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Heverlee, 10/2/2007

SuperGate
Damage
and
Container OCR Portal System

CONFIDENTIAL

Document version: 1.2

Camco Technologies
Technologielaan 13
B- 3001 Heverlee
Phone: 0032 (0) 16 389272
Fax: 0032 (0) 16 389274
Email : Jan.Bossens@Camco.be

Camco Technologies 1 15/02/2007


Specifications SuperGate
Damage and Container OCR Portal system

1. SUPERGATE SYSTEM ARCHITECTURE........................................................ 3


1.1 MAKING THE PICTURES ................................................................................ 4
1.2. PROCESSING THE PICTURES ......................................................................... 4
1.2. PROCESSING THE PICTURES ......................................................................... 5
1.3 PRESENTING THE PICTURES ........................................................................... 6
1.4 SUPERGATE HIGHLIGHTS ............................................................................. 7
2. DAMAGE AND OCR LANE HARDWARE........................................................ 8
2.1 EQUIPMENT DESCRIPTION ............................................................................ 8
2.1.1 Overview ....................................................................................... 8
2.1.2 Portal and optional canopy................................................................ 9
2.1.3 Camera beams en brackets..............................................................10
2.1.4 Cameras .......................................................................................11
2.1.5. Lighting system ............................................................................12
2.1.6. Vehicle detection and traffic control .................................................13
2.1.7 Electricity and data cabinet, Cabling..................................................14
3. SOFTWARE (CAMERAS) .......................................................................... 16
4. SUPERGATE PHYSICAL DIMENSIONS ..................................................... 17
4.1. TERRAIN, SURFACE, ROADS.........................................................................17
4.2. RFP SOLUTION (REDUCED FOOT PRINT) .........................................................18
4.3. FOUNDATION .........................................................................................18
4.4. MECHANICAL DRAWINGS/ GROUND FLOOR REQUIREMENT ......................................18
5. OCR QUALITY ......................................................................................... 19
5.1. INTRODUCTION .......................................................................................19
5.2. IMAGE, TRIGGER AND ENGINE QUALITY ............................................................19
5.3. NUMBER OF READINGS SPOTS ......................................................................19
5.4. KNOWN LIST ..........................................................................................21
5.5. CASE LONG BEACH ..................................................................................21
6. SYSTEM RELIABILITY ............................................................................. 23
7. SUPERGATE CAPACITY ........................................................................... 24
7.1. CAPACITY CCR LANE (SUPERGATE)...............................................................24
7.2. CAPACITY LPR LANE ................................................................................24
8. SUPERGATE REDUNDANCY ..................................................................... 25
9. SUPERGATE MAINTENANCE .................................................................... 26
9.1. QUALITY WATCHDOG ................................................................................26
8.2. REMOTE MONITORING ...............................................................................27

Camco Technologies 2 15/02/2007


Specifications SuperGate
1. SuperGate system architecture

Outside:
• Concrete area with conduits for cabling
• Metal portal to fix the camera and lighting equipment
• 3 IP-Line Scan Cameras, 2 sides and one for the top
• 2 x IP-1,3 Mpixel color cameras for truck/container front and back
• 2 x IP-1,3 MPixel B/W cameras for license plate
• Specific lighting system for the line scan cameras and front license plate
• Triggering system, to stop and start the image capture process. All pictures
are taken on one position (middle of the portal).
• Electricity/data cabinet

Inside: Back Office


• Server platform running VMWare (OS virtualization software)
• AGS, GOS, Internet and Storage software applications
• A link to customers TOS, ACS (access control system )system or GOS
(Camco’s Global Gate system)

Camco Technologies 3 15/02/2007


Specifications SuperGate
1.1 Making the pictures
Triggering
When a vehicle drives trough the OCR-portal the speedbox will generate a
basic trigger and will measure the initial speed of the truck.

Image acquisition
• A first picture is made with the front camera, looking to the top-front
of the trailer or container.
• A fraction of a second later the line-scan cameras start making the
picture of the 2 sides and the top. During acquisition the JPEG image is
built by compressing in real time the image information.
• Another process measures the speed on base of the scanned images.
The scanning frequency is adapted to the measured speed.
• A different process measures the contrast/brightness of the pictures,
the shutter-time or iris is changed during acquisition to obtain the best
quality.
• When the vehicle leaves the portal a new signal is generated that
triggers the back cameras. This is also the moment the line scan
cameras are stopped
• JPEG images and OCR results are send to the servers.

Camco Technologies 4 15/02/2007


Specifications SuperGate
1.2. Processing the pictures
OCR (on the camera)
The OCR engines (running inside the cameras) of the area scan cameras
start immediately with the OCR processing after picture acquisition. The line
scan camera starts the segmentation process (part of the OCR treatment)
while the picture is being built-up. Once the OCR engine founds the results,
the cameras sent an ASCII string to the Lane Manager (Back Office).
It takes in worst case 3 seconds to return the OCR results to the AGS server.
Those 3 seconds are counted when the back of the container passes the
portal.

Thumbnails & cutouts (on the camera)


In the next step each camera will make small thumbnails and cutouts pictures.
Those are used by the operator console or pedestals (kiosks). Cutouts are
automatic for container numbers, license plate, dangerous goods stickers and
IMO codes. Those cutouts are stored in the passage ZIP-file and use in
different applications.

Seals and seals cutout (manually)

Cutouts of dangerous goods placards (automatic)

Camco Technologies 5 15/02/2007


Specifications SuperGate
1.3 Presenting the pictures
Database update (on the AGS Server)
After each passage of a vehicle the data and pictures are saved in a Zip-file.
This ZIP-file contains an XML formatted file containing all textual information
as time-stamps, name of JPEG files and data received of the customers host
system. Also a record is added to the local database containing a pointer to
that zip-file. Queries can be done on different indexed data-fields of the
database (license plate, driver, container number..) to find and retrieve the
zip file with corresponding images. Only data is stored in the database, not
the pictures.

Operator Console
A few seconds after a pass trough of a vehicle, the pictures and corresponding
OCR results are presented on the Operator Console. The Operator Console
allows a real-time control and view on one or more lanes from a distance.

Host interface
The same time the information (OCR, pictures) are send to the customers
Terminal Operating System.

Backup en Internet
The zip-file is not only stored locally but also distributed towards the second
AGS server, a Storage Server and the Internet Server. Every server on his
own rebuilds a database starting from the information available in the zip-files.
This means that the images are available from internet a few seconds after
the drive-trough.

Camco Technologies 6 15/02/2007


Specifications SuperGate
1.4 SuperGate highlights
Camco’s SuperGate system is known for his simplicity and high reliability.

• It is designed to use a strict minimum of equipment including


computers, cameras, trigger hardware and cabling.

• It is based on distributed and autonomous processes to create a


bullet-proof concept and is fully based on Camco’s 4 core technologies:

• Image Acquisition (IP-Embedded Cameras)


• Image Analysis (OCR Engines, speed measurement)
• Access Control and Traffic Management
• Kiosks and GOS (Gate Operating System)

• Core Technologies are developed IN HOUSE

Overview technical specs 1 OCR & Damage portal lane

SuperGate Equipment 1 lane Number


Camco’s LSC-2113 Linescan cameras 3
Camco’s FSX-MV13C (Color front/back) camera 2
Camco’s FSX-MV13B (License plate front) camera 2
Camco’s FSX-MV40B (Seal camera) Optional
LEC (Lane Equipment Controller) 1
Portal for Camera’s and Linescan lighting 1
Linescan lighting system 1
Number of pictures/vehicle 5 to 10
Standard line scan resolution (4mm) 1Kx5K7
High line scan resolution (2mm) 2Kx10K
Front and back resolution 1,3 MPixel (2mm) 1kX1,3K
Seal camera 4 Mpixel 2Kx2K
Distance camera-vehicle 1,5 - 3m
Max Drive trough speed 40 km/h
Stopping of a vehicle is supported

Camco Technologies 7 15/02/2007


Specifications SuperGate
2. Damage and OCR lane Hardware

2.1 Equipment Description

2.1.1 Overview

All outside equipment as cameras uses an Ethernet/Fibre link to interface with


the AGS server(s) installed in the computer room.

Equipment not supporting Ethernet is linked via the LEC (Lane Equipment
Controller).

All the cameras are intelligent; They execute on their own processor the most
CPU intensive tasks as image acquisition, OCR and JPEG compression etc.

This parallel computer system makes the concept very scalable, as adding
cameras will not create extra charges on the AGS Server.

The SuperGate architecture is based on 3 types of Camco’s cameras, those


cameras share the same ease of use: they only need a power cable and an
Ethernet connection.

Camco Technologies 8 15/02/2007


Specifications SuperGate
2.1.2 Portal and optional canopy

The portal is a mechanical structure delivered by Camco. It is a Camco design


and standard for all installations. The portal is used to fix the lighting and the
top camera; it also allows access to the top equipment (maintenance).

A canopy/shelter/sunroof is optional but advised when:

- the maximum OCR rate has to be obtained (automated gates)


- high demanding customers for damage inspection (eg RoRo)
- high volume (>1000 trucks/day)
- Camco’s 98% OCR guarantee plan

Besides higher quality a canopy protects equipment from:

• aggressive weather (salt water, sand,..),


• theft
• lightning
• sun
• dust on camera windows and lasers.

Camco Technologies 9 15/02/2007


Specifications SuperGate
2.1.3 Camera beams en brackets

Camera mounting
All cameras are mounted on specific beams allowing an accurate vertical and
horizontal positioning of the camera housings.

The cameras are delivered with aluminum beams; cables are integrated into
the beam (protection against damage). Cables are always protected by
flexicon tube.

Camco Technologies 10 15/02/2007


Specifications SuperGate
2.1.4 Cameras

Camco FSX-MV13 Camco LSC-2113 Camco camera with

The Camco LSC-2113 camera produces legible images of one of the 3 sides
(top, left and right) of passing vehicles. The LSC-2113 is a line scan camera;
it scans at high speed and high resolution (2 or 4 mm/pixel) the surface of
the vehicle. Because of the high scan rate the produced images are very
sharp even of fast moving objects. It is the same technology used as in
flatbed scanners. A sophisticated speed measurement system adjust
continuously the scanning frequency, this avoids images are to long or to
short. The Kodak sensor used in the camera is the best on the market today,
it uses separate pixels for the three basic colors, therefore the images are of
an exceptional color and brightness.
The camera is equipped with ACCR. ACCR is Automatic Container Code
Reader software. The camera produces JPEG color images in different formats.

The Camco FSX-MV13 camera produces legible color or B/W images of


passing vehicles, their license plates and eventually an available container
number. It is a very fast area scan Mpixel camera equipped with ALPR
(License plate reader) or ACCR (Container code reader). The camera is based
on a very fast full frame progressive scan sensor (500 fps). This guarantees
sharp pictures of moving objects in difficult light situations (sun, shadow..)

The Camco FSX-4020 is a 2D camera available as of Q2, 2007. It is


developed for SuperGate and other products to be announced (cranes and
trains). The resolution is an exceptional 2048x2048 pixels. This camera will
be used to picturise seals avoiding PTZ cameras.

Motorized lenses
The lenses on the Linescan and 4Mpixel cameras are standard 35mm lenses
(used on 35mm reflex cameras). Unique is the fact we developed software to
drive motorized Canon and Canon compatible lenses. Practically our camera
can change the focus and iris. Controlling the mechanical iris is very
important in open air solutions (systems without canopy).

Camco Technologies 11 15/02/2007


Specifications SuperGate
2.1.5. Lighting system

2 sides and top, front and back


Linescan technology needs very specific lighting. Because of the speed of the
vehicle (up to 40 km/h) the scanning frequency of the line scan camera is
quite high (up to 5KHz). This means very short shutter time and therefore a
lot of light is needed. Camco developed a unique lighting system based on a
combination of energy friendly HF TL 80 Watt lamps and a specific parabolic
reflector.

Every unit contains 3 TL80 Watt lamps and 3 separate electronic ballasts. In
case a lamp or ballast is broken, it will only slightly influence the brightness of
the pictures. Both lamps and ballast are standard of the shelf products.

Another benefit of this approach is the fact TL lamps have a long lifetime
(20.000 hour or >1,5 year) what makes this solution very economical. The
lighting systems uses less then 3KW/portal and can be activated via the LEC
in order to gain electricity during day and closing time.
One lane needs 10 lighting units (3 on each side and 4 for the top). Those are
all attached to the lighting portal. The lighting unit is made in aluminum,
weights about 10Kg/piece. To replace the lamps, the front cover can manually
be opened by use of 8 tub-screws.

License plate
SuperGate
For each LPR area two lamps on a separate beam are configured, one
on the opposite side of the camera and one on the same side. The
lamps are Schreder NEOS2 type with a specific mirror to light the front
of the truck without disturbing the driver. The Lamps are based on
150Watt CDM/T lamps (low power, high output, and 8.000hrs lifetime).
The ballasts of the Lamps are HF-types to avoid 50Hz interference with
the high speed license plate cameras. Advantage of visual light is the
fact the front of the truck is completely visible.
Gate Lanes
In the gate lanes we use different type of camera (trucks are standing
still). For this camera we use Infrared lamps. With infrared light only
the license plate is visible. As it is used for matching it is no issue.

Camco Technologies 12 15/02/2007


Specifications SuperGate
2.1.6. Vehicle detection and traffic control

LEC Traffic light & barrier Laser Ground loops

LEC
The LEC (Lane Equipment Controller) is Camco developed embedded device
running specific firmware to control all non-Ethernet devices as loop-
controllers, laser beams, traffic lights, Seal RFID readers, and barriers. It has
several Ethernet interfaces, several I/O ports and RS232 ports. The firmware
talks with the Lane Manager software running on the AGS Server. The LEC
also switches the power of the cameras and lighting system allowing full
remote maintenance of the system. For reason of maintenance the LEC is
equipped with a dual CPU’s, the second CPU allows re-programming and re-
boot of the master CPU from distance.

Ground loops
Generally ground-loops are not reliable and therefore to be avoided in
systems requiring a very high MTBF. Camco uses the own developed
Speedbox as triggering device.

Lidar (Laser Distance ranger)


By use of a Lidar we check the area after the OCR portal is free (about 20
meters). In case that area is obstructed, the traffic light is put on red. Lidar’s
are much more expensive compared to ground loops but have a longer MTBF.
This is an option and not part of a standard offer

Speedbox
Speedbox is a device based on infrared light beams. The system is used to
trigger the cameras and to measure the initial speed of the truck. The
speedbox is fully redundant; also sensors and IR beams are tested before
every passage. Speedbox has special sun-covers to avoid sun over lighting
the sensors;

Traffic lights and traffic barrier


Each lane needs at least one LED based traffic light (company WERMA). It will
be set to red when the lane is in maintenance or occupied (when the area
after the lane is obstructed). It will turn to green when the lane is free. A
traffic barrier is needed when access control is requested.

Camco Technologies 13 15/02/2007


Specifications SuperGate
2.1.7 Electricity and data cabinet, Cabling

Cabinet
As SuperGate is based on embedded systems, including the cameras, no
outdoor electrical cabinet is needed for housing PC’s and other IT-material.
Only a footpath cabinet is used to host both electricity and 19” data
equipment. The cabinet is pre-wired at Camco.

Electricity (AC)
Cabling is straight forward; all the cameras/lane are on a separate 240V 16A
circuit that can be controlled via the LEC (Lane Equipment Controller). This
allows a restart from distance (remote maintenance). The lighting system
uses 2 outlets controllable via the LEC (3KW). An UPS is not needed as
cameras are power down proof.

Electricity (DC)
Low voltage connections are only needed between the LEC and the ground-
loop controllers (if any are configured). Ground loop controllers are installed
in separate boxes. The power can be switched remotely in order to reset them.

Data (Cat5)
The same cabinet hosts also the LEC, a CAT5 patch panel and an Ethernet
switch with optional fiber optic connection to the computer room. From the
patch panel we have 7 CAT5 cables to the cameras.

All cables (electricity and Cat5) are protected against lightning

Camco Technologies 14 15/02/2007


Specifications SuperGate
Power supply
This section describes the power requirement per lane. This table excludes
the power requirements for barriers, sliding gates, kiosks…

The power/lane is nominal 4 KW and peak (winter) 5 KW

E quipm ent/Lane Nom inal (W ) M ax (W ) Qty ins talled Total Nom inal (W ) Total M ax (W )

Cam era 60 200 7 420 1,400


Linesc an lighting unit 300 300 10 3,000 3,000
S peedB ox 15 15 1 15 15
Network s witch, varia < 500 < 500 1 < 500 < 500
Total 3,935 4,915

The varia section includes low voltage equipment for traffic control, relays and
switching. The cameras, lighting units, network switch, SpeedBox unit and
varia can operate at 240 V.

If the prime power source isn’t able to deliver high-quality output (e.g.
voltage drops, distortion…) a small battery-based UPS system (2 kW / lane)
can be used as filter for the camera power circuit, network switch… only
(excluding all lighting).

However all our equipment supports accidental shutdowns (they


don’t need a power down sequence).

Customer responsibility
Camco expects from the customer power and fiber cabling up to the electrical
cabinet. From there Camco does the rest of the installation.

Camco Technologies 15 15/02/2007


Specifications SuperGate
3. Software (cameras)
Introduction
All cameras have a basic software suite based on Linux. Part of this package
is a specific communication software module used to communicate between
the cameras, LEC and the LaneManager (running on the AGS Server).

Camera drivers
In function of the connected camera a specific library is used. Communication
towards the cameras is done via a PCI Video frame grabber (Camco
development).

OCR engines
Every camera has its own OCR engine. Depending of the function (license
plate, container, and chassis) a different module is loaded.

JPEG compression
The Linescan cameras have a special JPEG compression module; it generates
the JPEF on the fly.

Camco Technologies 16 15/02/2007


Specifications SuperGate
4. SuperGate Physical Dimensions

AREA 1

AREA 3
AREA 2

4.1. Terrain, surface, roads


Area 1 (optional, about 6 meters)
Barrier, ID kiosk or Stop-Line
This is an optional zone and only needed when an ISPS stop is placed just in
front of the portal. The zone starts about 6 meters in front of the portal and is
fixed by the position of a barrier, identification kiosk or a white “stop”-line on
the road. This zone is required to allow a truck to speed-up to a minimum of
3 km/h, which is preferable in the middle of “zone 2”.
The white stop-line is used in combination with a traffic light. In case “zone3”
is obstructed, the traffic light will prevent trucks to enter the system. They
have to wait in front of “zone 1” until “zone 3” is empty.

This zone has also the height restrictor, to avoid damage to the system (see
yellow construction).

Area 2 (about 8 meters)


This zone is where all images are made. It has a total length of minimum
7,68 meters (or about 8 meters outside). In the middle of this zone we have
the portal holding the light fixtures and top camera. All images are taken at
that point. The front and back cameras are 3,5m before and after the portal.

Area 3 (about 20 meters)


In case “Area 3” is close to a potential obstruction zone, this zone should be
free when a new truck wants to drive through the system. To control this
situation we use LIDAR technology. This is offered as an option (not all
terminals have congestion problems). The length of zone 3 is equal to the
largest vehicle. Normally we take 20 meters.

Camco Technologies 17 15/02/2007


Specifications SuperGate
4.2. RFP solution (Reduced Foot Print)
In some situations there is not enough space for the side-line scan cameras
(needing 3 meters from the road or 10meters in total). Camco developed a
camera system to reduce the total distance to 8 meters.

4.3. Foundation
The camera system needs a stable underground in zone 2 and 3 (preferably light
grey concrete). The concrete foundation is specific in the sense:
• includes piping for the cables
• calculated to fix and hold the portal
• includes road (stable underground) and road-borders (to prevent damage
to the lighting fixtures and cameras)

4.4. Mechanical drawings/ Ground floor requirement


See separate drawings in appendix

Camco Technologies 18 15/02/2007


Specifications SuperGate
5. OCR Quality
5.1. Introduction
The quality of an OCR system can be evaluated as:
• Minimum number of false positives
(incorrect OCR results with high confidence).
• Minimum number of false negatives
(correct OCR results with low confidence).
• Maximum OCR percentage.
• Minimum OCR time.

The quality of an OCR system depends of several parameters:


ƒ Image quality
ƒ Trigger quality
ƒ Number of reading spots
ƒ Quality of the OCR software engine
ƒ Use of a “known list” or “pre-booking” information.

5.2. Image, trigger and engine quality


Image quality
The higher the quality (contrast and resolution) the better the OCR result will be.
SuperGate probably generates the highest resolution images in the market
because it is not based on standard CCTV or industrial cameras. This is valid for
both the Line scan images (damage and container OCR system) as for the front
and back images. The Line scan technology has the additional benefit that the
OCR engine can work on one big picture (no stitching of separate images creating
blurred zones) and a uniformly illuminated image.

Trigger quality
Although obvious, it is not always simple to take the images at the right time. For
triggering the Car lane system we use Lidars (Laser rangers), SuperGate uses
modulated infrared beams. We avoid using ground-loops as triggering is unstable
and the life-time is unpredictable (depends of underground)

Quality of the OCR engine


Years have been spent at Camco to make the OCR engine one of the best. Today
the development still goes on. We now work for instance on color sensitive OCR
reading which can be important for some difficult to read containers.

5.3. Number of Readings spots


Reading Spots (LPR)
SueprGates are equipped with double front license plate readers (one on each
side). It can arithmetically be proved that the more reading results are combined,
the more accurate the OCR result will be.

Camco Technologies 19 15/02/2007


Specifications SuperGate
Reading Spots(Container OCR)
SuperGate reads the container number on 6 different spots (40” container),
namely 2 top numbers, one on each side and one on the front and back of the
container. (On a combination of two 20’ containers we read 5 spots). It can
arithmetically be proved that the more reading results are combined, the
more accurate the OCR result will be.

Combined Container Back Left Back Left Left Left


number Right Top Right Right Right
Hreadability Back Back Back
u Top Top
m Front
aNumber of spots 1 2 3 3 5 6
nHuman real (*1) 97% 98% 99% >99% >99% >99%
Human picture (*2) >93% >95% >96 >98%
HComputer (*3) 89% 91% 93% 95% 98% 99,5%
Human real: this is the accuracy of a men on the yard seeing the container in
real-time.
Human picture: this is the accuracy of men seeing a container number based
on a picture.
Computer: this is the expected result of a theoretical high-end OCR engine.

Some examples:
With 2 cameras (back and top) only 94% (in best case) container read rate
can be achieved. This at the condition it is a single container.

In case the truck has two 20” containers, the rear-end of the first container is
not visible. The OCR system depends in that case only from the top camera.
The result will drop to less then 90%.

SuperGate reads always the maximum number of codes that can be read on a
container box:
- 6 numbers on a 20” or 40” container
- 5 numbers per container on combined cargo (2x20” containers on one
chassis)

Camco’s 98% OCR guarantee program


Camco guarantees a container code recognition
read rate in excess of 98% on a full blown
SuperGate system (including canopy).

FOR EVERY PERCENT BELOW 98% WE DISCOUNT THE


SUPERGATE PRICE WITH 15% .

Camco Technologies 20 15/02/2007


Specifications SuperGate
Procedure: “Camco’s 98% OCR guarantee program”

• The 98% number is based on the global traffic (all trucks driving
through the camera systems are counted) and not on a selection of
“computer readable” images –as some do.
• It is counted during a 24h period
• The unit is container and not truck (truck with 2 containers is counted
as 2)
• Up to 3 customers selected days are audited, spread of a period of 3
weeks.
• During an audit we check every picture manually against the OCR
result
• The audit report is very detailed, it includes the pictures of the bad
OCR reads

The 98% numbers are the minimum, in most installations we perform


better.

5.4. Known list


Known list (pre-booking list, access control list)
There are several ways to deal with pre-bookings and access control lists. All
depends on the priorities of the system. We feel that the first priority of the
system is to avoid false positives.

Therefore we propose to only use the lists to speed up the OCR, not to correct
our OCR results. This means that we would not allow any mismatch between
the lists and the raw OCR result (although when the OCR finds several
possible results, it will choose the one that matches the lists). When two or
more cameras find the same result, we will present the result as being 100%
confident.

Although OCR results of all cameras are already combined while performing
the OCR, only when two cameras come up with the same result independently
of each other, a 100% confidence will be returned.

5.5. Case Long Beach


Case Long Beach:
An audit performed in Long Beach at the PCT terminal, SSA Marine on
February 3rd 2005 on three portals and a total of 1200 trucks revealed the
following OCR read performances:
- 1st lane: 99.81%
- 2nd lane: 99.38%
- 3rd lane: 98.59%

Camco Technologies 21 15/02/2007


Specifications SuperGate
These high read rates were achieved without any assistance of load lists or
other aids.

Camco Technologies 22 15/02/2007


Specifications SuperGate
6. System Reliability
MTBF
The most critical parts are those that move. In the cameras we have only
fans as moving component (hard disks are replaced by flash memory). Fans
are mounted on the CPU (small one) and on the CPU unit. A lifetime of a fan
is about 8 years. When a fan gets broken, the temperature will go up. In case
the temperature exceeds a maximum limit, the CPU will automatically be
turned off to prevent any damage. The internal temperature of the cameras
can be measured from distance.

Expected technical lifetime


The system has been designed for a minimum lifetime of 8 years.

Expected technical lifetime of consumables


SuperGate and LPR lanes needs only 1 part (lighting) that should be replaced
regularly (once a year). This replacement makes part of the SLA contract
(Service Level Agreement).

LineScan Lighting system (SuperGate)


The lighting system is based on standard TL5 HO FQ 80 Watt lamps. Those
lamps have an average life time of 20.000 hours (2 years). Camco advise to
replace the lamps every year for systems running 7d/24h and 18 to 24
months for systems with lower up-times.

Camco Technologies 23 15/02/2007


Specifications SuperGate
7. SuperGate capacity
7.1. Capacity CCR Lane (SuperGate)
Thanks to the parallel processing system, SuperGate can achieve very high
throughput rates. Besides this, the system is built in such a way that it can
handle bursts of traffic, called “streaming mode”. In this mode the picture
acquisition has priority, in case a new truck enters the system while the
system is still performing OCR, the OCR process can be postponed until the
system is free. From the first idle seconds the OCR engines will finish the
suspended OCR’s.

To avoid suspended OCR, SuperGate needs 2 seconds between 2 trucks (one


40”) or 4 seconds in case the first truck has two 20” containers.
Practically it will vary in function of:

• Truck speed (from 5 to 40Km/h)


• Number of containers (From 1 to 3)
• Mix empty/bobtails and full.

At a speed of 10km/h it takes a 16 meter truck about 6 seconds to drive


through the system, add 4 seconds OCR time (2 containers) and the total
time equals to 10 seconds or 6 trucks/minute (360 trucks/hour)

At the speed of 30km/h it takes 2 seconds to drive and 2 seconds OCR for a
single container giving a total of 4 seconds or 15 trucks/minute (900
trucks/hour).

Practically it will vary between 400 and 600 trucks/hour.


Important is that all traffic is captured and images are immediately available.
The max speed a truck can drive through the system is 35km/h

7.2. Capacity LPR Lane


Max speed where we can guarantee an optimal OCR rate is 60 km/h

* For SAPO we use different kind of camera technology in the gate lanes as the
trucks are standing still in front of a dialog boxes.

Camco Technologies 24 15/02/2007


Specifications SuperGate
8. SuperGate Redundancy
SuperGate has been designed to achieve a maximum of reliability.

Cameras
All cameras work independently from each other and work completely
autonomous. Although they exchange information between each other during
the OCR process, they can work without this facility. If one or several OCR
cameras stop working, it will influence only marginally the OCR performance.

Segmentation beams
The infrared beams in the Line scan cameras are doubled; each camera has a
sender and a receiver. Only one pair is used (the one that first reports that
the beams are functioning correctly).

Speedbox
For reasons of redundancy every Speedbox has a double pair of infrared
transmitter/receivers. If one pair is down, the other pair is used. Also the
power supply is split up, some beams uses the power supply of the Line scan
cameras, some uses a separate built-in power supply.

Ground-loops
None

Line scan light


Each fixture holds 3 fluorescent lamps and 3 separate electronic ballasts. In
case one or even 2 lamps or ballasts are out of order, the system will still
provide enough light for OCR reading. Opposed to spot-lighting where failure
of one spot is visible in one area.

LPR light
2 units are configured, of one fails the OCR quality will drop a little bit.
Gate lane uses Infrared lights based on long-life LED technology.

LEC and AC/DC equipment (breakers and relays)


All relays (interface and power) are wired that in “rest”-mode the electricity
circuits are closed (all equipment under power). The LEC is not doubled but
can be reset from another piggy-backed Ethernet based CPU. Also the LEC in
this configuration is less critical (remote maintenance, traffic lights, ground
loops)

Traffic Lamp
High life Led based lamp is advised

Ethernet switch
No fallback solution is configured. Cabling via patch panel can easily be
rerouted.

Camco Technologies 25 15/02/2007


Specifications SuperGate
9. SuperGate Maintenance
9.1. Quality watchdog
The camera system has a build-in quality watchdog system. It’s based on
statistics. When the performance of a camera drops under a certain level, an
email maintenance warning message is send.

This picture shows the statistics of 9 camera SuperGate system during several
weeks. Every green stripe is the performance of one day. The red stripes are
days where a camera performed less because of unknown reason (dirty glass
or unfocused for instance).

Camco Technologies 26 15/02/2007


Specifications SuperGate
8.2. Remote monitoring

Remote monitoring

From our offices in Belgium we monitor in real-time all our installations. An


email warning system sends messages in case of anomalies.

Camco Technologies 27 15/02/2007


Specifications SuperGate