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Contents
Section 1: Introduction

Section 2: Login, Main Page, Account Details, and Preferences

Section: 3 Computing a Flight Plan


3.1 Flight Planning Tab .......................................................................................................3-3
3.2 Create FPL .....................................................................................................................3-3
3.3 Trip Details .....................................................................................................................3-4
3.3.1 Airport Identifier Lookup ................................................................................................3-5
3.3.2 Required Information .......................................................................................................3-6
3.3.3 Flight Level ......................................................................................................................3-10
3.3.4 Fuel Details ......................................................................................................................3-11
3.3.5 Coded Departure Routes ..................................................................................................3-14
3.4 Routing ............................................................................................................................3-15
3.4.1 Route Table ......................................................................................................................3-15
3.4.2 Editing the Route .............................................................................................................3-19
3.4.3 Long Directs.....................................................................................................................3-22
3.4.4 Multi-Route Option..........................................................................................................3-23
3.4.5 Flow Control ....................................................................................................................3-24
3.4.6 Avoiding an FIR ..............................................................................................................3-25
3.4.7 Round-robin Flights .........................................................................................................3-26
3.4.8 Charts ...............................................................................................................................3-27
3.4.9 DPs and STARs ...............................................................................................................3-28
3.4.10 Airport Charts ..................................................................................................................3-28
3.5 Mapping ..........................................................................................................................3-30
3.5.1 Map Window ...................................................................................................................3-31
3.5.2 Map Overlays ...................................................................................................................3-34
3.5.3 Fuel Stop Planning ...........................................................................................................3-38
3.5.4 Graphical Flight Planning ................................................................................................3-40
3.5.5 Changing the route ...........................................................................................................3-41
3.5.6 Edit Route Box .................................................................................................................3-43
3.5.7 Computing the New Route...............................................................................................3-47
3.5.8 Distance Estimation .........................................................................................................3-47
3.6 Cost Estimation ..............................................................................................................3-49
3.6.1 Customizing Cost Inputs ..................................................................................................3-49
3.6.2 Cost Calculations Output .................................................................................................3-49
3.7 Computing a Flight Plan ...............................................................................................3-52
3.7.1 Adjusting Aircraft Biases .................................................................................................3-54
3.8 Flight Plan Route ...........................................................................................................3-56
3.9 Tankering........................................................................................................................3-58
3.9.1 Selecting Flight Plans ......................................................................................................3-59
3.9.2 Entering Fuel Values........................................................................................................3-60

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3.9.3 Tankering Results ............................................................................................................3-62


3.10 Receiver Autonomous Integrity Monitoring (RAIM) ................................................3-64
3.10.1 Aircraft Parameters ..........................................................................................................3-64
3.10.2 RAIM Prediction ..............................................................................................................3-65
3.11 Replanning Flights .........................................................................................................3-68
3.12 Stored Routes .................................................................................................................3-70
3.12.1 Routes to Destination .......................................................................................................3-70
3.12.2 Route to Alternate ............................................................................................................3-71
3.13 Slot Reservations (U.S. and Canada Only) ..................................................................3-73
3.13.1 Slot Reservation when Filing ...........................................................................................3-73
3.13.2 Slot Status Page................................................................................................................3-74
3.14 Saving Flight Plans to Disk ...........................................................................................3-77
3.15 Fuel ..................................................................................................................................3-80
3.16 Intelligence Brief ............................................................................................................3-85
3.17 Graphical Temporary Flight Restrictions (TFRs) ......................................................3-87

Section 4: Equal Time Points (ETPs) and Extended Operations (ETOPS)

Section 5: Flight Plan Filing and Filing Status

Section 6: Flight Plan Packages

Section 7: Runway Analysis and Weight and Balance/Performance

Section 8: Weather and Messaging

Section 9: Advanced Passenger Information System (APIS)

Section 10: Safety Management System (SMS)

Section 11: Document Management

Section 12: Self Sufficient Customers

Section 13: Hazard Alerting

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3.1 Flight Planning Tab


The Flight Planning tab on the ARINC Direct main page gives you access to all of the tools required
to create and file a flight plan. It also allows you to recompute previously calculated flight plans,
build and store company preferred routes, check airport slot reservations and flight plan filing
status, and create and send a flight plan package. The following sections describe the functions
found within the Flight Planning tab.

3.2 Create FPL


The Create FPL page is composed of 6 expandable sections for entering flight plan information: Trip
Details, Routing, Runway Analysis, Weight and Balance/Performance, Cost Parameters, and
ETP/ETOPS Details. Click anywhere in the title bar to expand (+) or contract (–) the section heading
for any of the sections.

The page also contains a map “thumbnail” that displays the great circle or computed route of flight
once the city pair is entered. As you plan your flight, the map thumbnail is updated. See Section
3.5—Mapping for a complete description of the mapping features.

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3.3 Trip Details


When you log into your account, the system defaults to the Flight Planning tab and the Create FPL
page with the Trip Details section open. All the inputs needed to run an optimized flight plan are
entered in this section. Required fields are shaded in yellow and marked with an * (see Section
3.3.2—Required Information). When flight planning, the Routing table is populated with an initial
set of routes once Departure, Destination, and ETD are entered in the Trip Details section. At this
point you can also Preview a flight plan.

You have the flexibility to change the default Cruise, Climb, and Descent schedule and the Flight
Plan Format using appropriate drop down menus.

You can also enter your fuel requirements and modify your default fuel values. You have the
capability to specify Reserve and Holding fuel in time as well as pounds (see Section 3.3.4— Fuel
Details). Default values for both Reserve and Holding are set on the Aircraft Profile page by
Company Administrators (see Section 2.3.2.5—Aircraft Weights).

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If any of the entered or default values change or new entries (payload, fuel, FL, etc.) are made that
could affect the flight ETE, burn, FL, etc. once the initial routes are generated, you will not be able
to Preview a flight plan. The routes must be synchronized (synced) with the new values before you
can proceed. The syncing of the routes:

a. Allows you to enter all flight plan parameters before getting final calculation
b. Reduces the number of times the flight planning system starts and then re-starts calculations
c. Provides consistency when flight planning between weight and balance and non-weight and
balance enabled tails

There are several indications on the page to remind you to update the route:

1. The Preview button is re-labeled Sync Routing and the message “Routes have not been synched
with updates” is displayed above it

2. The selected route in the table changes from green to orange and the sync routes message is
displayed at the top of the table
3. A Sync Routes links is displayed at the top of the table

Once all parameters have been entered (or at any time during the planning process) you can click
the Sync Routing button or click the Sync Routes link to re-compute the routes in the table. When
the re-calculations are complete, the selected route is highlighted in green and the Preview button is
re-enabled. See Section 3.4—Routing for additional details on the routes table.

3.3.1 Airport Identifier Lookup


In the upper right corner of the Trip Details section is a button labeled Lookup Airport. Clicking this
button opens a pop-up window that allows you to search for an airport by identifier, airport name, or
city.

1. Type in the airport identifier, city name, or airport name (or a portion thereof) and click Search.
2. All entries that meet the search criteria are provided. The table lists the ICAO identifier, Airport
Name, City, State, Country, and Longest Runway. Each column can be sorted by clicking the
column heading.

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NOTE: The search engine performs a literal match to the string of characters in the City, Country
or Airport name field and returns all entries containing the character string. The more complete the
entry, the more refined the search and the fewer number of choices you will need to sort through.

3. To transfer the identifier to the Trip Details page, select the desired airport then click the
appropriate Send to button. You will receive a message that the airport has been entered in the
selected box on in the Trip Details section.

3.3.2 Required Information


Only four items (Tail*, ETD*, Departure*, and Destination*) are required for you to generate a flight
plan. With this data, the system calculates a flight path that is optimized for fuel and also calculates
plans for any routes we have stored in the system for the city-pair (ATC Preferred, Recently Cleared,
etc.).

1. Select the appropriate Tail* from the dropdown list. Only those company aircraft entered in the
system and supported by the flight planning tools are visible.
a. To plan and file a flight using a Flight ID, select the appropriate ID from the drop down.
b. To plan using the N-number, leave Select FID in the drop-down.

NOTES:
 The Departure Date* field is automatically populated with the current or next day when a
time is entered in the ETD* field. A date is required to generate a RAIM Prediction.
 Aircraft N-number to call-sign mapping is done by the System Administrator using the
Account Details tab (see Section 2.5—Flight ID Assignments). If you do not have any tails
mapped to a flight ID, the Select FID drop down box is not displayed on the Create FPL
page.

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2. Enter the departure and arrival airports (Departure* and Destination*). The airport name is
displayed below the field.

NOTES:
 Departure and destination airports can be entered with either a 3- or a 4-letter identifier.
Using the 4-letter airport identifier reduces the chance of a conflict within the flight planning
system between airports and navaids having the same identifier.
 The same identifier can be entered for both the Departure and Destination when planning
“round-robin” flights however, unlike a normal flight plan, you will need to enter a route of
flight in the custom route box (see Section 3.4.7—Round-robin Flights).

Clicking the WX/Info button opens a new window that contains the airport weather information for
the entered airport as well as additional information on services available at the airport. The
products selected are based on your default settings.

You can use the checkboxes and the Submit Request button to modify the Text Weather Results on a
one-time basis or change your defaults using the Preferences link.

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For information on possible alternate airports click the Find Alternates button.

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Search criteria for alternates, Maximum Distance (from Departure or Destination) and Minimum
Runway Length, are set for each aircraft by your Company System Administrator via the A/C Profile
page (see Section 2.3.2.11—Alternate Airport Criteria).

To override the default selection criteria for a specific flight plan, click the Find Alternates button to
display the Alternates page and use the drop down menu and data fields at the top of the page.
Click the Filter button to display the results. Use the radio button to choose the desired airport and
click Select to populate the Alternate field on the Create FPL page.

3. Enter the estimated departure time (ETD*). You have the option to enter your departure time in
either Z or local (LCL) time. The system automatically converts between times based on the
departure location provided we have a time zone offset for that location stored in our data base.
If no offset is available, the LCL field is not displayed.

Clicking the link labeled ETD HELP provides guidance on what entries are accepted in the ETD
field (i.e., the proposed time for a plan using the forecast winds, 9900 for a no-wind
computation, or MMM for a plan with monthly historical winds).

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4. The Departure Date is pre-populated once an ETD is entered. For an ETD that is in the future the
date field is pre-populated with the current date. An ETD in the past results in the field being
pre-populated with tomorrow’s date.

If you want to run a flight plan with historical or zero winds, enter the 3-letter abbreviation for
the month or 9900 for zero winds in the ETD field. The Departure Date field is grayed-out and is
not required for these computations.

Select any other date by typing the date in the field (use the dd-mmm-yyyy format for free text
entry) or select the date from the calendar widget. Entering the date in one field (Z or LCL)
automatically converts the entry (if necessary) and populates the other field. The entered date
also pre-populates the Departure Date field on the FPL Filing page.

5. Click the Preview FPL button in the Flight Planning Parameters window to generate an
optimized flight plan.

NOTE: You can configure your individual account to always use Customer Preferred or ATC
Preferred Routes, if there are any entered in the system, for the desired city-pair. See Section
2.7.3—Flight Plan Preferences on how to configure your account.

To customize the output, follow the steps below.


1. To change the default Cruise, Climb, or Descent Schedule use the appropriate drop down menu.
The schedules listed are taken from the aircraft performance manual or similar document. Any
of the available modes can be selected and used for computing the flight plan.
2. You can change the flight plan format for a specific trip by selecting an alternate format from
the Flight Plan Format using drop down menu.
3. Enter the planned Payload for the trip. To calculate a flight plan for maximum payload, enter
"max" or the letter "m" in the Payload box.

NOTE: Max payload is the difference between the aircraft Basic Operating Weight (BOW) and
Zero Fuel Weight (ZFW).

3.3.3 Flight Level


You can specify a desired altitude using the FL field or leave the field blank. If the FL field is left
blank, the most fuel-efficient cruise altitude will be selected. Leaving the field blank will also allow
a step climb to be automatically included in the flight plan at the appropriate waypoint.

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NOTE: The most fuel-efficient altitude picked by the system may be an altitude that ATC will not
approve for the route or it may be higher than you expect for a short trip. If experience shows that a
specific cruise altitude is assigned for a specific route, entering that altitude in FL field will provide
a more realistic time and fuel burn estimate.

The box labeled Disregard FIR Altitude Rules is unchecked by default and is used as follows:

For optimized flight plans:


a. For routes with no step climbs:
 If you leave Disregard FIR Altitude Rules box unchecked and enter an altitude in the FL
box, the flight plan will adhere to standard FIR altitude rules. If an "illegal" altitude is
entered, the flight planning system will choose the closest lower legal altitude for the
direction of flight. In some cases, this may result in a flight plan that contains multiple
altitude changes commensurate with even small (East/West) heading changes.
 If you check the Disregard FIR Altitude Rules box and enter an altitude in the FL box, the
flight plan will ignore standard hemispherical and FIR specific altitude rules. If an
"illegal" altitude is entered, the flight planning system will not choose an appropriate
legal altitude for the direction of flight. Multiple altitude changes commensurate with
small (East/West) heading changes will not occur.

b. For routes that contain step climbs/descents the system climbs (or descends) to the legal
altitude closest to the one entered in either the FL box or the Routing box unless the
Disregard FIR Altitude Rules box is checked:
 If you specify an altitude in the FL box, the system treats it as the initial desired altitude
until the first step climb is reached.
 If you leave the FL box blank and only specify step climbs in the routing box, the system
will climb until the first step climb altitude in the routing box is reached.

NOTE: To force a step climb or descent, see instructions in Section 3.4.2—Editing the Route.

3.3.4 Fuel Details


Specific fuel requirements can be entered in the Fuel Details section. If these fields are left blank,
the system computes all fuel requirements using the data stored in the aircraft profile. To calculate
a flight plan for maximum fuel, enter “max” or the letter “m” in the FOB box.

NOTES:
 A flight plan is calculated for EITHER max payload or max fuel. If you enter “max” in both
fields, an error will occur.
 Reserve Fuel can be calculated using pounds/kilograms, as a percent, as a percent of trip
time or as the higher of percent or pounds/kilograms. For percent calculations the system
takes the entered percentage of the total trip fuel, less any descent biases that are 1) entered
for your specific aircraft or 2) inherent in the flight planning system. You must enter the
percent (%) sign in the field or the Reserve Fuel is calculated as pounds. The Reserve HELP
link on the Create FPL page provides additional information.
 If there is not enough fuel in the FOB field to complete the trip, the flight planning system
automatically adds fuel to run the plan until the maximum fuel capacity or maximum take-
off weight is reached and displays a note at the top of the flight plan.

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You can specify the amount of fuel you want on board when you land at your destination airport
(not the alternate). Select Arrive with and you enter a fuel value in the FOB field. The flight plan is
calculated so that your arrival fuel equals Reserve + Holding + Alternate + Extra fuel. In some
cases, this may be greater than the value entered in the FOB field (e.g., if you enter a higher number
in the Reserve Fuel field). Several examples are presented below.

NOTE: If a value is entered in the Minimum Fuel Burn to Alternate field in the Aircraft Weights
section of the Tail Information page (see Section 2.3.2.5—Aircraft Weights) and an alternate is
selected when computing a flight plan, the system displays either the minimum alternate fuel OR
the actual fuel required to get to the alternate, whichever is greater.

Example 1 - No Alternate Selected: The sum of Reserve + Holding + Alternate + Extra fuel equals
the 4000 lbs entered as the Arrive with value.

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Example 2 - Alternate is Selected: The sum of Reserve + Holding + Alternate + Extra fuel is
greater than the 4000 lbs entered as the Arrive with value and you will arrive with 4500 lbs of fuel.

Example 3 - Reserve Fuel: This plan is calculated with an Arrive with value of 4000 lbs but a
Reserve of 6000 lbs. Therefore, the sum of Reserve + Holding + Alternate + Extra fuel is once
again greater than the 4000 lbs entered as the Arrive with value in the FOB field.

When planning multiple leg trips, you can have the fuel remaining from one leg populate the fuel-
on-board (FOB) field for use when planning the next leg. After computing the first flight plan, click
the New Leg button in the Flight Planning Parameters window. A link Use remaining fuel (nnnn lbs)
from ABCD—>WXYZ (A1234) is displayed showing the remaining available fuel, the previous trip
city pair, and the previous trip flight plan recall number.

When you click the link, the remaining fuel value is entered in the FOB field and the link
disappears. This value can be overwritten. To restore the link, click the New Leg button.

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3.3.5 Coded Departure Routes


If you are participating in the FAA Coded Departure Routes (CDR) Program, the CDR Calculations
checkbox is displayed. This will occur ONLY if the CDR Authorized field on the Aircraft
Information page is enabled when the aircraft is set-up in your account (see Section 2.3.2.2—Tail
Information). If the field is set to disabled, a Company Administrator needs to contact the Flight
Operations Center to have the aircraft enabled for CDRs.

On the Create FPL page when you check the CDR Calculations box and there are CDRs stored for
your departure/destination city pair, then, in addition to your base flight plan, flight plans will be
calculated for ALL CDRs that are stored in our database, for that city pair. If the box is not
checked, only a base flight plan is computed.

The CDR summary that is provided when CDR Calculations is checked, displays information on the
fuel required for and the parameters used to calculate each route, and includes:
 Maximum altitude used for the CDR flight plan.
 Cruise mode used to calculate the CDR plan.
 Total fuel required (Burn + Reserve + Holding + farthest Alternate + Taxi out) for each
CDR.

If one of the routes cannot be computed, you will only be provided with the route distance.

Each CDR Summary is sorted according to the fuel required (Req Fuel) to fly the route from the
greatest to the least. Any “Not Computed” flight plans are listed at the bottom.

Additional information on CDRs can be found under the Reference tab (see CDR Pilot Brief and
CDR Program Briefing under Reference>Airspace Information>Routes/Routing).

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3.4 Routing
The Routing section of the page provides the Route Table and allows you to customize your
specific route, compare ETE, fuel and distance for several routes, and view CDRs, DPs, and
STARs.

3.4.1 Route Table


Within the Route Table section, all available routes are displayed for the entered city pair,
including:
 Track Based Routes, if any. These entries include the track name (if assigned), route
waypoints, and valid times, if appropriate.
 The Optimized route.
 Customer routes, if any. These are routes commonly used by your company.
 ATC Preferred routes, if any.
 Stored routes, if any. These routes are provided to us by ATC Service providers (e.g.,
Eurocontrol) or are commonly used routes developed by ATC that are not otherwise
included as ATC Preferred routes.
 Recently Cleared and Frequently Cleared routes, if any. These routes are based on radar
and filed flight plan information we collect and analyze from various CAAs to
determine how flights are being cleared between the departure and destination airports.
 Custom routes, if any. These are routes added to the table using the Custom Route box.
Only Custom routes can be deleted from the table.
 CDRs, if any

The routing information in the table is generated automatically once data are entered in the four
required fields (Tail, Departure, Destination, and ETD) in the Trip Details section. If you open the
section with some, or all of the information missing, you can use the hyperlink to automatically
place your cursor in the desired field and complete the data entry.

Once all the required information is entered in the Trip Details section, the ETE, Burn, Cruise Mode,
FL, Distance, and Max Shear for any Track Based, Optimized, CFMU Previously Filed CFMU,

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Generated, or stored route (Customer, ATC Preferred, Stored, or Recently Cleared or Frequently
Cleared) are calculated. If there are CDRs for the city pair, they are also listed in the table, but no
additional information is displayed. You will also see the Great Circle Distance (based on WGS84
data) between the Departure and Destination airports and the default Route Optimization selection.
Depending on the length and number of routes available, the table could take several seconds to
display. Also, these routes are automatically re-calculated each time an entry is made in any of the
following fields in the Trip Details section: Payload; FL; Cruise, Climb, or Descent Schedule; and,
Fuel on Board.

A status “throbber” is displayed while calculations are being performed.

When the route table is initially displayed, the radio button for the selected route is filled in and the
selected row of the table is highlighted in green.

The default route selection is controlled by your Flight Planning Preferences. See Section 2.7.3—
Flight Plan Preferences on how to configure your account preferences.

NOTE: The Max Shear value is the average per 1000 feet of altitude of the magnitude of vector
wind difference for the 4000 foot layer immediately below the segment altitude. Vertical wind
shear is an indicator of possible turbulence as follows:
 00-02 - no turbulence
 03-04 - light turbulence possible
 05-07 - light turbulence likely and moderate turbulence possible
 greater than 07 - moderate turbulence likely and severe turbulence possible

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NOTES:
 For ATC Preferred routes, we also provide notes on Altitude and Aircraft Restrictions and
Effective Hours.
 To support international flight planning we query Eurocontrol’s Central Flow Management
Unit (CFMU) on a real-time basis. When you plan an intra-European flight, we will display
any active, preferred routes we obtain from the CFMU as either a CFMU Previously Filed or
a CFMU Generated route.
 Recently Cleared and Frequently Cleared routes are based on radar and filed flight plan
information we collect and analyze from various CAAs to determine how flights are being
cleared between the departure and destination airports. We also look at the aircraft type and
cleared altitudes in the data we receive (jet, prop or turboprop) and display only those routes
appropriate to the aircraft (and any entered altitude in the FL field) in the table (e.g., a G550
would not see routes issued to a BE20).
 The plans are listed in order by time the last plan was issued for Recently Cleared routes
and by number of plans issued over the past 30 days for Frequently Cleared routes.
 We also provide the following information:
 Last cleared day and time
 Total flight plans that have used this route in the last 30 days
 Total flight plans that have used this route today (since 0001Z )
 Lowest and highest flight levels that have used this route

For our CFMU routes we also provide an indication of whether the route has passed validation.

 Since we are sending multiple routes to the CFMU for validation on a real-time basis, the
route table may take a few seconds longer to display.

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Routes that are acceptable and pass CFMU validation for are annotated with CFMU Pass. Those
that do not pass validation are labeled CFMU Error.

For routes that do not pass validation, you can view the CFMU error message by clicking the CFMU
Error link.

Routes can be corrected and resubmitted for validation by selecting the desired route, clicking the
Edit selected route link in the Custom Route box, correcting the errors, then resubmitting the route
for validation using the Validate With CFMU link.

All customers can compute a plan for a desired route using the Preview FPL button and then submit
the route for validation by clicking the CFMU Validate button.

If you have your Flight Planning Preferences set to use Customer Preferred or ATC Preferred routes
and there is more than one preferred route stored for the city-pair, an alert message is displayed at
the top of the Create FPL page. To expose the available routes open the Routing section and select
the desired route by clicking the radio button.

If any of the entered or default values change or new entries (payload, fuel, FL, etc.) are made that
could affect the flight ETE, burn, FL, etc. once the initial routes are generated however, the selected
route highlight is changed to orange and the sync routes message is displayed at the top of the table.
The routes must be synchronized (synced) with the new values before you can proceed.

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NOTE: During flight planning, we also all airports in your flight plan (including alternates and
ETPs) and all computed routes from the Routes table on the Create FPL page to our weather service
provider, Schneider Electric for evaluation. Schneider’s automation looks at the average forecast
conditions between waypoints based on the ETD and computed route. Similarly, evaluations are
made for the average altitudes between waypoints. The system returns and displays alerts for the
several pre-set conditions. See Section 13 — Hazard Alerting for details on this feature

3.4.2 Editing the Route


Selection of the radio button for any of the displayed routes results in the selected route string being
highlighted. To edit the selected route to fit your operational requirements (e.g., add step climbs,
modify the waypoints, etc.) click the Edit selected route link in the Custom Route section of the
table. To clear the entry, click the Clear custom route link. To manually enter a desired route of
flight, type the waypoints in the route box using the following general guidelines:
 DO NOT enter the departure or destination airport in the Custom Route box
 Navaids and waypoints can be separated by a space, comma, period, two periods, dash,
or backwards slash. A space provides the best text-wrapping performance.
 The DPs, STARs, and Transitions dropdown boxes are automatically populated based on
the entered city-pair. In addition, there are View DPs and View STARs buttons at the
bottom of the section. Clicking either of these buttons displays a graphic of the arrival
or departure routes.

If a DP or STAR is selected from the drop down list, a transition must also be selected. Once
selected, do not enter the transition waypoint in the routing box.

 If planning a flight that joins an arrival or departure at a waypoint along the published
route, do not select the DP or STAR from the dropdown menu. The --Direct-- option
should be selected for the DPs or STARs field with the arrival waypoints manually
entered in the Custom Route box.
 To plan a route directly to a waypoint, the waypoint name must be preceded by either D,
d, DCT, or dct. If one of these abbreviations is not entered immediately before a
waypoint or navaid, the flight planning system may not choose the most fuel efficient
route between the waypoints.

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 To plan a radial-to-radial intercept enter the first navaid, the naviad and radial, the
second navaid and radial, and the second navaid. Each entry must be followed by
either D, d, DCT, or dct. Radial must be 3-digits. (e.g., HVQ d HVQ104 d EKN002 d
EKN)
 To plan a radial/DME-to-radial/DME intercept enter the first navaid, the naviad and
radial/DME, the second navaid and radial/DME, and the second navaid. Each entry
must be followed by either D, d, DCT, or dct. Radial and DME must be 3-digits.
(e.g., LDN d LDN275046 d MRB070071 d MRB)
 To force a flight level change, enter /FL### (e.g., KELSO/FL340; where ### is the new
flight level) immediately following the point at which you want to begin the climb or
descent.
 If you specify an altitude in the FL box, the system treats it as the initial desired
altitude until the first step climb is reached.
 If you leave the FL box blank and only specify step climbs in the routing box, the
system optimizes the altitude until the first step climb in the routing box is reached.
 To change cruise mode along the route of flight, enter /CZ#### (e.g., KELSO/M80 or
BAL/CZ250K) immediately after the point where you want to begin planning with a
different cruise schedule
 The Cruise Mode entered must be a valid cruise mode for the selected tail and
entered as it is listed in the Cruise dropdown menu
 Flight Level and Cruise Mode changes can be combined and used at the same point
(BAL/FL350/CZM80)

Entering Latitude and Longitude Waypoints


 North Lat/West Lon and South Lat/East Lon waypoints are entered as (any entered point
must be preceded and followed by either D, d, DCT, or dct):
 xxyyN or xxyyS (50N 010W is entered as 5010N; 30S 030E is entered as 3030S)
 for longitudes greater than 099E or W, the letter is placed between the digits: xxNyy
or xxSyy (50N 140W is entered as 50N40; 30S 120E is entered as 30S20)
 North Lat/East Lon and South Lat/West Lon waypoints entered as:
 xxyyE or xxyyW (50N 010E is entered as 5010E; 30S 030W is entered as 3030W)
 for longitudes greater than 099E or W, the letter is placed between the digits: xxEyy
or xxWyy (50N 120E is entered as 50E20; 30S 120W is entered as30W20)

NOTE: 5-character lat/lon waypoints must already be included in the navigation data base for use
in computing a flight plan. If the point is not included, it must be added by our Flight Planning
Team. An alternative is to enter the point as an Ad-hoc Waypoint (see below).

 Ad-Hoc Waypoints – a waypoint that is not contained in the standard navigation


database and can be used without having to wait for our Flight Planning Team to add it.
 An ad-hoc point is defined as an 11-character latitude/longitude in the format
ddmmN/SdddmmE/W (e.g., 3601N14202W).

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 You may include as many ad-hoc points in a route as you would like, but each point
must be a unique lat/long
 If you enter an ad-hoc point, it will automatically be assigned a designation in the form
‘XXX##’ where ‘##’ is a number between 1-99 when the flight plan is computed (e.g.,
XXX01)

CAUTION: There is a flight plan format output limitation that requires the use of format X1
when computing a route with ad-hoc points. If you do not select format X1 on the Create FPL page,
the system automatically defaults to this format when the plan is computed if an ad-hoc point is
used. A note is displayed at the top of a plan that is computed using ad hoc waypoints.

Once you have finished building or modifying the route string, click the Add Route button.

The new route and the route details (ETE, burn, etc.) are added to the table and labeled Custom.
You can add as many Custom routes as desired. Each time a Custom route is added that route is
auto-selected as the desired route in the table (green highlight) and is displayed on the map
thumbnail.

When the custom route is added to the table, the points entered in the route box are used to compute
a preliminary flight plan. This flight plan route is displayed in the table and may be different than
what was actually entered because of flight planning rules used during the computation. For
example, if you do not specify a direct leg between waypoints (see syntax above for entering direct
legs), the system will optimize between points and may add airways or other nav aids. To view the
waypoints originally entered in the route box, click the Show customer-entered route link.

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To remove a custom route from the table, click the red X.

3.4.3 Long Directs


To calculate a great circle direct flight plan (more than 900 miles between waypoints), you can
either enter the route waypoints directly or modify a route from the Route Table using the Custom
Route box.

When using Great Circle Directs:


 You will often still see points shown in the leg-by-leg portion of the flight plan as a part of
the direct leg. These points will always fall on the great circle line of the direct segment,
and may show at points where the route crosses an ATC boundary or at other points needed
by the calculator. The points will not show in the filed route unless required by regulation.
 If you use a flight plan format that displays the airway flown on a particular leg, you will see
“GC” displayed as the airway. This is an indication that the calculator is using a Great
Circle Direct function for that segment of the flight.
 Long direct legs are generally not allowed except in North America. Use of them in other
regions could lead to difficulties with your flight plan being accepted by ATC or cause other
delays in the filing process.

FYI: As a general rule for long directs: Always file a departure and stay on published airways or
closely spaced waypoints until you get to the filed flight level, then allow the long direct.
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3.4.4 Multi-Route Option


There is a column on the right edge of the table labeled MRO (for Multi-Route Options). The MRO
feature allows you to compare time and fuel for several routes, at several altitudes, and for up to
three different cruise schedules. The Aircraft Profile page is where Company Administrators set the
additional cruise schedules (based on aircraft type) for use in multiple route calculation. To run
multiple routes:

1. Click the box in the MRO column next to the routes that you would like to run.

2. Flight plans are computed using the inputs from the Trip Details section for each combination of
cruise mode and three flight levels and are displayed in the Routing table.

NOTE: As many as 9 flight plans can be calculated for each route selected for MRO. These
calculations can take a minute or more to compute and display.

3. To compute a flight plan, click the desired route and click the Preview FPL button.

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3.4.5 Flow Control


The FAA is constantly working to ensure the demand for a given resource (e.g., an airport or a
sector of the airspace) never exceeds the capacity of that resource to accommodate the expected
traffic. The process of controlling demand is called Traffic Flow Management (TFM). The FAA
has developed a number of tools to deal with different TFM problems. When weather reduces
arrival capacity at an airport, the FAA can impose a Ground Delay Program (GDP), which will
systematically delay departures destined for the impacted airport to create a smooth and manageable
arrival flow.

When convective weather reduces capacity somewhere in the airspace, the FAA can define a
portion of the airspace to be a Flow Constrained Area (FCA). The FCA can be an area of the
airspace or a line across traffic flows. On active air traffic flow control days in the domestic U.S.
there is an ATC Flow Control Program at the top of the Create FPL page which opens the FAA/OIS
page.

To view the published, permanent FCAs, click the view FCA link below the Route table.

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3.4.6 Avoiding an FIR


You have the capability to have the flight planning system look at routes that avoid specific Flight
Information Regions (FIRs) when generating flight plans.

To use the Avoid FIR(s) feature:


1. Enter the appropriate information in the Trip Details section on the Create FPL page. The system
populates the route table with optimized, custom, and stored routes as appropriate.
2. Open the Routing section and enter the identifier of the FIR(s) you wish to avoid in the Avoid
FIR(s) field. If you do not know the identifier, click the Lookup FIR(s) button to open the search
page.
3. When the Avoid FIR(s): field is populated, new routes are calculated and displayed in the route
table.

For example, for a trip from Milan, Italy (LIML) to Bombay, India (VABB), an optimized route is
returned that flies through Iraqi and Iranian airspace.

To plan around that airspace, enter the FIR identifiers (ORBB for Iraq; OIIX for Iran) in the Avoid
FIR(s): field.

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A new optimized route is generated which routes you outside the entered FIRs.

NOTE: The system can only avoid the specified FIR if the returned route does not violate our
random route parameters. Simply put, when generating a flight plan, we use an ellipse that
encompasses both the departure and destination, the length of which is as long as it needs to be to
contain both airports. The width of the ellipse is two thirds the length. If the route of flight must go
outside of the ellipse to avoid the FIR you want to avoid, then the system will not generate a flight
plan that avoids the FIR. The flight plan displayed in the route table and the computed flight plan
contain a warning stating the specified FIR(s) could not be avoided.

3.4.7 Round-robin Flights


Round-robin flights use the same airport identifier for the Departure and Destination and present a
challenge to the flight planning system since you are asking it to calculate a flight plan to nowhere.

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To successfully compute a round-robin flight plan, you need to specify an altitude for the flight in
the FL box. In addition, you need to enter a route of flight that contains at least one waypoint, in
the Custom Route box. It is also recommended that you put Full Route Clearance (:FRC) in the
Remarks section when filing the flight plan.

NOTE: These items are especially important when using the Quick File feature because without the
waypoint, the FAA Host Computer sees the distance between departure and destination as zero and
rejects the flight plan.

NOTE: The additional point(s) entered in the Custom Route box cannot be an airport.

3.4.8 Charts
You can view airport diagrams, approach plates, and departures procedures for locations in the U.S.,
its territories and possessions. The charts (supplied by the FAA and the National Aeronautical
Charting Office [NACO]) are opened from the Routing section or from the map window accessible
via the map thumbnail on the Create FPL page.

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3.4.9 DPs and STARs


If any of the computed routes in the routing table contain a DP or STAR, a link is displayed for that
procedure.

Clicking the link opens a new window with the chart displayed.

3.4.10 Airport Charts


At the bottom of the routing table there are Departure Charts and Destination Charts buttons.
Clicking these buttons opens the Airport Charts window with the Airport Identifier field pre-
populated with the departure or destination airport. Click the Search Charts button to display a list
of available charts for the location.

From this window you can also search for charts for other airports by entering the Airport Identifier
(or using the Lookup Airport button) and then clicking the Search Charts button.

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Click the .pdf symbol or the Procedure name to view the chart.

NOTE: If you are using a standard PC, you can rotate the chart by right clicking on the chart and
select Rotate Clockwise option from the menu or by pressing Shift+Ctrl+Plus to rotate clockwise
and Shift+Ctrl+Minus to rotate counter-clockwise. For those using a Mac, press CMD+R.

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3.5 Mapping
When you enter a Departure and Destination airport on the Create FPL page, the thumbnail map on
the right side of the page is updated and displays the great circle route between the city pairs.

Once you enter an ETD, flight plans are computed. When the Route table is populated the great
circle route is replaced with the route highlighted in the Route table (optimized, customer preferred,
etc.).

You can view plots for any of the routes in the Route table on the thumbnail by clicking the
appropriate radio button. To expand the thumbnail click on the thumbnail map or click the View
Routes button at the bottom of the Route table.

The thumbnail map on the Create FPL page also allows you to toggle weather radar to get a
preliminary look at possible weather along a planned route of flight. The radar is enabled by default
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and will stay visible if you click the thumbnail to view the larger map. Use the Toggle Radar button
to disable/enable the display.

The selected route is displayed in a separate window along with a dialog box which allows you to
view multiple routes at the same time. The larger map window also provides access to additional
features which allow you to change the map views and add overlays. Additional mapping features
are described in the following sections.

3.5.1 Map Window


The top border of the window contains a Print icon, a Labels checkbox which allows you to toggle
display labels on and off, a Layers link that opens a separate dialog box allowing you to toggle
weather and other information on and off, and the latitude and longitude of the cross-hair. If there
are multiple uses for the identifier (i.e., a VOR co-located at an airport or the same VOR identifier
in different parts of the world), a drop down list shows all instances. Click on the location you want
and the map is re-drawn with the cross-hair centered on the location. If the identifier is associated
with an airport, you can click the “information” icon to open the Airport Information page.

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Under the top border is a row of buttons that allow you to change the base map in the window.
The default view is the World Basic which depicts political boundaries (state, country) worldwide.
Water is displayed as a shade of blue with the coastline in green. Political borders and FIR
boundaries are gray. FIR boundaries can be toggled off using the Flight Information Regions (FIR)
checkbox in the Layers window (see Section 3.5.2.2—Layers). The World Color button provides a
country colored base map.

Clicking the Gray button displays everything in shades of gray and can be used for printing.

The World Hi button overlays ARINC 424 navigation data and allows you to see navigation data
along the entire route of flight. There are 2 ways to zoom: the slider bar at the lower right which
keeps the crosshairs in the center of the zoom or the mouse wheel which keep the mouse cursor (the
pointer) in the center of the zoom.

To toggle the waypoint labels on and off use the Labels checkbox at the top of the page. This
feature is defaulted on (i.e., labels are displayed).

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To view amplifying information about a waypoint or airport, position the mouse pointer on the map
symbol and right click to open the Location Information window which contains the identifier name
and ID, intersecting airways, and the controlling FIR.

If you right click on an airport symbol to open the Location Information box, the airport name is
displayed as a link which opens the airport information page in a new window.

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The remaining buttons show portions of navigation data and correspond to available NACO charts
and sectionals. The list of buttons changes to show charts corresponding to the location of the cross-
hair. These maps will typically only cover portions of your route.

3.5.2 Map Overlays


Clicking the Layers link on the right side of the upper border opens a dialog box which allows you
to toggle various overlays on and off.

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The dialog box has 2 tabs: Layers and Routes.

The Routes tab allows you to display multiple routes from the Route table (Optimized, Customer
Preferred, Previously Cleared, CDR, etc.) as well as DPs and STARs for the departure and
destination airports.

The Layers tab allows you to display weather information, access the fuel stop planner, overlay
NAT Tracks, etc.

Once the desired Routes and Layers are selected, you can close the dialog box using the X in the
upper right corner.

3.5.2.1 Route Plots


The Routes tab allows you to display multiple routes from the Route table (Optimized, Customer
Preferred, Previously Cleared, CDR, etc.) as well as DPs and STARs for the departure and
destination airports. You can overlay any of the DPs or STARs by checking the appropriate box or
view the chart by clicking the .pdf symbol.

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3.5.2.2 Layers
To add weather and other flight information to the map, open the section for the desired layers
category. Select the desired product(s) and use the slide bars at the top of the dialog boxes to select
a flight level (or simply type in an altitude) and time period to display.

Weather radar is available for the following areas (as indicated by shaded areas on the map):
Domestic US Canada Guam
Alaska Western Europe Japan
Hawaii Australia Korea

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For SIGMETs, AIRMETs, and Volcanic Ash you can mouse-over the display and see the valid
times on the warning.

Click the polygon to display additional information.

The daily North Atlantic Tracks are displayed by selecting the appropriate checkbox under the
Oceanic tab. Mouse over a particular track provides to display valid times, altitudes, and any
aircraft equipage requirements.

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3.5.2.3 Fuel Stop Planning


To assist in planning tech stops for an extended long haul flight, enter your departure airport and
final destination. If the great circle distance is beyond the range of your aircraft, do not enter a
Date or ETD. The thumbnail map displays the great circle route between city pairs.

Expand the thumbnail, open the Layers dialog box, and check the Fuel Stops box. The map
displays airports along the route as gray or green circles. Green circles indicate ARINC
Direct has contract fuel available. The lowest price at the airport is displayed.

To view the airport identifier and its distance from the departure airport, mouse over the circle.

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The default search looks for airports 50 miles either side of the depicted route and with a minimum
runway length of 5,000 feet. To expand the search area, use the Path Width slide bar.

NOTE: If you would like to generate an actual route between city pairs that exceeds the range of
your aircraft rather than use a great circle route, contact ARINC Direct. We have implemented an
aircraft type with unlimited range that can be added to your account.

There are several ways to “filter” the results displayed on the map or to show airports at specified
distances from the departure location.

To reduce the number of airports displayed in the initial search, increase the minimum runway
length by typing the new value in the Min Rwy field.

To view airports along a portion of the route:

Check the Distance from DEP box to view all airports along the route based on the Path Width and
Min Rwy criteria.

Enter a single value in the Distance from DEP field to display airports from the departure airport to
the entered distance.

Enter a distance range from the departure airport to see only those airports within that range.

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3.5.2.4 Graphical Flight Planning


You also have the ability to modify a flight plan route using our mapping application. The resulting
route is then inserted into the Custom Route box on the Create FPL page where it is used to compute
a new flight plan using the revised route. When combined with the graphical weather and other
mapping overlays, this feature gives you a powerful flight plan customization tool.

To access the graphical flight planning feature:

1. From the Create FPL page, enter the Departure, Destination, ETD, and Departure Date to populate
the Routing table.
2. Select the desired route from the table and open the mapping application by clicking the
thumbnail.
3. Click the Edit Route button in the lower right corner of the map.

4. The route color is changed to magenta and an Edit Route box is displayed in the upper left portion of
the map.

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NOTES:
 Only 1 route can be selected for editing at a time
 Click the World Hi or World Lo button to display navigation data (airways, VORs, etc.)
 If you do not enter an ETD, the great circle route between the entered city pair is displayed
 To switch to another route, open the Layers window, select the Routes tab, select the desired
route using the checkbox, then click the Edit button next to the desired route

 When editing, it is strongly recommended you display only that route to avoid unnecessary
clutter

3.5.3 Changing the route


You can edit the route by using your mouse to:
 Move a waypoint by dragging and dropping it onto a new point
 Insert a new waypoint by dragging and dropping a line segment onto a new point
 Delete a waypoint

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When editing a route:

 As you drag, the system will "snap" to the nearest navaid or waypoint. A small label
identifies the waypoint that will be selected when you release the mouse button.

NOTE: You may need to change the zoom level to select the navigation point you want to use.
 If points are connected via a published airway, the airway is also selected. If no airway
exists the system will choose direct. Airways can also be inserted between points using the
Edit Route function described below.
 Use caution when dragging to areas where navaids may be co-located (VOR and NDB) to
ensure the correct navaid is selected. The original route in the Edit Route box is updated
(see below)
 The route distance is updated
 For DP’s and STARs the system will auto-select a departure or arrival procedure if a
selected points connects to a DP/STAR transition point. To select a departure, drop the first
waypoint after the airport on a transition point belonging to the DP and the system auto-
selects the SID. Likewise, drop the last waypoint before the destination airport onto a valid
STAR transition, and that STAR will be selected.

CAUTION: If you select a point that is not in the common portion of the procedure, the flight plan
may not compute.

To delete a point, right click on the point and select Delete Waypoint or delete it directly from the
Edit Route box.

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3.5.4 Edit Route Box


When editing your route, changes are tracked and displayed in the Edit Route box. The box is
initially displayed in the upper left corner of the map but can be repositioned by clicking in the
border and dragging the box to a new position.

In the text portion of the box, airways are displayed in green, navigation aids (waypoints, VORs,
etc.) are black, and arrival and departure procedures are brown. Invalid points, direct ( ), and
optimize ( ) symbols are displayed in gray. A entry indicates an attempt to use a one-
way airway (UM25) in the wrong direction.

The top row of the box contains the city pair (as entered on the Create FPL page) and undo and redo
buttons that allow you to go back and forth between changes.

The bottom row of the box contains a Routing drop down menu, the route distance, a Redraw button
and an Update button.

The Routing selection can be set to “auto” or “prompt” using the drop down menu. In the auto
mode, the system automatically selects the “best” routing method (airways, direct, DP/STAR)
closest to the “drop point” and inserts it into the route string.

In the prompt mode, a confirmation window is displayed (Confirm Route Edit) which requires you to
confirm the selection of the new waypoint (highlighted in magenta) along with drop down boxes
allowing you to choose the routing method to and from the newly selected point. It also indicates
where in the route the new waypoint falls by displaying the Previous Waypoint and the Next
Waypoint.

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If multiple airways exist between the previous and next waypoints and the new waypoint, the
prompt mode allows you to select an airway or proceed direct.

Navigation points can be entered directly into the route string by typing the identifier or airway
designator in the route box. When editing using this method, click the Redraw button to display the
new route.

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Route elements between waypoints contain a drop down menu allowing you to choose how you
want to the system to calculate the route—via airway(s), direct, or allowing the flight planning
engine to optimize the route between points.

Click the down arrow to display route options.

Click the desired option to update the route.

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When editing, the system highlights the portion of the route, waypoint, VOR, or airway. If an entry
is selected in the Edit Route box, the route plot corresponding to that entry is highlighted.

Conversely, if a point or airway is selected on the plot the entry in the Edit Route box is highlighted.

You cannot drag the route line to an ad-hoc waypoint however; ad-hoc points can be entered as text
in the Edit Route interface. Since we only display points that are in the nav database, ad-hoc points
entered on the map will not be displayed.

If you add a waypoint via the Custom Route field on the Create FPL page, that waypoint is
displayed as a lat/long in the Edit Route box.

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3.5.5 Computing the New Route


When you are done editing the route, click the Update button at the bottom of the Edit Route box to
transfer the new waypoints to the Custom Route box on the Create FPL page. To compute the flight
plan click the Preview button on the Create FPL page.

3.5.6 Distance Estimation


A distance estimation tool has been added to the large map and is enabled via the Ruler link to the
top of the display. The tool allows you to estimate great circle distances between 2 or more points.

When the “ruler” is enabled, a control box is displayed on the map. Clicking the Start button
activates the feature.

To start a line, click on the map to anchor the cursor then move to the desired end point of the line.
A running estimated distance is displayed as the line is extended or retracted. Click the mouse
button to set the end point. Multiple connected segments can be drawn by moving the cursor and
clicking.

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To exit the ruler mode and retain the lines, click the Stop button. Use the Clear button to delete all
lines.

The pan and zoom features are also available while in the ruler mode and you can switch to any
base map layer and estimate distances. You can also zoom using the scroll wheel or magnification
bar in the lower right corner.

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3.6 Cost Estimation


A cost summary for each computed route is displayed in the Routing table and is based on default
operating information entered by a Company Administrator on the Aircraft Profile page (see Section
2.3.2.13—Cost Analysis) or by the crew as they plan a particular leg.

3.6.1 Customizing Cost Inputs


Opening the Cost Parameter pane on the Create FPL page allows you to see any default values
stored in your account for the selected aircraft. The Additional Time, Fuel Value, and Units of
Measure can be overwritten for a specific flight. A default Item Description cannot be changed but
can be selectively included or omitted by checking or unchecking the Included box next to the item.
The Cost of a specific item can also be modified.

Additional items, on a per flight basis, can be added in the blank Item Description field. New rows
are added for additional items automatically. For additional items, select the appropriate radio
button (Per Hour or Per Flight) to indicate how the cost is applied. Additional items are not saved
for future use.

3.6.2 Cost Calculations Output


Initial costs are displayed for each route listed in the Routing table (except CDRs) and are based on
the default values associated with the tail selected for the trip. The Cost value in the Routing table
is automatically updated as changes are made in the Cost Parameters section.

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Selecting the MRO checkbox (see Section 3.4.4—Multi-Route Option for details on the MRO
feature) provides a cost comparison of the selected route at various altitudes and cruise speeds
(based on the MRO Defaults on the Aircraft Profile page).

To include or exclude the cost summary with the computed flight plan, check or uncheck the Cost
Calculation box in the Trip Details section or the Include Cost Analysis with Computed Flight Plan
box in the Cost Parameters pane.

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The Cost Calculation Summary is provided at the end of the flight plan. If there are two currencies
specified in the aircraft profile (e.g., USD for operating costs and EUR for fuel) both values, as well
as the currency conversion rate, are shown in the summary.

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3.7 Computing a Flight Plan


If you have your Flight Planning Preferences set to use Customer Preferred or ATC Preferred routes
and there is more than one preferred route stored for the city-pair, an alert message is displayed on
the Create FPLt Planning Parameters window. To expose the available routes, click the Routing
Selection link in the window to open the Routing section.

Select the desired route by clicking the radio button.

To generate your flight plan, click the Preview FPL button located at the top of the Create FPL page.
While your plan is being generated, the label will change to Computing...

If there are any errors detected by the system, the flight plan will not compute. These errors may
occur because of a problem with the navigation database, mistakes made while entering a route, the
trip is longer than the available fuel, or a combination of factors. Entry errors are displayed next to
the field highlighted in red. If you receive an error, correct the highlighted entry and click the
Preview FPL button again.

Clicking the Preview FPL button generates and displays a computed flight plan (along with Wt &
Bal/Perf, CDRs, STD WX Brief, U.S. Synopsis WX, Airport Info, and Cost Calculations if selected) but
does not automatically assign a recall number. Computed flight plans are not saved in your
account and will not be available for viewing or filing at a later time unless they have a recall
number.

There are 3 ways to generate a recall number:

1. Click the File button (see Section 5—Fight Plan Filing and Filing Status)
2. Click the Save to Disk button (see Section 2.7.3.2—Saving Plans to Disk)
3. Click the Assign Recall Number button

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All 3 actions are accomplished on the flight plan page.

NOTE: Because we generate and display computed flight plans in a pop-up window, the plan
cannot be seen when using a computer that has pop-up blockers enabled. This is typically an issue
when trying to access your account through a “public use” computer (e.g., workstation at an FBO).

If a pop-up blocker is enabled, the system:

1. Detects that a pop-up blocker is preventing the plan from being displayed
2. Provides a means to view the flight plan from the Create FPL page
3. Displays a warning message at the bottom of the Flight Planning Parameters window

4. Automatically assigns a recall number and saves the plan


5. Makes the plan accessible through the Recent Flight Plan list or the Filing Status page

To display the flight plan in a new window click the View Computed Plan link. From here you can
proceed with filing, viewing the route, etc. Or, since a recall number has already been assigned,
you can open the plan in a new window by selecting it from the Recent Flight Plan list or the Filing
Status page.

Click the New Leg button to clear entries on the Create FPL page.

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3.7.1 Adjusting Aircraft Biases


Default biases for each aircraft in your account are entered on the Aircraft Profile page and stored in
the aircraft database (see Section 2 – Account Details and Preferences for details). To change the
default values for a specific flight, open the Aircraft Biases section on the Create FPL page.

NOTE: Access to the Fuel Biases section on the Create FPL page is controlled by Company
Administrators via the My Company tab. This feature is initially disabled for all non-Administrator
accounts.

To adjust the aircraft biases for a specific flight:

1. Open the Aircraft Biases section on the Create FPL page. The default values are displayed.
2. Enter the new values for the flight

3. Click Preview FPL to run the plan with the new biases.

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NOTES:
 Fuel biases can be entered as an amount or a percent increase over the OEM’s published fuel
burn values.
 If both an amount and percent bias are entered for climb or descent fuel biases, the system
applies the percent value first, then the amount value.
 A time bias adds the entered number of minutes to the estimated time of the flight for that
segment (climb or descent). It will not result in additional fuel burn for the climb or descent
segment of the flight.

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3.8 Flight Plan Route


Once a plan has been successfully computed, the system displays it using the format you selected.

Prior to filing the flight plan, there are two ways you can check the proposed route of flight. To
view a single route, click the Route Plot link at the top of the flight plan. This opens a new window
that displays your planned route of flight. See Section 3.5—Mapping for instructions on how to
toggle layers for winds, weather radar, FIR boundaries, fuel stops, etc.

NOTE: You may have to configure your web browser’s print feature to get a full page copy of the
map using the following procedures:

Click the File link at the top of the widow. From the drop down menu, click Page Setup to display
the Page Setup window.

On the Page Setup window, click the Landscape radio button, and then click OK.

To display multiple flight plans simultaneously, use the Route Plot feature found in the Actions for
selected flight plans menu on the Filing Status page.

1. Open the Filing Status page

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2. Select the appropriate tail from the drop down list and check the box next to the flight plan(s)
you want to view.

3. Click the Plot Route feature.

4. The route for the selected flight plan(s) is displayed on Flight Tracker.

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3.9 Tankering
Using the multi-leg tankering feature, customers can select from a list of computed flight plans and
compute an optimized tankering solution based on the fuel required for each of the selected flight
plans, cost of fuel at each location, and the minimum uplift and ramp fees at each location.

To access this feature, click the Tankering button in the toolbar at the top of the ARINC Direct
website.

NOTES: When creating a tankering scenario, the following rules apply:


 Only flight plans computed for a single tail can be selected for tankering computations but
the aircraft can fly under multiple flight IDs
 All the flight plans legs selected must connect (e.g., BWI-TEB and TEB-IAD not BWI-TEB
and JFK-IAD)
 The flight plans do not need to be filed but all selected flight plan ETDs must be
chronological (i.e., the ETD of leg 2 must be later than the ETD of leg)
 Flight plans computed with historic winds, zero winds, generated using the Quick File
feature (i.e., plans beginning with “Q”), generated by another flight planning system (i.e.,
not in your ARINC Direct account), and plans that are marked as “hidden” on the Filing
Status page cannot be used in a tankering scenario
 All flight plans must be computed in your ARINC Direct account; no third party flight plans
can be selected.

Helpful tips and field definitions can be viewed by mousing over those items marked with a
question mark icon.

A navigation bar is located at the bottom left corner of each page that indicates where you are in the
creation process. It also allows you to quickly move between steps by clicking the appropriate
circle.

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To generate a tankering solution click the Tankering button to open the Tankering page. There is a 3-
step wizard to guide you through the process to create and display a solution. Each step is clearly labeled
and has its own window.

3.9.1 Selecting Flight Plans


To start the tankering calculations:

1. Select the desired aircraft from the Tail: drop down menu.

2. Select the flight plan date range via calendar by clicking in the From: and To: fields. The From:
field defaults to the current date when the page is opened. You can select a date up to 14 days
in the past.

3. Select the flight plans you would like to include in the tankering scenario from the table by
clicking the check box to the left of the Recall number or clicking anywhere in the table row.

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NOTES:
 All the flight plans legs selected must connect (e.g., BWI-TEB and TEB-IAD not BWI-TEB
and JFK-IAD)
 All selected flight plan ETDs must be chronological (i.e., the ETD of leg 2 must be later
than the ETD of leg 1)

4. Selected legs are displayed at the bottom of the page. Click the NEXT button to continue the process.

3.9.2 Entering Fuel Values


Step 2 allows you to customize the fuel parameters used in computing the final tankering results.
Required fields are marked with a red asterisk (*) and are shaded in yellow.

Departure FBO, fuel Price/gal, and Limiting Takeoff and Limiting Landing weight fields are pre-
populated based on data stored within our system. Any pre-populated data can be overwritten for a
specific scenario.

To complete Step 2:

1. Enter the Initial Fuel on Board in pounds.

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2. Select the desired Departure FBO. The default FBO is pre-populated based on the lowest price
fuel available to ARINCDirect customers. The default FBO (and corresponding fuel price) can
be changed by clicking the FBO field and selecting from the dropdown menu. Fuel price can
also be manually entered.

3. Enter any known Ramp Fee at the FBO and the minimum uplift required, if any, for it to be
waived (Waived at). ARINC Direct does not pre-populate any Ramp Fee or Waived at data, but
customer-entered values are remembered and shown by default if appropriate.

4. Adjust the Limiting Takeoff and Limiting Landing weights, if required. The default values are
taken from the Aircraft Weights section of the Aircraft Profile page in your ARINC Direct
account. Changes made on this page are only used when calculating flight plans for the specific
tankering solution. Changes to these values are not reflected in the original flight plan.

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5. To generate the tankering solution, click the COMPUTE button. To return to the previous page,
click the BACK button or the first circle in the navigation bar.

3.9.3 Tankering Results


When the COMPUTE button is clicked, the system takes your tankering inputs from Steps 1 and 2
and performs an analysis using the routes, speeds, weights, etc. from the selected flight plans. The
resulting fueling recommendations are displayed in a tabular format.

The first 8 columns contain the inputs from Steps 1 and 2.

The next 3 columns display the fuel burn (in pounds) for each leg in the scenario, the recommended
uplift at each departure location in gallons and pounds, and the cost of the uplift based on the
entered price per gallon.

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The bottom section of the table shows the potential fuel cost savings between carrying the extra fuel
based on the recommended fuel uplift (Tankering Cost) compared to performing the same trip
carrying the minimum required fuel (Non-Tankering Cost).

NOTES:
 The fuel values on the original flight plans are not updated when a tankering scenario is
generated. To make changes to any of the flight plans based on the tankering results, you
can Replan the flight with the new fuel values or compute a new plan from the Create FPL
page.
 Always check to ensure if adding the recommended fuel would put you above any
performance limiting weights.

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3.10 Receiver Autonomous Integrity Monitoring (RAIM)


RAIM predictions are used to determine if the GPS system will be unavailable during a portion of
flight. Effective July 1, 2009, the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) requires that pilots
confirm GPS RAIM availability for their intended route during flight planning. ARINC Direct has
teamed with DW International (DWI) to provide a RAIM Prediction for all flight plans generated on
our site.

When you click the Preview FPL button on the Create FPL page, ARINC Direct sends DWI the
intended route of flight and times at each waypoint for the proposed departure date and time 1
hour. When the plan is displayed, we annotate it to indicate if a GPS is outage expected based on
the results we receive from DWI. These results are based on the following navigation accuracy
parameters for each segment of flight:

a. ENROUTE – 2 nm accuracy
b. TERMINAL – 1 nm accuracy (the airspace within 50 miles of departure or destination)
c. NPA – 0.3 nm accuracy (approach)

In oceanic airspace, MNPS and RNP10 will be used, as appropriate.

You can also view a RAIM prediction report which shows the route of flight, expected times over
various waypoints or on arrival, and the minutes of predicted outage.

3.10.1 Aircraft Parameters


To generate RAIM reports, the Tail Information page includes data on FD/FDE, Baro-Aiding, Mask
Angle, and GPS Receiver Type (TSO 129 or TSO 145/146).

NOTES:
 To comply with the FAA Advisory Circular (AC90-100A) and provide the most
conservative prediction, all aircraft are defaulted to use the following values:
 Algorithm – defines the RAIM calculation algorithm used for the computation. The
default value is FD which requires a minimum of 5 satellites to perform RAIM
calculations and detect the possibility of coverage issues.
 Baro-Aiding – determines whether the aircraft’s altimeter is attached to the GPS device
to assist with determining altitude (and thus requiring one less satellite). The default for
this value is Off.
 Mask Angle – the ability of the GPS unit to locate a satellite signal relative to the
horizon. The smaller the number the more the GPS unit can see. The default value is 5.
 GPS Receiver type – a Technical Standard Order is a minimum performance standard
issued by the FAA for specified materials, parts, etc. used on civil aircraft. TSO 129 is
the default receiver type.
 Default values should be reviewed by Account Administrators. The RAIM values in your
account are restricted and once they are defined, they cannot be changed unless an Account
Administrator determines there is a need to modify them and notifies ARINC Direct. The
Tail Information page reflects the RAIM values for each aircraft in your account.

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 RAIM prediction reports are included with each flight plan by default. Company
Administrators can disable/enable this feature from the Tail Information page by
unchecking/checking the box labeled Include RAIM Calculation with Computed Flight Plan.
The default is to include RAIM reports.

3.10.2 RAIM Prediction


To calculate RAIM, complete the entries for the trip on the Create FPL page. You must include a
Departure Date when you compute the flight plan. Enter either the Z or local (LCL) date by typing
the date in the field (use the dd-mmm-yyyy format for freetext entry) or select the date from the
calendar widget. Entering the date in one field automatically populates the other field. The entered
date also pre-populates the Departure Date field on the FPL Filing page.

NOTE: Departure Date is required to generate a RAIM report and to have this report available for
inclusion in your flight plan package. If a date is not entered, you can still generate and file a flight
plan but you will not have RAIM when the plan is previewed or computed. You will have RAIM
results if you file the flight plan and generate a flight plan package.

When you are ready to compute the plan, click the Preview FPL button to display the flight plan.
The flight plan is displayed and the header is annotated with the computation parameters and the
RAIM prediction results.

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When the flight plan package is delivered, the RAIM information is appended to the end of the
route summary.

A graphical depiction of the results is also available in the fax package or it can be viewed and
printed by clicking the RAIM Report link on the flight plan.

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3.11 Replanning Flights


ARINC Direct provides the capability to replan previously run flight plans. The Replan feature pre-
populates the Create FPL page with data from an existing flight plan and allows you to change the
aircraft type/tail number, update the route of flight, payload, fuel, and other parameters, and
recalculate the plan retaining the original recall number. You also have the option to generate a
new recall number. To use the Replan Flight Plan feature, follow the steps as outlined below.

1. From the Flight Planning tab click the Filing Status tab to display the Filing Status page, select
the desired flight plan from the list and click the Replan Flight Plan option on the Actions for
selected flight plans menu. You can also use the Recent Flight Plans button to access the Filing
Status page.

2. The Create FPL page is displayed, pre-populated with the original flight plan data. The Retain
Recall Number box in the Flight Planning Parameters window is checked. ONLY the original
route for the flight is displayed in the Routing section of the page.

3. Change the desired parameters on the Create FPL page and click the Replan button. To keep the
same flight plan number, ensure the Retain Recall Number box is checked.

4. You cannot keep the same recall number if you change either the Departure or Destination
airport or want to change the original route of flight. If the Departure or Destination airport is
changed and you click the Replan button with the Retain Recall Number box checked, you will
get an error message.

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5. To change the Departure or Destination airport or the original route of flight, uncheck the Retain
Recall Number box and click the Routing pane. The current route as well as a new optimized
route and any stored routes for the city pair is displayed and can be selected.

NOTES:
 If you change the tail number, the default parameters for the new tail (e.g.,
Climb/Cruise/Descent schedules, fuel defaults, flight plan format, etc.) are used when the
plan is recalculated.
 If you change the tail number and elect to retain the original recall number, all references to
that flight plan will be listed under the new tail number on the Filing Status page.

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3.12 Stored Routes

3.12.1 Routes to Destination

ARINC Direct provides you with the capability to define and save specific routes of flight between
city pairs for trips flown on a recurring basis. Routes for these trips can be stored using several
methods.

Method 1

1. From the Flight Planning tab, select the Routes sub-tab to display the customer routes page
listing all the stored routes.

2. Select the Create New Route button to display the Company Routes page.
3. Enter the route Name, Departure, Destination, and Routing information and click Save.

NOTE: Routes are built on the Company Routes page using the same procedures and rules as when
working in the Route section of the Create FPL page (see Section 3.4—Routing).
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Method 2

1. Compute a flight plan.


2. Click the Save Route button at the top of the computed flight plan to store the computed route
as a customer preferred route.

3. The Company Routes page is displayed with the Departure and Destination fields filled in and
the computed route in the route box. At this point you also have the option to modify the route
and specify an altitude.
4. Name the route and click the Save button.
5. Click the Save button to add it to your Company routes data base or Cancel to exit the page.

The stored routes can be accessed from the Routing table once you enter the Departure and
Destination airports.

NOTE: If your Flight Planning Preferences are set to use stored routes (see Section 2.7.3—Flight
Plan Preferences) and more than one Customer Preferred or ATC Preferred route is stored, a
warning message is displayed in the Routing Section if you have not selected a route and try to
Preview a flight plan.

3.12.2 Route to Alternate


To create and store a commonly used or preferred route to an alternate, click the Create New
Destination Alternate Route button on the Routes to Alt page under Flight Planning.

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Enter the Route Name, the Departure airport (for alternate routes this is your original Destination),
the Destination airport (for alternate routes this is your desired Alternate), and the desired route of
flight and click Save.

When the Destination and Alternate airports are entered on the Create FPL page the system uses the
entered route to calculate the time, fuel burn, and distance to alternate. This information is
displayed in the Primary Alternate section at the end of the flight plan.

NOTE: In some cases, where there is a short distance to the alternate or the airway structure in the
area is not conducive to airway routing, the system creates a direct route.

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3.13 Slot Reservations (U.S. and Canada Only)


Reservations are required for IFR operations conducted at designated high density traffic airports in
the U.S. (DCA, JFK, LGA, and ORD) as well as for certain foreign airports (e.g., Toronto, Canada
[CYYZ]).
In addition, the FAA and CAAs may impose temporary reservation requirements at selected airports
to control traffic flow during special events.

A slot reservation can be requested in two ways.

3.13.1 Slot Reservation when Filing


When you file a flight plan to or from an airport that has a slot requirement, you will be given the
opportunity to have ARINC Direct obtain the slot or enter a reservation number you have already
obtained. This is done using the Slot Status page.

The top portion of the page is used if you want ARINC Direct to arrange for the slot. Information
on the aircraft and slot requirement(s) is presented on the page. To submit the slot request:

1. Review the information presented on the page. For departure slots, the Departure Time (Zulu)
will correspond to the estimated time of departure entered on the flight plan. For arrival slots,
the Arrival Time (Zulu) is based on the estimated time of arrival as computed in the flight plan.
2. Indicate if you can accept a slot that is before or after the desired time. If this option is selected,
FCs will accept whatever slot time the FAA/CAA provides on their initial attempt and will
follow-up with the crew, informing them of the confirmed time. Coordinators will also continue
to attempt to secure a slot as close to the desired time as possible. If this option is not selected,
FCs will only accept a slot at the requested and will inform the crew if one is not available.
They will also continue to attempt to secure a reservation at the desired time.

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3. You can use the Notes: field to enter free text messages or instructions for the Flight
Coordinator (e.g., specify an earliest or latest time you can accept a slot).

4. As with flight plans, you can send a confirmation message to one or more aircraft, an email
address, a fax machine, one or more auto forward codes, an IATA address, and an AFTN
address by checking the appropriate box and entering the destination address.
5. When all information has been entered, click the Request the Above Slot button to submit your
request. This also sends the flight plan to the queue for filing.
6. If you do not want ARINC Direct to obtain your slot or if you already have a slot, click the Skip
the Slot Request button. If you enter your slot reservation number in the field provided, it will
automatically be included in the Remarks section of your filed flight plan.

3.13.2 Slot Status Page


To request a slot reservation without computing and filing a flight plan, click the Create New Slot
Request button, complete the form and click the Request button at the bottom of the window.

Special instructions to an FC can be placed in the text box.

If you would like notification when the slot is obtained, open the appropriate link in the Slot
Confirmation window prior to submitting the request.

There are links to the Airport Slots Requirements table, the FAA CVRS site, and the FAA STMP site
at the top of the page.

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The main page under the Slot Status tab presents information and status of slot requests and
reservations. We also incorporated a capability to filter the list by slot airport and tail number.

Slot requests within your account can have 6 different statuses:

 Requested – the slot reservation has not yet been processed by an FC


 Not Required – a slot reservation is not required for the airport or the date/time entered
 Confirmed – the slot reservation has been granted by the FAA/CAA
 Confirmed/Improving – a slot reservation has been granted by the FAA/CAA but it is not
for the originally requested time. An FC is monitoring slot availability and will try to
improve the time.
 Reconfirmed – the slot has been reconfirmed with the FAA/CAA
 Cancelled – the slot/slot request has been cancelled

The status definitions are displayed when you “mouse over” the status link (Confirmed, Requested,
etc.).

To view the actions associated with a particular slot request, click the dialog icon in the lower right
corner of the slot field.

To close the comments, click your browser’s Refresh button.

Clicking the status link opens Read-Only Slot Request window, populated with the original
information provided in the slot request. The window also displays any confirmation information
contained in the original slot request. Slot Confirmation information can be changed or updated by
typing in the new information and clicking the Add Confirmations button.

To view a listing of airports that require slots and their valid times, click the Airport Slot
Requirements link.

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3.14 Saving Flight Plans to Disk


The capability exists for you to save flight plans to disk (or other portable storage medium) which
can then be downloaded to the avionics. While this feature is available for most all AFIS avionics it
may not work with some older model FMSes. It is recommended that you save a sample flight plan
to disk and load it into the avionics as a test to ensure your avionics are compatible with this feature.

There is a button labeled Save to Disk at the top of the flight plan and also on the Filing Status page.
To save a flight plan to disk use the following procedures:

NOTE: The following steps and screen shots are taken from a computer running Windows XP
Professional. Your screens may not look identical.

1. From the computed flight plan click the Save to Disk button at the top of the page.

NOTE: A recall number is assigned when the Save to Disk button is clicked.

2. From the Filing Status page select the plan(s) you want to save (check the box) then click the
Save to Disk button.

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3. A Save to disk window is displayed. The file names correspond to either the flight plan number
or the city-pair, depending on how your flight planning preferences are configured, and should
be noted.
4. Check the box for the flight plan recall number for the type of file format you want to save
(Avionics is uploadable to the FMS; Human Readable is a plain text format).

5. Click the Save Multiple button to display the File Download pop-up window and select the Save
button.

6. A “directory” window is displayed which is used to specify where you would like the flight plan
saved. You can change the Save in location using the drop down menu at the top of the
window.

NOTE: If saving multiple plans, you will need to repeat the above step for each plan.

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NOTE: AFIS avionics limit the number of flight plans it can read from a disk to a maximum of 24.
Therefore, you should not save more than 24 flight plans on any single disk.

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3.15 Fuel
ARINC Direct’s fuel service is available to all customers and provides contract fuel access from
multiple suppliers worldwide. By clicking the Fuel button on the Create FPL page or the Fuel tab,
you can get and compare pricing from multiple resellers at worldwide locations. Once you select
your vendor, you can generate an electronic fuel release that can be e-mailed or faxed as part of
your flight planning package.

NOTE: Fuel releases are not binding nor are they a commitment to purchase fuel. However, to
take advantage of the quoted price and avoid having to use a company credit or fuel card, a fuel
release must be available to present to the FBO or fueler/agent. Thus, you should always include a
release as part of your flight plan fax package and carry a paper copy to present at the time of
fueling.

For locations where on-line fuel ordering is not yet available or to request fuel at locations outside
the U.S. and Canada, contact the ARINC Direct Flight Operations Center at 1 866 321 6060 or send
an email to fuel@direct.arinc.net with the following information:

 Company Name
 Tail number and aircraft type
 Airport Identifier where you want to fuel
 FBO preference, if any
 Date and time of arrival
 Approximate uplift amount

To use the fueling application when creating a flight plan:

1. Enter the Departure, Destination, and Alternate airports (if desired) on the Create FPL page.
2. Click the Fuel button located in the upper right corner of the page.

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3. The Order Fuel window is opened with the Airports field pre-populated with the entries made on
the Create FPL page and the fuel prices listed for all FBOs at those airports where we have
fueling agreements. There is no need to click the Get Quotes button unless you make a change
to the entries in the Airports field or you want to refresh the screen.

NOTE: All price quotes are in U.S. dollars per U.S. gallon and include all known taxes, duties and
other fees. Prices stated are current estimated prices only and are subject to change, without notice,
as a result of exchange rate and/or market fluctuations. Buyer understands it will be charged the
price in effect on the date and at the location where fuel is actually uplifted. Prist (FSII) will incur
an extra charge.

The fuel contract states that you agree not to disclose this information or use it for any purpose
other than making a fuel-buying decision. ARINC Direct prohibits resale, distribution, or any other
use of this information.

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4. If we do not have an agreement for obtaining on-line fuel at a location (or for International
flights), you can contact Flight Operations and have a quote prepared manually.

5. For each location, select the radio button for the FBO you want to use and click the Generate
Fuel Release(s) button at the bottom of the window.
6. This displays a new page to collect information on the planned arrival/departure times and
estimated fuel uplift. You can order fuel at multiple airports but from only one FBO at any
given airport. Complete the fields on the Fuel Request page and click the Submit button. This
data is used to generate the actual fuel release that is sent to the FBO. It should be as accurate
as possible but does not have to be exact.

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7. A release confirmation window is displayed, giving you options to send or view the current fuel
release, or to generate a quote/release for another trip. To return to the Create FPL page, click
the button labeled Close Window.

You can also retrieve a quote and generate a release through the Fuel tab and clicking the Order Fuel
sub tab. To retrieve a quote, enter up to 4 airport identifiers separated by commas or spaces in the
Airports field and click the Get Quotes button. Follow steps 5 through 7 above to complete the
transaction.

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The Fuel Releases sub tab displays a table with releases in your account. Click the Fuel Release
link, which contains the tail number, location, and month/day of the uplift (e.g., N103XA IAD 0926)
to view the release in .pdf format.

NOTE: Fuel releases may not immediately show up in your account, depending on the vendor’s
turnaround time.

On occasion, a fuel release may not be automatically generated and sent to a supplier. In these
instances, a task is sent to an FC and the release is generated manually. The status on the Fuel
Release page shows as Handled by ARINC and there is a mouse-over message indicating that an FC
is working on your request.

When the release is received from the supplier, it is then copied to your account by the FC and the
status is changed to Available. Once the release is copied into your account it can be viewed from
the Releases tab as a .pdf file and included in a fax/email package.

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3.16 Intelligence Brief


Through our partnership with iJET, you have access to their Intelligent Risk Systems service that
allows you to generate a destination intelligence briefing that includes risk information in several
threat categories (health, security, entry/exit requirements, communications, etc.). The airport
entered in the Destination automatically populates the same field on the Intelligence Brief page
which is opened by clicking the Intelligence button on the Create FPL page.

Output can be viewed in either a Summary Format or a Detailed Format by clicking the appropriate
radio button.

The Summary Format provides warnings and informational alerts, an overview of the country and
city the where the destination airport is located, and general security information. A typical
summary briefing is between 6 and 12 pages.

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The Detail Format adds country specific information on items such as transportation, entry and exit
requirements, health and immunization requirements, culture, etc. A typical detailed briefing is
between 16 and 20 pages.

Intelligence briefings can be included as part of your fax or email package.

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3.17 Graphical Temporary Flight Restrictions (TFRs)


To access the FAA TFR webpage click the Graphical TFRs sub-tab under Flight Planning. Clicking
this tab allows you to access the FAA webpage (displayed as a pop-up window).

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