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LV NETWORK DESIGN GUIDELINE FOR ADDC

STANDARD TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR ELECTRIC WORKS

LV Network Design Guideline (for ADDC)

ADPC/ADDC STANDARD: S-AA-MVLV- LVND


(REV.0-2019)

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LV NETWORK DESIGN GUIDELINE FOR ADDC

CONTENTS

1. PURPOSE ........................................................................................................................ 3
2. SCOPE .............................................................................................................................. 3
3. DEFENITIONS AND TERMINOLOGY ...................................................................... 3
4. REFERENCES ................................................................................................................ 4
5. RESPONSIBILITIES...................................................................................................... 4
6. PROCESS/PROCEDURE .............................................................................................. 4
6.1. Utilization of Aluminum Cables in Existing LV Network: ....................................6
6.2. Utilization of Aluminum Cables in New LV Network: ..........................................6
6.3. Accessories of LV Aluminum Cables: ...................................................................6
6.4. Cable Installation Methodology: ............................................................................7
6.5. Additional Rating of Distribution Transformer Introduced to ADDC
Network: .................................................................................................................7
6.6. Recommendation ....................................................................................................7

7. LV EQUIPMENT DETAILS & DESIGN GUIDELINES IN


TABULATED FORM: .................................................................................................... 8

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LV NETWORK DESIGN GUIDELINE FOR ADDC

LV Service Cable Selection and Fuse Rating

1. PURPOSE

The purpose of this design guideline is to formulate a unified standard within ADDC for
selection various components in LV network. This document was first issued in 2012 and
now it is amended to incorporate the use of LV Aluminium cables.

2. SCOPE

The scope of this guideline is to have a unified standard within ADDC for selection of LV
service cable size and fuse rating related to LV customer connections from ADDC network.
By optimizing the utilization of the distribution equipment, such as LV distribution panels,
feeder pillars, service turrets and cables by strictly following ADDC standard technical
specifications and design criteria, the life span and efficiency of LV distribution network can
be improved a lot.

This document is amended to reflect the recommended size of Aluminium cable in place of
Copper cable based on ADPC approved Value Engineering Initiative to use Aluminium cable
for LV Network. The proposed sizes of LV Aluminium Cables are selected as equivalent to
presently used copper cables without violating the already applicable voltage drop, deration
and laying methodology. The change is only in the termination of LV Aluminium cable,
where Bi-metallic lugs are proposed instead of standard copper lugs. Also, the jointing of LV
Aluminium cables will be by using Aluminium ferrule.

3. DEFENITIONS AND TERMINOLOGY

Abbreviation Complete Phrase

ADDC : Abu Dhabi Distribution Company


AMD : Asset Management Directorate
LV : Low Voltage
FP : Feeder Pillar
ST : Service Turret
kW : Kilo Watt

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LV NETWORK DESIGN GUIDELINE FOR ADDC

Abbreviation Complete Phrase

A/C : Air Condition


GRP : Glass Reinforced Plastic
LDN : Load Demand Notification
CTA : Cable Termination Application
Cu : Copper
Al : Aluminium
O/G : Outgoing
I/C : Incoming

4. REFERENCES

ADDC Electricity Standards and Specifications.

5. RESPONSIBILITIES

It is the responsibility of AMD as owner of this guideline to insure unified standard for
ADDC LV networks. All concerned departments within ADDC are responsible to adhere the
implementation of this guideline.

6. PROCESS/PROCEDURE

While deciding the feeding arrangement for a particular customer the following guidelines
shall be followed:-

 Maximum permissible voltage drop from substation LV panel up to the customer


connection point shall not exceed 6% (Ref: 5YR Planning Statement)
 For service cable selection, following diversity factors to be applied for demand load
calculation.

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LV NETWORK DESIGN GUIDELINE FOR ADDC

Table -1
Type of Load Diversity factor
Non-A/C loads:
Farm/Izba 0.2
Villa 0.3
Residential & Commercial Bldg. 0.3-0.4
Industrial Load 0.4-0.6
A/C –Loads:
Split Units (Villa/Farm/Izba) 0.8
Central A/C & District Cooling (Commercial
0.9
Bldg./Industrial)

Considering the ambient temperature and subsequent de-rating, ADDC standard specification
recommends providing rating of fuse base in LV distribution board, feeder pillars, service
turret etc. higher than the fuse rating. Hence the recommended outgoing fuse rating for LV
panel, FPs and STs shall be strictly followed.

The cable current capacity is calculated with all adverse conditions and applicable duration.
The recommended cable capacity as per these planning criteria shall be followed. The cable
shall be selected based on the demand load (current) as per ADDC design criteria (refer Table
6 & 7). However, the connection to the feeder pillar (whether to Type A or Type B) shall be
based on the recommended fuse rating (refer Table 8).

 To protect the selected service cable, lower fuse sizes instead of the standard rating shall
be used as per load demand. Particular attention shall be taken in such cases to select the
suitable rating to match with the fuse base.
- Type B (Size1: 250A base)- Suitable fuse (NH1), ratings are 80A, 100A, 125A,
160A , 200A and 224A (ref : table-3&8)
- Type A (Size2: 400A base) - Suitable fuse (NH2), ratings are 160A, 200A,
224A, 250A, 300A & 355A (ref : table-3&8)
 The selection of feeder pillar type is based on the load demand of individual consumer
and total number of consumers to be connected. If the load demand of individual
consumer is high, type-A feeder pillar will be used and if the individual load demand is
less and number of consumer is more, type-B will be preferred.

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LV NETWORK DESIGN GUIDELINE FOR ADDC

 Service turrets are normally preferred for rural areas with low density/scattered
individual load and also for street lighting connections. It can also be employed in urban
areas for low density residential loads with no future expansion plans.

6.1. Utilization of Aluminum Cables in Existing LV Network:

Considering the bigger sizes of equivalent Aluminium cables and the bimetallic lugs
used for connection, there are practical difficulty is termination all the sizes of
Aluminium Cable to the existing Feeder Pillars and Service Cabinet. While allowing
the use of both Aluminium cable and copper cable in same FPs/STs for outgoing
feeders, the maximum size that is recommended to connect to the existing FPs/STs is
4cx240 Sq.mm Aluminuim (equivalent to 4cx150Sq.mm copper cable). Accordingly,
this range of cable will be mainly for the customer connections (Service cables)

Also, ADDC do not permit jointing of copper cable with Aluminium cable, if the
network modification requires the same. Copper cable shall be extended with only
copper cables of same size.

6.2. Utilization of Aluminum Cables in New LV Network:

With the new FPs and STs (having Aluminum/GRP enclosures) are sized to
accommodate all the sizes of the Aluminum cable (including the 4cx400Sq.mm incomer
cables to FPs, all the new network shall adopt the LV aluminium cables. Sizes shall be
selected meeting the demand requirements as mentioned in the relevant tables below.

Present LV Switchgears can accommodate the Aluminium cables of all sizes without
any modification, except for the cable gland plate hole size, which may require
widening as required.

6.3. Accessories of LV Aluminum Cables:

Bimetallic lugs are to be used for terminating Aluminium cable to Switch fuse units
(SFUs). Appropriate cable glands shall be used considering bigger sizes of equivalent
Aluminium cables. The cable joints (Aluminium cable to Aluminium cable), standard
jointing kit using the Aluminium ferrule shall be used. Proper crimping tools and
shaping tools (for changing sector shaped cable to round shape for cable lugging) shall
be deployed.

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LV NETWORK DESIGN GUIDELINE FOR ADDC

6.4. Cable Installation Methodology:

The same installation methods and spacing shall be followed as in case of copper cable
currently being used. When adopting the recommended equivalent Aluminium cable,
ADDC has verified the voltage drop and deration as per standard installation conditions.

6.5. Additional Rating of Distribution Transformer Introduced to ADDC Network:

Please note that ADDC has introduced two new ratings of the transformers (both for
11/0.4kV and 22/0,4kV ranges) i.e. 630kVA and 1250kVA. This is to give more
flexibility in choosing the appropriate size of the transformer to meet the actual demand.
This has the advantage of lesser capital cost, reduced losses and improved utilization.

6.6. Recommendation

1. For all new connections/reinforcement/relocation all ADDC sections should follow


same standards for selection of equipments, fuses and cables as indicated in tables 1
to 8.
2. ADDC shall not replace the fuse more than 2 times for a consumer. At any reason,
the fuse should not be replaced by higher rating. If the customer load is the same as
that of the final cable termination application (CTA), ADDC may have to study the
loading of feeder pillar and initiate necessary reinforcement/upgrading schemes to
meet the requirement complying with the design guideline. If the customer load is
more than that of the originally approved, Customer shall submit application for the
additional load as per LDN policy. ADDC eventually require upgrading the cable
/feeder pillar or providing alternative reinforcement methods.
3. For all the existing connections, deviating from the above design philosophy and
where there is repeated fuse blowing/fuse base overheating, such cases shall be
listed by the field staff and reported to ADDC Customer Service Directorate (CSD)
supported by actual current readings/load details. CSD shall re-evaluate the feeding
arrangement with respect to actual current reading/approved load demand and
appropriate action shall be taken to standardize the rating of service cable and fuses
provided for the customers.
4. For existing customers, it is not allowed to up-rate or de-rate the existing fuse rating
without prior approval from ADDC Customer Service Directorate.

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LV NETWORK DESIGN GUIDELINE FOR ADDC

5. In any situation, if the customer demand current exceeds 200A (125kW), connection
should not be fed from Type B feeder pillar, as the maximum fuse size in existing
Type B feeder pillars are 200A.
6. In Type B feeder pillar having 250A fuse base (installed or spare space), it is not
allowed to install/replace with higher rating fuse or fuse bases. However, if there is a
necessity to modify type B to type A feeder pillar, then it should meet all the
standard specification/requirements of type A. (The complete fuse base to be rated
to 400A and out of the six outgoings, two should be removed permanently).
Alternately, type B feeder pillar shall be completely replaced with standard type A
feeder pillar.
7. In order to enhance the life of the cable and related LV components, all concerned
ADDC staff (LV Dept./field staff/LDN team/Connection team/inspectors) should
follow the recommended fuse size, FP & ST loading and the suggested cable sizes
8. ADDC need to procure LV cables and HRC fuses of new ratings proposed as per
this guideline (Ref. table-8)

7. LV Equipment Details & Design Guidelines in Tabulated form:

Standard details of LV distribution panel (Table-2), feeder pillars (Table -3), Loading Details
of feeder pillars (Table-4) ,service turret (Table -5), Parameters for cable de-rating (Table-6)
current carrying capacity of LV cables (Table-7) and selection of LV service cables and fuse
ratings based on load requirements(Table-8) are tabulated in the following tables for
reference.
Table -2

04/11kV Distribution Substation Components & Ratings


Transformer to
Transforme LV Bus LV CT
LV O/G Fuse No. of 400A
r bar Isolator Incomer O/G Fuse
Distribution Strip/ Base fused switch
Rating Rating Rating Rating Rating(A)
Board Rating (A) outgoings
(kVA) (A) (A) (A)
Connection
(1 x 3ph + 1 N) 4+1(Spare)+1(S
500 900 900 900/1 630A 400A
1cx630mm2 pace)
(2 x 3ph + 1 N) 4+1(Spare)+1(S
630 1200 1200 1200/1 630A 400A
1cx630mm2 pace)

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LV NETWORK DESIGN GUIDELINE FOR ADDC

04/11kV Distribution Substation Components & Ratings


(2 x 3ph + 1 N) 6+1(Spare)+1(S
1000 1800 1800 1800/1 630A 400A
1cx630mm2 pace)
(2 x 3ph + 1 N) 8+1(Spare)+1(S
1250 2250 2250 2000/1 630A 400A
1cx630mm2 pace)
(3 x 3ph + 2N) 8+1(Spare)+1(
1500 2700 2700 2700/1 630A 400A
1cx630mm2 Space)
(3 x 3ph + 2 N) 10+1(Spare)+1(
2000 3600 3600 3000/1 630A 400A
1cx630mm2 Space)

Table-3

LV FEEDER PILLAR DATA


I/C-
O/G
B/B (Soli
No.o No.of Incoming Cable size Fuse O/G Fuse O/G cable
Item Ratin d
f I/C O/G (sqmm) Base Rating sizes(Sqmm)
g Link
Rating
)
Aluminiu Aluminiu
Copper Copper
m m

4+ 250A-2Nos 4cx120
Type A 4cx185
800A 2 1Spac 630A 2x4Cx240 2x4Cx400 400A
(6Way) 300/355A-
e 4cx185
2Nos 4cx300
160A-3Nos 4cx70
6+ 4cx120
Type B
800A 2 1Spac 630A 2x4Cx240 2x4Cx400 250A
(8Way)
e 224A-3Nos 4cx120
4cx185

Note on Table 3: -

For Type A FP, O/G fuse base rating is 400A (size2-NH2) and for Type B FP, O/G fuse
base is 250A (size1-NH1) hence the outgoing fuse rating of both types should not exceed
the maximum ratings provided in Table 3.

Also for both types of FPs, the bus bar is rated for 800A, hence the recommended
maximum loading to be considered during design is 80% (max. 390 kW demand).
However, for the existing FPs once the measured load exceeds 95%, it should be
considered as overloaded and reinforcement has to be initiated.

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LV NETWORK DESIGN GUIDELINE FOR ADDC

Table-4

RECOMMENDED / PERMISSIBLE LOADING & OUTGOING CABLE/FUSE RATINGS OF


FEEDER PILLARS

O/G Fuse Max Demand Load to Outgoing Cable Size


Item
Rating be Fed Copper Aluminium

355A 200kW
4cx185sqmm 4cx300sqmm
Type 300A 170kW
A

250A 140kW 4cx150sqmm 4cx240sqmm

224A 125kW 4cx120sqmm 4cx185sqmm

Type 200A 115kW 4cx95sqmm 4cx150sqmm


B

160A 90kW 4cx70sqmm 4cx120sqmm

Note on Table 4: -

 Type A feeder pillar is used for higher load demand and the maximum cable size
allowed is 4C x 185 Sqmm. Cu/ 4Cx300 sqmm Al. with maximum fuse rating 355A
and the total rating of outgoing fuses in the FP should not exceed 1200A.
 Type B feeder pillar is used for lower load demand and the maximum cable size
allowed is 4C x 120 sqmm Cu. / 4Cx185 Sqmm. Al. with maximum fuse rating
224A and the total rating of outgoing fuses should not exceed 1200A.
 It is not allowed to connect service cable of size 4cx240sqmm from feeder pillars
for residential connections, however it is allowed for looping other sources (FP or
ST) to mitigate voltage drop.

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LV NETWORK DESIGN GUIDELINE FOR ADDC

Table-5

SERVICE TURRET DATA


I/C-
O/G
B/B No. (Soli O/G
No.of Incoming Cable size Fuse
Item Rat of d Fuse O/G cable sizes(Sqmm)
O/G (sqmm) Base
ing I/C Link Rating
Rating
)
Aluminiu
Copper Copper Aluminium
m

ST
400 4+loop 4Cx120/1
(4Way 1 630A 4Cx70/120/ 125A- 4cx25/50/ 4cx50/70/
A Out 50/185/30 250A
+ 185/240 4Nos 70 95/120
0/400
loop
out)

Note on Table 5: -

For service turret, the bus bar is rated for 400A, hence the recommended maximum
loading to be considered during design is around 80% (max 200 kW). However, for the
existing STs once the measured load exceeds 95%, it should be considered as overloaded
and reinforcement has to be initiated.

Table-6

DERATING FACTOR -PARAMETERS


SN Factors Considered De-rating factors
Soil Thermal Resistivity
1 0.99
(1.2°C/m/W)
Depth of Laying (80cm) Multiple
2 0.96
cables
3 Ground Temp 40°C 0.82
Grouping Factor (4Cables –
Horizontal) 0.73
With 30cm spacing between cables
Final De-rating Factor 0.57

Table 7

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LV NETWORK DESIGN GUIDELINE FOR ADDC

LV CABLE CURRENT CARRYING CAPACITY


Sl Cable Size- Current Carrying capacity (A)as per Recommended Loading of Cable (A)
N. Cu& Al manufacturer’s catalogue (after applying de-rating factors)

Copper Aluminium Copper Aluminium


1 4Cx16 sq mm 115 NA 68 NA
2 4Cx25 sq mm 150 115 89 68
3 4Cx35 sq mm 180 135 107 80
4 4Cx50 sq mm 215 165 127 97
5 4Cx70 sq mm 265 200 157 118
6 4Cx95 sq mm 315 240 187 142
7 4Cx120 sq mm 360 275 213 162
8 4Cx150 sq mm 405 310 240 183
9 4Cx185 sq mm 460 350 273 207
10 4Cx240 sq mm 530 410 314 242
11 4Cx300 sqmm NA 460 NA 271
12 4Cx400 sqmm NA 520 NA 307

Table-8
L V FUSE RATING &CABLE SIZE CORRESPONDING TO LOAD

Demand Max Load Recommended Cable Size Recommended Nearest


Sl N. Load Range Current range ( Equivalent Cu & Al) Fuse Rating
(kW) (A) @0.9pf
Copper Aluminium
1 0-40 64 16sqmm 25sqmm 80A
2 40-55 88 25sqmm 50sqmm 100A
3 55-70 112 50sqmm 95sqmm 125A
4 70-90 144 70sqmm 120sqmm 160A
5 90-115 184 95sqmm 150sqmm 200A
6 115-125 200 120sqmm 185sqmm 224A
7 125-140 224 150sqmm 240sqmm 250A
8 140-170 272 185sqmm 300sqmm 300A
9 170-200 320 240sqmm 400sqmm 355A ( from LV DB)
Direct from LV Panel /
10 200-250 400 2x120/2x185sqmm 2x185/2x300 from FP with suitable
O/G fuses

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LV NETWORK DESIGN GUIDELINE FOR ADDC

8. ATTACHMENTS:-

LV Equipment Schematic Arrangement:

Appendix A – LV-Panel
Appendix B – Feeder Pillar Type-A & B
Appendix C – Service Turret

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LV NETWORK DESIGN GUIDELINE FOR ADDC

Appendix A

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LV NETWORK DESIGN GUIDELINE FOR ADDC

Appendix B

FEEDER PILLARTYPE-A

FEEDER PILLAR TYPE-B

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LV NETWORK DESIGN GUIDELINE FOR ADDC

Appendix C

SERVICE TURRET

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