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# Dimension details of Single cell Box culvert for 6m X 4.

5m clear dimensions

0.45m

4.50m

4.975m
0.50m

6.00m

0.50m

6.50m

## For 1-Cell Box culvert

Design chainage = 352+432 km
FRL = 656.568 m
Invert level = 650.080 m
Level difference = 6.488 m
Actual Vent height = 4.5 m
Depth of fill + W.C 1.538 m say 1.55m
Wearing coat thickness(for dispersion calc.) = 0.065 m
Wearing coat thickness(considering future overlay) = 0.1 m
Depth of fill + W.C = 1.550 m
Minimum Depth of fill + W.C coming under = 0.088 m
this group
Depth of Water Level during HFL = 4.5 m
Dimension details of cross section
Clear span = 6.00 m
Clear height = 4.50 m
Top slab thickness = 0.45 m
Bottom slab thickness = 0.50 m
Side wall thickness = 0.50 m
Depth of fill+W.C = 1.550 m
Haunch Size = 0.15 x 0.15 m
Width of Extension = 13.2 m (In transverse Direction)
Total width = 7.00 m
C/C Span = 6.50 m
C/C height = 4.98 m
Basic parameters
Angle of internal friction = 30 Degrees
Coefficient of Earth pressure at rest Ka = 0.50
Density of fill γs = 20kN/m3
Concrete Density γc = 25kN/m3
Water Density γw = 10kN/m3
Surcharge live load from IRC-6-2010 cl:217.1 = 1.2 m
Safe bearing capacity of soil = 200 kN/m2

(earth fill+W.C)
1 in 1
1.55m Earth Pressure

Water Surcharge
Pressure

Water
Pressure
(Dry soil pr.) (Submerged soil pr.)
5.2 Dimensions of the structure for the STAAD model
The structure is idealised in STAAD. Pro as shown below. The lengths of the members have
been considered from centre to centre. The width of the structure has been considered as 1m.

6.50m
(c/c) 4.98m
(c/c)

A B C D E F

## Spacing between end springs (A-B) = 0.250m

Spacing between B-C springs = 0.208m
Spacing between C-D springs = 0.208m
Spacing between D-E springs = 0.400m
Spacing between E-F springs (Inner Springs) = 0.243m
3
Modulus of Subgrade reaction =40×2.5×200 = 20000 kN/m
(Foundation Analysis and Design by Joseph E.Bowles (Fs=40*s.f*qa) and s.f = 2.5, qa=200 kN/m2.)
Spring constant for A =20000×(0.25000/2) = 2500.0 kN/m
Spring constant for B =20000×((0.25000+0.20750)×0.5) = 4575.0 kN/m
Spring constant for C =20000×((0.20750+0.20750)×0.5) = 4150.0 kN/m
Spring constant for D =20000×((0.40000+0.20750)×0.5) = 6075.0 kN/m
Spring constant for E =20000×(0.40000+0.24278)×0.5 = 6427.8 kN/m
Spring constant for F =20000×(0.24278+0.24278)×0.5 = 4855.6 kN/m
1.775 Surcharge
17.75 kN/m2 17.75 kN/m2
2
20.0 kN/m
Water
Pressure
6.750
2
HFL 45.00 kN/m
4.750

2 2 2
47.5 kN/m 67.50 kN/m 23.75 kN/m
Dry earth 12.0 kN/m
2
43.750 kN/m
2
Pressure
Submerged
Self weight Top slab =0.45×1×25 = 11.25 kN/m soil Pressure
Bottom slab =0.50×1×25 = 12.50 kN/m
Side wall =0.50×4.5×25 = 56.250 kN
6.2 SIDL
Load due to W/C =(0.1×1)×22 2.2 kN/m
Load due to fill =(1.55-0.065)×20×(1-0.30) 20.79 kN/m
Weight of Parapet wall =0.3×(1.55+0.6)×25 16.13 kN/m
Surcharge live load is considered to be equivalent to 1.2 m of earth fill (As per IRC-6-2010 cl:217.1)
2
= 0.50 * 20 * 1.2 = 12 kN/m
6.4 Earth pressure:
Load intensity due to Earth Pressure, = Ka .γ . h
2
At top slab level,
=0.500×20×1.775 = 17.75 kN/m
2
At bottom level,=0.500×20×6.750 = 67.50 kN/m
6.5 Water and soil Pressure (During HFL) :
Load intensity due to Water Pressure, = γ.h
2
Acting Downward on bottom Slab, = 45.00 kN/m
2
At HFL top level, = 0.00 kN/m
2
At C-L of Bottom slab level, = 47.50 kN/m
Load intensity due to submerged Pressure,
2
Submerged soil pressure at bottom, = 23.75 kN/m
Note:- Water pressure inside and outside will balance each other and hence not to be
considered, but the earth fill outside will be submerged up to a height of HFL level. So the
submerged earth pressure is considered during the HFL condition.
6.6.1 Case 1: IRC 70R - Tracked Vehicle
1.20 0.30
(a). LL Position for Maximum B.M:

3.250
6.50 C/C

4.57

2.06

## 3.25 12.36 kN/m2

6.50
Along traffic direction:
Dispersion of loads through fill is taken as 1:1
Effective length of the load =4.57+2×(1.550+0.45) = 8.57 m
Total length of the span (C/C) = 6.50 m
Along transverse direction:
Effective Width of the load is computed using the formula
(as per IRC : 21 Cl 305.16)
beff = k * X (1 - X/L) + bw
(b/ l0 ) =13.2/6.00 = 2.2
X =6.50/2 = 3.25 m
bw =0.84+2×(1.550) = 3.94 m
k = 2.60
beff = k * X (1 - X/L) + bw
beff =2.600×3.25×(1-3.25/6.00)+3.94 = 7.813 m
Actual effective width = 7.813 m
7.813/2>2.06 /2, Therefore overlapping due to dispersion occurs in transverse direction
Load to be considered = 700 kN
Since (7.81/2)>(0.30+1.2+(0.84/2))

## Net effective width of dispersion = 7.89 m

0.30+1.20+(0.84/2)+2.06+(7.813/2)
Load intensity =700/(8.57×7.89) = 10.36 kN/m2
Impact factor As per IRC-6-2010, cl:208.3 & cl:208.6 = 19.4 %
Note: The Impact factor is considered100% for all Live load cases, since this design is covering
form fill height range from 0.088 m to 1.55m
Load intensity with impact = 12.36 kN/m2
Braking Force
As per IRC-6-2010, cl:211.2, =(20/100)×10.36×(6.50) = 13.46 kN/m
20% of LL (without imapct)

## (b). LL Position for Maximum S.F:

i) Load Position 1 1.20 0.30

2.000
0.84

Parapet wall

4.285
4.57
6.50 C/C

2.22

2.06

12.56 kN/m2

6.50

## Total load = 700 kN

Along traffic direction:
Dispersion of loads through fill is taken as 1:1
Effective length of the load =4.57+2×(1.550+0.45) = 8.57 m
Total length of the span (C/C) = 6.50 m
Length of loaded span = 6.50 m
Along transverse direction:
Effective Width of the load is computed using the formula
(as per IRC : 21 Cl 305.16)
beff = k * X (1 - X/L) + bw
(b/ l0 ) =13.2/6.00 = 2.2
X =2.215 = 2.215 m
bw =0.84+2×(1.550) = 3.94 m
k = 2.60
beff = k * X (1 - X/L) + bw
beff =2.600×2.215×(1-2.215/6.00)+3.94 = 7.57 m
Actual effective width = 7.57 m
7.573/2>2.06 /2 , Therefore overlapping due to dispersion occurs in transverse direction
Load to be considered = 700 kN
Since (7.57/2)>(0.30+1.2+(0.84/2)
Net effective width of dispersion = 7.77 m
0.30+1.20+(0.84/2)+2.06+(7.573/2)
Load intensity =700/(8.57×7.77) = 10.52 kN/m2
Impact factor = 19.4 %
As per IRC-6-2010, cl:208.3
Load intensity with impact = 12.56 kN/m2
Braking Force
As per IRC-6-2010, cl:211.2, =(20/100)×10.52×(6.50) = 13.67 kN/m
20% of LL (without imapct)
6.6.2 Case 2 : IRC Class 70R - Wheeled Vehicle - Bogie Load (40t)
(a). LL Position for Maximum B.M:
1.2 0.30

Parapet wall
2.640

0.86
6.50 C/C

200 kN 0.263
1.22

200 kN
2.640

1.93

2
3.25 11.75 kN/m

6.50
Along traffic direction:
Dispersion of loads through fill is taken as 1:1
Effective length of the load =1.22+0.26+2×(1.55+0.45) = 5.48 m
Total length of the span (C/C) = 6.50 m
Along transverse direction:
Effective Width of the load is computed using the formula
(as per IRC : 21 Cl 305.16)
beff = k * X (1 - X/L) + bw
(b/ l0 ) =13.2/6.00 = 2.2
X =(6.50-1.22)/2 = 2.64 m
bw =0.86+2×(1.550) = 3.96 m
k = 2.60
beff = k * X (1- X/L) + bw
beff =2.600×2.64×(1-2.64/6.00)+3.96 = 7.80 m
Actual eff width = 7.80 m
7.804 /2>1.93/2Therefore overlapping due to dispersion occurs in transverse direction
Load to be considered = 400 kN
Since (7.80/2)>0.30+1.2+(0.86/2)
Net effective width of dispersion = 7.76 m
=0.30+1.2+(0.86/2)+1.93+(7.80/2)
Load intensity =400/(7.76×5.48) = 9.40 kN/m2
Impact factor = 25.0 %
As per IRC-6-2010, cl:208.3
Load intensity with impact = 11.75 kN/m2
Braking Force
As per IRC-6-2010, cl:211.2, =(20/100)×9.399×(5.48) = 10.31 kN/m
20% of LL (without imapct)

## (b). LL Position for Maximum S.F:

1.2 0.30 Parapet wall
2.132

0.86

200 kN 0.263 W1
1.22

200 kN W2
C/C

1.93
6.50

3.149
11.83 kN/m2

6.50

## Total load = 400 kN

Along traffic direction:
Dispersion of loads through fill is taken as 1:1
Effective length of the load =1.22+0.26+2×(1.55+0.45) = 5.48 m
Total length of the span (C/C) = 6.50 m
Length of loaded span = 5.48 m
Along transverse direction:
Effective Width of the load is computed using the formula
(as per IRC : 21 Cl 305.16)
beff = k * X (1 - X/L) + bw
(b/ l0 ) =13.2/6.00 = 2.20

Since the Load W1 and W2 are placed unsymmetry about the span, the distance of the load
from the nearest support X1 & X2 is calculated seperately for W1 and W2 respectively as follows,
X1 =1.550+0.45+(0.26/2) = 2.132 m

bw =0.86+2×(1.550) = 3.96 m
k = 2.60
beff 1 = k * X (1- X/L) + bw
beff 1 =2.600×2.1315×(1-2.1315/6.00)+3.96 = 7.53 m
Actual eff width for Load W1, = 7.53 m
7.533/2>1.93/2 Therefore overlapping due to dispersion occurs in transverse direction
Since (7.53/2)>(0.30+1.2+(0.86/2))
Net effective width of dispersion for W1, b1 = 7.63 m
=0.30+1.2+(0.86/2)+1.93+(7.53/2)
X2 =6.50-3.352 = 3.149 m

bw =0.86+2×(1.550) = 3.96 m
k = 2.60
beff 2 = k * X (1- X/L) + bw
beff 2 =2.60×3.149×(1-3.149/6.00)+3.96 = 7.85 m
Actual eff width for Load W2, = 7.85 m
7.85 /2>1.93/2 Therefore overlapping due to dispersion occurs in transverse direction
Since (7.85/2)>(0.30+1.2+(0.86/2))
Net effective width of dispersion for W2, b2 = 7.79 m
=0.30+1.2+(0.86/2)+1.93+(7.85/2)
Load to be considered = 400 kN
Load intensity =400/42.25 = 9.47 kN/m2
Impact factor = 25.0 %
As per IRC-6-2010, cl:208.3
Load intensity with impact = 11.83 kN/m2
Braking Force
As per IRC-6-2010, cl:211.2, =(20/100)×9.467×(5.48) = 10.38 kN/m
20% of LL (without imapct)
6.6.3 Case 3 : IRC Class A load
(a). LL Position for Maximum B.M: 0.15 0.30

Parapet wall
2.65
C/C

0.50
114 kN
6.50

0.25
1.20

114 kN

1.80
2.65

6.50

## Total load = 228 kN

Along traffic direction:
Dispersion of loads through fill is taken as 1:1
Effective length of the load =1.20+0.25+2×(1.55+0.45) = 5.45 m
Total length of the span (C/C) = 6.50 m
Along transverse direction:
Effective Width of the load is computed using the formula
(as per IRC : 21 Cl 305.16)
beff = k * X (1 - X/L) + bw
(b/ l0 ) =13.2/6.00 = 2.20
X =(6.50-1.20)/2 = 2.65 m
bw =0.50+2×(1.550) = 3.6 m
k = 2.60
beff = k * X (1- X/L) + bw
beff =2.60×2.65×(1-2.65/6.00)+3.6 = 7.447 m
Actual eff width = 7.447 m
7.447/2>1.8/2 Therefore overlapping due to dispersion occurs in transverse direction
Load to be considered = 228 kN
Since (7.45/2)>(0.30+0.15+(0.50/2))
Net effective width of dispersion = 6.22 m
=(0.30+0.15+(0.50/2)+1.80+(7.45/2))
Load intensity =228/(6.22×5.45) = 6.72 kN/m2
Impact factor = 36.0 %
As per IRC-6-2010, cl:208.3
Load intensity with impact = 9.14 kN/m2
Braking Force
As per IRC-6-2010, cl:211.2, =(20/100)×6.72×(5.45) = 7.33 kN/m
20% of LL (without imapct)
(b). LL Position for Maximum S.F:
0.15 0.30
2.13

0.50

0.25 114 kN W1
1.20

W2
6.50 C/C

114 kN

1.80
3.18

Parapet wall

9.23 kN/m2

6.50

## Along traffic direction:

Dispersion of loads through fill is taken as 1:1
Effective length of the load =1.20+0.25+2×(1.55+0.45) = 5.45 m
Total length of the span (C/C) = 6.50 m
Total length of loaded span = 5.45 m
Along transverse direction:
Effective Width of the load is computed using the formula
(as per IRC : 21 Cl 305.16)
beff = k * X (1 - X/L) + bw
(b/ l0 ) =13.2/6.00 = 2.20

Since the Load W1 and W2 are placed unsymmetry about the span, the distance of the load
from the nearest support X1 & X2 is calculated seperately for W1 and W2 respectively as follows,
X1 =1.550+0.45+(0.25/2) = 2.125 m

bw =0.50+2×(1.550) = 3.6 m
k = 2.60
beff 1 = k * X (1- X/L) + bw
beff 1 =2.600×2.125×(1-2.125/6.00)+3.6 = 7.17 m
Actual eff width for Load W1, = 7.17 m
7.168/2>1.8/2 Therefore overlapping due to dispersion occurs in transverse direction
Since (7.17/2)>0.30+0.15+(0.50/2)
Net effective width of dispersion for W1, b1 = 6.08 m
=0.30+1.2+(0.86/2)+1.93+(7.17/2)
X2 =6.50-3.325 = 3.175 m

bw =0.50+2×(1.550) = 3.6 m
k = 2.60
beff 2 = k * X (1- X/L) + bw
beff 2 =2.60×3.175×(1-3.175/6.00)+3.6 = 7.49 m
Actual eff width for Load W2, = 7.49 m
7.487 /2>1.8/2 Therefore overlapping due to dispersion occurs in transverse direction
Since (7.49/2)>0.30+0.15+(0.50/2)
Net effective width of dispersion for W2, b2 = 6.24 m
=0.30+1.2+(0.86/2)+1.93+(7.49/2)

## Load to be considered = 228 kN

Load intensity =228/33.59 = 6.79 kN/m2
Impact factor = 36.0 %
As per IRC-6-2010, cl:208.3
Load intensity with impact = 9.23 kN/m2
Braking Force
As per IRC-6-2010, cl:211.2, =(20/100)×6.79×(5.45) = 7.40 kN/m
20% of LL (without imapct)
6.7 Check for Base Pressure
Maximum reaction in spring = 24.557 kN
(from STAAD.Pro) Node no: 3 (Class- 70R wheeled max SF case)
width of the influence area = 0.125 m
2
Total pressure on base slab = 196.46 kN/m < SBC , Safe

39.12 kN/m
12.36 kN/m (Parapet wall + W.C.+ Fill)

17.75 17.75

47.50 kN/m

45.00 kN/m

## Surcharge LL Earth Pressure

7.1 Critical locations for the design of box section

4 5 6

7
8

11

9
10

1 2 3

## Figure 4: STAAD.Pro model with nodal Points

8.0 Analysis results from Staad Pro

## 8.1 BM at Critical Locations:

Bottom Slab Top Slab Side Wall
Load Case / BM @ Sections 1 3 4 6 7 10
kNm kNm kNm kNm kNm kNm
SIDL (SIDL) 36.1 -105.3 -60.8 115.2 -90.2 -67.3
Earth Pressure (EP (both sides)) 45.0 35.4 -28.3 -28.3 -10.4 -14.8
LL Surcharge Left (LSS L) 52.7 21.8 22.4 -4.3 27.6 -40.4
LL Surcharge Right (LSS R) -40.6 -12.3 -30.8 -4.1 -29.8 35.5
Braking force Left (BR L) 17.7 7.0 15.4 0.0 15.2 -15.1
Braking force Right (BR R) -17.7 -7.0 -15.4 0.0 -15.2 15.1
Live load (LL)* 11.4 -33.3 -19.2 36.4 -28.5 -21.3
Downward water pressure (WP-Down) -5.5 7.4 -0.9 -0.9 -0.6 6.4
Submerged Earth Pressure 32.6 25.6 0.0 -21.2 -7.0 -11.5
* Since,Live Load case 1: i.e., IRC 70R-Tracked Vehicle giving the critical Bending Moment for most of the
elements. So,the results for the Live Load case1 have been tabulted above.
Note : For the load combination presented below live load surcharge values are considered based on the
(DL+SIDL+EP(both sides)) 115 -140 -102 125 -123 -137
(DL+SIDL+EP(both sides)+LLS L) 168 -119 -79 121 -96 -177
(DL+SIDL+EP(both sides)+LLS R) 75 -153 -133 121 -153 -101
(DL+SIDL+EP(both sides)+LLS L+LLS R) 128 -131 -110 117 -126 -142
(DL+SIDL+EP(both sides)+LLS L+LL) 180 -152 -98 157 -124 -198
(DL+SIDL+EP(both sides)+LLS R+LL) 86 -186 -152 157 -182 -123
(DL+SIDL+EP(both sides)+LLS (L+R)+LL) 139 -164 -129 153 -154 -163
(DL+SIDL+EP(both sides)+LLS L+BR L+LL) 197 -145 -83 157 -109 -213
(DL+SIDL+EP(both sides)+LLS R+BR R+LL) 69 -193 -167 157 -197 -107
(DL+SIDL+EP(both sides)+LLS (L+R)+BR L+LL) 157 -157 -114 153 -139 -178
(DL+SIDL+EP(both sides)+LLS (L+R)+BR R+LL) 121 -171 -145 153 -169 -148
(DL+SIDL+SEP+WP(Down)) 98 -143 -74 131 -121 -127
(DL+SIDL+SEP+WP(Down)+LLS L) 150 -121 -52 127 -93 -167
(DL+SIDL+SEP+WP(Down)+LLS R) 57 -155 -105 127 -150 -92
(DL+SIDL+SEP+WP(Down)+LLS L+LLS R) 110 -133 -83 123 -123 -132
(DL+SIDL+SEP+WP(Down)+LLS L+LL) 162 -154 -71 163 -122 -189
(DL+SIDL+SEP+WP(Down)+LLS R+LL) 68 -188 -124 164 -179 -113
(DL+SIDL+SEP+WP(Down)+LLS (L+R)+LL) 121 -167 -102 159 -151 -153
(DL+SIDL+SEP+WP(Down)+LLS L+LL+BR L) 179 -147 -56 163 -106 -204
(DL+SIDL+SEP+WP(Down)+LLS R+LL+BR R) 51 -195 -140 164 -194 -98
Design Moments 197 -195 -167 164 -197 -213

## Load Combination for Distribution Steel

0.2DL + 0.3LL 48 -40 -40 36 -47 -50
Figure 5: Maximum B.M diagram
8.2 SF at Critical Locations:
(The critical locations for the SF is taken at d-away from the face of the Support)
Bottom Slab Top Slab Side wall
Load Case / SF @ Sections 2 5 8 9
kN kN kN kN
SIDL (SIDL) 97 -102 5 5
Earth Pressure (EP (both sides)) 4 0 69 -87
LL Surcharge Left (LSS L) 3 9 7 -37
LL Surcharge Right (LSS R) -2 -9 15 15
Braking force Left (BR L) 0 5 -7 -7
Braking force Right (BR R) 0 -5 7 7
Live load (LL) (without impact) 26 0 1 1
Downward water pressure (WP-Down) -4 0 2 2
Submerged Earth Press (SEP (both sides)) 3 0 52 -62
(DL+SIDL+EP(both sides)) 173 -131 67 -89
(DL+SIDL+EP(both sides)+LLS L) 176 -122 73 -126
(DL+SIDL+EP(both sides)+LLS R) 171 -140 81 -75
(DL+SIDL+EP(both sides)+LLS (L+R)) 174 -131 88 -112
(DL+SIDL+EP(both sides)+LLS L+LL) 202 -122 75 -125
(DL+SIDL+EP(both sides)+LLS R+LL) 196 -140 82 -73
(DL+SIDL+EP(both sides)+LLS (L+R)+LL) 200 -131 89 -110
(DL+SIDL+EP(both sides)+LLS L+BR L+LL) 202 -117 68 -132
(DL+SIDL+EP(both sides)+LLS R+BR R+LL) 196 -145 89 -67
(DL+SIDL+EP(both sides)+LLS (L+R)+BR L+LL) 200 -126 83 -117
(DL+SIDL+EP(both sides)+LLS (L+R)+BR R+LL) 199 -137 96 -104
(DL+SIDL+SEP+WP(Down)) 168 -131 52 -63
(DL+SIDL+SEP+WP(Down)+LLS L) 171 -122 59 -100
(DL+SIDL+SEP+WP(Down)+LLS R) 166 -140 66 -48
(DL+SIDL+SEP+WP(Down)+LLS (L+R)) 169 -131 73 -85
(DL+SIDL+SEP+WP(Down)+LLS L+LL) 197 -122 60 -99
(DL+SIDL+SEP+WP(Down)+LLS R+LL) 191 -140 68 -47
(DL+SIDL+SEP+WP(Down)+LLS (L+R)+LL) 195 -131 74 -84
(DL+SIDL+SEP+WP(Down)+LLS L+LL+BR L) 197 -117 53 -105
(DL+SIDL+SEP+WP(Down)+LLS R+LL+BR R) 191 -145 74 -40
Design Shear Force 202 -145 96 -132
Note: As the top slab is designed by effective width method live load Shear need not be checked .
The bottom slab/side wall is burried in soil impact factor need not be considered.
Figure 6: Maximum SF diagram
9.0 Design of Box section
9.1 Design Data
Permissible compressive stress in concrete = 10 N/mm2
Permissible tensile stress in steel = 240 N/mm2
Permissible shear stress in steel = 200 N/mm2
Modular ratio = 10
k = 0.294
j = 0.902
Q = 1.33 N/mm2
Clear Cover for bottom slab @ section 1 = 75 mm
Clear Cover for bottom slab @ section 2 = 50 mm
Clear Cover for top slab @ section 3 = 50 mm
Clear Cover for top slab @ section 4 = 50 mm
Clear Cover for side wall @ sections 5&6 = 75 mm
9.2 Design for FLEXURE:
9.2.1 Main Reinforcement Design Bottom Slab Top Slab Side Wall
Section 1 3 4 6 7 10
DL+SIDL+EP+Cl.70R tracked max BM 197 195 167 164 197 213
DL+SIDL+EP+Cl. 70R wheeled max SF 198 196 168 164 198 214
Design Moments (kNm) 198 196 168 164 198 214
Sagging Hogging Hogging Sagging Hogging Hogging
Depth of Slab (mm) 500 500 450 450 500 500
Assume dia. of main bar (mm) 20 20 20 20 20 20
Effective depth provided (mm) 415 440 390 390 415 415
Effective depth reqd (mm) 386 384 356 352 386 402
Check for depth provided Safe Safe Safe Safe Safe Safe
Area of Steel Req (mm2) 2201 2058 1986 1944 2200 2383
Ast,min.=0.12% bD (mm2) 600 600 540 540 600 600
Spacing Provided. (mm) 200 200 200 200 200 200
Assume dia of alternate bar(mm) 16 20 16 12 16 16
Spacing Provided for altr.bar.(mm) 200 400 200 200 200 200
Area of Steel provided (mm2) 2576 2356 2576 2136 2576 2576
% of Steel Provided 0.62% 0.54% 0.66% 0.55% 0.62% 0.62%
Check for Ast prov Safe Safe Safe Safe Safe Safe
Y20@200+ Y20@200+ Y20@200+ Y20@200+ Y20@200+ Y20@200+
Provided Steel (bars placed Alternatively )
Y16@200 Y20@400 Y16@200 Y12@200 Y16@200 Y16@200
9.2.2 Distribution Reinforcement Design
48 40 40 36 50 47
Design Moments (kNm)
Hogging Sagging Hogging Sagging Hogging Sagging
Assume dia. Of bar (mm) 12 12 12 12 12 12
Effective depth provided (mm) 399 424 374 374 399 399
Area of Steel Req (mm2) 552 438 494 444 583 541
Ast,min.=0.06% bD (mm2) 300 300 270 270 300 300
Spacing Provided. (mm) 200 200 200 200 180 180
Area of Steel provided (mm2) 565 565 565 565 628 628
Remarks on Ast prov Safe Safe Safe Safe Safe Safe
Provided Steel Y12 @ 200 Y12 @ 200 Y12 @ 200 Y12 @ 200 Y12 @ 180 Y12 @ 180

## 9.3 Check For SHEAR As per IRC 21:

Bottom Slab Top Slab Side Wall
Section 2 5 8 9
DL+SIDL+EP+Cl.70R tracked max BM 202 145 96 132
DL+SIDL+EP+Cl. 70R wheeled max SF 202 145 96 132
Design SHEAR force (kN) 202 145 96 132
Depth of Slab (mm) 500 450 500 500
Assume dia. of main bar (mm) 20 20 20 20
Effective depth provided (mm) 415 390 415 415
Design Shear Stress (N/mm2 ) 0.488 0.373 0.232 0.318
% of Steel Provided 0.62 % 0.66 % 0.62 % 0.62 %
Permissible Shear Stress (N/mm2 ) 0.339 0.349 0.339 0.339
Status Provide Shear R/F Provide Shear R/F Safe Safe
Vs- Design SHEAR force (kN) 62 10 0 0
Dia of shear links 8 8 0 0
No. of Links /m 5 2 0 0
Area of Provided Stirrups 251 100.53 0.00 0.00
Spacing Required 335 820 - -
Spacing Provided 300 300 0 0