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INSTALL AND CONFIGURE DHCP ROLE

1. In the Server Manager, click Add Roles.


2. Select DHCP Server from the list of server roles.

3. Select the network connection(s) that will be used for serving clients. In
this demo, 192.168.0.2 has been selected by default.

4. Specify IPv4 server settings.


 For the Parent Domain, just leave current domain name as default.
 Set the value of Preferred DNS same as the server’s IP address.
This is important because all Windows clients need this
information to join to the domain network.
5. WINS is not required in this application so leave this setting as default.

6. Specify the range of your DHCP client’s base on the requirements of your
network. If you only have 10 computers in your network, you may set the
scope to cater only 10 or 15 IP addresses like 192.168.1.1 –
192.168.1.15. Scope always depends on the requirements of the Network
Administrator. To do this, click on Add button and fill in the required
field.
Note: Set the value of the Default Gateway same to Router’s IP address.
7. For DHCP Authorization, always use the Administrator account.
Although you can specify, any members of the Administrators group of
users but to make our life easier, let Administrator be the authorized
user in terms of DHCP settings management. In the next window after
confirmation, click Install to start the installation of the DHCP role.
To manage DHCP service, locate DHCP in the Administrative Tools. Go to Start
> Administrative Tools > DHCP.

To view connected clients, click Address Leases under Scope options.

To add IP exclusions (IP lease exemptions, IPs that should not be given to the
client computers), right click Address Pool under the Scope and Select New
Exclusion Range. Enter the IP you wanted to exclude.

Important: Exclude your Router (gateway) and your server’s IP address.


Configure your DHCP server options. Server options are values that were given
to connected clients during the lease of IP address such as Default Gateway
and DNS settings. For some reason, this should not be performed in actual
environment (security matters). During the assessment, to make your life
easier in joining windows client computer, this is a good option.

To configure Server Options, right click Server Options on the left panel and
select Configure Options. The following are the most important options to
configure:

 Router [003] = the network’s gateway or the router’s IP address.


 DNS Server [006] = the IP address of the DNS Server.
 DNS Domain Name [015] = string value of the current domain name e.g.
cti.local or crossroads.com
Sample Server Options Configurations.
Once the configuration is done, refresh your DHCP IPv4 settings so that all
clients will have these options on their adapter settings. In the client
computer, perform the ipconfig /renew and ipconfig /release to be able to
receive a new set of network settings.

To check if the server options were included during leasing of IP address, log on
to client computer. Go to Start > cmd , then type ipconfig /all.
Compare the highlighted items to your Server Options. If it’s exact same value,
therefore, your DHCP server is working pretty well.