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Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo Texas A&M Multiphase Measurement & Production Testing User Roundtable MULTIPHASE

Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo

Texas A&M Multiphase Measurement & Production Testing User Roundtable

MULTIPHASE FLOW METERING:

THE MEXICAN EXPERIENCE

M. I. Noel E. Santamaria Ing. Sandro F. Mancilla

Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo Texas A&M Multiphase Measurement & Production Testing User Roundtable OBJECTIVE

Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo

Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo Texas A&M Multiphase Measurement & Production Testing User Roundtable OBJECTIVE

Texas A&M Multiphase Measurement & Production Testing User Roundtable

OBJECTIVE

Present the Mexican Experience in Implementing Multiphase Flow Metering in Well Testing Operations.

Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo Texas A&M Multiphase Measurement & Production Testing User Roundtable MULTIPHASE

Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo

Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo Texas A&M Multiphase Measurement & Production Testing User Roundtable MULTIPHASE

Texas A&M Multiphase Measurement & Production Testing User Roundtable

MULTIPHASE FLOW METERING LOCATIONS

Akal D Platform Pol TF Platform Poza Rica X Battery Comalcalco Sector Pacific Ocean Samaria
Akal D
Platform
Pol TF
Platform
Poza Rica X
Battery
Comalcalco
Sector
Pacific Ocean
Samaria II
Battery
Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo Texas A&M Multiphase Measurement & Production Testing User Roundtable MPFM

Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo

Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo Texas A&M Multiphase Measurement & Production Testing User Roundtable MPFM

Texas A&M Multiphase Measurement & Production Testing User Roundtable

MPFM Installation in Samaria II Battery

Test MPFM Separator L P Test Tank 3000 bl Test Header Liquid Test Tank Gas
Test
MPFM
Separator
L P
Test Tank
3000 bl
Test Header
Liquid
Test Tank
Gas
1500 bl
Manifold
Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo Texas A&M Multiphase Measurement & Production Testing User Roundtable Samaria II

Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo

Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo Texas A&M Multiphase Measurement & Production Testing User Roundtable Samaria II

Texas A&M Multiphase Measurement & Production Testing User Roundtable

Samaria II Battery

Samaria II Field Iride Field

21 wells 2 wells + 2 streams

Wellcomp MPFM components:

Fluid conditioner. Coriolis mass flow meter. Vortex shedding flow meter. Fluid fraction analysis chamber. Local computer and data acquisition.

Installed in 1994. 11 wells were tested during On Site Acceptance Tests. Disassembled in 1997.

Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo Texas A&M Multiphase Measurement & Production Testing User Roundtable Samaria II

Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo

Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo Texas A&M Multiphase Measurement & Production Testing User Roundtable Samaria II

Texas A&M Multiphase Measurement & Production Testing User Roundtable

Samaria II Battery

 

Operation Conditions

Fluid Properties

Qo (m3/d)

=

37 - 1012 1.1 - 51.3 21746 - 117,206 100 - 2,000

SGo

:

0.86 - 0.90 0.72 - 0.82 1.05 - 1.09

Wcut (%)

=

SGg

:

Qg (m3/d)

=

SGw

:

GOR (m3/m3)

=

 

P

(kg/cm2)

=

4.0 - 5.5

T

(°C)

=

33 - 55

Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo Texas A&M Multiphase Measurement & Production Testing User Roundtable Comparison

Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo

Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo Texas A&M Multiphase Measurement & Production Testing User Roundtable Comparison

Texas A&M Multiphase Measurement & Production Testing User Roundtable

Comparison of Liquid and Oil Flow Rates in Samaria II Battery

1,200 1,000 800 600 400 200 0 0 200 400 600 800 1,000 1,200 MPFM
1,200
1,000
800
600
400
200
0
0
200
400
600
800
1,000
1,200
MPFM Reading (m3/d)
1,200 1,000 800 600 400 200 0 0 200 400 600 800 1,000 1,200 MPFM
1,200
1,000
800
600
400
200
0
0
200
400
600
800
1,000
1,200
MPFM Reading (m3/d)

Reference Oil Rates (m3/d)

Reference Liquid Rates (m3/d)

Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo Texas A&M Multiphase Measurement & Production Testing User Roundtable Comparison

Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo

Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo Texas A&M Multiphase Measurement & Production Testing User Roundtable Comparison

Texas A&M Multiphase Measurement & Production Testing User Roundtable

Comparison of Gas and Water Flow Rates in Samaria II Battery

140,000 120,000 100,000 80,000 60,000 40,000 20,000 0 0 20,000 40,000 60,000 80,000 100,000 120,000
140,000
120,000
100,000
80,000
60,000
40,000
20,000
0
0
20,000
40,000
60,000
80,000
100,000
120,000
140,000
MPFM Reading (m3/d)

Reference Gas Rate (m3/d)

160 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0 0 20 40 60 80 100
160
140
120
100
80
60
40
20
0
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
160
MPFM Reading (m3/d)

Reference Water Rate (m3/d)

Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo Texas A&M Multiphase Measurement & Production Testing User Roundtable MPFM

Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo

Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo Texas A&M Multiphase Measurement & Production Testing User Roundtable MPFM

Texas A&M Multiphase Measurement & Production Testing User Roundtable

MPFM Installation in Poza Rica X Battery

Texas A&M Multiphase Measurement & Production Testing User Roundtable MPFM Installation in Poza Rica X Battery
Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo Texas A&M Multiphase Measurement & Production Testing User Roundtable Poza Rica

Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo

Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo Texas A&M Multiphase Measurement & Production Testing User Roundtable Poza Rica

Texas A&M Multiphase Measurement & Production Testing User Roundtable

Poza Rica X Battery

Poza Rica Field

16

wells

Mecatepec Fiel

35

wells

Manuel Avila Field

10

wells

Wellcomp MPFM components :

Fluid conditioner. Coriolis mass flow meter. 2 Vortex shedding flow meter. Fluid fraction analysis chamber. Local and remote data acquisition.

Installed in 1997. 30 wells were tested during On Site Acceptance Tests. Operating satisfactorily.

Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo Texas A&M Multiphase Measurement & Production Testing User Roundtable Poza Rica

Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo

Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo Texas A&M Multiphase Measurement & Production Testing User Roundtable Poza Rica

Texas A&M Multiphase Measurement & Production Testing User Roundtable

Poza Rica X Battery

 

Operation Conditions

Fluid Properties

Qo (m3/d)

=

5 - 60 2 - 70 200 - 17,600 4 - 780

SGo

:

0.86 - 0.97 0.62 - 1.40 1.01 - 1.06 13.1 - 33.37 cp

Wcut (%)

=

SGg

:

Qg (m3/d)

=

SGw

:

GOR (m3/m3)

=

Oil Visc.:

P

(kg/cm2)

=

6.5

 

T

(°C)

=

65

Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo Texas A&M Multiphase Measurement & Production Testing User Roundtable Comparison

Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo

Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo Texas A&M Multiphase Measurement & Production Testing User Roundtable Comparison

Texas A&M Multiphase Measurement & Production Testing User Roundtable

Comparison of Liquid and Oil Flow Rates in Poza Rica X Battery

70 60 50 40 30 20 10 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 MPFM
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
MPFM Reading (m3/d)
35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 0 5 10 15 20 25 30
35
30
25
20
15
10
5
0
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
MPFM Reading (m3/d)

Reference Oil Rates (m3/d)

Reference Liquid Rates (m3/d)

Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo Comparison of Water and Gas Flow Rates in Poza Rica X

Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo

Comparison of Water and Gas Flow Rates in Poza Rica X Battery

of Water and Gas Flow Rates in Poza Rica X Battery Texas A&M Multiphase Measurement &

Texas A&M Multiphase Measurement & Production Testing User Roundtable

50 40 30 20 10 0 0 10 20 30 40 50 MPFM Reading (m3/d)
50
40
30
20
10
0
0
10
20
30
40
50
MPFM Reading (m3/d)

Reference Water Rate (m3/d)

7,000 6,000 5,000 4,000 3,000 2,000 1,000 0 0 1,000 2,000 3,000 4,000 5,000 6,000
7,000
6,000
5,000
4,000
3,000
2,000
1,000
0
0
1,000
2,000
3,000
4,000
5,000
6,000
7,000
MPFM Reading (m3/d)

Reference Gas Rate (m3/d)

Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo Texas A&M Multiphase Measurement & Production Testing User Roundtable Gathering

Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo

Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo Texas A&M Multiphase Measurement & Production Testing User Roundtable Gathering

Texas A&M Multiphase Measurement & Production Testing User Roundtable

Gathering Batteries and Manifolds in Comalcalco Sector

PIJIJE BATTERY REMOTE MANIFOLD YAGUAL REMOTE MANIFOLD CAPARROSO 46 Km LUNA MODULAR BATTERY 25 Km
PIJIJE BATTERY
REMOTE MANIFOLD
YAGUAL
REMOTE
MANIFOLD
CAPARROSO
46 Km
LUNA MODULAR
BATTERY
25 Km
REMOTE MANIFOLD
CHINCHORRO
56 Km
21
Km
REMOTE MANIFOLD
LUNA NORESTE
33 Km
28 Km
MORA BATTERY
MONITORING
AND
CONTROL
STATION
REMOTE MANIFOLD
SEN NORTE
19 Km

REMOTE MANIFOLD CHIPILÍN

REMOTE MANIFOLD BELLOTA 114

Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo Texas A&M Multiphase Measurement & Production Testing User Roundtable MPFM

Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo

Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo Texas A&M Multiphase Measurement & Production Testing User Roundtable MPFM

Texas A&M Multiphase Measurement & Production Testing User Roundtable

MPFM Installation in Comalcalco Sector

HP GAS LP GAS Test Separators H P L P MPFM Test Header PIPE LINE
HP GAS
LP GAS
Test
Separators
H P
L P
MPFM
Test Header
PIPE LINE TO
OXIACAQUE
Test Tank
5000 bl
Manifold
Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo Texas A&M Multiphase Measurement & Production Testing User Roundtable

Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo

Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo Texas A&M Multiphase Measurement & Production Testing User Roundtable

Texas A&M Multiphase Measurement & Production Testing User Roundtable

Multhiphase Flow Metering System Components

* Two Mobile Units.

* Four Fluenta MPFM 1900 V.

* Remote Communication Equipment.

Units. * Four Fluenta MPFM 1900 V. * Remote Communication Equipment. * Monitoring and Control Center

* Monitoring and Control Center

* Auxiliary Services.

Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo Texas A&M Multiphase Measurement & Production Testing User Roundtable Scope of

Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo

Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo Texas A&M Multiphase Measurement & Production Testing User Roundtable Scope of

Texas A&M Multiphase Measurement & Production Testing User Roundtable

Scope of the Services in Comalcalco Sector

* 69 wells tests per month.

* 1656 well tests during a two years period.

* Facilities Sen Norte Remote Manifold

7

wells

Chinchorro Remote Manifold

3

wells

Mora Remote Manifold

11 wells

Bellota 114 Remote Manifold

9

wells

Yagual Remote Manifold

2

wells

Pijije Gathering Battery Luna Modular Gathering Battery

11 wells 11 wells + 1 stream.

22 wells were tested during On Site Acceptance Tests The service began in 1997 and it concluded satisfactorily in 1999 Another contract between Pemex and FMC is in negotiation

Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo Texas A&M Multiphase Measurement & Production Testing User Roundtable Comalcalco

Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo

Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo Texas A&M Multiphase Measurement & Production Testing User Roundtable Comalcalco

Texas A&M Multiphase Measurement & Production Testing User Roundtable

Comalcalco Sector

 

Operation Conditions

Fluid Properties

Qo (m3/d)

=

9 - 1269 1.3 - 70 7416 - 1,035,000 123 - 1,318

SGo

:

0.80 - 0.90 0.71 - 0.91 1.00 - 1.11 2.1 - 8.6

Wcut (%)

=

SGg

:

Qg (m3/d)

=

SGw

:

GOR (m3/m3)

=

Oil Visc.:

P

(kg/cm2)

=

12 - 86

 

T

(°C)

=

30 - 110

Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo Texas A&M Multiphase Measurement & Production Testing User Roundtable Comparison

Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo

Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo Texas A&M Multiphase Measurement & Production Testing User Roundtable Comparison

Texas A&M Multiphase Measurement & Production Testing User Roundtable

Comparison of Liquid and Oil Flow Rates in Comalcalco Sector

700 600 500 400 300 200 100 0 0 100 200 300 400 500 600
700
600
500
400
300
200
100
0
0
100
200
300
400
500
600
700
MPFM Reading (m3/d)
700 600 500 400 300 200 100 0 0 100 200 300 400 500 600
700
600
500
400
300
200
100
0
0
100
200
300
400
500
600
700
MPFM Reading (m3/d)

Reference Oil Rates (m3/d)

Reference Liquid Rates (m3/d)

Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo Texas A&M Multiphase Measurement & Production Testing User Roundtable Comparison

Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo

Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo Texas A&M Multiphase Measurement & Production Testing User Roundtable Comparison

Texas A&M Multiphase Measurement & Production Testing User Roundtable

Comparison of Gas and Water Flow Rates in Comalcalco Sector

800,000 600,000 400,000 200,000 0 0 200,000 400,000 600,000 800,000 MPFM Reading (m3/d)
800,000
600,000
400,000
200,000
0
0
200,000
400,000
600,000
800,000
MPFM Reading (m3/d)
25 20 15 10 5 0 0 5 10 15 20 25 MPFM Reading (m3/d)
25
20
15
10
5
0
0
5
10
15
20
25
MPFM Reading (m3/d)

Reference Water Rate (m3/d)

Reference Gas Rate (m3/d)

Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo Texas A&M Multiphase Measurement & Production Testing User Roundtable MPFM

Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo

Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo Texas A&M Multiphase Measurement & Production Testing User Roundtable MPFM

Texas A&M Multiphase Measurement & Production Testing User Roundtable

MPFM Installation in Offshore Platforms

MPFM Test Header Horizontal Test Separator Gas Liquid
MPFM
Test Header
Horizontal Test Separator
Gas
Liquid
Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo Texas A&M Multiphase Measurement & Production Testing User Roundtable MPFM in

Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo

Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo Texas A&M Multiphase Measurement & Production Testing User Roundtable MPFM in

Texas A&M Multiphase Measurement & Production Testing User Roundtable

MPFM in Offshore Platforms

Akal - D Platform

Pol TF Platform

Framo MPFM components:

Multi Fluid MPFM components:

Flow mixer Venturi meter Gamma-ray fraction meter

Venturi meter Microwave probes Gamma-ray densitometer

Installed in 1996 Reinstalled in Chac-A platform in 2000 Not operating satisfactorily

Installed in 1998 Ooperating but

Never were tested with a conventional well testing systems

Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo Texas A&M Multiphase Measurement & Production Testing User Roundtable Summary of

Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo

Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo Texas A&M Multiphase Measurement & Production Testing User Roundtable Summary of

Texas A&M Multiphase Measurement & Production Testing User Roundtable

Summary of Multiphase Flow Metering Facilities

Year

Site

Brand/Manufacturer

Implementation

1994

Samaria II Battery

Wellcomp/Paul Munroe Engineering (1)

Purchase

1996

Akal-D Platform

Framo/Framo Engineering

(2)

Purchase

1997

Poza Rica X Battery

Wellcomp/Paul Munroe Hydralift

(3)

Purchase

1997

7 sites in Comalcalco

Fluenta/Fluenta a.s.

(4)

Turnkey well testing service

1998

Pol T.F. Platform

MultiFluid/MultiFluid

(5)

Purchase

(1) Disassembled (3) Operating

(2) Now installed in Chac-A platform. Not operating satisfactorily

(4) Service concluded satisfactorily

(5) Operating but

Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo Texas A&M Multiphase Measurement & Production Testing User Roundtable

Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo

Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo Texas A&M Multiphase Measurement & Production Testing User Roundtable

Texas A&M Multiphase Measurement & Production Testing User Roundtable

Conclusions

The portable MPFM allowed measurement of many wells production, where it was not feasible to use conventional well testing systems.

The use of MPFM through a turnkey well testing service demonstrated to be a successful option for well testing operations in Mexico.

MPFM are not attractive alternatives for well testing in Pemex if reliability cannot be confirmed.

Because of operational problems of installed units, probably only few MPFM will be installed in Mexico in the coming years.