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​The Million Jobs Cooperative

…From the People… With the People …For the Planet…

“Implementation of this technology could create over $200 billion in new private
investment and create up to a million new jobs”…Oak Ridge National Laboratory.

This is the initiation of a grass roots, community based business stimulation model
employing Recycled and Renewable Energy.

Proposal for Community Electrical Power Generation

Summary
This document lays out a proposal for electric power generation from Recycled
Energy with profits from this system remaining in communities. The technology
will allow for the delivery of economically sensible, safe, clean, continuous power to
local residences and businesses. Investment capital for the projects will come from
independent private investment and integrated into local economies.

Benefits
Currently, electric power generation is primarily done by large facilities owned by
large companies, serving entire regions, connected by the grid. A restructuring of
this model through the creation of a network of grid-connected, community-based
power generators owned by small and medium sized businesses would create a
more reliable supply, with community economic stimulation and cleaner air.

Implementation of this technology will result in the following benefits:

1) Use of Recycled Energy

Recycled energy uses fuel twice, to generate heat and electric power on site.

2)​ ​Easily converted to Renewable Energy

Changing the fuel from petroleum natural gas to bio fuels creates a Renewable
Energy system.
3) Job creation

Oak Ridge Lab estimates 1 million new jobs can be created.

4) Increased efficiency and security

Up to 80% efficient, as opposed to the grid at 35%. Secure, on-site generation.

5) Development of local community economics

$234 billion in new investment at local level, small to mid-size business


development potential

6) Clean energy production

48 GW of coal plants being retired by 2022, can be replaced with this technology

7) Excellent Return on Investment

Equipment payback in less than 4 years, half the price of solar with government
rebates.

8) No need for government financing

Does not require government funding to be implemented

​Recycled Energy Defined


 

Imagine, for a moment, the burner on your gas stove. When you light the gas, it
produces a flame. This flame produces heat; you then put it to work cooking. This is
known as external combustion. When fuel and ignition are introduced into a
cylinder, as in a car engine, the work result is heat and motive force. This is known
as an internal combustion engine (ICE).

An automobile engine (ICE) is rated at about 15% efficient at moving your car. The
rest, 85%, is lost to heat. If you’re employing the heater in the passenger
compartment that’s Recycled Energy. The fuel is serving two purposes, heat and
motive force. A car engine is far more effective at generating heat than going down
the road. If we fully employ the two, heat and power, using the motive force to
generate electricity as a stationary power generator we can get system efficiency of
up to 80%.

​Recycled Renewable Energy

Distributed Generation allows the use of Recycled and Renewable Energy


generation systems in combination​. The hardware for running automobile engines
on natural gas and generating electricity is currently manufactured and readily
available. This hardware is also easily converted to Renewable Energy simply by
changing the fuel from fossil fueled natural gas to biomass-produced fuel. In this
configuration we have Recycled-Renewable Energy. This is the best of both worlds.

This significantly increases system efficiency with the ability to be Renewable in the
most cost effective manner. If you’re buying grid provided Renewable Energy,
you’re subjected to a loss in generated power capacity due to the grid being only
35% efficient, while distributed generation systems can reach 80% or better
efficiency.

​Increased Efficiency, Reliability, and Security

Onsite power generation with natural gas eliminates the losses in grid transmission
and allows the waste heat to be recovered as Recycled Energy. The energy efficiency
of the system is better than 2 -1/2 times that of grid power.

Natural gas is piped through underground pipes, providing a more secure energy
supply in storms and is not subjected to grid load problems or electrical blackouts.

​Clean Energy Production

Recycled Energy hardware is our best “bridge technology” to a completely


Renewable Energy system. Natural gas burns cleaner than coal, and automobile
engines adapted to it can easily be converted to run on biofuels.
National Power Infrastructure

Past
Thomas Edison was in favor of lower voltage transmission, with smaller power
stations closer to the end user for increased efficiency. Edison’s first generating
station used Recycled Energy, currently generally known as Combined Heat and
Power. In this arrangement the waste heat created by power generation can be
used for heating nearby buildings. These co-generation systems today are used in
universities, apartment complexes, hospitals, etc. These installations prove the
viability of the system, however there are many cases of opportunity missed.

George Westinghouse’s business concepts (based on Tesla’s designs) were for


larger, centralized generators, claiming economies of scale in generation to justify
the losses in transmission. This premise led to the current, top-heavy structure, both
physically and financially. The Westinghouse model of the distribution system has
limited opportunity for Energy Recycling and wealth distribution.

The grid began with the Rural Electrification Act of 1936. This created regional
grids, supplied by “Central Service Providers”. The concept was to modernize the
countryside with electricity, as part of the Keynesian capitalization model for
business stimulation. The government lent money to finance construction, jobs were
created, infrastructure built, the government got paid back and everybody had
lights. Win, Win.

Central Service Providers, now more commonly known as power companies,


benefitted enormously from low cost government loans. They now had a virtual
monopoly on power generation and distribution.

In most cases people who had their own electric generators within a newly created
district had to disable them and hook up to the grid. Monopoly complete! Created
through government funding, by and for the private business of power.

We are going to take the positive aspects of job creation and modernization
embodied in the REA‘s spirit, with an updated, unsubsidized model.

Present
Our nation’s power grid is in serious trouble. It is estimated the grid needs a total of
$476 billion in the next 20 years in upgrades, at a rate of $17 to $24 billion a year.

The national inter-tied grid was brought about in response to the New York City
blackout in the 1960s. It was thought that the grid would increase reliability, as
neighboring generators could act as backup power supplies when other generators
went down.

What happens now is that entire regions, or countries fail to deliver power. India
recently lost power to 650 million people in one instance. This has transformed into
a “too big to fail” (even though it does) scenario. Much like Wall St. in 2008, drastic
consequences (with far greater physical and fiscal damage) will result if action is not
taken immediately. The grid is at risk of cyber-attack, solar flares, and good ol’
fashioned bombs.

There are supply problems even in the best of times. The best of times in business is
when everybody wants your product; the worst of times is when you can’t deliver
that product. Well, the current grid structure does just that. When most needed, it
fails in the form of blackouts. The potential to cost millions of people billions of
dollars, or worse, their lives, is unacceptable.

The capacity of the grid to carry electricity must be built to accommodate the
highest load demand times. This is wasted capability in over 80% of the time.

The heavy subsidy given to the renewable energy industry has given a boost to
production, but has paradoxically created an unsustainable business structure in
that the reliance on government programs leads to instability in the marketplace.

The losses absorbed by the government have been unacceptable, and unnecessary.
This boom and bust cycle has gone on long enough. It gives the renewable energy
industry a very unstable base with programs being funded or given tax breaks that
blow in the wind as much as the technology they allegedly support.

The 75,000 people employed in the wind industry were nervously awaiting the
fiscal cliff decision on the extension of tax credits for that industry. It was estimated
that fully half the employees of an industry would be immediately laid off, and in
fact, many were laid off as a result of the indecision by our decision makers.

Half an industry at risk on a vote by congress at the hands of special interests? The
wind industry lobbied heavily for a favorable vote, so don’t think they don’t act like
a special interest group, looking to the government to make their business model a
success. Their Capital Hill tactics are no different than Exxon’s, or they wouldn’t
have won.

The Renewable Energy industry is forming into corporate patterns just like the
energy industry always has. Big wind and big solar require large amounts of up
front capital to construct manufacturing facilities. They are using the same business
model of economics of scale for manufacturing that the current energy regime uses
(with government supported programs). This precludes the direct participation of
small business to enter the field, with the exception of the role of field installers. In
our leap to Renewable Energy we have largely overlooked Energy Recycling.
Future
Invention, innovation, and industry are what are needed to create wealth, as the
government cannot continue being the primary lender. Recycled Energy is our
greatest opportunity in an economical transition to Renewables.

Recycled Energy shares much of the legislation and benefits with Renewable
Energy installations, however these subsidies are not necessary for Recycled Energy
to be cost effective. In looking to ourselves, the public, we can find solutions and
relieve the burden from the government.

It is anticipated that between 2015 and 2020 there will be an additional 40


gigawatts of electricity generated with Recycled Energy in the U.S. industrial sector.
Smaller scale micro generators in apartment buildings, hotels, condominiums,
schools and hospitals will provide clean, reliable, and economical heat and
electricity with equal market potential to industrial installations. The investment
required for micro generators is significantly smaller, allowing for thousands of
small businesses to enter the field.

The potential for power generation and jobs creation is staggering. In 2005, a
single installation, the Accor steel mill, installed a system that equaled the output of
the entire grid connected solar photovoltaic (PV) in the world. ONE installation!

Oak Ridge National Laboratory estimates a million jobs could be created, along with
over $200 billion in new private investment. By employing existing manufacturing
facilities and distribution networks, this model can be rapidly deployed.

Denmark currently produces 55% of its electricity with Recycled Energy, while the
US is currently at 12%.

Job Creation

From accountants, to electricians, to mechanics, or to marketers there are virtually


all job descriptions that can be filled in the deployment of this technology. We have
production facilities already tooled up and shuttered. We need to open those doors,
get to work and build the hardware.

Development of Local Community Economics and Financing

​Community Power unions


Credit unions are not for profit organizations that have traditionally lent money to
their members on more favorable terms than banks. Community Power Unions,
based on a similar concept, would fund independent Recycled Energy systems. With
a payback period of 4 years on the hardware, this represents a whopping 25%
annual return on investment.

Crowdfunding is an excellent vehicle for fundraising. where projects are funded on


an individual basis.

​Stability of Cost of Electricity

The cost of natural gas does not vary throughout different demand times of the day.
It is seasonal in its variance. Power companies discourage use of their product at
the highest demand time through tier pricing. They can restrict use, charge you
more, deliver less product, or cut you off if they’re having a problem with
transmission. You have no recourse and are powerless in every respect, causing
economic loss to both you and your power provider. 

By setting up natural gas purchase agreements for 20 years from gas suppliers
small to midsize businesses can become the gas brokers to the systems they have
installed, at a fixed, predictable rate. This allows for a fixed level cost of energy to
the end user for the term of our sales contract. This one factor, being able to
stabilize utility cost to the general public for an extended time period, will serve to
help stabilize the economy in general.

Renewable Natural Gas produced from biomass or municipal solid waste can
capture carbon from the atmosphere. Waste being the feedstock, it is unlikely we’ll
run out. Turning waste into a commodity will reduce landfill mass in a positive way.

In the current scenario energy prices are set to values subject to factors outside the
US. Due to the fact that the natural gas comes from here, there is no reason for the
cost of energy to increase based on political unrest in the Middle East, increased
demand for oil from China, or other international events. This would be a free
market style of price controls, akin to the Nixon era price stability attempts, but
done by free choice and driven by free market capitalism.

Support Community Infrastructure


A recycled energy system installed in a school, for example, would power and heat
the buildings. Any excess electricity would be sold on the open market, at green
retail rates. People could elect to have their local school be their power provider.
This gives people the personal control to decide directly what public service agency
they want to support. Your fire or police station, city hall, hospital or favorite charity
needing energy efficiency upgrades could use private funds to pay for them. No
bonds, no debt, relieving the local government’s financial pressures on a personal,
free choice basis.

Multiple revenue streams


1. Sale and installation of equipment.

2. Maintenance.

3. Marketing the electricity.

4. Marketing carbon credits.

5. Brokering renewable natural gas.

6. Sale of on site heat value.

​ Heat for the homeless

The installation of these green generators qualifies for carbon credits in many cases.

These carbon credits would be sold to institute and maintain a program for
providing heat for the homeless. These credits are normally used to offset the high
cost of Renewable Energy systems. The fact that we are using cost effective Energy
Recycling allows enough cash generation to not rely on this subsidy. The average
residential value is $20-$40/year.

Charge Up The Charities

Create free electricity for your favorite charity and help to reduce its costs and
carbon footprint.

This is a fundraising program to outfit the buildings of the nations charities with
Recycled Energy hardware.

The installations will be crowdfunded on a per case basis. Crowdfunding can be


done on a donation, rewards, debt or equity basis.

In the case of a donation type campaign, the money would be used to purchase the
hardware outright and have it installed on a specific site. This allows for community
projects, giving the donor a sense of direct participation.
In a rewards campaign, the donor could receive green generated electricity in an
ongoing, subscription type arrangement.

Debt funding could be arranged with third party capital investment, secured
through power sales contracts.

Equity scenarios would give the investor an ownership position in the hardware
installed in the charities facilities with dividends paid from power sales contracts.

​No need for Government Financing

Does not need subsidies, new legislation, feasibility studies, beta testing, or major
infrastructure creation to be cost effective or deployed.

Links:

http://www.cogeneration.org/111011Conf/Presentations/Brown.pdf

http://www.epa.gov/chp/documents/faq.pdf

http://www.districtenergy.org/assets/pdfs/Community-Energy-Dev-Guide-US-vers
ion/USCommunityEnergyGuidehi.pdf

http://www.pewenvironment.org/news-room/other-resources/how-clean-energy-
kept-the-lights-on-during-hurricane-sandy-85899516072

http://news.thomasnet.com/green_clean/2013/09/16/connecticuts-18-million-pil
ot-program-will-test-the-microgrid-concept-at-nine-sites/

https://austineconetwork.com/recycled-energy-rediscovering-cogeneration-or-chp
-technology/