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Department of Mathematics University of Moratuwa

Faculty of Engineering Semester 2- 2010

MA 1022- MATHEMATICAL METHODS


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ASSIGNMENT 11
Distributed during the week starting on 02/08/2010.Assignments 11 and 12 will be discussed

1. i. Given that 𝑓 𝑥, 𝑦 = 𝑥 + 𝑦 − 1 and 𝑔 𝑥, 𝑦 = 𝑥 2 + 𝑦 2 − 1. Find the maximum minimum values of


a. 𝑓 𝑥, 𝑦 , subject to the condition 𝑔 𝑥, 𝑦 = 0
b. 𝑔 𝑥, 𝑦 , subject to the condition 𝑓 𝑥, 𝑦 = 0 using two different methods.

ii. Find the volume of the largest rectangular box with edges parallel to the coordinate axes and inscribed
in the ellipsoid
𝑥2 𝑦2 𝑧2
+ + = 1.
𝑎2 𝑏2 𝑐 2
2. The temperature 𝑇 at a point (𝑥, 𝑦) occupying the region 𝑅 = (𝑥, 𝑦) 0 ≤ 𝑥 ≤ 2, 0 ≤ 𝑦 ≤ 𝜋 on a
metallic plate is given by 𝑇 𝑥, 𝑦 = 100 𝑒 𝑥 − 𝑒 −𝑥 sin 𝑦.
At the point (1,1) find,
a. The rate at which temperature increases in the direction of 𝑥 axis.
b. The rate at which temperature increases in the direction of 𝑦 axis.
c. The rate at which temperature increases along the line 𝑦 = 𝑥.
d. The highest rate at which temperature increases.
e. The direction in which the temperature increases rapidly.

3. The possible error involved in measuring each dimension of a rectangular box is ±0.2mm. The
dimensions of the box are 𝑥 = 100𝑐𝑚, 𝑦 = 40𝑐𝑚 and 𝑧 = 30cm. Estimate the propagated error and
the relative error in the calculated volume of the box.

4. Evaluate each of the following integrals, where 𝑅 = 0,1 × 0,1 ;

𝑎. 𝑥 2 + 𝑦 3 𝑑𝑥𝑑𝑦 𝑏. ln 𝑥 + 1 𝑦 + 1 𝑑𝑥𝑑𝑦
𝑅 𝑅

5. A transformation is defined for points 𝑥, 𝑦 ∈ ℝ2 by : 𝑢 = 𝑥𝑒 𝑦 , 𝑣 = 𝑦𝑒 𝑥 .


a. Find the Jacobian of the transformation.
b. Sketch the four contours 𝑣 = 1, 𝑣 = 𝑒, 𝑢 = 1 𝑢 = 𝑒 in the 𝑥 − 𝑦 plane
c. Let D be the finite region in the positive quadrant of the 𝑥, 𝑦 plane enclosed by the four
contours mentioned in ii.
d. By applying the given transformation , evaluate the integral

𝑥 2 𝑦 3 − 𝑥 3 𝑦 4 𝑒 4𝑥+3𝑦 𝑑𝑥 𝑑𝑦
𝐷
You may assume that the Jacobian is of constant sign in the interior of D.

6. Evaluate the volume enclosed by the surface 𝑧 = 𝑥 2 + 𝑦 2 in the first quadrant between the two circles
of radii 1 and 2 and centered at (0,0).
Department of Mathematics, 02/08/2010
Website:http://www.math.mrt.ac.lk/content/kevin_notes/ma1022_tutorial_2010
Department of Mathematics University of Moratuwa
Faculty of Engineering Semester 2- 2010

MA 1022- MATHEMATICAL METHODS


_________________________________________________________________________________
7. i. Evaluate the following double integral
1 𝑒
𝑦
𝑑𝑦 𝑑𝑥
𝑥=0 𝑦=𝑒 𝑥 ln 𝑦
ii. Evaluate

𝑥𝑒 𝑦 𝑑𝑥 𝑑𝑦
𝐷
Where D is the region bounded by the curve 𝑦 = 1 + 𝑥 2 and the 𝑥 − axis and the lines 𝑥 = 0
and 𝑥 = 1.
8. Evaluate
𝑦𝑑𝑥𝑑𝑦
𝑅
Where R is the region enclosed by the curves in the 𝑥𝑦 plane as shown in Figure 10.1. Hint: Make the
𝑦
substitution 𝑢 = 𝑥, 𝑣 = 𝑥𝑦. Check whether the transformation is 1-1 on R.

Figure 10.1

ASSIGNMENT 12
1. Given the data points
𝑥 0 2 3
𝑦 7 11 28

Use Lagrange’s method to determine 𝑦 at 𝑥 = 1.

2. The data points given below lie on a polynomial.

𝑥 -2 1 4 -1 3 -4
𝑦 -1 2 59 4 24 -53

Determine the degree of this polynomial by constructing the divided difference table.

Department of Mathematics, 02/08/2010


Website:http://www.math.mrt.ac.lk/content/kevin_notes/ma1022_tutorial_2010
Department of Mathematics University of Moratuwa
Faculty of Engineering Semester 2- 2010

MA 1022- MATHEMATICAL METHODS


_________________________________________________________________________________

3. Using the following table for tan 𝑥, find approximate for value at 0.71 and also find an error estimate
applying Newton interpolation method. (Note:tan (0.71) = 0.85953)

𝑥𝑖 0.70 0.72 0.74 0.76 0.78


tan 𝑥𝑖 0.84229 0.87707 0.91309 0.95045 0.98926

4. Using the following data, find by Lagrange’s formula, the value of 𝑓(𝑥) at 𝑥 = 10 and also find the
value of 𝑥 when 𝑓 𝑥 = 16.00.

𝑖 0 1 2 3 4
𝑥𝑖 9.3 9.6 10.2 10.4 10.8
𝑓(𝑥𝑖 ) 11.40 12.80 14.70 17.00 19.80
5. Evaluate the bounds on
𝜋
sin 𝑥 𝑑𝑥
0
with the composite trapezoidal rule using eight panels.

3
6. i. Calculate required number of nodes to find 1
ln 𝑥 𝑑𝑥 with 10−8 accuracy.
3
ii. From the following data estimate 1
𝑓(𝑥) 𝑑𝑥 as best you can.
𝑥𝑖 0 0.25 0.50 0.75 1.00 1.25 1.50 1.75 2.00
𝑓(𝑥𝑖 ) 1.000 1.284 1.649 2.117 2.718 3.490 4.482 5.755 7.389

7. Explain following operators


a. Forward Difference Operator
b. Backward Difference Operator
c. Central Difference Operator
d. Shift Operator
e. Averaging Operator

Also find relations among these operators

8. If 𝑢 = 𝑓(𝑟) where 𝑟 = 𝑥 2 + 𝑦 2 , prove that


𝜕2𝑢 𝜕2𝑢 ′′
1 ′
+ = 𝑓 𝑟 + 𝑓 𝑟
𝜕𝑥 2 𝜕𝑦 2 𝑟
Deduce that if

1 𝜕2𝑢 𝜕2𝑢 1
𝑓 𝑟 = , 2
+ 2 = 3,
𝑟 𝜕𝑥 𝜕𝑦 𝑟
And if
𝜕2𝑢 𝜕2𝑢
𝑓 𝑟 = log 𝑟 , + = 0.
𝜕𝑥 2 𝜕𝑦 2

Department of Mathematics, 02/08/2010


Website:http://www.math.mrt.ac.lk/content/kevin_notes/ma1022_tutorial_2010