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PLANT CLASSIFICATION

KINGDOM PLANTAE

Bryophytes Tracheophytes
(mosses- non-vascular plants) (vascular plants)
Div. Bryophyta
-Hyophila

HIGHER VASCULAR PLANTS LOWER VASCULAR PLANTS


(with megaphylls) (with microphylls)
Div. Lycophyta
-Selaginella

Pterophytes Spermatophytes
(spore bearing) (seed bearing)
FERNS
Div. Pterophyta
-Nephrolepis

Gymnosperms Angiosperms
(naked seed) (with fruits)
Div. Pinophyta Div. Magnoliophyta
-Pinus

DIVISION: BRYOPHYTA (MOSSES)


Representative species: Hyophila sp.
General characteristics:
-no xylem and phloem
-upward growth is limited (food and water transport by diffusion)
-dominant stage: gametophyte (sporophyte is non-photosynthetic)
DIVISION: LYCOPHYTA (CLUB MOSSES- FERN ALLIES)
Representative species: Selaginella plana
General characteristics:
-simple vascular tissues
-sporophyte (bigger/ more dominant) and gametophyte (smaller) are INDEPENDENT.
-with simple “leaf-like” appendages (microphylls)
-HETEROSPOROUS (two types of spores) – organized into a strobilus
-type of stele: POLYSTELE (3 sets of concentric amphicribral)

DIVISION: PTEROPHYTA (FERNS)


Representative species: Nephrolepis sp.
General characteristics:
-reproduce by spores (HOMOSPOROUS)
-independent and bisexual gametophyte
-2nd largest group; one of the most diverse
Prothallus A-young sporophyte; B-gametophyte

DIVISION: PINOPHYTA (CONIFERS)


Representative species: Pinus insularis
General characteristics:
-monoecious
-staminate cone/ androstrobilus –microspores--- winged pollen grains
-ovulate cone/ gynostrobilus- ovuliferous scales and ovules (seeds)
-wood consists primarily of tracheids; no vessel elements; with resin ducts
DIVISION: MAGNOLIOPHYTA
Class
Liliopsida
Anthurium sp. Araceae

Cocos Arecaceae
nucifera

Dendrobium Orchidaceae
sp.

Oryza sativa Poaceae

Class
Magnoliopsida
Plumeria alba Apocynaceae

Tridax Asteraceae
procumbens

Caesalpinia Caesalpiniaceae
pulcherrima
Coccinea Cucurbitaceae
grandis

Hibiscus Malvaceae
rosa-sinensis

Rosa sp. Rosaceae