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LRFD Tension Rebar Development and Lap Splice Lengths

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OBS refers to the Iowa DOT Office of Bridges and Structures
BDM refers to the Iowa DOT Office of Bridges and Structures Bridge Design Manual

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Tab Description:
The AASHTO 2014 tab allows the user to calculate development and lap splice lengths based on the AASHTO LRFD B
The AASHTO 2017 tab allows the user to calculate development and lap splice lengths based on the AASHTO LRFD B
The 2017 Figures tab contains AASHTO LRFD C5.10.8.2.1c-1.

Data Entry and Calculation


Users should not move, add or delete cells as it may affect the functionality of the worksheet.
Cells that require user entry look similar to the following: 746.24
Cells that perform calculations look similar to the following: 716.24 The user should not edit these cell

Date Modification
7/12/2016 Release date of spreadsheet.
7/5/2018 Minor updates
Developed on 7/12/2016
Last Modified on 7/5/2018

ties as well as consultants working for


es the software available "AS IS" and
ninfringement, fitness or merchantability
ownloading or using this file, you are

a county and Iowa DOT related business.

ed on the AASHTO LRFD Bridge Specifications, 7th Edition, 2014 and earlier.
ed on the AASHTO LRFD Bridge Specifications, 8th Edition, 2017 and later. Note that the 8th Edition methodology was first introduced in t

should not edit these cells.


ology was first introduced in the 7th Edition with 2015 Interims.
AASHTO LRFD 7th Edition, 2014, and Earlier
Tension Rebar Development and Lap Splice Lengths
AASHTO LRFD 5.11 Inputs for Modification Factors which Increase Additional Notes:
Development Length, ld 1.) #14 and #18 bars may not be lapped according to Art. 5.11.5.2.1.
Concrete Input 2.) There are a few instances where the epoxy spacings (6d b clear and 3db cover) may
Top Bar? Enter Y or N. N conflict with 6" center-to-center spacing and 3" clear cover. For example, if #8
28 Day Concrete Strength, f'c (ksi) 4.000 Typ. 4 ksi epoxy-coated bars are spaced on 6" centers, then you should answer "Y" for the
Epoxy-Coated Bar? Enter Y or N. N "Clear Spacing bt. Bars < 6db…" since this must be true, "Y", by default. It is left up
Concrete Modulus of Elasticity Clear Spacing bt. Bars < 6db? Enter Y or N. N to the user to ensure consistency is maintained.
Cover < 3db? Enter Y or N. N 3.) Lap splice length may be be based on development lengths less than the 12"
Concrete Unit Weight, wc (kcf) 0.150 Typ. 0.150 kcf minimum according to Art. 5.11.2.1.1.
Aggregate Stiffness Correction Factor (K1) 1.000 Typ. 1.000 Lightweight Concrete Factor 1.000 Typ. 1.000 4.) According to ACI 318-11 Art. 12.15.1, the Excess Reinforcement Factor,
#1. Ec (ksi) = 33,000 K1 wc1.5 (f'c)0.5 3,834.25 Art. 5.4.2.4 [(Asrequired) / (Asprovided)] should be set to 1.000 when determining lap length.The
#2. Ec (ksi) = 1,820 (f'c)0.5 3,640.00 Art. C5.4.2.4 Inputs for Modification Factors which Decrease user is responsible for ensuring this factor is set to 1.000.
Base Ec on #1 or #2? Enter 1 or 2. 1 Development Length, ld 5.) Users need to address additional requirements when f' c > 10 ksi and fy > 60 ksi.
Ec (ksi) 3,834.25 6.) Development lengths and lap lengths have been rounded up to the nearest whole inch.
Center to Center Lateral Bar Spacing >= 6" and Clear Cover in Direction
N
Reinforcement Input of Spacing >= 3"? Enter Y or N.

Reinforcement Yield Strength, fy (ksi) 60.000 Typ. 60 ksi Excess Reinforcement: (Asrequired) / (Asprovided) 1.000

Dev. Length and Lap Splice Length


Basic Tension Dev. All Modification Tension Dev. Length, ld Tension Lap Splice Lengths (in)
Bar Size Length, ldb (in) Factors Combined (in) Class A = 1.0*ld Class B = 1.3*ld Class C = 1.7*ld
#3 9.000 1.000 12.00 12.00 12.00 16.00
#4 12.000 1.000 12.00 12.00 16.00 21.00
#5 15.000 1.000 15.00 15.00 20.00 26.00
#6 18.000 1.000 18.00 18.00 24.00 31.00
#7 22.500 1.000 23.00 23.00 30.00 39.00
#8 29.625 1.000 30.00 30.00 39.00 51.00
#9 37.500 1.000 38.00 38.00 49.00 64.00
#10 47.625 1.000 48.00 48.00 62.00 81.00
#11 58.500 1.000 59.00 59.00 77.00 100.00
#14 81.000 1.000 81.00 N/A N/A N/A
#18 105.000 1.000 105.00 N/A N/A N/A

Applicable Modification Factors


Combined Top Bar and Lightweight Concr Excess Reinf All Mod. Factors
Bar Size Top Bar Factor Epoxy Factor Spacing Factor Bar Dia. (in) Bar Area (in2) Bar Wgt (lbs/ft)
Epoxy Factor (Max of 1.7) Factor Factor Combined
#3 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 0.375 0.11 0.376
#4 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 0.500 0.20 0.668
#5 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 0.625 0.31 1.043
#6 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 0.750 0.44 1.502
#7 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 0.875 0.60 2.044
#8 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 0.79 2.670
#9 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.128 1.00 3.400
#10 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.270 1.27 4.303
#11 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.410 1.56 5.313
#14 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.693 2.25 7.650
#18 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 2.257 4.00 13.600
AASHTO LRFD 8th Edition, 2017, and Later
Tension Rebar Development and Lap Splice Lengths
AASHTO LRFD 5.10.8

Concrete Input

28 Day Concrete Strength, f'c (ksi) 4.000 Typ. 4 ksi

Concrete Modulus of Elasticity

Concrete Unit Weight, wc (kcf) 0.150 Typ. 0.150 kcf


Aggregate Stiffness Correction Factor (K1) 1.000 Typ. 1.000
#1. Ec (ksi) = 120,000 K1 wc2.0 (f'c)0.33 4,266.22 Art. 5.4.2.4
#2. Ec (ksi) = 2,500 (f'c)0.33 3,950.21 Art. C5.4.2.4
#3. Ec (ksi) = 33,000 K1 wc1.5 (f'c)0.50 3,834.25 Art. C5.4.2.4
#4. Ec (ksi) = 1,820 (f'c)0.50 3,640.00 Art. C5.4.2.4
Base Ec on #1 thru #4? Enter 1, 2, 3 or 4. 1
Ec (ksi) 4,266.22

Reinforcement Input

Reinforcement Yield Strength, fy (ksi) 60.000 Typ. 60 ksi

Dev. Length and Lap Splice Length


Basic Tension Dev. All Modification Factors
Bar Size Length, ldb (in) Combined
#3 27.000 0.400
#4 36.000 0.400
#5 45.000 0.400
#6 54.000 0.400
#7 63.000 0.400
#8 72.000 0.400
#9 81.216 0.451
#10 91.440 0.508
#11 101.520 0.564
#14 121.896 0.677
#18 162.504 0.903

Applicable Modification Factors

Bar Size Reinf Locn Factor, lrl Coating Factor, lcf

#3 1.000 1.000
#4 1.000 1.000
#5 1.000 1.000
#6 1.000 1.000
#7 1.000 1.000
#8 1.000 1.000
#9 1.000 1.000
#10 1.000 1.000
#11 1.000 1.000
#14 1.000 1.000
#18 1.000 1.000
Inputs for Modification Factors which Increase Development Length, ld

Reinforcement Location (Top Bar) Factor, lrl


Is more than 12" of fresh concrete cast below bar? Enter Y or N. N

Coating Factor, lcf


Epoxy-Coated Bar? Enter Y or N. N
Clear Spacing bt. Bars < 6db? Enter Y or N. N
Cover < 3db? Enter Y or N. N

Concrete Density Modification Factor, l


Concrete Density Modification Factor, l 1.000 Typ. 1.000

Inputs for Modification Factors which Decrease Development Length, ld

Reinforcement Confinement Factor, lrc


Do you want to consider this reduction factor? Enter Y or N. Y Typ. "Y"
Dist. from bar center to nearest concrete surface, cb1 (in) 2.500
One-half the center-to-center bar spacing, cb2 (in) 6.000
Is there transverse (stirrup) reinforcement? Enter Y or N. N * Typ. "N"

Excess Reinforcement Factor, ler


Excess Reinforcement: ler = (Asrequired) / (Asprovided) 1.000

Tension Dev. Length, Tension Lap Splice Lengths (in)


Tension Dev. Length, ld (in)
ld (in) Class A = 1.0*ld Class B = 1.3*ld
12.000 12.00 12.00 16.00
14.400 15.00 15.00 20.00
18.000 18.00 18.00 24.00
21.600 22.00 22.00 29.00
25.200 26.00 26.00 34.00
28.800 29.00 29.00 38.00
36.645 37.00 37.00 49.00
46.452 47.00 47.00 62.00
57.257 58.00 58.00 76.00
82.548 83.00 N/A N/A
146.709 147.00 N/A N/A

Combined Reinf Locn and Concr Density Mod Reinf Confinement Excess Reinf Factor, All Mod. Factors
Coating Factor (Max of 1.7) Factor, l Factor, lrc ler Combined
1.000 1.000 0.400 1.000 0.400
1.000 1.000 0.400 1.000 0.400
1.000 1.000 0.400 1.000 0.400
1.000 1.000 0.400 1.000 0.400
1.000 1.000 0.400 1.000 0.400
1.000 1.000 0.400 1.000 0.400
1.000 1.000 0.451 1.000 0.451
1.000 1.000 0.508 1.000 0.508
1.000 1.000 0.564 1.000 0.564
1.000 1.000 0.677 1.000 0.677
1.000 1.000 0.903 1.000 0.903
Additional Notes:
1.) The development and lap splice methodology presented here was first introduced
in the 7th edition, 2015 interims.
2.) #14 and #18 bars may not be lapped according to Art. 5.10.8.4.2a.
3.) The user needs to ensure spacings related to the coating factor and reinforcement
confinement factor are consistent.
4.) According to ACI 318-11 Art. 12.15.1, the Excess Reinforcement Factor,
[(Asrequired) / (Asprovided)] should be set to 1.000 when determining lap length.The
user is responsible for ensuring this factor is set to 1.000.
5.) The Concrete Density Modification Factor was introduced in the 2016 Interims. This
factor replaced the Lightweight Concrete Factor present in the 2015 Interims. For
normal weight concrete this factor should be set to 1.000.
6.) Users need to address additional requirements when f'c > 10 ksi and fy > 60 ksi.
7.) See "2017 Figures" tab for figures related to Reinforcement Confinement Factor.
8.) Development lengths and lap lengths have been rounded up to the nearest whole inch.

Transv. reinf. area within s crossing plane of splitting, Atr (in2) = 0.620
Max. ctr-to-ctr spacing of transv. reinforcement, s (in) = 3.000
Number of bars developed along plane of splitting, n = 5
Transverse reinforcement index, ktr = 0.000
* It is conservative to enter "N" and thereby ignore the additional parameter (k tr = Atr = 0).

Article 5.10.8.4
Except as specified herein, lap splices of deformed bars in tension shall be Class B lap splices.
Class A lap splices may be used where:
(a) the area of reinforcement provided is at least twice that required by analysis over the entire
length of the lap splice; and
(b) one-half or less of the total reinforcement is spliced within the required lap splice length.

Bar Dia. (in) Bar Area (in2) Bar Wgt (lbs/ft)

0.375 0.11 0.376


0.500 0.20 0.668
0.625 0.31 1.043
0.750 0.44 1.502
0.875 0.60 2.044
1.000 0.79 2.670
1.128 1.00 3.400
1.270 1.27 4.303
1.410 1.56 5.313
1.693 2.25 7.650
2.257 4.00 13.600