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Calculus Based-Physics 1

By: Grace Dematawaran

Prelim Exam
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A box is to be moved across a level surface. A force of magnitude 200 N may be applied at an angle of
30° below the horizontal to push the box or at an angle of 30° above the horizontal to pull the box, either
application sufficient to overcome friction and move the box. Which application will cause the box to
have the greater acceleration?

Select one:
a. more information is needed
b. the one above the horizontal 
Correct

c. the one below the horizontal


d. both give equal acceleration

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A physics student is riding on a train traveling north. Having read about inertia, the student performs an
experiment with a golf ball. He reaches over the aisle and drops the ball from rest. Instead of hitting the
floor directly below the student's hand, it hits to the north, i.e., forward of that position. Which of the
following might be the cause for this to happen?

Select one:
a. The train is slowing down. 
Correct

b. The train is speeding up.


c. The train is moving at constant velocity.
d. Whatever the cause, it cannot be any of the answers given.

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A block is launched up an incline plane. After going up the plane, it slides back down to its starting
position. The coefficient of friction between the block and the plane is 0.3. The time for the trip up the
plane:

Select one:
a. is the same as the time for the trip down.
b. is more than the time for the trip down.
c. is less than the time for the trip down. 
Correct

d. cannot be found without knowing the angle of inclination.

Question 4
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4.4 Further Applications of Newton's Laws


A 12-kg mass is placed on a 25.0° incline, and friction keeps it from sliding. The coefficient of static
friction in this case is 0.580, and the coefficient of sliding friction is 0.520. What is the frictional force in
this situation?

Select one:
a. 49.7 N 
Correct

b. 61.2 N
c. 55.4 N
d. 107 N

Question 5
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4.2 Projectile Motion

A projectile is fired over a horizontal surface at an angle of elevation of 70°. Neglecting air resistance,
what are possible angles in flight between the acceleration vector and the velocity vector?

Select one:
a. 90° and 15°
b. 120° and 70° 
Correct

c. 170° and 40°
d. none of the above

Question 6
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A box slides up an incline with an angle of elevation θ. When the box reaches its maximum distance up
the incline it stops and does not slide down the incline due to friction. What is the minimum value of the
coefficient of static friction for this to occur?

Select one:
a. μs = cosθ
b. μs = tanθ 
Correct

c. μs = sinθ
d. μs = 1

Question 7
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A cart of weight 25 N is accelerated across a level surface at 0.15 m/s2. What net force acts on the wagon?
(g = 9.8 m/s2)

Select one:
a. 3.8 N
b. 36.75 N
c. 17.01 N
d. 0.38 N 
Correct

e. 166.7 N

Question 8
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As a car moves forward on a level road at constant velocity, the net force acting on the tires is:

Select one:
a. greater than the normal force times the coefficient of static friction.
b. zero. 
Correct

c. the normal force times the coefficient of kinetic friction.


d. equal to the normal force times the coefficient of static friction.

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4.1 Statics

A 100-kg box is placed on a ramp. As one end of the ramp is raised, the box begins to move downward
just as the angle of inclination reaches 25°. What is the coefficient of static friction between box and
ramp?

Select one:
a. 0.47
b. 0.95
c. 0.15 
Incorrect

d. 0.27

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4.4 Further Applications of Newton's Laws

A 9.0-kg hanging weight is connected by a string over a pulley to a 5.0-kg block sliding on a flat table. If
the coefficient of sliding friction is 0.10, find the tension in the string.

Select one:
a. 38 N 
Incorrect

b. 24 N
c. 35 N
d. 19 N

Question 11
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1.3 Dealing with Numbers

Modern electroplaters can cover a surface area of 55.0 m2 with one troy ounce of gold (volume = 1.611
cm3). What is the thickness of the electroplated gold?

Select one:
a. 2.93 × 10−8 m 
Correct
b. 1.83 × 10−6 m
c. 3.64 × 10−7 m
d. 1.46 × 10−9 m

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4.2 Projectile Motion

A ball is rolled horizontally off a table with an initial speed of 0.18 m/s. A stopwatch measures the ball's
trajectory time from table to the floor to be 0.30 s. What is the height of the table? Note: g = 9.8 m/s2 and
air resistance is negligible.

Select one:
a. 0.11 m
b. 0.33 m
c. 0.44 m 
Correct

d. 0.22 m

Question 13
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4.3 A First Look at Reference Frames and Relative Velocity

A plane is moving due north, directly towards its destination. Its airspeed is 200 mph. A constant breeze
is blowing from west to east at 60 mph. At what rate is the plane moving north?
Select one:
a. 198 mph
b. 196 mph 
Correct

c. 180 mph
d. 191 mph

Question 14
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4.2 Projectile Motion

A helicopter is traveling at 54 m/s at a constant altitude of 100 m over a level field. If a wheel falls off the
helicopter, with what speed will it hit the ground? Note: g = 9.8 m/s2 and air resistance is negligible.

Select one:
a. 50 m/s
b. 60 m/s
c. 40 m/s
d. 70 m/s 
Correct

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Three identical 5.0-kg cubes are placed on a horizontal frictionless surface in contact with one another.
The cubes are lined up from left to right and a 25-N force is applied to the left side of the left cube
causing all three cubes to accelerate to the right. If the cubes are each subject to a frictional force of
5.0 N, what is the magnitude of the force exerted on the right cube by the middle cube in this case?

Select one:
a. 15 N
b. 25 N
c. none of the choices
d. 10 N 
Correct

e. 5.0 N

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Find the resultant of the following two vectors: i) 60 units due east and ii) 100 units 45° north of west.

Select one:
a. 100 units 45° north of west
b. 72 units 79° north of west 
Correct

c. 149 units 11° north of west


d. 72 units 36° north of west
e. 72 units 101° north of west

Question 17
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4.1 Statics

A 200-N crate rests on a ramp; the maximum angle just before it slips is 21° with the horizontal. What is
the coefficient of static friction between crate and ramp surfaces?

Select one:
a. 0.11
b. 0.47
c. 0.38 
Correct

d. 0.21

Question 18
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4.4 Further Applications of Newton's Laws

An Olympic skier moving at 22.0 m/s down a 30.0° slope encounters a region of wet snow, of coefficient
of friction µk = 0.740. How far down the slope does she go before stopping?

Select one:
a. 175 m 
Correct

b. 119 m
c. 145 m
d. 199 m

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Vector    is 3.0 units in length and points along the positive x axis; vector    is 5.0 units in length
and points along a direction 150° from the positive x axis. What is the direction of their sum with respect
to the positive x axis?

Select one:
a. 118° 
Correct

b. 13°
c. 103°
d. 62°

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A karate master strikes a board with an initial velocity of 16.0 m/s, decreasing to 4.0 m/s as his hand
passes through the board. If the time of contact with the board is 0.002 s, and the mass of the coordinated
hand and arm is 1.0 kg, what is the force exerted on the board?

Select one:
a. 0.04 N
b. 10,000 N
c. 8,000 N
d. 6,000 N 
Correct

e. 0.024 N
Question 21
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1.4 Physical Quantities and Units of Measure

A furlong is a distance of 220 yards. A fortnight is a time period of two weeks. A horse is running at a
speed of 4.00 yards per second. What is his speed in furlongs per fortnight?

Select one:
a. 22,000 furlongs/fortnight 
Correct

b. 11,000 furlongs/fortnight
c. 4980 furlongs/fortnight
d. 2200 furlongs/fortnight

Question 22
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4.4 Further Applications of Newton's Laws

A 10-kg mass and a 6.0-kg mass are connected by a light string over a massless, frictionless pulley. If g =
9.8 m/s2, what is the acceleration of the system when released?

Select one:
a. 9.8 m/s2
b. 7.8 m/s2
c. 2.5 m/s2 
Correct

d. 6.5 m/s2

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3.4 Free Fall

A baseball is released at rest from the top of the Washington Monument. It hits the ground after falling
for 5.0 s. What was the height from which the ball was dropped? (g = 9.8 m/s2 and assume air resistance is
negligible)

Select one:
a. 2.1 × 102 m
b. 1.5 × 102 m
c. 1.8 × 102 m
d. 1.2 × 102 m 
Correct

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3.4 Free Fall

A water rocket, launched from the ground, rises vertically with acceleration of 20 m/s2 for 1.0 s when it
runs out of "fuel." Disregarding air resistance, how high will the rocket rise?

Select one:
a. 30 m 
Correct

b. 102 m
c. 61 m
d. 15 m

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It is late and Carlos is sliding down a rope from his third floor window to meet his friend Juan. As he
slides down the rope faster and faster, he becomes frightened and grabs harder on the rope, increasing the
tension in the rope. As soon as the upward tension in the rope becomes equal to his weight:

Select one:
a. the rope must break.
b. Carlos will stop.
c. Carlos will slow down.
d. Carlos will continue down at a constant velocity. 
Correct

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2.2 What is Motion?

A v-t graph is drawn for a ball moving in one direction. The graph starts at the origin and at t = 6 s the
acceleration of the ball is zero. We know that at t = 6 s,
Select one:
a. the slope of the curve is non-zero.
b. the curve is at v = 0, t = 0.
c. the curve is not crossing the time axis.
d. the velocity of the ball is not changing. 
Correct

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For which of the values below is x > x7?

Select one:
a. x = 1.0
b. x = -2.0 
Correct

c. x = 2.0
d. x = 4.0
e. x = 0

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Two blocks of masses 24 kg and 9 kg are connected together by a light string and rest on a frictionless
level surface. Attached to the 9-kg mass is another light string, which a person uses to pull both blocks
horizontally. If the two-block system accelerates at 0.6 m/s2 what is the tension in the connecting string
between the blocks?
Select one:
a. 14.4 N 
Correct

b. 5.4 N
c. 9 N
d. 19.8 N
e. 40 N

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If the displacement of an object, x, is related to velocity, v, according to the relation x = Av, the


constant, A, has the dimension of which of the following?

Select one:
a. area
b. acceleration
c. time 
Correct

d. length

Question 30
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Modern electroplaters can cover a surface area of 60.0 m2 with one troy ounce of gold (volume = 1.611
cm3). What is the thickness of the electroplated gold?
Select one:
a. None of the above
b. 2.69 × 10−8 m 
Correct

c. 1.35 × 10−9 m
d. 5.38 × 10−7 m
e. 1.79 × 10−6 m
Second Attempt
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3.1 Motion of a Spacecraft in Interstellar Space

An automobile of mass 2000 kg moving at 20 m/s is braked suddenly with a constant braking force of
10,000 N. How far does the car travel before stopping?

Select one:
a. 160 m
b. 40 m 
Correct

c. 80 m
d. 120 m

Question 2
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1.3 Dealing with Numbers

The basic function of an automobile's carburetor is to atomize the gasoline and mix it with air to promote
rapid combustion. Assume that 40 cm3 of gasoline is atomized into N spherical droplets. Each droplet has
a radius of 2.0 × 10−5 m. Find the total surface area of these N spherical droplets.

Select one:
a. 2800 cm2
b. 24,000 cm2
c. 60,000 cm2 
Correct

d. 20,000 cm2

Question 3
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4.3 A First Look at Reference Frames and Relative Velocity

A boat moves at 11.0 m/s relative to the water. If the boat is in a river where the current is 2.00 m/s, how
long does it take the boat to make a complete round trip of 1000 m upstream followed by a 1000 m trip
downstream?

Select one:
a. 222 s
b. 205 s
c. 208 s
d. 188 s 
Correct

Question 4
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4.1 Statics

A trapeze artist, with swing, weighs 700 N; he is momentarily held to one side by his partner so that the
swing ropes make an angle of 30.0° with the vertical. In such a condition of static equilibrium, what is the
horizontal force being applied by the partner?

Select one:
a. 404 N 
Correct

b. 924 N
c. 233 N
d. 808 N

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A baseball thrown from the outfield is released from shoulder height at an initial velocity of 28.1 m/s at
an initial angle of 30° with respect to the horizontal. What is the maximum vertical displacement that the
ball reaches during its trajectory?

Select one:
a. 20.1 m
b. 30.2 m
c. 13.4 m
d. 26.9 m
e. 10.1 m 
Correct

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4.3 A First Look at Reference Frames and Relative Velocity

Plane A is flying at 600 mph in the northeast direction relative to the Earth. Plane B is flying at 500 mph
in the north direction relative to the Earth. What is the speed of Plane B as observed from Plane A?

Select one:
a. 900 mph
b. 100 mph
c. 357 mph
d. 431 mph 
Correct

Question 7
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1.4 Physical Quantities and Units of Measure

The current standard definition for the second has been based on which of the following?

Select one:
a. Greenwich Civil Time
b. average solar day
c. sidereal day
d. characteristic frequency of the light from cesium atoms 
Correct

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3.3 Adding Friction to the Mix

There are six books in a stack, each with a weight of 3.0 N. The coefficient of friction between all the
books is 0.20 as is the coefficient between the table and the bottom book. What horizontal push must I
just exceed on the next to bottom book to start sliding the top five books off the bottom one?

Select one:
a. 7.0 N
b. 3.0 N 
Correct

c. 1.0 N
d. 5.0 N

Question 9
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4.4 Further Applications of Newton's Laws

A 250-kg crate is placed on an adjustable inclined plane. If the crate slides down the incline with an
acceleration of 0.25 m/s2 when the incline angle is 25°, then what should the incline angle be for the crate
to slide down the plane at constant speed? Note: g = 9.8 m/s2.
Select one:
a. 24° 
Correct

b. 29°
c. 12°
d. 21°

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Two blocks are at rest on a horizontal frictionless surface with a compressed spring between them. The
7.0-kg block accelerates when the string holding the system in compression is cut and the 14-kg box
accelerates in the opposite direction. What is the magnitude of the force from the expanding spring on the
14-kg box when the 7.0-kg box is undergoing an acceleration of 6.0 m/s2?

Select one:
a. 0 N
b. 84 N
c. 126 N
d. 21 N
e. 42 N 
Correct

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Which of the following is an example of the type of force that acts at a distance?
Select one:
a. all of the above 
Correct

b. magnetic
c. electrical
d. gravitational

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The distance to the Andromeda Galaxy is estimated at about 2 × 106 light years. A light year is the
distance traveled by light in one year; if the speed of light is 3 × 108 m/s, about how far is it from our
galaxy to Andromeda? (1 year = 3.15 × 107 s)

Select one:
a. 6 × 1012 m
b. 1 × 1018 m
c. 2 × 1022 m 
Correct

d. 10 × 1015 m

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4.3 A First Look at Reference Frames and Relative Velocity


A river flows due east at 2.0 m/s. A boat crosses the 300 m-wide river by maintaining a constant velocity
of 10 m/s due north relative to the water. If no correction is made for the current, how far downstream
does the boat move by the time it reaches the far shore?

Select one:
a. 60 m 
Correct

b. 90 m
c. 6 m
d. 30 m

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Which point is nearest the y axis?

Select one:
a. (−5, 3)
b. (−3, 4) 
Correct

c. (4, 5)
d. (5, −2)

Question 15
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4.4 Further Applications of Newton's Laws

A 2000-kg sailboat experiences an eastward force of 2000 N by the ocean tide and a wind force against its
sails with magnitude of 6000 N directed toward the northwest (45° N of W). What is the magnitude of the
resultant acceleration?

Select one:
a. 1.5 m/s2
b. 2.2 m/s2
c. 2.4 m/s2 
Correct

d. 3.0 m/s2

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What condition must apply to a system's state of motion for it to be regarded as an inertial frame of
reference?

Select one:
a. in constant acceleration
b. in increasing acceleration
c. in constant velocity 
Correct

d. in decreasing velocity

Question 17
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4.4 Further Applications of Newton's Laws

A 12.0-kg mass is placed on a 25.0° incline and friction keeps it from sliding. The coefficient of static
friction in this case is 0.580, and the coefficient of sliding friction is 0.520. The mass is given a shove
causing it to slide down the incline. What is the frictional force while the mass is sliding?

Select one:
a. 55.4 N 
Correct

b. 61.2 N
c. 49.7 N
d. 107 N

Question 18
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On planet Z, the standard unit of length is the foose. Ann the Astronaut is 5.80 feet tall on earth. She lands
on planet Z and is measured to be 86 foosi tall. Her partner Rachael is 89 foosi tall. How tall is Rachael
on Earth?

Select one:
a. 5.7 feet
b. 5.80 feet
c. 6.5 feet
d. 6.2 feet
e. 6 feet 
Correct

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A block of mass 6.00 kg rests on a horizontal surface where the coefficient of kinetic friction between the
two is 0.400. A string attached to the block is pulled horizontally, resulting in a 3-m/s2 acceleration by the
block. Find the tension in the string. (g = 9.80 m/s2)

Select one:
a. 23.52 N
b. 18 N
c. 41.52 N 
Correct

d. -5.52 N
e. 6.00 N

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4.3 A First Look at Reference Frames and Relative Velocity

A jet airliner moving at 600 mph due east moves into a region where the wind is blowing at 120 mph in a
direction 30.0° north of east. What is the new speed and direction of the aircraft?

Select one:
a. 706 mph, 4.87° N of E 
Correct

b. 588 mph, 4.87° N of E


c. 620 mph, 5.67° N of E
d. 706 mph, 5.67° N of E
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The coefficient of static friction between the tires of a car and the street is μs = 0.64. Of the following,
what is the steepest inclination angle of a street on which a car can be parked (with wheels locked)
without slipping?

Select one:
a. 38° 
Incorrect

b. 30°
c. 28°
d. 43°
e. 33°

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When NASA was communicating with astronauts on the moon, the time from sending on the Earth to
receiving on the moon was 1.28 s. Find the distance from Earth to the moon. (The speed of radio waves is
3.00 × 108 m/s.)

Select one:
a. 480 000 km
b. 768 000 km
c. 384 000 km 
Correct
d. 240 000 km

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Which one of the choices below represents the preferred practice regarding significant figures when

adding the following:  ?

Select one:
a. 85.294
b. 85.29
c. 85 
Correct

d. 85.3
e. 85.2940

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Rita accelerates a 0.45-kg ball from rest to 8.0 m/s during the 0.15 s in which her foot is in contact with
the ball. What average force does she apply to the ball during the kick?

Select one:
a. 54 N
b. 24 N 
Correct
c. 3 N
d. 27 N
e. 119 N

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The statement by Newton that "for every action there is an opposite but equal reaction" is regarded as
which of his laws of motion?

Select one:
a. third 
Correct

b. fourth
c. first
d. second

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A baseball batter hits an incoming 45-m/s fastball. The ball leaves the bat at 50 m/s after a ball-on-bat
contact time of 0.050 s. What is the force exerted on the 0.10-kg baseball?

Select one:
a. 100 N
b. 10 N
c. 90 N
d. 190 N 
Correct

e. 48 N

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A crate of weight W is being pushed across a horizontal surface by a force directed at an angle of
20° below the horizontal. What is the magnitude of the normal force on the crate?

Select one:
a. It equals W.
b. It is less than W.
c. It is more than W. 
Correct

d. None of the above since the coefficient of kinetic friction is not given.

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Two blocks, joined by a string, have masses of 8.0 and 9.0 kg. They rest on a frictionless horizontal
surface. A 2nd string, attached only to the 9.0-kg block, has horizontal force = 30 N applied to it. Both
blocks accelerate. Find the tension in the string between the blocks.

Select one:
a. 64 N
b. 14 N 
Correct

c. 240 N
d. 2 N
e. 16 N

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Assume when using a meter stick measuring can be done so that the last significant figure is in the tenth
of a millimeter digit. If you are measuring an object with length between 6 and 7 cm, how many
significant figures will result if you only use the part of the meter stick between the 1-cm and 9-cm
positions?

Select one:
a. more than 5
b. 5
c. 4
d. 2
e. 3 
Correct

Question 30
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A ball of relatively low density is thrown upwards. Because of air resistance the acceleration while
traveling upwards is −10.8 m/s2. On its trip downward the resistance is in the opposite direction, and the
resulting acceleration is −8.8 m/s2. When the ball reaches the level from which it was thrown, how does
its speed compare to that with which it was thrown?
Select one:
a. It is greater than the original speed upward.
b. It is the same as the original speed upward.
c. It is less than the original speed upward. 
Correct

d. Without knowing the original speed, this problem cannot be solved.

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