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# DIMENSIONS OF THE T-BEAM

Web width, bw 14 in
Flange thickness, ts 8 in
T-beam height, h 32 in
Is it less than 32 in? 1
Does it meet ACI 318 requirements (l/h≤21)? 1
Beam spacing 16 ft (from line A to line B)
16.1 ft (from line B to line C)
Building size:
length 112.5 ft
width 75 ft
55% of total 1-3 distance
Beam span 40.5 ft (from line 2 to line 3)
33.2 ft (from line 1 to line 2) 45% of total 1-3 distance

## Effective flange width:

a) 99.45 in or 121.6 in
b) 142 in
c) 192 in
Flange width, bflange 99.5 in or 122 in

## Concrete strength, f'c 5000 psi Section 1-2 Section 2-3

Gross Moment of Inertia: This value is different from the one used for the continuous slab
analysis− f'c=4000 psi. We should perform again that analysis, since the
concrete used for the beams is the same as in the slab.
Section from line 1 to line 2

## Vertical distrance from CG Moment of inertia

Section Area (in2) y bar (in) (A)*(y bar) in3 of subarea to CG of section (in) A*d^2 about own axis (in4)
Sub-area1 336 20 6720 11.25 42519.0 16128
Sub-area2 795.6 4.00 3182 4.75 17957 4243
Sums 1131.6 9902 60476 20371

## Distance from top to vertical center of gravity of entire section 8.75 in

Moment of inertia ot entire section, I gross, uncracked 80847 in4

## Vertical distrance from CG Moment of inertia

Section Area (in2) y bar (in) (A)*(y bar) in3 of subarea to CG of section (in) A*d^2 about own axis (in4)
Sub-area1 336 20 6720 11.89 47510.3 16128
Sub-area2 972.4 4.00 3890 4.11 16417 5186
Sums 1308.4 10610 63927 21314
Distance from top to vertical center of gravity of entire section 8.11 in
Moment of inertia ot entire section, I gross, uncracked 85241 in4
3 distance

3 distance

tinuous slab
t analysis, since the
ab.
Beam Negative moment at exterior end of 1st span

REINFORCING STEEL

## Primary beam steel: Stirrup steel:

Bar designation (#) 5 Bar designation (#) 5
Nominal cross section area 0.31 in2 Nominal cross section area 0.31 in2
Nominal diameter 0.625 in2 Nominal diameter 0.625 in2
Number of bars 5 Number of legs 2
Bandwidth for the steel, span/10 39.8 in (where is going to be placed)
Calculated Spacing 9.16 in
Number of suplementary bars 6 (not considered for calculations, just to limit cracking)
Cover 2.125 in Cover 1.5 in
Distance d 29.56 in
Area of steel, As 1.55 in2
fy 60 KSI fy 60 KSI
Es 29000000 psi Es 29000000 psi

## Ultimate tensile force, T 93.0 Kips Checking:

Ultimate compression force, C 93.0 Kips Minimum steel area, Asmin 1.4632691 in2
a 1.56 in Is As ≥ Asmin ? 1
a/2 0.78 in Yield strain of the steel, εy 0.0021
β1 0.80 Strain at the moment of failure, ε 0.0424
c 1.95 in Strain compatibility check:
Internal moment arm 28.78 in Has the steel yielded?
Nominal moment capacity, Mn 2677 in-kips Is the assumption that the steel had yielded before the concrete had crushed correct? 1
223.1 ft-kips
Reduction Factor,φ 0.90 Is the steel strain larger than 0.005? Is correct using 0.9 as the reduction factor?
φ*Mn 200.7 ft-kips Is As ≤ Asmax ? 1
Is the Nominal Moment Capacity greater than the Ultimate Moment, i.e., is φ*Mn ≥ Mu ? 1
Bar size designation
Nominal(#)cross section
Nominalarea
diameter
(in2) (in)
3 0.11 0.375
4 0.2 0.5
5 0.31 0.625
6 0.44 0.75
7 0.6 0.875
8 0.79 1
9 1 1.128
10 1.27 1.27
11 1.56 1.41
14 2.25 1.693
18 4 2.257

## f'c (psi) Beta1

2000 0.85
2500 0.85
3000 0.85
3500 0.85
4000 0.85
4500 0.825
5000 0.8
5500 0.775
6000 0.75
6500 0.725
7000 0.7
7500 0.675
8000 0.65
8500 0.65
9000 0.65
9500 0.65
10000 0.65
Beam Positive moment in the 1st span

REINFORCING STEEL

## Primary beam steel: Stirrup steel:

Bar designation (#) 10 Bar designation (#) 5
Nominal cross section area 1.27 in2 Nominal cross section area 0.31 in2
Nominal diameter 1.27 in2 Nominal diameter 0.625 in2
Number of bars 4 Number of legs 2
Calculated Spacing 1.56 in
Minimum spacing 1.27 in Is the spacing greater than the minimum? 1
Cover 2.125 in
Distance d 29.24 in Cover 1.5 in
Area of steel, As 5.08 in2
fy 60 KSI fy 60 KSI
Es 29000000 psi Es 29000000 psi

## Ultimate tensile force, T 304.8 Kips Checkings:

Ultimate compression force, C 304.8 Kips Minimum steel area, Asmin 5.20E-07 in2
a 0.72 in Is As ≥ Asmin ? 1
Is “a” less than or equal to "ts" ? 1 Strain compatibility check:
a/2 0.36 in Yield strain of the steel, εy 0.0021
β1 0.80 Strain at the moment of failure, ε 0.0943
c 0.90 in
Internal moment arm 28.88 in Has the steel yielded?
Nominal moment capacity, Mn 8802 in-kips Is the assumption that the steel had yielded before the concrete had crushed correct? 1
733.5 ft-kips
Reduction Factor,φ 0.9 Is the steel strain larger than 0.005? Is correct using 0.9 as the reduction factor?
φ*Mn 660.2 ft-kips Is As ≤ Asmax ? 1

Is the Nominal Moment Capacity greater than the Ultimate Moment, i.e., is φ*Mn ≥ Mu ? 1
Bar size designation
Nominal(#)cross section
Nominalarea
diameter
(in2) (in)
3 0.11 0.375
4 0.2 0.5
5 0.31 0.625
6 0.44 0.75
7 0.6 0.875
8 0.79 1
9 1 1.128
10 1.27 1.27
11 1.56 1.41
14 2.25 1.693
18 4 2.257

## f'c (psi) Beta1

2000 0.85
2500 0.85
3000 0.85
3500 0.85
4000 0.85
4500 0.825
5000 0.8
5500 0.775
6000 0.75
6500 0.725
7000 0.7
7500 0.675
8000 0.65
8500 0.65
9000 0.65
9500 0.65
10000 0.65
Beam Negative moment at 1st interior support

REINFORCING STEEL

## Primary beam steel: Stirrup steel:

Bar designation (#) 11 Bar designation (#)
Nominal cross section area 1.56 in2 Nominal cross section area
Nominal diameter 1.41 in2 Nominal diameter
Number of bars 6 Number of legs
Bandwidth for the steel, span/10 48.6 in (where is going to be placed)
Calculated Spacing 8.03 in
Number of suplementary bars 8 (not considered for calculations, just to limit cracking)
Cover 2.125 in Cover
Distance d 29.17 in
Area of steel, As 9.36 in2
fy 60 KSI fy
Es 29000000 psi Es

## Ultimate tensile force, T 561.6 Kips Checking:

Ultimate compression force, C 561.6 Kips Minimum steel area, Asmin
a 9.44 in Is As ≥ Asmin ?
a/2 4.72 in Yield strain of the steel, εy
β1 0.80 Strain at the moment of failure, ε
c 11.80 in Strain compatibility check:
Internal moment arm 24.45 in Has the steel yielded?
Nominal moment capacity, Mn 13731 in-kips Is the assumption that the steel had yielded before the
1144.3 ft-kips
Reduction Factor,φ 0.85 Is the steel strain larger than 0.005? Is correct using 0.9
φ*Mn 967.3 ft-kips Is As ≤ Asmax ?
Is the Nominal Moment Capacity greater than the Ultimate Moment, i.e., is φ*M n
Unfortunately, we haven't been able to achieve enough moment capacity to resist the ultimate moment. We have tried almo
pushed dimensions of the beam stem to the limit, we increased the concrete strength, we tried increasing the strength of th
couldn't achieve a positive design after considering all available possibilities.
5
0.31 in2
0.625 in2
2

1.5 in

60 KSI
29000000 psi

1.44384134 in2
1
0.0021
0.0044

## han 0.005? Is correct using 0.9 as the reduction factor?

0
timate Moment, i.e., is φ*M n ≥ Mu ? 0
e moment. We have tried almost everything, but even so, it wasn't enough. We have
d increasing the strength of the steel, we tried reducing slab thickness... In short, we
Bar size designation
Nominal(#)cross section
Nominalarea
diameter
(in2) (in)
3 0.11 0.375
4 0.2 0.5
5 0.31 0.625
6 0.44 0.75
7 0.6 0.875
8 0.79 1
9 1 1.128
10 1.27 1.27
11 1.56 1.41
14 2.25 1.693
18 4 2.257

## f'c (psi) Beta1

2000 0.85
2500 0.85
3000 0.85
3500 0.85
4000 0.85
4500 0.825
5000 0.8
5500 0.775
6000 0.75
6500 0.725
7000 0.7
7500 0.675
8000 0.65
8500 0.65
9000 0.65
9500 0.65
10000 0.65
Beam Positive moment in the 2nd span

REINFORCING STEEL

## Primary beam steel: Stirrup steel:

Bar designation (#) 14 Bar designation (#)
Nominal cross section area 2.25 in2 Nominal cross section area
Nominal diameter 1.693 in2 Nominal diameter
Number of bars 3 Number of legs
Calculated Spacing 2.34 in
Minimum spacing 1.69 Is the spacing greater than the minimum?
Cover 2.125 in
Distance d 29.03 in Cover
Area of steel, As 6.75 in2
fy 60 KSI fy
Es 29000000 psi Es

## Ultimate tensile force, T 405.0 Kips Checkings:

Ultimate compression force, C 405.0 Kips Minimum steel area, Asmin
a 0.78 in Is As ≥ Asmin ?
Is “a” less than or equal to "ts" ? 1 Strain compatibility check:
a/2 0.39 in Yield strain of the steel, εy
β1 0.80 Strain at the moment of failure, ε
c 0.98 in
Internal moment arm 28.64 in Has the steel yielded?
Nominal moment capacity, Mn 11598 in-kips Is the assumption that the steel had yielded before the
966.5 ft-kips
Reduction Factor,φ 0.9 Is the steel strain larger than 0.005? Is correct using 0.9
φ*Mn 869.8 ft-kips Is As ≤ Asmax ?
Is the Nominal Moment Capacity greater than the Ultimate Moment, i.e., is φ*M n

Unfortunately, we haven't been able to achieve enough moment capacity to resist the ultimate moment. We have tried alm
pushed dimensions of the beam stem to the limit, we increased the concrete strength, we tried increasing the strength of th
couldn't achieve a positive design after considering all available possibilities.
5
0.31 in2
0.625 in2
2

n the minimum? 1

1.5 in

60 KSI
29000000 psi

6.91E-07 in2
1

0.0021
0.0859

## han 0.005? Is correct using 0.9 as the reduction factor?

1
timate Moment, i.e., is φ*M n ≥ Mu ? 0

te moment. We have tried almost everything, but even so, it wasn't enough. We have
d increasing the strength of the steel, we tried reducing slab thickness... In short, we
Bar size designation
Nominal(#)cross section
Nominalarea
diameter
(in2) (in)
3 0.11 0.375
4 0.2 0.5
5 0.31 0.625
6 0.44 0.75
7 0.6 0.875
8 0.79 1
9 1 1.128
10 1.27 1.27
11 1.56 1.41
14 2.25 1.693
18 4 2.257

## f'c (psi) Beta1

2000 0.85
2500 0.85
3000 0.85
3500 0.85
4000 0.85
4500 0.825
5000 0.8
5500 0.775
6000 0.75
6500 0.725
7000 0.7
7500 0.675
8000 0.65
8500 0.65
9000 0.65
9500 0.65
10000 0.65
Beam Negative moment exterior support

REINFORCING STEEL

## Primary beam steel: Stirrup steel:

Bar designation (#) 5 Bar designation (#)
Nominal cross section area 0.31 in2 Nominal cross section area
Nominal diameter 0.625 in2 Nominal diameter
Number of bars 9 Number of legs
Bandwidth for the steel, span/10 48.6 in (where is going to be placed)
Calculated Spacing 5.37 in
(not considered for calculations, just to limit cracking)
Number of suplementary bars 11
Cover 2.125 in Cover
Distance d 29.56 in
Area of steel, As 2.79 in2
fy 60 KSI fy
Es 29000000 psi Es

## Ultimate tensile force, T 167.4 Kips Checking:

Ultimate compression force, C 167.4 Kips Minimum steel area, Asmin
a 2.81 in Is As ≥ Asmin ?
a/2 1.41 in Yield strain of the steel, εy
β1 0.80 Strain at the moment of failure, ε
c 3.52 in Strain compatibility check:
Internal moment arm 28.16 in Has the steel yielded?
Nominal moment capacity, Mn 4713 in-kips Is the assumption that the steel had yielded before the
392.8 ft-kips
Reduction Factor,φ 0.9 Is the steel strain larger than 0.005? Is correct using 0.9
φ*Mn 353.5 ft-kips Is As ≤ Asmax ?
Is the Nominal Moment Capacity greater than the Ultimate Moment, i.e., is φ*M n
5
0.31 in2
0.625 in2
2

1.5 in

60 KSI
29000000 psi

1.4632691 in2
1
0.0021
0.0222

## han 0.005? Is correct using 0.9 as the reduction factor?

1
timate Moment, i.e., is φ*M n ≥ Mu ? 1
Bar size designation
Nominal(#)cross section
Nominalarea
diameter
(in2) (in)
3 0.11 0.375
4 0.2 0.5
5 0.31 0.625
6 0.44 0.75
7 0.6 0.875
8 0.79 1
9 1 1.128
10 1.27 1.27
11 1.56 1.41
14 2.25 1.693
18 4 2.257

## f'c (psi) Beta1

2000 0.85
2500 0.85
3000 0.85
3500 0.85
4000 0.85
4500 0.825
5000 0.8
5500 0.775
6000 0.75
6500 0.725
7000 0.7
7500 0.675
8000 0.65
8500 0.65
9000 0.65
9500 0.65
10000 0.65
COST CALCULATION: BEAMS AND COLUMNS

## Columns: 1200 \$/cubic yard

Beams: 750 \$/cubic yard

Width Depth Length Volume (in3) Volume (cubic yards) Cost (\$)
Exterior columns (x2) 16 in 10.5 ft 16 in 64512 1.383 1659
Interior column 24 in 10.5 ft 16 in 48384 1.037 1244
Beam stems (x8) 14 in 24 in 75 ft 2419200 51.85 38889
Total Cost 41793 \$
Total Cost/ft2 of floor 4.95 \$/ft2

## Masonry wall: 7.3 \$/cubic foot

Thickness (in) Height (ft) Length (ft) Volume (ft3) Cost (\$)
Masonry wall (x8) 12 10.5 75 6300 45990 Total Cost/ft2 of floor 5.45 \$/ft2

## The use of reinforced concrete beams and columns has proved to

be much cheaper than masonry walls
REACTIONS IN BEAM B

## Reactions(kips/foot width of slab)Based on Dummy Loads & Comp.Anal.

A B C D
100 psf DL on All Spans 0.63 1.82 1.56 1.62
100 psf LL on Span 1 only 0.693 1.042 -0.171 0.046
100 psf LL on Span 2 only -0.080 0.877 0.922 -0.139
100 psf LL on Span 3 only 0.021 -0.127 0.910 0.914
100 psf LL on Span 4 only -0.006 0.034 -0.136 0.913
100 psf LL on Span 5 only 0.002 -0.009 0.037 -0.137
100 psf LL on Span 6 only -0.0004 0.0025 -0.0099 0.0373
100 psf LL on Span 7 only 0.0001 -0.0008 0.0033 -0.0123

## Width (ft) Depth (in)

Actual DL 15 psf Beam stem dimensions 1 24
Width (ft) Thickness (in) Density 150 lb/ft3
Slab dimensions 1 8 Self weight(one block) 300 lb/ft
Density 150 lb/ft3 Total weight of beams 2400 lb/ft
Self weight 100.0 psf Distributed load 21.3 psf
DL+Swslab 115.0 psf DL+Swslab+Swbeam 136.3 psf

## Reactions(kips/foot width of slab)

A B C D
Actual DL on All Spans 2.48
Peak skipped LL combination 1.96
DL Reaction x 1.2 2.51
LL Reaction x 1.6 3.13
Beam Stem DL x 1.2 0.47
Total Design Reaction at Support 6.10
DESIGN MOMENT

## Moment (ft-kips) Based on Dummy Loads & Computer Analysis

1 2_3 2Left  2right 2_3 3
10 klf DL on All Spans -164 613 -1195 -1450 1015 -371
10 klf LL on Span 1 only -238 773 -716 -284 50
10 klf LL on Span 2 only 75 -479 -1165 1112 -421
Worst case LL -238 773 -1195 -1449 1112 -421

## 1 2_3 2Left 2Right 2_3 3

Actual DL on All Spans -48.7 182 -355 -431 302 -110
Peak skipped LL combination -74.6 242 -374 -454 348 -132
DL Moment x 1.2 -58.4 219 -427 -518 362 -132
LL Moment x 1.6 -119 387 -598 -726 557 -211
Total Design Moment, Mu -178 606 -1025 -1243 919 -343
-1243
DESIGN SHEAR

## Shear (ft-kips) Based on Dummy Loads & Computer Analysis

1 2Left 2Right 3
10 klf DL on All Spans 124.7 -190.2 222.0 -166.5
10 klf LL on Span 1 only 142.2 -172.6 8.618 8.618
10 klf LL on Span 2 only -17.58 -17.58 213.4 -175.1
Worst case LL 142.2 -190.2 222.0 -175.1

1 2Left 2Right 3
Actual DL on Both Spans (include beam stem) 30.91 -47.14 55.02 -41.27
Peak skipped LL combination 44.50 -59.52 69.48 -54.80
DL Shear x 1.2 37.09 -56.57 66.03 -49.52
LL Shear x 1.6 71.2 -95.2 111.2 -87.7
Total Design Shear, Vu 108.3 -151.8 177.2 -137.2
SHEAR DESIGN

## f'c 5000 psi Stirrup steel:

fy 60 ksi Bar designation (#) 3 4 5
bw 14 in. Nominal cross section area 0.11 0.2 0.31 in2
d 29.30 in. Nominal diameter 0.375 0.5 0.625 in
phi 0.75 Number of legs 2 2 2
Control 14.6 14.6 14.6 in.
Av 0.22 0.4 0.62 in2
Peak Shear Location
span 40.5 ft
Shear at face of support 177 kips
wu 7.76 kips/ft
Shear at center of support 100 kips
phi Vc 43.5 kips
x@ Vu= phi Vc 17.2 ft
x@ Vu= phi Vc/2 20.0 ft
Is Minimum Steel Area Requirement Satisfied? 1

## Point x (ft) Vu (kips) Vu-phiVc(kips) s-#3(in.) s-4#(in.) s-5#(in.)

0 0.0 158 115 2.5 4.6 7.1
1 1.2 158 115 2.5 4.6 7.1
2 2.4 158 115 2.5 4.6 7.1
3 2.8 155 112 2.6 4.7 7.3
4 3.2 152 109 2.7 4.9 7.5
5 3.6 149 105 2.8 5.0 7.8
6 4.0 146 102 2.8 5.2 8.0
7 4.4 143 99.2 2.9 5.3 8.2
8 4.8 140 96.1 3.0 5.5 8.5
9 5.2 137 93.0 3.1 5.7 8.8
10 5.6 133 89.9 3.2 5.9 9.1
11 6.0 130 86.8 3.3 6.1 9.4
12 6.4 127 83.7 3.5 6.3 9.8
13 6.8 124 80.6 3.6 6.5 10.1
14 7.2 121 77.5 3.7 6.8 10.5
15 7.6 118 74.4 3.9 7.1 11.0
16 8.0 115 71.3 4.1 7.4 11.5
17 8.4 112 68.2 4.3 7.7 12.0
18 8.8 109 65.1 4.5 8.1 12.6
19 9.2 105 62.0 4.7 8.5 13.2
20 9.6 102 58.9 4.9 9.0 13.9
21 10.0 99.3 55.8 5.2 9.5 14.7
22 10.4 96.2 52.7 5.5 10.0 15.5
23 10.8 93.1 49.6 5.9 10.6 16.5
24 11.2 90.0 46.5 6.2 11.3 17.6
25 11.6 86.9 43.4 6.7 12.2 18.8
26 12.0 83.8 40.3 7.2 13.1 20.3
27 12.4 80.7 37.2 7.8 14.2 22.0
28 12.8 77.6 34.1 8.5 15.5 24.0
29 13.2 74.4 30.9 9.4 17.0 26.4
30 13.6 71.3 27.8 10.4 18.9 29.4
31 14.0 68.2 24.7 11.7 21.3 33.0
32 14.4 65.1 21.6 13.4 24.4 37.8
33 14.8 62.0 18.5 15.6 28.5 44.1
34 15.2 58.9 15.4 18.8 34.2 53.0
35 15.6 55.8 12.3 23.5 42.8 66.3
36 16.0 52.7 9.2 31.5 57.2 88.6
37 16.4 49.6 6.1 47.4 86.2 133.6
38 16.8 46.5 3.0 96.2 175.0 271.2
39 17.2 43.4 -0.1 -3215.0 -5845.5 -9060.5
40 17.6 40.3 -3.2 -90.8 -165.1 -255.9
41 18.0 37.2 -6.3 -46.1 -83.7 -129.8
42 18.4 34.1 -9.4 -30.8 -56.1 -86.9
43 18.8 31.0 -12.5 -23.2 -42.2 -65.4
44 19.2 27.9 -15.6 -18.6 -33.8 -52.4
Second Highest Peak Location
span 33.2 ft
Shear force at face of support 151.79447 kips
wu 7.85 kips/ft
Shear force at center of suppo 100 kips
phi Vc 43.50 kips
x@ Vu= phi Vc 13.8 ft
x@ Vu= phi Vc/2 16.6 ft

## Point x (ft) Vu (kips) Vu-phiVc(kips) s-#3(in.) s-4#(in.) s-5#(in.)

0 0.0 133 89.1 3.3 5.9 9.2
1 1.2 133 89.1 3.3 5.9 9.2
2 2.4 133 89.1 3.3 5.9 9.2
3 2.8 130 86.0 3.4 6.1 9.5
4 3.2 126 82.9 3.5 6.4 9.9
5 3.6 123 79.7 3.6 6.6 10.3
6 4.0 120 76.6 3.8 6.9 10.7
7 4.4 117 73.4 3.9 7.2 11.1
8 4.8 114 70.3 4.1 7.5 11.6
9 5.2 111 67.2 4.3 7.9 12.2
10 5.6 108 64.0 4.5 8.2 12.8
11 6.0 104 60.9 4.8 8.7 13.4
12 6.4 101 57.8 5.0 9.1 14.2
13 6.8 98.1 54.6 5.3 9.7 15.0
14 7.2 95.0 51.5 5.6 10.2 15.9
15 7.6 91.8 48.3 6.0 10.9 16.9
16 8.0 88.7 45.2 6.4 11.7 18.1
17 8.4 85.6 42.1 6.9 12.5 19.4
18 8.8 82.4 38.9 7.5 13.5 21.0
19 9.2 79.3 35.8 8.1 14.7 22.8
20 9.6 76.2 32.7 8.9 16.1 25.0
21 10.0 73.0 29.5 9.8 17.9 27.7
22 10.4 69.9 26.4 11.0 20.0 31.0
23 10.8 66.7 23.2 12.5 22.7 35.2
24 11.2 63.6 20.1 14.4 26.2 40.7
25 11.6 60.5 17.0 17.1 31.1 48.2
26 12.0 57.3 13.8 21.0 38.1 59.1
27 12.4 54.2 10.7 27.1 49.4 76.5
28 12.8 51.0 7.5 38.4 69.9 108.3
29 13.2 47.9 4.4 65.8 120 185
30 13.6 44.8 1.3 229 416 644
31 14.0 41.6 -1.9 -155 -282 -437
32 14.4 38.5 -5.0 -57.9 -105 -163
33 14.8 35.4 -8.1 -35.6 -64.7 -100
34 15.2 32.2 -11.3 -25.7 -46.7 -72.4
35 15.6 29.1 -14.4 -20.1 -36.6 -56.7
36 16.0 25.9 -17.6 -16.5 -30.0 -46.5
37 16.4 22.8 -20.7 -14.0 -25.5 -39.5
38 16.8 19.7 -23.8 -12.2 -22.1 -34.3
39 17.2 16.5 -27.0 -10.8 -19.5 -30.3
40 17.6 13.4 -30.1 -9.6 -17.5 -27.1
41 18.0 10.2 -33.3 -8.7 -15.9 -24.6
42 18.4 7.1 -36.4 -8.0 -14.5 -22.5
43 18.8 4.0 -39.5 -7.3 -13.3 -20.7
44 19.2 0.8 -42.7 -6.8 -12.4 -19.2
Bar size
Nominal
designation
cross(#)
section
Nominalarea
diameter
(in2) (in)
3 0.11 0.375
4 0.2 0.5
5 0.31 0.625
6 0.44 0.75
7 0.6 0.875
8 0.79 1
9 1 1.128
10 1.27 1.27 d/2
11 1.56 1.41 2.44
14 2.25 1.693 2.44
18 4 2.257 17.2
17.2
20.0
20.0

14

12

10

0
0 5 10 15 20

## #3 Bars #4 Bars #5 Bars 'd' from face of support

x@Vu=phi Vc x@Vu=phi Vc/2 Max. Spacing (d/2)
13.8
13.8
16.6
16.6

14

12

10

0
0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20
#3 Bars #4 Bars #5 Bars 'd' from face of support
x@Vu=phi Vc x@Vu=phi Vc/2 Max. Spacing (d/2)
14.6475 14.6475 0 20
0
17.577
0
17.577
0
17.577
0 2.44
20 2.44
0
20

20