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NAME…………………………………………………………Jagath
Jay……………………………………………………………………..

1 The photograph shows a goat with white fur.

Fur colour is inherited in go ats.

• The allele for white fur is represented by A.

• The allele for black fur is represented by a.

• Each goat is identified by the numbers 1 to 8 in the diagram.

The diagram shows the inheritance of fur colour in a herd of goats.

Draw circles around two terms that can be used to describe the genotype of goat 6.

black dominant heterozygous

homozygous recessive white


[2]

[Total: 2]
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2 The photograph shows a goat with white fur.

Fur colour is inherited in goats.

• The allele for white fur is represented by A.

• The allele for black fur is represented by a.

• Each goat is identified by the numbers 1 to 8 in the diagram.

The diagram shows the inheritance of fur colour in a herd of goats.

A farmer identified two goats to breed together.

• The genotype of the male goat is Aa.

• The genotype of the female goat is Aa.

Complete the genetic diagram and the phenotypic ratio for this cross.
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A a

A AA Aa

a Aa aa

phenotypic ratio ...................3.................... white : ...................1.................... black


[3]

[Total: 3]
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3 The photograph shows a goat with white fur.

Fur colour is inherited in goats.

• The allele for white fur is represented by A.

• The allele for black fur is represented by a.

• Each goat is identified by the numbers 1 to 8 in the diagram.

The diagram shows the inheritance of fur colour in a herd of goats.

State the phenotype of goat 5.

.............................................................Black..................................................................................... [1]

[Total: 1]
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4 Haemophilia is a sex-linked blood disorder in which blood takes a long time to clot. The diagram
is a pedigree diagram showing the inheritance of haemophilia.

The couple S and T are expecting another child.

What is the probability that the child will have haemophilia?

Space for working.

...............................................................50%................................................................................... [1]

[Total: 1]
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5 Haemophilia is a sex-linked blood disorder in which blood takes a long time to clot.

Define the term sex-linked characteristic.

This is the characteristic caused by the chromosomes that determines the gender of the person.

[Total: 2]
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6 The Indian muntjac deer, Muntiacus muntjak, is recorded as the mammal with the lowest number
of chromosomes.
The diagram is an image of the chromosomes in the nucleus of a diploid cell of a female muntjac deer.

The diagram below is an image of the chromosomes in the nucleus of a diploid cell of a male
muntjac deer.

Describe how the sex chromosomes of the male muntjac deer differ from those of the female
muntjac deer.

The male has 2 types of chromatids while the female has one type of chromatids. This is

Said because of the different sizes of the chromosomes. [2]

[Total: 2]
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7 Explain how meiosis can result in variation in a species.

Use the words chromosome and gametes in your answer.

During fertilization, gametes combine to form a zygote. Due to the new combination due meiosis each gamete
wil have an unique DNA combination. This causes the crossing over of chromosomes that gives the traits in
both phenotype and genotyp [4]

[Total: 4]

8 Organisms pass on their genetic information in their gametes.

State the name of the type of cell division that produces gametes.

....................................................meiosis.................................................... [1]

[Total: 1]

9 A female guinea pig that was pure-breeding for white fur, mated with a male guinea pig that was
pure-breeding for brown fur.

All the offspring had brown fur.

One of the male offspring mated with a female with white fur.

What proportion of white offspring would be expected from this cross?

A none

B one quarter

C one third

D one half

[1]

[Total: 1]
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10 Explain why the nuclei of sperm cells differ from those of other cells in males.

The nucleus holds the DNA and its an haploid cell which means the contain half the amount of chromosomes

[2]

[Total: 2]

11 Explain why the sex of a child is determined by its father.

The male chromosomes have XY chromosomes while the female have XX chromosomes

The male chromosomes determines because it contributes X or Y chromosome which then

Determines the sex [2]

[Total: 2]

Instructions
- Open and do the assignment and then post it back
- Attempt all the questions
- Use font 14 as you answer in the spaces
- After answering highlight the answers in blue font
- Return your assignment by………………………