Sie sind auf Seite 1von 65
DS iNGILIZCE YABANCI DIL SINAV! 77 ' CONTENTS NOUNS, ARTICLES, QUANTIFIERS and PRONOUNS, PAGE 1- NOUNS: 10 2- ARTICLES (A/AN, THE ) 3 QUANTIFIERS .. TEST YOURSELF 1 ...... 4- INDEFINITE PRONOUNS... 38 8- REFLEXIVE PRONOUNS 6- SUBJECT - VERB AGREEMENT 7- PRONOUN AGREEMENT 8- FORMS OF “OTHER" EXAMPLES FROM OYS/YDS TEST YOURSELF 2 o...csccccscs TEST YOUR VOCABULARY .. NOUNS, ARTICLES, QUANTIFIERS and PRONOUNS 1- NOUNS Ingilizcede isimler sayabilir (countable) ve sayilamaz {uncountable} olmak Gzere iklye aynitr Sayllabilir isimler rakamlarla ifade edebilecegimiz, cogul yapabilecegimiz isimlerdir: a house, two students, only one problem, another day, three years, ctc. Sayilamaz isimler, rakamlarla fade edemeyecegimiz. genellikle ikitle halinde kat maddeleri, sivi, gaz ya ca loz halindeki maddeleri ve soyut kavramlan karsilayan isimlerdir: cheese, meat, water. mili, pollution, air, salt, sugar, happiness, luck, cic. 1-1 COUNTABLE NOUNS Saynlabilir isimler, tekil (singular) ya da cogul (plural) bicimde kullanhr. Diizenlt isimlerin cogul bigimi, sdzcdgin sonuna -s talsisinn eklenmesiyle elde edilir: a book-books, a door-doors. a baby-babies, a course-courses. cic a) The spelling of -s in Regular Plural Nouns chair-chairs Pek cok isim cogul yapilirken ruler-rulers sonuna sadece -s talost alit giclgirls bush-bushes clutch-clutches fsimler cogul yapilrken, -es eklenir. address-addresses quiz-quizzes -zile biten sbzcdiklere -s ektenirken box-boxes 2 oifl yazabrr. boy-boys Sonu -y ile biten isimierde, -y'den once play-plays bir sesti harf varsa, sadece -3 eklenir. tray-trays enemy-enemies -yden once bir sessiz harf varsa, discovery discoveries -y. tye dontigiir ve -es eklenir. ery-eries EXERCISE 1: Put into the plural. Example: A coconut grows on a palm. Coconuts grow on palms. 1- A clown wears a costume. 2- Sometimes a boy vandalises a park and breaks a bench or a swing. 3- A fire Aghter normally uses a hose to put outa fire.