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Purita ALIPIO, petitioner, vs.

COURT OF APPEALS and Romeo Jaring, ♥ Alipio’s husband died before case was instituted. Thus, Rule 3, Sec. 20 of
represented by his Atorney-in-Fact Ramon Jaring [2000] the 1997 Rules of Civ Proc is not applicable since it only applies to
♥ Jaring (Romeo) was the lessee of a 14.5 hec fishpond in Barito, Mabuco, defendants who die during the pendency of the case.
Hermosa, Bataan. Lease was for 5 yrs ending on Sep. 12, 1990. ♥ CC Art. 161 (1) provides that the obligation of the Alipios is chargeable
♥ June 19, 1987 til the end of the lease period, Jaring subleased the fishpond against their conjugal partnership since it was contracted by the spouses for
to sps Alipio and sps Manuel. Stipulated rent: P485,600.00 payable in 2 the benefit of the conjugal partnership. When petitioner’s spouse died, their
installments of P300k and P185,600.00. 2nd installment due on June 30, CP was dissolved & debts chargeable against it are to be paid in the
1989. They all signed the contract. settlement of estate proceedings in accordance w/Rule 73, Sec. 2 w/c
provides that the community property will be inventoried, administered, &
♥ Sublessees failed to pay entire 2nd installment, leaving a balance of liquidated and debts thereof paid, in the testate or intestate proceedings of
P50,600.00 w/c they failed to pay despite Alipio’s demands. Thus, he filed a the deceased spouse.
case against said sublessees asking for payment of the balance or ♥ Calma vs.Tanedo: No complaint for collection of indebtedness chargeable
rescission of the contract should they fail to pay the balance. to the CP can be brought against the surviving spouse. Claim must be
♥ Defense of Purita Alipio: petitioned for the dismissal of the case invoking made in the proceedings for the liquidation & settlement of the CP.
Rule 3, Sec. 21 of the 1964 Rules of Court1, claiming that such was Surviving spouse’s powers of admin ceases & is passed on to court-
applicable since her husband and co-sublessee passed away prior to the appointed administrator. Affirmed in Ventura vs. Militante where Court held
filing of this action. Said rule has been amended by Rule 3, Sec. 20, 1997 that lack of liquidation proceedings does not mean that the CP continues.
Rules of Civil Procedure2. Creditor may apply for letters of admin in his capacity as a principal creditor.
♥ Trial court: denied Alipio’s petition. Ratio: she was a party to the contract & ♥ Cases invoked by CA are not applicable, being based on different set of
should be independently impleaded together w/the Manuel sps. Death of facts. In Climaco, claim was not against the CP & it did not survive the
her husband merely resulted in his exclusion from the case. Petitioner & death of the defendant but not as to the remaining defendant. Imperial, on
Manuels ordered to pay balance + P10k atty’s fees and costs of suit. the other hand, involved spouses who were solidarily liable, thus, surviving
♥ CA: dismissed appeal. Rule invoked is not applicable. The action for spouse could be independently sued in an ordinary action for the
recovery of a sum of money does not survive the death of the defendant, enforcement of the entire obligation.
thus the remaining defendants cannot avoid the action by claiming that ♥ Note that for marriages governed by CPG, obligations entered into by sps
such death totally extinguished their obligation. When the action is solidary, are chargeable vs their CP & partnership is primarily bound for the
creditor may bring his action against any of the debtors obligated in repayments. They’ll be impleaded as representatives of the CP and concept
solidum. Alipio’s liability is independent of & separate from her husband’s. of joint/solidary liability does not apply. At best, it will not be solidary but
(Climaco vs. Siy Uy, Imperial vs. David, and Agacoili vs. Vda de Agcaoili) joint.
Issues & Ratio: 2. WON trial court properly ordered Manuels & petitioner to pay the
balance w/o specifying whether it should be paid jointly or solidarily. –
1. WON a creditor can sue the surviving spouse of a decedent in an NO. It should have specified the debtors’ liability.
ordinary proceeding for the collection of a sum of money chargeable
♥ CC Art. 1207: Concurrence of 2 or more creditors or 2 or more debtors in
against the conjugal partnership. – NO. Proper remedy would be to file a
one & the same obligation does not imply a solidary liability. Solidary liability
claim in the settlement of the decedent’s estate or if none has been
only arises when the obligation expressly so states or when the law or
commenced, he can file a petition either for the issuance of letters of
nature of the obligation requires solidarity. Otherwise, it’s presumed to be
administration or for the allowance of will, depending on whether its
joint, w/the debt divided into as many equal shares as there are debtors,
testate/intestate. No shortcut by lumping claim against Alipios w/those
each debt distinct from one another.
against the Manuels.
♥ Should lessees/sublessees refuse to vacate leased property after expiration
of the leased period despite due demands, they can be held solidarily liable
When the action is for recovery of money, debt or interest thereon, and the defendant dies before to pay for the use of the property being joint tortfeasors. However, there’s’
final judgment in the CFI, it shall be dismissed to be prosecuted in the manner especially provided in no allegation that sublessees refused to vacate the fishpond after the
these rules. expiration of the term.
When the action is for the recovery of money arising from contract, express or implied and the ♥ Petitioner does not contend that nature of the lease w/more than 2
defendant dies before entry of final judgment in the court in w/c action was pending at the time of
such death, it shall not be dismissed but shall instead be allowed to continue until entry of final
sublessees result into a solidary liability. Rather, contract provides that rent
judgment A favorable judgment obtained by the plaintiff therein shall be enforced in the manner
especially provided in these Rules for prosecuting claims against the estate of a deceased person.
will be paid to the sub-lessor by the sub-lessees, clearly indicating that
liability is merely joint.
♥ Since obligation of both couples is chargeable against their respective CPs,
balance of P50,600.00 should be divided into 2 so that each couple is liable
to pay P25,300.00

Holding: Petition is granted.

1. Manuels ordered to pay P25,300.00 + atty’s fees of P10k and costs of suit.
2. Complaint against ipio dismissed w/o prejudice to filing of claim by Jaring in
proceedings for the settlement of deceased’s estate for the collection of the
share of the Alipio sps amounting to P25,300.00