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St.

Therese MTC Colleges Magdalo Site

Lapaz, Iloilo City, Iloilo

In Partial Fulfilment of the

Requirements for the Subject

SOCSCI 3

Global Warming: What is it and What are the Students’ Perception towards it

Submitted by:

Barte, Christian Pope L.

Alfaro, Melvin

Andrade, Ericson

Balayo, Reno

Basultin, Novem Edward

Submitted to:

Mrs. Mary Jane Garcia

2nd Sem/ A. Y. 2019-2020


Introduction

Global warming is described by climate scientist as a phenomenon that contributes to increase

of temperature which is near the earth surface as well as in the oceans which started in the

mid-twentieth century and its has been projected to be a continuing process.

Global warming as been argued to result to a rise in the global temperatures which in turn leads

to a rise in the sea level as well as altered patterns of precipitation thus expansion of the

subtropical deserts. In addition to that the change lad to retreating of the glaciers, sea ice and

the permafrost in the polar regions, increase of extreme weather events like cyclones, erratic

rainfall and dry spells, extinction of species and changes in the agricultural yields hence

affecting human survival. Finally the rising atmospheric carbon dioxide leads to more acidic

oceans a phenomenon predicted by climate scientists to continue.

We often call the result global warming, but it is causing a set of changes to the Earth's climate,

or long-term weather patterns, that varies from place to place. While many people think of

global warming and climate change as synonyms, scientists use “climate change” when

describing the complex shifts now affecting our planet’s weather and climate systems in part

because some areas actually get cooler in the short term.

Global warming is a serious issue that affects current and future generations.  As climate

change progresses, it also speeds up, and it becomes harder and harder to reverse the effects

of it.  For this reason, it is important that the young people of our world understand the

fundamentals of global warming, what causes it, and how to prevent it.
Because of the growing concerns about this phenomenon, this study will mainly focus on Global

warming itself and different ways the students can do to reduce it possibly.

This study focuses on global warming, how it affects environment and the quality of life, and

what the students of St. Therese MTC Colleges may do to help reduce the impact of global

warming. The researcher sought to find what things and ways the students are interested or

motivated enough to help save the planet Earth.

Specifically, this study will address to answer the following questions:

1. What is global warming

2. What are the perception of students towards Global warming

3. How can the students help in reducing the impact of global warming

Literature review

Global warming is described by climate scientist as a phenomenon that contributes to increase

of temperature which is near the earth surface as well as in the oceans which started in the

mid-twentieth century and its has been projected to be a continuing process. Assessment done

by intergovernmental panel on climate change has shown that global service temperatures has

been increasing and its attribute to various reasons which include: increasing concentrations of
the greenhouse gases which are caused by the human activities like the burning of fossil fuel

and deforestation (Mintzer, 129). The green house gases; nitrous oxide, methane, carbon

dioxide and water vapor, which traps the heat and like from the sun in the earth atmosphere

which in turn serve to increase the temperatures which affects humans, animals and plants.

Interruptions resulting from climate change when tolerance level of the living organisms is

exceeded leads to death e.g. extreme high and low temperatures causes extinction of less

tolerant species.

On Earth, human activities are changing the natural greenhouse. Over the last century the

burning of fossil fuels like coal and oil has increased the concentration of atmospheric carbon

dioxide (CO2). This happens because the coal or oil burning process combines carbon with

oxygen in the air to make CO2. To a lesser extent, the clearing of land for agriculture, industry,

and other human activities has increased concentrations of greenhouse gases. Carbon dioxide

(CO2). A minor but very important component of the atmosphere, carbon dioxide is released

through natural processes such as respiration and volcano eruptions and through human

activities(Lockwood, 2009).

The climate scientist have a consensus that anthropogenic global warming is an occurring

phenomenon but the political as well as the public debate rages on whether that consensus is

actually true or false. This debate has been in the recent past intensified by the increasing

skeptics of the global warming who have gradually changed the scientific perception of the

public on the issue of the global warming. Many people in the world question whether global

warming realty exist or not and if it does exist, what are the reasons of its existence. But the

fact is that there has been an increase in the surface temperature of the earth in the past
century from 0.45 to 0.6 and believers of the global warming belief that its the warming is a

proof of tits existence but skeptics believe that the warming is just a natural phenomenon and

it should pose no worry at all. The debate takes a very interesting angle as both skeptics of the

global warming and its believers have a valid scientific data that proofs the justification of each

side of belief (Mcmillian, 2016).

Global warming occurs when carbon dioxide (CO2) and other air pollutants and greenhouse

gases collect in the atmosphere and absorb sunlight and solar radiation that have bounced off

the earth’s surface. Normally, this radiation would escape into space—but these pollutants,

which can last for years to centuries in the atmosphere, trap the heat and cause the planet to

get hotter. That's what's known as the greenhouse effect.

Scientists agree that the earth’s rising temperatures are fueling longer and hotter heat waves,

more frequent droughts, heavier rainfall, and more powerful hurricanes. In 2015, for example,

scientists said that an ongoing drought in California—the state’s worst water shortage in 1,200

years—had been intensified by 15 percent to 20 percent by global warming. They also said the

odds of similar droughts happening in the future had roughly doubled over the past century.

And in 2016, the National Academies of Science, Engineering, and Medicine announced that it’s

now possible to confidently attribute certain weather events, like some heat waves, directly to

climate change (Nasa, 2016).

In its Fifth Assessment Report, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, a group of

1,300 independent scientific experts from countries all over the world under the auspices of the

United Nations, concluded there's a more than 95 percent probability that human activities
over the past 50 years have warmed our planet. The industrial activities that our modern

civilization depends upon have raised atmospheric carbon dioxide levels from 280 parts per

million to 412 parts per million in the last 150 years. The panel also concluded there's a better

than 95 percent probability that human-produced greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide,

methane and nitrous oxide have caused much of the observed increase in Earth's temperatures

over the past 50 years (Reyan, 2017).

Metodology

Qualitative research design was used. A qualitative research design is concerned with

establishing answers to the whys and hows of the phenomenon in question (Theyer, 2020). It is

useful for obtaining insights into situations and problems concerning issues in which one may

have knowledge. By doing so, the study hopes to reveal insights into the phenomenon of

climate change. This method will be useful to gain the insights of the students in collecting the

necessary data for the completion of the study.

Participants and Sampling

There will 30 respondents to take part in answering the provided questionnaires for the study.

These are the students of St. Therese MTC Colleges Magdalo Site, age ranges from 17 - 21 years

old. The participant or respondents were chosen with simple random sampling in which the
perceptions and opinion of the students towards global warming will be examined and

thoroughly checked to identify the diiferent ideas that arises from their thoughts.

Instrumentation

The instrument used in this study is a survey questionnaire with open ended questions that

enables the researcher to gather informations and answers from the point view of the

respondents for a more precise interpretation of the gathered information. The open ended

questionnaire allowed the students to cleary give their perceptions in a more clear manner.

Research Procedures

The researchers constructed a questionnaire which included a series of open ended questions

which was validated, reviewed and corrected by a consulted research expert. After the

questionnaire was finalized, the researchers then asked the school registrar for the masterlist of

the students to be used in random sampling through a request letter sent to the dean’s office

for approval. After then, the researchers each was designated the task to spread out for the

distribution of questionnaires to the respondents for a faster and more efficient distribution of

manpower. The questions were open ended in order for the participants to fully express their

idea about the said topic in relevance to the needed information. Each answers and

questionnaires were then gathered and kept confidential and organized.


Data Analysis

Thematic analysis was used, as a means to gain insight and knowledge from the gathered data.

After all the data were gathered, the researcher grouped the results as a theme. A theme

captures something important along data in relation to the research question and represents

some patterned response or meaning within the data set.


References

Chritina Nunez, 2014. What is Global Warming. Nat Geo.


https://www.nationalgeographic.com/environment/global-warming/global-warming-overview/

Essays, UK. (November 2018). Research Proposal On Global Warming Environmental Sciences
Essay. Retrieved from https://www.ukessays.com/essays/environmental-sciences/research-
proposal-on-global-warming-environmental-sciences-essay.php?vref=1

Armanda Mcmillian (2016). Global Warming 101. NRDC. https://www.nrdc.org/stories/global-


warming-101

Nasa (2016). JPL Caltech. Global warming.


https://www.google.com/amp/s/climate.nasa.gov/causs.amp

Zhayu Reyan (2017). The PC. Global warming issues.


https://www.ipcc.ch/site/assets/uploads/2018/02/ipcc_wg3_ar5_summary-for-policymakers

Mike Lockwood, “Solar Change and Climate: an update in the light of the current exceptional
solar minimum,” Proceedings of the Royal Society A, 2 December 2009, doi
10.1098/rspa.2009.0519;