inflows in southern Europe that sharply reduced incentives for structural reforms

Crypto Currency: Boon or Bane to the Economy?


The Current Slowdown of Indian Economy – A Study
There has been a slowdown in the Indian economy where we need to look into the aspects
of the structural elements and cyclic elements, there has been shift in the consumption
pattern as well. There is no such on element that contribute to the slowdown of the Indian
of Indian economy, but it is complex mix that has affecting the country
For example, if u see the in the automobile sector there has been quiet slump when you see
previous years records people have stopped buying car which may be due to the electric
vehicle which is probably the future so there has been quiet of hit in auto mobile industry
Other factor that can contribute in the slow down is the other manufacturing units
weakened the investments and lessened the consumption demand, since the growth is
slowing significantly so what government can do is to spend more and more .
Another thing we could see is that corporate and household debt is rising which is hitting
the financial sector
As government is taking intitative in startups but the success rate of start is just 5% which
another important crisis is unemployment
Many economist thing that there should be change in the land acquisition , labour laws
stable tax and regulatory regime
Fiscal stimulus should be avoided given fiscal space is at risk and revenue losses from the
recent corporate income tax rate cut should be off-set. The country's real estate sector
witnessed one of the poorest years, faced with a poor housing demand.
The government has also taken measures to tackle the problem of Non-Performing Assets
and improve the health of the banking sector.

Current Macroeconomic Environment of China: An Analysis


https://www.researchgate.net/publication/5172219_Economic_growth_and_the_environment_in_
China_An_empirical_analysis_of_productivity

https://www.focus-economics.com/countries/china

State of European Macroeconomy Since 2008


What is RBI Monetary Policy?
Monetary policy is the macroeconomic policy laid down by the Reserve Bank of India. It
involves the management of money supply and interest rates. The central bank tweaks
interest rates to achieve macroeconomic objectives such as liquidity, consumption and
inflation.

When is RBI Monetary Policy?


RBI monetary policy committee will meet during February 4-6 for its sixth bi-monthly
Monetary Policy Statement for 2019- ..

What is the objective of Monetary Policy Committee?


The objective of the Monetary Policy Committee is to fix the benchmark interest rate i.e
repo rate. The committee comprises six members, including RBI governor.
What are repo rate and reverse repo rate?
Repo rate is the rate at which RBI lends money to the commercial banks. The rate is used by
monetary authorities to control inflation. On the other hand, reverse repo is the rate at
which com

Will RBI cut policy rates on February 6?


A Reuters poll of economists, conducted before Budget showed that the central bank is
expected to keep the repo rate unchanged until at least October, when it is seen resuming
its easing path. RBI is now forecast to next cut rates by 25 basis points to 4.90 per cent in
the October-December quarter, though some analysts reckon the central bank will keep
rates on hold for longer.

https://www.jagranjosh.com/general-knowledge/monetary-policy-an-overview-1448356108-1

balance of payment (balance of trade)

visible

invisible

unilateral current account

capital ( capital account)