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homework

nika kurdadze
April 28, 2020

9.9
11. We have to Find the Fourier sine series of f (t) = t on [0; 1]
to get sin series we need our function to be odd. so we add the odd extension:
f (t) = t on [−1; 0). this function is odd and has period 2. so ω = 2π2 = π. our
function is odd so, coefficients of cosine terms are zeros, we only need to find
coefficients of sine terms. to do this, we need to find integral:
Z 1 Z 1 Z 1
1 1 (−1)n · 2
t sin (nωt)dt = 2 t sin (nπt)dt = 2( cos (nωt)t+ cos (nωt)dt) =
−1 0 πn 0 πn πn
P∞ (−1)n ·2
So, f (t) = n=1 πn sin πnt
Review 13) we have to find horizontal and vertical tangent lines of parametric
equation: x = t3 − 3t; y = t3

dx = (3t2 − 3)dt
dy = (3t2 )dt
dy (3t2 − 3)dt 3t2 − 3
= 2
=
dx (3t )dt 3t2
dy
we will have horizontal tangent line when dx = 0 and vertical tangent line when
dy
dx = ∞ ; so for horizontal tangent line we have
3t2 = 0
t=0
and for vertical tangent line:
3t2 − 3 = 0
t = ±1
t
17) we have to find the arc length of the parametric curve: x = et − t; y = 4e 2
from t=0 to t=2
dx
= et − 1
dt
dy t
= 2e 2
dt

1
Z 2 q Z 2
t
p
L= (et − 1)2 + (2e 2 )2 dt = (et + 1)2 dt = e2 + 2 (1)
0 0
32n+1
P∞
15) We have to Determine whether the series n=1 n! converge or diverge.
by ratio test we have

32n+3 n! 9
lim · 2n+1 = lim =0
n→∞ (n + 1)! 3 n→∞ n + 1

so the given series converge


19) We have to determine weather the series converge absolutely, converge con-
ditionally, or diverge.

X (−1)n−1
n=1
ln(ln(n))
1
lim =0
n→∞ ln(ln(n))
also, series is decreasing with absolute value, so it converges conditionally.
also, we have:
∞ ∞
X 1 X 1
>
n=1
ln(ln(n)) n=1
n
so, it does not converge absolutely
35) We have to determine if Is the matrix is positive or negative definite or
neither  
3 −1 1
 −1 1 −1 
1 −1 2
det(3)=3
 
3 −1
det =3−1=2
−1 1
 
3 −1 1
det  −1 1 −1  = 3 − 1 + 0 = 2
1 −1 2
So, the matrix is positive defined