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Tema: Código :
11. PASSIVE VOICE 5c
Teacher:Pedro López Riveros p
Semestre: V
Grupo :

A Voz Activa y Voz Pasiva. Estudia este ejemplo:

En una oración pasiva, si deseas decir Quién o Que causo la acción, usas by:

 This house was built by my grandfather. (= my grandfather built it).

B La Voz Pasiva constituye una forma de construcción gramatical propia del lenguaje técnico en
particular.

Como puede apreciarse en el recuadro de arriba, la voz pasiva se forma combinado el Verbo To
Be: am, is, are (Presente simple); was, were (Pasado simple) con el Participio del verbo.
(Ver Apéndice 2)

Recuérdese que en el caso de los verbos regulares, basta agregarles la terminación –ed para formar
el participio.

Por ejemplo:
learn - learned

Voz Activa: The students learn English. (Presente simple) .


S V O

Voz Pasiva: English is learned by the students. (Presente simple).


S Be V(PP)

MORE EXAMPLES:

A. Transforme las siguientes oraciones a voz pasiva.

1. The teacher explains the lesson. (voz activa) The lesson is explained by the teacher.
(voz pasiva)

2. Joseph types the report. (voz activa)

The report is typed by Joseph. (voz pasiva)


3. Sam and July review the exercises. (voz activa)
The exercises are reviewed by Sam and July. (voz pasiva)
4. Do they clean the windows every day? (voz activa)
Are the windows cleaned by them? (voz pasiva)

5. The cheff made good cakes. (voz activa)


Good cakes were made by the cheff. (voz pasiva)

6. A dog bitten my mother last week. (voz active)


My mother was bitten by a dog. (voz pasiva)

7. Do they read the instructions? (voz activa)


Are the instructions read by them? (voz pasiva)

EXERCISES. - Transforme las oraciones de voz activa a voz pasiva

1. The technician repairs the circuits in the workshop. (voz activa)


The circuits in the workshop is repaired by technician. (voz pasiva)

2. Samy does his homework every day. (voz activa)


Homework’ is done by Sam every day. (voz pasiva)

3. The walls protected the house from the wind. (voz activa)
The house was protected from the wind by the wall. (voz pasiva)

4. The programmer sets up the new software. (voz activa)


The new software is setted up by the programmer. (voz pasiva)

5. The mechanic starts up the turbines. (voz activa)


The turbines are started up by the mechanic. (voz pasiva)

6. The mechanics welded the wire. (voz activa)


The wire was welded by the mechanics. (voz pasiva)

7. They pay me in dollars. (voz activa)


In dollars they paid me. (voz pasiva)

8. My mother doesn’t make large pizzas. (voz activa)


Large pizzas aren’t made by my mother. (voz pasiva)
9. The electrician tests the voltaje of the unit. (voz activa)
The voltaje of the unit is tedted by the electrician. (voz pasiva)

10. Alexander Bell invented the telephone in 1876. (voz activa)

In 1876, the telephone was invented by Alexander Bell. (voz pasiva)