Sie sind auf Seite 1von 3

# Department of Mathematics University of Moratuwa

## MA 1022- MATHEMATICAL METHODS

_________________________________________________________________________________
ASSIGNMENT 11
Distributed during the week starting on 02/08/2010.Assignments 11 and 12 will be discussed

## 1. i. Given that 𝑓 𝑥, 𝑦 = 𝑥 + 𝑦 − 1 and 𝑔 𝑥, 𝑦 = 𝑥 2 + 𝑦 2 − 1. Find the maximum minimum values of

a. 𝑓 𝑥, 𝑦 , subject to the condition 𝑔 𝑥, 𝑦 = 0
b. 𝑔 𝑥, 𝑦 , subject to the condition 𝑓 𝑥, 𝑦 = 0 using two different methods.

ii. Find the volume of the largest rectangular box with edges parallel to the coordinate axes and inscribed
in the ellipsoid
𝑥2 𝑦2 𝑧2
+ + = 1.
𝑎2 𝑏2 𝑐 2
2. The temperature 𝑇 at a point (𝑥, 𝑦) occupying the region 𝑅 = (𝑥, 𝑦) 0 ≤ 𝑥 ≤ 2, 0 ≤ 𝑦 ≤ 𝜋 on a
metallic plate is given by 𝑇 𝑥, 𝑦 = 100 𝑒 𝑥 − 𝑒 −𝑥 sin 𝑦.
At the point (1,1) find,
a. The rate at which temperature increases in the direction of 𝑥 axis.
b. The rate at which temperature increases in the direction of 𝑦 axis.
c. The rate at which temperature increases along the line 𝑦 = 𝑥.
d. The highest rate at which temperature increases.
e. The direction in which the temperature increases rapidly.

3. The possible error involved in measuring each dimension of a rectangular box is ±0.2mm. The
dimensions of the box are 𝑥 = 100𝑐𝑚, 𝑦 = 40𝑐𝑚 and 𝑧 = 30cm. Estimate the propagated error and
the relative error in the calculated volume of the box.

## 4. Evaluate each of the following integrals, where 𝑅 = 0,1 × 0,1 ;

𝑎. 𝑥 2 + 𝑦 3 𝑑𝑥𝑑𝑦 𝑏. ln 𝑥 + 1 𝑦 + 1 𝑑𝑥𝑑𝑦
𝑅 𝑅

## 5. A transformation is defined for points 𝑥, 𝑦 ∈ ℝ2 by : 𝑢 = 𝑥𝑒 𝑦 , 𝑣 = 𝑦𝑒 𝑥 .

a. Find the Jacobian of the transformation.
b. Sketch the four contours 𝑣 = 1, 𝑣 = 𝑒, 𝑢 = 1 𝑢 = 𝑒 in the 𝑥 − 𝑦 plane
c. Let D be the finite region in the positive quadrant of the 𝑥, 𝑦 plane enclosed by the four
contours mentioned in ii.
d. By applying the given transformation , evaluate the integral

𝑥 2 𝑦 3 − 𝑥 3 𝑦 4 𝑒 4𝑥+3𝑦 𝑑𝑥 𝑑𝑦
𝐷
You may assume that the Jacobian is of constant sign in the interior of D.

6. Evaluate the volume enclosed by the surface 𝑧 = 𝑥 2 + 𝑦 2 in the first quadrant between the two circles
of radii 1 and 2 and centered at (0,0).
Department of Mathematics, 02/08/2010
Website:http://www.math.mrt.ac.lk/content/kevin_notes/ma1022_tutorial_2010
Department of Mathematics University of Moratuwa
Faculty of Engineering Semester 2- 2010

## MA 1022- MATHEMATICAL METHODS

_________________________________________________________________________________
7. i. Evaluate the following double integral
1 𝑒
𝑦
𝑑𝑦 𝑑𝑥
𝑥=0 𝑦=𝑒 𝑥 ln 𝑦
ii. Evaluate

𝑥𝑒 𝑦 𝑑𝑥 𝑑𝑦
𝐷
Where D is the region bounded by the curve 𝑦 = 1 + 𝑥 2 and the 𝑥 − axis and the lines 𝑥 = 0
and 𝑥 = 1.
8. Evaluate
𝑦𝑑𝑥𝑑𝑦
𝑅
Where R is the region enclosed by the curves in the 𝑥𝑦 plane as shown in Figure 10.1. Hint: Make the
𝑦
substitution 𝑢 = 𝑥, 𝑣 = 𝑥𝑦. Check whether the transformation is 1-1 on R.

Figure 10.1

ASSIGNMENT 12
1. Given the data points
𝑥 0 2 3
𝑦 7 11 28

## 2. The data points given below lie on a polynomial.

𝑥 -2 1 4 -1 3 -4
𝑦 -1 2 59 4 24 -53

Determine the degree of this polynomial by constructing the divided difference table.

## Department of Mathematics, 02/08/2010

Website:http://www.math.mrt.ac.lk/content/kevin_notes/ma1022_tutorial_2010
Department of Mathematics University of Moratuwa
Faculty of Engineering Semester 2- 2010

## MA 1022- MATHEMATICAL METHODS

_________________________________________________________________________________

3. Using the following table for tan 𝑥, find approximate for value at 0.71 and also find an error estimate
applying Newton interpolation method. (Note:tan (0.71) = 0.85953)

## 𝑥𝑖 0.70 0.72 0.74 0.76 0.78

tan 𝑥𝑖 0.84229 0.87707 0.91309 0.95045 0.98926

4. Using the following data, find by Lagrange’s formula, the value of 𝑓(𝑥) at 𝑥 = 10 and also find the
value of 𝑥 when 𝑓 𝑥 = 16.00.

𝑖 0 1 2 3 4
𝑥𝑖 9.3 9.6 10.2 10.4 10.8
𝑓(𝑥𝑖 ) 11.40 12.80 14.70 17.00 19.80
5. Evaluate the bounds on
𝜋
sin 𝑥 𝑑𝑥
0
with the composite trapezoidal rule using eight panels.

3
6. i. Calculate required number of nodes to find 1
ln 𝑥 𝑑𝑥 with 10−8 accuracy.
3
ii. From the following data estimate 1
𝑓(𝑥) 𝑑𝑥 as best you can.
𝑥𝑖 0 0.25 0.50 0.75 1.00 1.25 1.50 1.75 2.00
𝑓(𝑥𝑖 ) 1.000 1.284 1.649 2.117 2.718 3.490 4.482 5.755 7.389

## 7. Explain following operators

a. Forward Difference Operator
b. Backward Difference Operator
c. Central Difference Operator
d. Shift Operator
e. Averaging Operator

## 8. If 𝑢 = 𝑓(𝑟) where 𝑟 = 𝑥 2 + 𝑦 2 , prove that

𝜕2𝑢 𝜕2𝑢 ′′
1 ′
+ = 𝑓 𝑟 + 𝑓 𝑟
𝜕𝑥 2 𝜕𝑦 2 𝑟
Deduce that if

1 𝜕2𝑢 𝜕2𝑢 1
𝑓 𝑟 = , 2
+ 2 = 3,
𝑟 𝜕𝑥 𝜕𝑦 𝑟
And if
𝜕2𝑢 𝜕2𝑢
𝑓 𝑟 = log 𝑟 , + = 0.
𝜕𝑥 2 𝜕𝑦 2

## Department of Mathematics, 02/08/2010

Website:http://www.math.mrt.ac.lk/content/kevin_notes/ma1022_tutorial_2010