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English 10
Quarter 2–Module 4:
Use quotation marks or hanging indentions for direct quotes

Illustration
Introductory Message
For the Facilitator:

Welcome to the English 10 Alternative Delivery Mode (ADM) Module on Using Quotation
Marks for Direct Quotations.

This module was collaboratively designed, developed and reviewed by educators from public
institutions to assist you, the teacher or facilitator in helping the learners meet the standards
set by the K to 12 Curriculum while overcoming their personal, social, and economic
constraints in schooling.

This learning resource hopes to engage the learners into guided and independent learning
activities at their own pace and time. Furthermore, this also aims to help learners acquire the
needed 21st century skills while taking into consideration their needs and circumstances.

In addition to the material in the main text, you will also see this box in the body of the
module:

Notes to the Teacher


This contains helpful tips or strategies that will
help you in guiding the learners.

As a facilitator you are expected to orient the learners on how to use this module. You also
need to keep track of the learners' progress while allowing them to manage their own
learning. Furthermore, you are expected to encourage and assist the learners as they do the
tasks included in the module.

For the Learner:

Welcome to the English 10 Alternative Delivery Mode (ADM) Module on Quotation Marks for
Direct Quotation.

This module was designed to provide you with fun and meaningful opportunities for guided
and independent learning at your own pace and time. You will be enabled to process the
contents of the learning resource while being an active learner.
What I Need to Know(18pt)

This module will guide you on how to use direct quotation marks for direct
quotations.

Please help the learners in sharing their ideas and knowledge from their
experiences so that there will be collaboration and learning will be easy.
Answers are written at the back of this module. Inculcate to the learners the
value of honesty while answering this module.

There are some times that we want to use someone else’s word in our essays
or any form of writing.

We know that acknowledging the primary source or speaker is an important


part in borrowing statements or words.

A simple marks such as quotation marks will help us to report exact words
without plagiarizing.

At the end of this module, you are expected to:


1. Identify the use of quotation marks for direct quotations;
2. Use quotation marks in creating statements;
3. Construct a dialogue using proper use of quotation marks.

What I Know(18 pt)

Look at the statement below write (/) if the placement of quotation marks is
correct and if it is not write (x).
______1. Juan asked, “What are the safety precautions we need to consider during
pandemic?”
______2. Always wear your mask when going outside, Maria said.
______3. The mayor announced, “There will be penalty for those who do not follow
safety protocols.
______4. “Persons below 21 years old are not allowed to go out,” the man said.
______5. The doctor said, “Always wash your hands with anti-bacterial soap.”
______6. He said, “COVID-19 targets someone’s respiratory system.”
______7. “It takes 14 days,” the nurse said, “if you want to quarantine yourself”.
______8. The doctor said, “The most common symptoms are fever, dry cough and
tiredness.”
______9. “Some of the less symptoms are sore throat, diarrhoea, and sore throat,”
the nurse added.
______10. According to CDC, “COVID-19 primarily spread from person to person.”
______11. “Cover your mouth when you cough, she said.”
______12. “Mother said” Do not go out.
______13. “N-95 masks is more effective than surgical mask. The doctor said”
______14. “You need to show me your quarantine pass,” the police said, “before I let
you pass.”
______15. The reporter announced,” As of June 20, 2020, the confirmed case here
in the Philippines reached 30,052.”

Lesson
Use Quotation Marks or Hanging
4 Indentions for Direct Quotes

There are sometimes that we need to use someone else’s exact words to
prove our point.
Acknowledging the exact words from an original source should be practice
always to avoid certain problems.

What’s In

Color the heart if the sentence tells something true about quotation marks.

1. It does not represent the exact words of the original source.


2. It can be used as a defense for accidental plagiarism and a good practice for
academic honesty.
3. Quotation marks can be single (‘…’) and double (“…”)
4. The first letter of a direct quote should be capitalize when the text is in
complete sentence.
5. Quotation marks are always in pairs.
6. Quotation marks are used in reported speech.
7. Quotation marks are used in direct speech.
8. Direct speech is not a word for word statement.
9. The question mark replaces a comma if a quoted question ends in
midsentence.
10. Quotation marks can only be double and never be single.
11. Question marks always go inside quotation marks.
12. It does not come in pairs.
13. Use colon to introduce or interrupt direct quotations.
14. Always capitalize the first word in a complete quotation, but not in
midsentence.
15. It represent the exact words of the original source.

Notes to the Teacher


The teacher must consider the prerequisite skills needed in
the development of this competency including the schema or
background knowledge which may reinforce learning. This module
will help the learners bridge the gap of learning to attain mastery of
the lesson in its spiral progression.
What’s New

Quotation marks are used to give indication to the exact words of


someone else has spoken written. Quotation are always used in pairs which is
placed at the beginning and end of a statement. Moreover, this mark can be
double (“…”) or single (‘…’).

Direct quote is a word-for-word statement of someone including


punctuation marks. Apply double quotation marks (“…”) for direct quote.

What is It

Uses of Quotation Marks

Rule 1. Use double quotation marks to set off a direct (word-for-word) quotation.
Example: “I hope you will be safe,” she said.

Rule 2. Always capitalize the first word in a complete quotation, even midsentence.
Example: He said, "The number of Covid cases is decreasing."

Rule 3. Use commas to introduce or interrupt direct quotations.


Examples: He said, "I salute all front liners."
"Why," I asked, "don’t you try to go the doctor?"
"I ask you wear mask," he said.
Rule 4. Periods and commas ALWAYS go inside quotation marks.
Example: He yelled, “Stop.”
The man said, “Stop.” Then he said, “Walk,” then, “Stop,” over and over again.
Rule 5. The placement of question marks with quotation marks follows logic. If a
question is within the quoted material, a question mark should be placed inside the
quotation marks.
Example:
She asked, "Will you still be my friend?"
(The question Will you still be my friend? is part of the quotation.)
Do you agree with the saying, "All's fair in love and war"?
(The question Do you agree with the saying? is outside the quotation.)
The question mark replaces a comma if a quoted question ends in midsentence.
Example:
"Will you still be my friend?" she asked.

What’s More(18 pt)

Independent Activity 1(15 pt)

Circle the number of the sentences in which quotation marks are used
correctly.
1. His father called, “Stay safe!”
2. “Do not go outside,” mother said.
3. Father asked mother, “Where is my quarantine pass?”
4. Who asked “Where is you identification card?”
5. My brother, who is a nurse said, “Covid is very dangerous”.
6. I heard my sister shouting, I salute all “front liners!”
7. “People below 21 years old are not allowed to go out, the Jose said”
8. “If you do not wear you face mask,” Maria said Carla, “you will be
penalized.”
9. Angelo said, “I am not going.”
10. “I need to” go home before curfew starts, Lila said.
11. The policeman stated, “Back riding is not allowed.”
12. “During lockdown, dine-in is not allowed,” the mayor announced.
13. “He said,” Stay at home!
14. “You do not need to go to school to enroll,” Mrs. Cruz said.
15. “There will be a drop box for offline enrollment, the Mr. Dimagiba
announced.”

Independent Assessment 1(15 pt)

Read each sentence. Underline the exact words the speaker says. Put the
words in quotation marks. The first one is done for you.
1. Amy said, “Let us donate something!”
2. Mario shouted gleefully, That is a great idea.
3. What are we going to donate? Pedro asked.
4. We will cook, Luna said
5. Ben added, We can also donate alcohol and some surgical mask.
6. That is right, Rita said.
7. List all the things we need, Jose said, I will go to the market.
8. I will go with you, Lito exclaimed.
9. Mario said, You can use my car.
10. Amy reminded Jose and Lito, Do not forget you mask!
11. And your quarantine pass, Ben added.
12. I know, Lito said, there will be a penalty if the police caught not wearing
mask, he added.
13. Jose asked, Can you also give us alcohol?
14. I have an alcohol inside my car, Mario said.
15. Lito said, Okay! Goodbye.

Independent Activity 2(15 pt)

Read the following passage and add in the missing quotation marks.
Cassidy and her sister, Marisol, decided to spend the day at the beach. While
they were there, they walked along the shore to look for shells.
“Here's a nice one!” Marisol said.
It's chipped though, Cassidy pointed out.
Marisol shrugged her shoulders. I like it, she said. She put it in her sand pail.
The girls continued to walk. Cassidy stooped down to pick up a large, flat
shell. I like how smooth this one is! She looked at it more closely and frowned. It
has a crack along the bottom. I'll keep looking.
Marisol peered closer. I'll take it. It's really good!
The girls spent another hour scanning the seashore for shells. After they
walked back to their beach chairs, both girls emptied the sand pails to inspect their
treasures.
Wow! Look at all the shells you collected! Cassidy said to Marisol. I could
only find a couple perfect shells. You found tons!
Marisol grinned at her sister. That's the thing, she said. My shells aren't
perfect. Most of them have chips and cracks and smudges of dirt. But they don't
have to be perfect to be beautiful. I thought they were worth keeping anyway.
Cassidy looked at Marisol's shells in a new way. You're right, she said. They
are beautiful. I'm glad you kept them.
Marisol smiled. Since I have so many, why don't we share them between us?
Cassidy laughed. Yes! I'd love to have some of your perfectly imperfect shells!
Independent Assessment 2(15 pt)

Add the quotation marks and other punctuation mark that is needed in the
following questions.
1. Do you know him she asked
2. The nurse asked Are you drinking your vitamins
3. Wash your hands before eating mother told us
4. The police asked Where are your quarantine pass
5. Did you hear the mayor says We are now Covid free
6. Tell your mother that there will be a drop box for enrollment the chairman said
7. Tally shouted gleefully I fully recovered from it
8. Bring your alcohol and wipes with you said Jose
9. Mr. Police read the sign aloud No Quarantine Pass No Entry
10. Mona said I am not going outside and then she added It is still dangerous
11. Why do they keep on asking What is blended learning
12. Pedro said to Maria I salute all front liners
13. The man announced Surgical masks are better than cloth masks
14. One mother asked What are we going to do We do not have internet to enroll
our children
15. We provided enrollment forms in every barangay the teacher replied

Independent Activity 3(15 pt)


Write a brief story. Use the same words that are in dialogue in the comic strip but
add surrounding words. The first two lines are done for you, continue the rest of the
story.

“Time out!” Lucy yelled.


“Now what?” Charlie Brown asked as he walked over Lucy.

Independent Assessment 3(15 pt)

It is quarantine time! In order to prepare for the quarantine people need to share in a
dialogue. Based on the relationship between two people and the topic listed below.
Fill in the lines with your own statements to make a real life dialogue.

Pair: Mother and Son


Topic: Safety precautions to avoid having virus.

Mother: The mother said to his son, “Wash your hands before touching your face.”
Son: ______________________________________________________________
Mother: ___________________________________________________________
Son: ______________________________________________________________
Mother: ___________________________________________________________

Pair: Teacher and Student


Topic: Online enrollment
Student: “Teacher! How am I going to enroll?” the student asked.
Teacher:____________________________________________________________
Student:____________________________________________________________
Teacher:____________________________________________________________
Student:____________________________________________________________

Pair: Brother and Sister


Topic: Helping each other in answering the modules
Brother: The brother asked, “What is the meaning of this?”
Sister: ______________________________________________________________
Brother: ____________________________________________________________
Sister:______________________________________________________________
Brother:_____________________________________________________________

What I Have Learned(18 pt)

Draw a happy face ( ) if the sentence tells a correct idea about quotation
marks and sad face ( ) if it doesn’t.

Commas and periods always go inside quotation marks.


Use double quotation marks for direct quotes.
Do not use quotation marks in enclosing direct quotations.
Quotation marks do not come in pairs.
Quotation marks and exclamation points go either inside or outside quotation
marks depending on the sentence.

What I Can Do(18 pt)

Place yourself as RHU or health worker, interview a member of the family about their
current health situation. Then, write at least five direct quote statement from the
conversation.

Assessment(18 pt)

A. Circle the number of the sentences in which quotation marks are used correctly.
1. “Do not go outside,” mother said.
2. Who asked “Where is you identification card?”
3. I heard my sister shouting, I salute all “front liners!”

B. Read each sentence. Underline the exact words the speaker says. Put the words
in quotation marks.
4. We will cook, Luna said
5. Ben added, We can also donate alcohol and some surgical mask.

C. Construct a dialogue based on the scene given. Do not forget to use direct
quotations.

Pairs: Mother and Daughter

Topic: Deciding the colour of balloons for her daughter’s birthday

Mother: “What color of balloons do you like?” mother asked.__________________

Daughter:_________________________________________________________

Mother:___________________________________________________________

Daughter:__________________________________________________________

Mother:___________________________________________________________

Pairs: Father and Son

Topic: Favorite sport

Father:____________________________________________________________

Son:______________________________________________________________

Father:____________________________________________________________

Son:______________________________________________________________

Father:____________________________________________________________

.
Answer Key(18 pt)

What I Know
1. / What’s More What's In What I Have
2. X Learned
1. O 1.
3. X 2. 1. happy
2. O
4. / 3. O 3. 2. happy
5. / 4. O 4. 3. Unhappy
6. / 5. 5. 4. Unhappy
7. X 6. 6. 5. happy
8. / 7. 7.
9. / 8. O 8.
10. / 9. O 9.
11. X 10. 10.
12. X 11.O 11.
13. X 12.O 12.
13. 13.
14. /
14.O 14.
15. /
15. 15.

Assessment Independent Assessment 1


1. Amy said, “Let us donate something!”
1.“Do not go 2. Mario shouted gleefully, “That is a great idea.”
outside,” mother 3. “What are we going to donate?” Pedro asked.
said. 4. “We will cook,” Luna loudly scream
2.Who asked “Where 5. Ben added, “We can also donate alcohol and
is you identification some surgical mask.”
card?” 6. “That is right,” Rita said.
3.I heard my sister 7. “List all the things we need,” Jose said, “I will
go to the market.”
shouting, I salute all
8. “I will go with you,”Lito exclaimed.
“front liners!”
9. Mario said, “You can use my car.”
4.“We will cook,” 10. Amy reminded Jose and Lito, “Do not forget you
Luna said. mask!”
5.Ben added, “We 11. “And your quarantine pass,”Ben added.
can also donate 12. “I know,”Lito said.“There will be a penalty if the
alcohol and some police caught not wearing mask,” he added.
surgical mask.” 13. Jose asked, “Can you also give us alcohol?”
6-15. Answers may 14. “I have an alcohol inside my car,” Mario said.
vary 15. Lito said, “Okay! Goodbye.”
Independent Activity 2

Cassidy and her sister, Marisol, decided to spend the day at the beach. While they were
there, they walked along the shore to look for shells.

“Here's a nice one!” Marisol said.

“It's chipped though,” Cassidy pointed out.

Marisol shrugged her shoulders. “I like it,” she said. She put it in her sand pail.

The girls continued to walk. Cassidy stooped down to pick up a large, flat shell. “I like
how smooth this one is!”She looked at it more closely and frowned. “It has a crack
along the bottom. I'll keep looking.”

Marisol peered closer.“I'll take it. It's really good!”

Independent Assessment 2
1. “Do you know him?” she asked.
2. The nurse asked, “Are you drinking your vitamins?”
3. “Wash your hands before eating,” mother told us.
4. The police asked, “Where are your quarantine pass?”
5. Did you hear the mayor says “We are now Covid free”?
6. “Tell your mother that there will be a drop box for enrollment,” the chairman said
7. Tally shouted gleefully, “I fully recovered from it.”
8. “Bring your alcohol and wipes with you,” said Jose.
9. Mr. Police read the sign aloud, “No Quarantine Pass! No Entry!”
10. Mona said, “I am not going outside,” and then she added, “It is still dangerous.”
11. Why do they keep on asking “What is blended learning?”
12. Pedro said to Maria, “I salute all front liners.”
13. The man announced, “Surgical masks are better than cloth masks.”
14. One mother asked, “What are we going to do? We do not have internet to enroll
our children.”
15. “We provided enrollment forms in every barangay,” the teacher replied.

Independent Activity 3 (Answers may vary)


“Time out!” Lucy yelled.
“Now what?” Charlie Brown asked as he walked over to Lucy.
Lucy said, “Hey manager, I have a great idea! After we’ve lost a game, why don’t we run an ad in
the newspaper?”
“An AD?” Charlie Brown asked.
Lucy tipped her hat back and said, “Sure, we could offer a reward for the lost game.”
Charlie Brown didn’t know what to say so he just stared at Lucy.
“When the lost game was found, it wouldn’t be a lost game anymore,” Lucy explained.
As Lucy walked away she said, “If I get another great idea, I’ll let you know!”
Then Charlie Brown said, “Maybe outfielders spend too muchtime standing in the sun!”
References(18 pt)

“Quotation Marks.” Accessed June 22, 2020.


https://www.superteacherworksheets.com/quotation-marks.html.

“May 1977 Comic Strips.” Accessed June 22, 2020.


https://peanuts.fandom.com/wiki/May_1977_comic_strips.

“Subject.” Reading Worksheets Spelling Grammar Comprehension Lesson Plans.


Accessed June 22, 2020. https://www.k12reader.com/worksheet/find-it-
quotation-marks/view/.

Purdue Writing Lab. Using Quotation Marks // Purdue Writing Lab. Accessed June
12, 2020
https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/general_writing/punctuation/quotation_marks/index.
html.

Quotation Marks. (n.d). Accesed June 12, 2020 from https://www.grammarbook.com/


punctuation/quotes.asp.

Using quotation marks. (n.d.). Accessed June 12, 2020.


https://students.unimelb.edu.au/academic-skills/explore-our-
resources/grammar/using-quotation-marks
For inquiries or feedback, please write or call:

Department of Education – Schools Division of Pampanga, Learning


Resource Management System

High School Boulevard, Brgy. Lourdes, City of San Fernando


Pampanga, Philippines 1200

Telephone No: (045) 435-2728


Email Address: pampanga@deped.gov.ph