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Design Heat Exchanger

1. Menghitung Neraca Panas


Menaikkan Suhu keluaran MD-01 dari akumulator-2 sebelum masuk Tangki-03
Cp liq =A+B*T+C*(T^2)+D*(T^3)
Komponen A B C
CH3SH 46.472 0.37853 -0.0013665
(CH3)2S 50.108 0.55593 -0.0018618

Input :
Tin = 61.8530095314854 C = 335.003009531485
Tref = 25 C = 298.15
Komponen N (kmol/jam) ʃCpdT Qin (kj/jam)
CH3SH 117.515924529785 3667.135570572 430946.826951814
(CH3)2S 0.457220008708395 4605.47580329 2105.71568688669
Total 117.973144538494 433052.542638701

Output :
Tout = 40 C = 313.15
Tref = 25 C = 298.15
Komponen N (kmol/jam) ʃCpdT Qin (kj/jam)
CH3OH 117.515924529785 1463.751025381 172014.055029012
H2O 0.457220008708395 1844.195178827 843.202935723484
Total 117.973144538494 172857.257964736

Q masuk + Q pendingin = Q keluar


Q pendingin = Q keluar - Q masuk
Q Pendingin = -260195.284673966 kj/jam

2. Menghitung Kebutuhan Pendingin


Pendingin yang digunakan = air
Densitas air = 0.42251533261059 g/cm3 = 422.51533261059
viskositas air = 0.815034472073326 cp
cp = 75.4438 j/mol.K = 75.4437828774013
k= 0.61328493928025 W/m.K
Design suhu =
Tin = 30.0000 C = 303.1500
Tout = 31.0000 C = 304.1500
Tref = 25.0000 C = 298.1500
Q pendingin = 260195.285 kj/jam
Qp = mp*Cp*detT
mp = Qp/Cp*detT = 3448.8632 kg/jam
Qp in = mp*Cp*detT = 1300976.4234 kj/jam
Qp out = mp*Cp*detT = 1561171.7080 kj/jam
Qp = 260195.285 Solver
3. Kondisi Operasi
*Fluida dingin T in = 30.00
air T out = 31.00
Massa pendingin = 3448.8632
= 7603.3139

*Fluida panas T in = 62
CH3SH,(CH3)2S T out = 40
Massa in = 5681.8182
= 12526.0542

Beban pendingin (Q) = 260195.2847


= 246665.1299

4. Menghitung ∆t LMTD
Hot Fluid Cold Fluid Temp. Diff
143.34 High Temp. 87.80 55.54
104.00 Low Temp. 86.00 18.00
39.34 Temp. Diff 1.80 37.54

∆𝑡 𝐿𝑀𝑇𝐷= ( 〖∆𝑡〗 _2− 〖∆𝑡〗 _1)/𝑙𝑛( 〖∆𝑡〗 _2/ 〖∆𝑡〗 _1 )


= 37.54
1.126649206294
= 33.31597532487 F
T1  T 2
R= = 21.85300953157
t 2 t1

(𝑡_2−𝑡_1)/(𝑇_1−𝑡_1
S= ) = 0.031394207791

Temperatur Kalorik

1/2 ×(𝑇_1+𝑇_2 )=
Tc = Tavg = 123.6677085783 F =

1/2 ×(𝑡_1+𝑡_2 )=
tc = tavg = 86.9 F =

5. Menghitung Densitas
1 Kg/m3 = 0.0624 lb/ft3

#Fluida dingin
Komponen densitas
H2O 422.51533261059 kg/m3
26.3649567549008 lb/ft3

# Fluida panas
Tin = 335.00 K
Komponen ρ, kg/m3 xi ρ, kg/m3
CH3SH 368.231190909113 0.995 366.390034954568
(CH3)2S 347.851596995688 0.005 1.73925798497844
368.129292939546
22.9712678794277

6. Menghitung viskositas
# Fluida dingin
μ H2O = 0.815034472073326 cp

# Fluida Panas
T= 335.00 K
Komponen Fraksi mol μ, cP 〖〖𝐵𝑀〗 _𝑖 〗 𝑦_𝑖× 〖〖𝐵𝑀〗 _𝑖 〗 ^0.5
^0.5
CH3SH 0.996124372114543 0.191365834043 6.93596424442918
(CH3)2S 0.003875627885457 0.218003480848 7.88253766245363
Total 1

7. Menghitung spesific heat

Fluida dingin
Komponen Cp (j/mol.K) Cp (j/kg.K)
H2O 75.4438 1214.2031

Fluida panas
T= 335.00 K
Komponen Fraksi mol Cp (j/mol.K) Cp (j/kg.K)
CH3SH 0.996124372114543 102.9540947289 2140.07962835181
(CH3)2S 0.003875627885457 128.5738447266 2069.28601107547
Total 1.0000

8. Menghitung konduktivitas termal


Konduktivitas Cair
log10 kliq = A + B(1-T/C)^2/7 organic
k = A + BT + CT2 inorganic
T dalam Kelvin (K)
k dalam W/m.K
Komponen A B C
CH3SH 0 0.00E+00 0.00E+00
(CH3)2S -1.6145 9.87E-01 5.03E+02

Fluida Panas
T= 335.00 K
Komponen k (W/m.K) k (Btu/hr.ft.F) fraksi mol
CH3SH 0.0000 0.0000 0.99612437211454
(CH3)2S 56455007.2939 32630994.2159 0.00387562788546

Fluida Dingin
H2O = 0.61328493928025 W/m.K = 0.35447869490399
9. Jenis heaters yang digunakan
Untuk heaters fluida panas light organic dan fluida dingin air
UD = 75-150Btu/ft2.oF.jam (tabel 8. Kern hal 840)
diambil Ud = 150 Btu/ft2.h.F

A = 𝑄/(𝑈_𝑑. 〖∆ (Kern, hal 87)


𝑇〗 _𝐿𝑀𝑇𝐷 )
= 246665.1299
4997.3963

= 49.3587 ft2 <200 ft2 maka digunakan jenis double pipe (Kern, 103)

Spesifikasi yang di pilih sebagai berikut :


Annulus
in ft m
IPS 2 0.166666666667 0.0508
OD 2.38 0.198333333333 0.060452
ID 2.067 0.17225 0.0525018
Sch. No 40
a' (ft2) 0.622

IPS OD
outer inner outer inner
2 1.25 2.38 1.66
2.5 1.25 2.88 1.66
3 2 3.5 2.38
4 3 4.5 3.5

# Fluida dingin : Annulus, air

Flow area
D2 = 0.17 ft
D1 = 0.14 ft

= 0.01 ft2

= 0.08 ft

Laju alir massa Ga

= 919,013.16 lb/jam.ft2

Δt avg = 123.6677 F
μ = 0.8150 cp
= 1.9724 lb/ft.jam
Bilangan Reynold
〖𝑅𝑒〗 _𝑎=(𝐷𝑒 .
𝐺𝑎)/𝜇
= 35,480.9184 (>2100, Turbulen)
k = 0.3545 Btu/hr.ft.F
L/D = 262.6428
jH = 100.00
ΔT avg = 123.67 F
cp = 1214.2031 J/kg.K
= 0.2902 Btu/lb.F
Untuk pemanas steam,

ho = jH.𝑘/𝐷𝑒 ((𝑐.𝜇)/𝑘)^(1/3)
(𝜇/𝜇_𝑤 )^0.14
= 546.1213 Btu/jam.ft2.F

Clean overall coefficient (Uc)


hio.ho
Uc  = 546.0773 Btu/j ft2 oF
hio  ho
Rd dengan UD = 150
𝑅𝑑=(𝑈𝑐
−𝑈𝑑)/(𝑈𝑐 ∗𝑈𝑑) 0.0048

Required surface
A= 49.3587 ft2

Dari tabel 11, Kern, untuk IPS inner pipe = 1.25 in maka surface outside =

𝐴/(𝑠𝑢𝑟𝑓𝑎𝑐𝑒
Required length = = 136.35
𝑜𝑢𝑡𝑠𝑖𝑑𝑒)
136.00

Surface actual = 136.0000 x 0.3620


= 49.2320 ft2

Ud koreksi =
𝑈_𝐷=𝑄/(𝐴 .
∆𝑇𝐿𝑀𝑇𝐷)
= 150.3861 Btu/jam.ft2.F

Dirt Factor :
𝑅𝑑=(𝑈𝑐
−𝑈𝑑)/(𝑈𝑐 ∗𝑈𝑑) = 0.0048

Annulus Inner Pipe


De' = (𝐷2−𝐷1) = 0.03 ft
Rea = 35,480.9184 〖𝑅𝑒〗 _𝑝=
𝑓= 0.0035+0.264/(𝑅𝑒)^0.42
𝑓= 0.0035+0.264/(𝑅𝑒)^0.42
(pers 3.47b Kern) =
f= 0.007
ρ= 26.3650 lb/ft3 ρ=
g= 418000000 g=
∆𝐹𝑎=(4.𝑓. 〖𝐺𝑎〗 ^2.𝐿)/ ∆𝐹𝑝=(4.𝑓. 〖𝐺𝑝〗 ^2.𝐿)/
(2.𝑔.𝜌^2.𝐷𝑒′) (Pers 3.44, Kern) (2.𝑔.𝜌^2.𝐷)

= 23.11 ft
=
= 9.68 ft/det
∆𝑃𝑝=(∆𝐹𝑝 𝑥
𝜌)/144
= 0.000000112
=

= 4.23 psi
ΔP total = 6.00

Pressure drop yang diijinkan adalah kurang dari 10 psi (< 10 psi)
INPUT
KOMPONEN
kg/jam
CH3SH 5653.40909091
D (CH3)2S 28.4090909091
2.2085E-06 Total 5681.81818182
2.691E-06

K
K

K
K

Cp liq =A+B*T+C*(T^2)+D*(T^3)
Komponen A
H2O 92.053

ρ (g/cm3) =A(B^-(1-T/Tc)^n)
Komponen A
kg/m3 H2O 0.3471

kj/kmol.K k = A + BT + CT2
T dalam Kelvin (K)
k dalam W/m.K
K= 86 F Komponen A
K= 87.7999999999934 F H2O -0.2758
K= 77 F
log μ = A + B/T + CT + DT2
μ dalam cp
T dalam Kelvin (K)
Komponen A
H2O -10.2158

°C = 303.15 K = 86.00 °F
°C = 304.15 K = 87.80 °F
kg/jam
lb/jam

°C = 335.00 K = 143.34 °F
°C = 313.15 K = 104.00 °F
kg/jam
lb/jam

kJ/jam
btu/jam

∆t2
∆t1
(∆t2-∆t1)

324.076504766 K = 50.92650476574 C

303.65 K = 30.5 C

ρ (g/cm3) =A(B^-(1-T/Tc)^n) T(K)


Komponen A B n
CH3SH 0.33179 0.28018 0.28523
(CH3)2S 0.30675 0.2678 0.28571
lb/ft3 log μ = A + B/T + CT + DT2
Komponen A B C
CH3SH -3.8298 448.74 0.0097914
(CH3)2S -7.8503 943.3 0.020507

𝐵𝑀〗 _𝑖 〗
𝑦_𝑖× 〖〖𝐵𝑀〗 _𝑖 〗 𝑦_𝑖×𝜇_𝑖
^0.5 ^0.5 〖 × 〖𝐵𝑀〗 _𝑖 〗 ^0.5 μ mix 
 ( y . μ ).( BM
i i i ) 0,5
 y . BM
0,5
i i
6.90908302799 1.3221624361242
0.03054978277 0.006659958983619 = 0.1914830988 cP
6.93963281076 1.32882239510781 termasuk light organic karena viskositas dibawah 0,5 cp

Cp liq =A+B*T+C*(T^2)+D*(T^3) Cp (J/(mol K))


Komponen A B
CH3SH 46.472 0.37853
(CH3)2S 50.108 0.55593

Cp.x
2131.78547607
8.01978256751
2139.8053

k.x
0
126465.591113
126465.591113

Btu/hr.ft.F
*Ud koreksi : 150.386
*A 49.2320 ft2
Ud A(ft2)
75 98.7174581025726
150.3861 49.2320
150 49.3587290512863

an jenis double pipe (Kern, 103)

inner pipe luas penampang pipa =


in ft m panjang pipa =
1.25 0.104166666666667 0.03175
1.66 0.138333333333333 0.042164
1.38 0.115 0.035052 (biasanya untuk double pipe L = 12 ft , 15 ft
40
0.362

ID Surface outside
outer inner outer inner
2.067 1.38 0.622 0.362
2.409 1.38 0.758 0.362
3.068 2.067 0.917 0.542
4.026 3.068 1.178 0.804

# fluida panas : inner pipe, CH3SH, (CH3)2S

Flow area
D= 0.12 ft

= 0.01 ft2

Laju Alir massa, Gp

= 1,205,948.40 lb/jam.ft2

ΔT avg = 86.9000 F
μ = 0.1915 cp
= 0.4634 lb/ft.jam
Bilangan Reynold

〖𝑅𝑒〗 _𝑝=(𝐷 .
𝐺𝑝)/𝜇 = 299282.1062 (>2100, turbulen)
〖𝑅𝑒〗 _𝑝=(𝐷 .
𝐺𝑝)/𝜇

L/D = 173.91 ft

dari fig 24 Kern diperoleh :


jH = 600.00
ΔT avg = 86.90 F
cp = 2139.8053 J/kg.K
= 0.5114 Btu/lb.F
k = 126,465.5911 Btu/hr.ft.F

((𝑐 . 0.0123 Btu/jam.ft.F


=
𝜇)/𝑘)^(1/3
hi) = jH.𝑘/𝐷 ((𝑐.𝜇)/𝑘)^(1/3)
(𝜇/𝜇_𝑤 )^0.14
= 8,134,689.5582 Btu/jam.ft2.F

hio = hi x
𝐼𝐷/𝑂𝐷 = 6,762,573.2472 Btu/jam.ft2.F

surface outside = 0.3620 ft2/lin ft (eksternal surface per foot length)

lin ft Banyaknya pipa yang digunakan =


lin ft 1hairpin = 20.00 ft
Inner Pipe

299282.1062
0.0035+0.264/(𝑅𝑒)^0.42

0.00

22.97 lb/ft3
418000000

∆𝐹𝑝=(4.𝑓. 〖𝐺𝑝〗 ^2.𝐿)/


(2.𝑔.𝜌^2.𝐷)

11.06153
∆𝑃𝑝=(∆𝐹𝑝 𝑥
𝜌)/144

1.764566 psi

psi
INPUT output
Fraksi massa kmol/jam fraksi mol kg/jam kmol/jam BM
0.995 117.51592453 0.99612437211454 5653.409 117.5159 48.1076
0.005 0.4572200087 0.00387562788546 28.40909 0.45722 62.1344
1 117.97314454 1 5681.818 117.9731

Cp (J/(mol K))
B C D
-0.039953 -0.00021103 5.3469E-07

T(K)
B n Tc
0.274 0.28571 647.13

B C
0.004612 -5.5391E-06

B C D
1792.5 0.01773 -1.2631E-05
Tc
469.95
503.04
D
-1.3437E-05
-2.2249E-05

BM i ) 0,5
0,5
i

karena viskositas dibawah 0,5 cp

C D
-0.0013665 2.2085E-06
-0.0018618 2.691E-06
penampang pipa = 49.3587 ft2
jang pipa = 20.00 ft
= 6.10 m

sanya untuk double pipe L = 12 ft , 15 ft , 20 ft) Kern, p-103


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