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Homework 6

Nika Kurdadze
May 7, 2020

Paragraph 9
Challenging problems
1) We have to show that if an > 0 and aan+1
n
> n+1
n (1) for all n, then the series
P∞
n=1 na diverges.
an is positive, so we can rearrange terms in equation 1. we will get:
n+1
an+1 > an (1)
n


X
an = a1 + a2 + a3 + a4 .... + an (2)
n=1

Combining (1) and (2) we will get



X 1 1 2 1 2 3 n!
an ≥ a1 + a1 · + a1 · · + a1 · · · + ... + a1 · = (3)
n=1
2 2 3 2 3 4 (n + 1)!


1 1 1 1 X 1
a1 (1 + + + + ... + ) = a1
2 3 4 n n=1
n
a1 is finite, so the series diverges
exercise 7
We are given the function:

X 22k k! 2k+1
f (x) = x (4)
(2k + 1)!
k=0

(a) we have to find its radius of convergence. we use ratio test.

22k+2 (k + 1)! (2k+3)! (2k + 1)!


lim x · 2k 2k+1 = 0 (5)
k→∞ (2k + 3)! 2 k!x

So, the radius of convergence is infinity


(b) we have to show that
f 0 (x) = 1 + 2xf (x) (6)

1
first we differentiate the function.
∞ ∞
X 22k k! X 22k k!
f 0 (x) = x2k = 1 + x2k (7)
(2k)! (2k)!
k=0 k=1

now, notice that


∞ ∞
X 22k+1 k! 2k+2 X 22k k! 2k
2xf (x) = x = x (8)
(2k + 1)! (2k)!
k=0 k=1

what was to be proved.