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Good morning class! Good morning ma’am!


Lets review our previous lesson about text structure. What did we talk about last

Time? We talked about cause and effect, chronological order and compare and contrast.

When we say cause and effect, what are we talking about? (The learners answer the question using their notes)

How about chronological order?

Lastly, compare and contrast?

Please submit your homework.

Lets continue discussing the other 4 text structures.


What can you see on the board? Different positions in a company.

Very good. This diagram shows the order of importance.

Ideas or steps are prioritized by the writer or speaker  according to a hierarchy

of value.  When using the order of importance pattern of organization,

information can be structured from most important to least important

or least important to most important.

 Both structures would be considered as the order of importance text structure.

In your house, who makes decisions for your family? It will be my mother first then my father will give his final decision, and my mom would follow

What are the other examples where we can see other of importance? In our classroom officer ma’am.

Yes, that’s right. What else? The things that you need to do for a date

Okay, can you tell me the order of importance for that? Here are the three worst things that you can do on a date.  First, you could tell jokes that aren’t
funny and laugh really hard to yourself.  This will make you look bad.  Worse though, you could
offend your date.  One bad “joke” may cause your date to lash out at you, hence ruining the
engagement.  But the worst thing that you can do is to appear slovenly.  By not showering and
properly grooming, you may repulse your date, and this is the worst thing that you can do.
Good! Good ideas.

Now lets have problem and solution.

Base on this diagram what can you say about this? The problem is TEEN PREGNANCIES and the solutions are birth control and abstinence.

Yes, abstinence means control yourself not to do it, or don’t do it at all.

What are the other problems of students like you? No allowance ma’am.

No uniform.

Our future is still not clear.

So lets give some possible solutions for those problems. No allowance, have a part-time job ma’am

Save some money

Avoid buying not important things.

Very good. For the uniforms? Work and save money for it ma’am.
Ask my mother.

You’ll ask your mom again and again, but nicely, okay?

For the third problem? We will study hard.

I will do my best ma’am.

Correct, lets all study hard and do our best.

Our sixth text structure is sequence writing.

Look at this. This is a simple process on how to? Make bread.


information is organized in steps or a process is explained in the order

in which it occurs.  
Example: Eating cereal is easy.  First, get out your materials.  
Next, pour your cereal in the bowl, add milk, and enjoy.
Sequential order, or process writing as it is sometimes called, is when

information in a passage is organized by the order in which it occurs. This method of

organizing text is generally used for instructions or directions, but it can

also be used to explain processes in nature or society, such as how a president is elected.

Please note: there is a key difference that distinguishes the two patterns:

texts organized chronologically occur at a specific time and setting, whereas texts

describing processes or sequences do not occur at any specific time and place.

To elaborate, if I tell the story of how I came home and made cookies, that information

is organized chronologically. The story took place in my kitchen sometime in the past.

Who can give me the things that you do when you wash the motorcycle? (The learners enumerate the steps in cleaning the motorcycle.)

Well said! Now lets have our final text structure, we have spatial or descriptive writing.

Read Alex. Information is organized in order of space (top to bottom, left to right).
Example: when you walk into my bedroom there is a window facing you.  

To the right of that is a dresser and television and on the other side of the window is my

Okay, so what is being described in our sentence? We describe the space and location ma’am.

Yes, Spatial organization is when information in a passage is organized in order

of space or location. If you were to describe the room in which you were sitting

right now, you would be using spatial organization. Spatial organization may also be

called descriptive writing and it is most frequently used when the

narrator describes how something looks .  


Lets try giving examples (the learners give their own example)

We have discussed all the 7 text structures, and I hope you all understand them.

Now lets try making sentences from the first text structure to the last one. As I call your name

Give a sentence according to the structure that I ask. (each learner prepares a sentence for the given sturcture)

For our homework:

Read the passages and try to analyze what kind of text structure are they.

Submit this on Wednesday, because it is holiday on Monday.

See you all!! Bye ma’am.

Passage #1 – Chemical and Physical Changes

All matter, all things can be changed in two ways: chemically and physically. Both chemical and physical changes affect the state of matter. Physical changes are those that do not change the
make-up or identity of the matter. For example, clay will bend or flatten if squeezed, but it will still be clay. Changing the shape of clay is a physical change, and does not change the matter’s
identity. Chemical changes turn the matter into a new kind of matter with different properties. For example, when paper is burnt, it becomes ash and will never be paper again. The difference
between them is that physical changes are temporary or only last for a little while, and chemical changes are permanent, which means they last forever. Physical and chemical changes both
affect the state of matter.

Passage #2 – The Best PB & J Ever

When I got home from school after a long boring day, I took out the peanut butter, jelly, and bread. After taking the lid off of the jars, I spread the peanut butter on one side of the bread and
the jelly on the other, and then I put the two pieces of bread together. After that, I enjoyed it while watching “Cops” on the TV. I swear, that was the best peanut butter and jelly sandwich I
ever ate.
Passage #4 – Save the Tigers

Dr. Miller doesn’t want the tigers to vanish. These majestic beasts are disappearing at an alarming rate. Dr. Miller thinks that we should write to our congress people. If we let them know that
we demand the preservation of this species, maybe we can make a difference. Dr. Miller also thinks that we should donate to Save the Tigers. Our donations will help to support and empower
those who are fighting the hardest to preserve the tigers. We owe it to our grandchildren to do something.

I. REMARKS The lesson will be discussed for two (2) hours. Some activities may be shortened and may be changed depending on the level of the learners.
Note: June 12, 2017 is Independence Day in the Philippines

II. REFLECTION Based on the self-audit activity, most learners’ proficiency level of the lesson is at the beginning stage which means that explicit instruction of the lesson must be carried ou