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REPÚBLICA DE COLOMBIA

DEPARTAMENTO DEL CAQUETÁ


INSTITUCIÓN EDUCATIVA NUESTRA SEÑORA DE LAS MERCEDES
DANE 183256000633 NIT 891.190.308-1
EL PAUJIL-CAQUETÁ

TEMA 1: PARTS OF SPEECH

Some words are more than one part of speech. For example, cook is both a verb and a noun.

Noun: The cook is busy in the kitchen.


Verb: I don't want to cook, let's go to a restaurant instead.

The Verb
A verb is a word that describes an action, state or occurrence. Here are some basic forms of the verb
walk.

She walks to work. – present simple tense (3rd person singular)


She walked to work. – past simple tense
She is walking to walk. – present continuous /gerund (-ing)
She has walked to work. – present perfect
She had worked to work. – past perfect

The Noun

Nouns are words that are used to identify things, people and places.

He is a teacher.
She lives in London.
Did you see that boat?
Love is all you need.

The Pronoun

Pronouns are used to replace nouns.


Tom's mother gave him some money. He took it to the shop and bought some sweets. – Tom is the
noun. He is the pronoun which replaces Tom.
Don't tell me what to do.
Where are you going?
She is tall.
It is in my car.
Is this yours?
This is confusing!
Who wrote this?
Invite whomever you want.
I will try and remind myself.

The Adjective

A word that gives us more information about a noun.

“Hagamos mejor lo que estamos haciendo bien”


Carrera 6 Calle 6 Esquina Barrio El Centro Tel: 3103319593- correo electrónico ielasmercedes@hotmail.com
ielasmercedes2015@gmail.com
El Paujil
REPÚBLICA DE COLOMBIA
DEPARTAMENTO DEL CAQUETÁ
INSTITUCIÓN EDUCATIVA NUESTRA SEÑORA DE LAS MERCEDES
DANE 183256000633 NIT 891.190.308-1
EL PAUJIL-CAQUETÁ

The green book.


She's young.
It's colder than I remember. – Comparative form
He's the richest man in the world – Superlative form

The Adverb

A word or phrase that modifies the meaning of an adjective, verb, or other adverb.

She quickly changed her clothes.


I really don’t understand.
She called me yesterday.
We sometimes go fishing.

The Preposition

Prepositions show us the relationship between a noun and another word in a sentence.

We lived in France.
Your keys are on the table.
We walked through the park.

The Conjunction

Conjunctions are used to join parts of sentences/ clauses together.

I had a shower and a shave.


Let me know when you are ready to leave.
We went to the beach because she loves swimming.
Although we were tired, we stayed up late.
I don't have much time, but I will help you anyway.

The Interjection

We use interjections to show strong emotions and feelings that occur suddenly.
Hey! You are standing on my foot!
Ah, now I understand.
Eh? What did she say?
Ow! That hurt!

“Hagamos mejor lo que estamos haciendo bien”


Carrera 6 Calle 6 Esquina Barrio El Centro Tel: 3103319593- correo electrónico ielasmercedes@hotmail.com
ielasmercedes2015@gmail.com
El Paujil
REPÚBLICA DE COLOMBIA
DEPARTAMENTO DEL CAQUETÁ
INSTITUCIÓN EDUCATIVA NUESTRA SEÑORA DE LAS MERCEDES
DANE 183256000633 NIT 891.190.308-1
EL PAUJIL-CAQUETÁ

“Hagamos mejor lo que estamos haciendo bien”


Carrera 6 Calle 6 Esquina Barrio El Centro Tel: 3103319593- correo electrónico ielasmercedes@hotmail.com
ielasmercedes2015@gmail.com
El Paujil
REPÚBLICA DE COLOMBIA
DEPARTAMENTO DEL CAQUETÁ
INSTITUCIÓN EDUCATIVA NUESTRA SEÑORA DE LAS MERCEDES
DANE 183256000633 NIT 891.190.308-1
EL PAUJIL-CAQUETÁ

ACTIVIDAD 1 – TALLER 1

Take a look at these sentences and decide which is the correct form to use.

1) Today was a very ___ day.


a) cold 7) ___ is a global problem.
b) colder
c) coldly a) poverty
b) poorly
c) poor
2) We'll have to ___ if we want to catch that
bus.
8) You speak English very ___.
a) running
b) run a) well
c) ran b) good
c) beautiful
3) It's ok to use that phone, it's ___.
9) when was the last time you ___?
a) mine
b) my a) crying
c) me b) cried
c) cry
4) ___ was that man you were talking to?
10) she ___ made her presentation to the class.

a) what a) confidence
b) confidently
b) who
c) why c) confident

5) I forgot my umbrella ___ I got wet. 11) Ask ___ what she thinks.

a) so a) her
b) hers
b) because
c) although c) she

6) The resort opens ___ spring. 12) I ___ go to the pub on Friday night.

a) on a) had
b) in b) often
c) at c) am

“Hagamos mejor lo que estamos haciendo bien”


Carrera 6 Calle 6 Esquina Barrio El Centro Tel: 3103319593- correo electrónico ielasmercedes@hotmail.com
ielasmercedes2015@gmail.com
El Paujil