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Vocabulary – ‫ﲔ‬‫ﺒﹺﻴ‬‫ﺺ ﺍﻟﻨ‬

‫ ﹺ‬‫ ﹶﻗﺼ‬‫ﺩﺍﺕ‬‫ﻔﺮ‬‫ﻣ‬
Please note that this vocabulary list is provided for you as a convenience to save time –
vocabulary, although necessary, is the least difficult part of learning the Arabic language. For
the purpose of this course, we expect that your knowledge of ‫ ﺻﺮﻑ‬and ‫ﳓﻮ‬, combined with the
vocabulary will enable you to correctly translate and understand the various texts we will study.
Please fill in the empty columns for the verbs in the list yourself.

‫ ﺻﻴﻐﺔ‬# base letters ‫ﺑﺎﺏ‬ Arabic Basic Meaning

‫ﻳﺔ‬‫ﻗﹶﺮ‬ town, village, small city.

‫ﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺒﹺ‬‫ﻳ‬ sell

‫ﺎﻡ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﹶﺃﺻ‬ idols

‫ﻥﹶ‬‫ﺪﻭ‬ ‫ﺴﺠ‬
 ‫ﻳ‬ prostrate

‫ﺪ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﻳﻌ‬ worship

‫ﺪ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺷ‬‫ﺭ‬ intelligent, intellectual, smart, cunning, bright,


admirable

‫ ﹺﺮﻑ‬‫ﻳﻌ‬ recognize, notice, be aware of, know

‫ﺓﹲ‬‫ﺎﺭ‬‫ﺣﺠ‬ rock

‫ﻜﹶﱠﻠﻢ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺗ‬ speak, utter

‫ﻊ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺗﺴ‬ hear, listen

‫ﺮ‬‫ﻀ‬‫ﺗ‬ bring harm, make the situation negative

‫ﻨﻔﹶﻊ‬ ‫ﺗ‬ benefit

‫ﺎﺏ‬‫ﺫﹸﺑ‬ fly, insect, mosquito

‫ﺲ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻳﺠ‬ sit

‫ﻓﹶﻊ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﺗ‬ fend off, ward off, send away, repel, parry

‫ﻓﹶﺄﺭ‬ mouse, rat

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‫ﺄ ﹸﻛﻞﹸ‬‫ﻳ‬ eat

‫ﻨﻊ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺗ‬ prevent, hinder, stop

‫ﺴﺄﹶﻝﹸ‬
 ‫ﻳ‬ ask, politely demand

‫ﺔﹸ‬‫ﻴﺤ‬ ‫ﺼ‬‫ﻧ‬ advice

‫ﻊ‬‫ﻀ‬‫ﺗ‬ put

‫ﺮﺏ‬ ‫ﺗﺸ‬ drink

‫ﻀﺐ‬
 ‫ﻳﻐ‬ become angry

‫ﻢ‬‫ﻳﻔﹾﻬ‬ understand, become enlightened

‫ﺼﺢ‬
 ‫ﻨ‬‫ﻳ‬ advise

‫ﺃﹶ ﹾﻛﺴِﺮ‬ break, demolish

‫ﺌﺬ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺣ‬ thereupon, then

‫ ﹾﻜﺴِﺮ‬‫ﻳ‬ break, demolish etc.

‫ﻓﹶ ﹺﺮﺡ‬ become happy, become at ease

‫ﺮﺝ‬ ‫ﺧ‬ exited, left

‫ﺃﹶ ﹾﻃﻔﹶﺎﻝﹸ‬ children

‫ﻢ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺳﻘ‬ sick, slightly ill, uneasy, bad feeling

‫ﻲ‬‫ﺑﻘ‬ remained behind, remained, stayed

‫ﺘﺖ‬‫ﻜﹶ‬‫ﺳ‬ remained silent,

‫ﻄﻖ‬ ‫ﻨ‬‫ﺗ‬ say, speak, utter, pronounce

‫ﺬﹶ‬‫ﺃﹶﺧ‬ took, got, received

‫ﻓﹶﺄﺱ‬ axe, hatchet

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‫ﺎﻡ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺃﹶﺻ‬ idol

‫ ﱠﻠﻖ‬‫ﻋ‬ hung, suspended, dangled

‫ﻊ‬‫ﺟ‬‫ﺭ‬ returned

‫ﺍﺩ‬‫ﺃﹶﺭ‬ intended, decided

‫ﺐ‬‫ﻌﺠ‬ ‫ﺗ‬ become amazed, astonished, surprised etc.

‫ﻮﺍ‬‫ﻫﺸ‬ ‫ﺩ‬ become shocked, amazed to a higher degree

‫ﻒ‬‫ﺗﺄﹶﺳ‬ become regretful

‫ﻮﺍ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﻏﹶﻀ‬ become angry

‫ﺔ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﺁﻟ‬ lords, gods

‫ﺭ‬‫ﻳﻘﹾﺪ‬ able to

‫ﻲ‬‫ﻤﺸ‬ ‫ﻳ‬ walk

‫ﻙ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺘﺤ‬‫ﻳ‬ move

‫ﻥﹶ‬‫ﻤﻮ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﹾﻬ‬ understand, come to realize, become


enlightened

‫ﺧﺠﹺﻠﹸﻮﺍ‬ become ashamed

‫ﺩﺓﹲ‬ ‫ﺎﺭﹺ‬‫ﺑ‬ cold

‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺘ‬‫ﺍﺟ‬ gathered, grouped, collected

‫ﺎﻥﹶ‬‫ﹶﺃﻫ‬ insulted, offended

‫ﻋﻘﹶﺎﺏ‬ punishment

ُ‫ﺍﺀ‬‫ﺰ‬‫ﺟ‬ recompense

‫ﻗﹸﻮﺍ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺣ‬ burn

‫ﻭﺍ‬‫ﻗﹶﺪ‬‫ﹶﺃﻭ‬ ignite

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‫ﺍ‬‫ﺃﹶﹾﻟ ﹶﻘﻮ‬ throw

‫ﺩﺍﹰ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺑ‬ cool

‫ﺭ‬‫ﺮﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺴ‬ happy

‫ﻢ‬‫ﺎﻟ‬‫ﺳ‬ intact, safe

‫ﺫﹶﺍﺕ‬ one

‫ﻛﹶﺒﺎﹰ‬‫ﹶﻛﻮ‬ star

‫ﻏﹶﺎﺏ‬ disappear, vanish, retreat, draw back

‫ﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﻃﹶ ﹶﻠ‬ rise

‫ﺕ‬‫ﻤﻮ‬ ‫ﻳ‬ die, perish

‫ﹶﻗﻮﹺﻱ‬ powerful

‫ﺢ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺻ‬ morning

‫ﻢ‬‫ﻏﹶﻴ‬ cloud, clouds

‫ﺎﻕﹴ‬‫ﺑ‬ remaining

‫ﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺎﻟﹶﻤ‬‫ﻋ‬ worlds, universes

‫ﻯ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﻫ‬ guide

‫ﻞﹶ‬‫ﺟﻌ‬ make

‫ﻴﻼﹰ‬ ‫ﻠ‬‫ﺧ‬ close/good friend

‫ﺮ‬‫ﹶﺃﻣ‬ command, demand

‫ﺎ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﺟ‬‫ﻭ‬ find

‫ﻭ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﻋ‬ enemy

‫ ﹶﻠﻘﹶﻨﹺﻲ‬‫ﺧ‬ create

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‫ﲏ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ ﹾﻄﻌ‬‫ﻳ‬ feed

‫ﻦﹺ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺴﻘ‬
 ‫ﻳ‬ give drink, quench

‫ﻦﹺ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺸﻔ‬
 ‫ﻳ‬ cure

‫ﻨﹺﻲ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻳ‬ give death

‫ﻴﻦﹺ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﹺ‬‫ﻳ‬ give life, resurrect

‫ﺎﻡ‬‫ﹶﺃﻣ‬ in front of

‫ﻠﻚ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﹶ‬ king, master, leader

‫ﻃﹶ ﹶﻠﺐ‬ request, search, call for

َ‫ﺎﺀ‬‫ﺟ‬ come

‫ﺎﻑ‬‫ﻳﺨ‬ fear

‫ﺍ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺑ‬ dumb, stupid

‫ﻲ‬‫َﻳﺄﺗ‬ bring (with ‘‫ ’ﺑ‬after it)

‫ﺼﺮ‬
 ‫ﺒ‬‫ﻳ‬ see

‫ﻤﺎﹰ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺣ‬ gentle, kind, soft hearted

‫ﻒ‬‫ﺗﺄﹶﺳ‬ become regretful

‫ﺮ‬‫ﺎﻓ‬‫ﻳﺴ‬ travel, journey

‫ﻉ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﻭ‬ bid farewell

‫ﺪ‬‫ﻗﹶﺼ‬ decide, make destination

‫ﺐ‬‫ﻋﺸ‬ grass

‫ﺑﹺ ﹾﺌﺮ‬ well

‫ﻬﺮ‬ ‫ﻧ‬ river, lake, small sea

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‫ﺮ‬‫ﺑﺸ‬ human being

‫ﻞﹶ‬‫ﻭﺻ‬ reach

‫ﻝﹶ‬‫ﺰ‬‫ﻧ‬ Descend (with ‘‫’ﰲ‬, = enter)

‫ﺇﹺﺫﹰﺍ‬ then (in reply)

‫ﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻴﻌ‬ ‫ﻀ‬‫ﻳ‬ waste

‫ﻄﺶ‬ ‫ﻋ‬ become thirsty

‫ﻲ‬‫ﺴﻘ‬
 ‫ﺗ‬ give drink

‫ﺮﹺﻯ‬‫ﺗﺠ‬ run

‫ﻙ‬‫ﺎﺭ‬‫ﺑ‬ put blessings in, bless

‫ ﹶﻠﺪ‬‫ﺑ‬ city, country, state

‫ﺎ‬‫ﺅﻳ‬‫ﺭ‬ dream

‫ﺎﺩ‬‫ﻋ‬ return, come back

‫ﺓ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﻣ‬ a time, period

‫ﻲ‬‫ﹶﻟﻘ‬ meet

‫ﻓﹶ ﹺﺮﺡ‬ become happy, glad

‫ﺐ‬‫ ﹾﻠﻌ‬‫ﻳ‬ play

‫ﺐ‬‫ﻳﺤ‬ love, like

‫ﺑﺢ‬‫ﺬﹾ‬‫ﻳ‬ slaughter

‫ﺎﻡ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻣ‬ dream, sleep

‫ ﹸﺬﺭ‬‫ﺃﻧ‬ think, ponder

‫ﻨﺎﹰ‬‫ﻜﱢﻴ‬‫ﺳ‬ knife

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‫ ﹶﻠﻎﹶ‬‫ﺑ‬ reach

‫ﻊ‬‫ﻄﹶﺠ‬‫ﺍﺿ‬ lie down

‫ﻡ‬‫ ﹾﻠ ﹸﻘﻮ‬‫ﺣ‬ throat

‫ﺢ‬‫ﻧﺠ‬ succeed

‫ﺒﺶ‬ ‫ﻛﹶ‬ ram

‫ﹺﻨﻲ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﻳ‬ build

‫ﻧﻘﹶﻞﹶ‬ transfer

‫ﺎﻝﹺ‬‫ﺟﹺﺒ‬ mountains

‫ﻞﹾ‬‫ﺗﻘﹶﺒ‬ accept

‫ﻪ‬‫ﺟ‬‫ﺘﻮ‬‫ﻧ‬ face, turn to

‫ﻥﹶ‬‫ ﹸﻓﻮ‬‫ ﹸﻄﻮ‬‫ﻳ‬ make circles around

‫ﻮﻥﹶ‬ ‫ﱡﻠ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﻳ‬ pray

‫ﺪ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻋ‬ near, withi

‫ﻜﹶﻦ‬‫ﺳ‬ resided

‫ﻰ‬‫ﺃﹶﻗﹾﺼ‬ furthest

‫ﻝﹶ‬‫ﺣﻮ‬ around

‫ﺔﹲ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﻋﺠﹺﻴ‬ amazing, strange

‫ﹸﻏﻼﹶﻣﺎﹰ‬ child, boy

‫ﻴﻼﹰ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺟ‬ beautiful, handsome

‫ﻴﻊﹺ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺟ‬ all

‫ﺐ‬‫ﻌﺠ‬ ‫ﺗ‬ become astonished, amazed

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‫ﻜﹶﻰ‬‫ﺣ‬ to relate, narrate

‫ﺄﻥ‬‫ﺷ‬ high status, matter

‫ﺓﹲ‬‫ﺑﹺﺸﺎﺭ‬ glad tiding, good news

‫ﺪ‬‫ﺟ‬ grand-father, great-grand-father

‫ﺋﻊ‬‫ﻃﹶﺒﺎ‬ temperaments

‫ﺐ‬‫ﻐﻠ‬‫ﻳ‬ overpower

‫ﺨﺒﹺﺮ‬‫ﺗ‬ to inform

‫ﺪﻭﻥﹶ‬‫ﺤﺴ‬‫ﻳ‬ envy, be jealous

‫ﺍ‬‫ﺪﻭ‬ ‫ﻋ‬ enemy

‫ﺎﻥﹲ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺷ‬ youth

‫ﺪ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺇﺷ‬ intensify

‫ﺣﻮﺍ‬‫ﺃﻃﺮ‬ to throw

‫ﺼﺎﹰ‬‫ﺧﺎﻟ‬ sincere, pure

‫ﻭﺍﻓﹶﻖ‬ to agree upon

‫ﻓﺪ‬‫ﻭ‬ delegation

‫ﺗﻔﹶﻘﻮﺍ‬‫ﺇ‬ agree upon

‫ﹾﺃﻱﹺ‬‫ﺍﻟﺮ‬ opinion

‫ﻞﹸ‬‫ﺮﺳ‬‫ﻳ‬ to send

‫ﻣﻮﺍ‬‫ﺰ‬‫ﻋ‬ to decide firmly

‫ﺮ‬‫ﺍﻟﺸ‬ evil

‫ﺰﻳﺰ‬‫ﻋ‬ governor

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‫ﻤﺎﹰ‬‫ﺩﺍﺋ‬ always

‫ﺗﻊ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻳ‬ graze (sheep)

‫ﻈﻮﻥﹶ‬‫ﺣﺎﻓ‬ to protect

‫ﺋﺐ‬‫ﺫ‬ wolf

‫ﻠﻮﻥﹶ‬‫ﻏﺎﻓ‬ unaware

‫ﺪﺍﹰ‬‫ﺃﺑ‬ never

‫ﺫﻥﹶ‬ ‫ﺃ‬ to give permission

‫ﺑﺔ‬‫ﻏﺎ‬ jungle, forest

‫ﻤﻴﻘﹶﺔﹰ‬‫ﻋ‬ deep

‫ﻤﺔﹰ‬ ‫ﻈﻠ‬‫ﻣ‬ dark

‫ﺣﻴﺪﺍﹰ‬‫ﻭ‬ alone

‫ﺮ‬‫ﺑﺸ‬ to give glad tidings

‫ﺰﻥﹾ‬ ‫ﺤ‬‫ﻻ ﺗ‬ to greave

‫ﺮ‬‫ﺤﻀ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺳ‬ to become present, present one’s self

‫ﻏﻮﺍ‬‫ﻓﹶﺮ‬ become relieved from, finish

‫ﺇﺧﻮﺍﻥ‬ brothers

‫ﺔﹸ‬‫ﺁﻳ‬ sign, indication

‫ﻡ‬‫ﺩ‬ blood

‫ﻛﹶﺒﺸﺎﹰ‬ ram

‫ﻮﺍ‬‫ﺒﻐ‬‫ﺻ‬ to paint, colour

‫ﺪﻕ‬ ‫ﺼ‬‫ﻳ‬ to believe

9
‫ﺸﺎﺀًﺍ‬‫ﻋ‬ evening, night

‫ﹺﺒﻖ‬‫ﺴﺘ‬‫ﻧ‬ to race

‫ﺘﺎﻉﹴ‬‫ﻣ‬ belongings

‫ﺬﺏﹴ‬ ‫ﻛﹶ‬ false

‫ﺮﺡ‬ ‫ﺟ‬ to wound, cut

‫ﺷﻖ‬ to rip, tare

‫ﺒﻮﻏﺎﹰ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﻣ‬ painted, coloured

‫ﺔﹶ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﻗ‬ story

‫ﺔﹲ‬‫ﻮﻋ‬‫ﺿ‬‫ﻣﻮ‬ fabricated, made up

‫ﺮﺍﺵﹺ‬‫ﻓ‬ bed

‫ﻧﺴِﻲ‬ to forget

‫ﺬ ﹸﻛﺮ‬‫ﻳ‬ remember, mention

‫ﺔﹰ‬‫ﺸ‬‫ﻣﻮﺣ‬ scary, frightening

‫ﻗﹶﺼﺮﹺ‬ palace

‫ﺔﹲ‬‫ﻤﺎﻋ‬‫ﺟ‬ group

‫ﺮ‬‫ﺴﺎﻓ‬‫ﺗ‬ travel, journey

‫ﻮﺍ‬‫ﻄﺸ‬ ‫ﻋ‬ to become thirsty

‫ﺜﹸﻮﺍ‬‫ﺑﺤ‬ to search

‫ﺃﺩﻟﹶﻰ‬ to dangle (a bucket)

‫ﻟﻮ‬‫ﺩ‬ bucket

‫ﺰﻉ‬ ‫ﻧ‬ to pull back, snatch

10
‫ﺛﹶﻘﻴ ﹶﻠﺔﹰ‬ heavy

‫ﺮﺝ‬ ‫ﺃﺧ‬ take out, drive out, expel

‫ﻯ‬‫ﺸﺮ‬‫ﻳـﺒ‬ glad tiding

‫ﺍ‬‫ﺃﺧ ﹶﻔﻮ‬ to conceal, hide

‫ﺍ‬‫ﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﺎ‬ to call out, announce

‫ﺸﺘﺮﻱ‬‫ﻳ‬ to buy

‫ﻢ‬‫ﺭﺍﻫ‬‫ﺩ‬ dirhams, silver coins

‫ﺓ‬‫ﻌﺪﻭﺩ‬‫ﻣ‬ a few, numbered

‫ﺑﺎﻉ‬ to sell

‫ﺎﺭ‬‫ﺗﺠ‬ merchants

‫ﺃﹶﺓ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﹺﺇﻣ‬ woman, wife

‫ﺃﻛﺮﹺﻣﻲ‬ to honour

‫ﺩﺕ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻭ‬ to seduce

‫ﻴﺎﻧﺔ‬‫ﺧ‬ treachery, disloyalty

‫ﻰ‬‫ﺃﺑ‬ to refuse

‫ﹶﻛﻼﹼ‬ never

‫ﻦ‬‫ﺃﺣﺴ‬ be good, favour

‫ ﹶﻜﺖ‬‫ﺷ‬ to complain

‫ﺃﻣﲔ‬ trust-worthy

‫ﻨﲔ‬‫ﺍﳋﺎﺋ‬ those who are disloyal

‫ ﹶﻠﻚ‬‫ﻣ‬ angel

11
‫ﻛﺮﱘ‬ noble

‫ﺠﻦﹺ‬‫ﺳ‬ jail, prison

ٌ‫ﺮﻱﺀ‬‫ﺑ‬ innocent

‫ﻈﹶﺔ‬‫ﻮﻋ‬‫ﻣ‬ lecture, advise, exhortation

‫ﻈﱠﻤﻮﺍ‬‫ﻋ‬ to revere, respect highly

‫ﺎ‬‫ﻗﹶﺼ‬ to relate, narrate

‫ﺮ‬‫ﺃﻋﺼ‬ squeeze juice

‫ﻤﺮﺍﹰ‬‫ﺧ‬ wine

‫ﻞﹸ‬‫ﺃﲪ‬ to lift, carry

‫ﺒﺰﺍﹰ‬‫ﺧ‬ bread

‫ﺗﺄﹾﻭﻳﻞﹺ‬ interpretation

‫ﺒﺮ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ land

‫ﺤﺮﹺ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒ‬ sea

‫ﺍﻟﺮﹺﺯﻕﹺ‬ provision

‫ﺍﳌﹶﻄﹶﺮ‬ rain

‫ﻚ‬‫ﻀﺤ‬‫ﻳ‬ to laugh

‫ﻖ‬‫ﺘﺤ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﻳ‬ to deserve, be worthy, have a right to

‫ﺍ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺣ‬ free

‫ﺮﻳﺌﺎﹰ‬‫ﺟ‬ courageous

‫ﺍ‬‫ﻮﺍﺩ‬‫ﺟ‬ generous

‫ﺎ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺳﺨ‬ open-hearted

12
‫ﺮﻭﻥﹶ‬‫ﺠﻬ‬‫ﻳ‬ speak out, be vocal

‫ﺠﻮﺩﻭﻥﹶ‬‫ﻳ‬ be generous

‫ﺟﺔﹸ‬ ‫ﺍﳊﺎ‬ need, necessity

‫ﺳﺎ ﹶﻗﺖ‬ to drive, push

‫ﻠﲔ‬‫ﻳ‬ to become soft, soften

‫ﻊ‬‫ﺨﻀ‬‫ﻳ‬ to become humble, submit

‫ﻄﻴﻊ‬‫ﻳ‬ obey

‫ﻌﺠﹺﻞ‬‫ﺴﺘ‬‫ﻳ‬ to rush, hasten

‫ﺃﹸﺧﹺﺒﺮ‬ inform, tell

‫ﺎ‬‫ﺄﻧ‬‫ﺇﻃﻤ‬ become content, satisfied

‫ﻠﱠﻢ‬‫ﻋ‬ teach

‫ﺔﹶ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﹸﺮﺻ‬ opportunity

‫ﺃﹶ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﺑ‬ begin, commence

‫ﻳﺆﰐ‬ to give

‫ﻌﺖ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺍﺗ‬ to follow, adopt

‫ﻠﱠﺔﹶ‬‫ﻣ‬ way of life

‫ﺁﺑﺎﺋﻲ‬ for-fathers

‫ﹶﻓﻘﹶﻂﹾ‬ only, just

‫ﻗﹶﻒ‬‫ﻭ‬ pause, stand

‫ﺃﺭﺑﺎﺏ‬ lords, gods

‫ﻗﻮﻥﹶ‬‫ﺘﻔﹶﺮ‬‫ﻣ‬ to be separate, dispersed

13
‫ﺎﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﻘﹶﻬ‬ all-powerful

‫ﺃﺭﻭﱐ‬ to show, display

‫ﺮﻙ‬‫ﺷ‬ partnership

‫ﺩﻭﻥ‬ besides, other than

ٌ‫ﺃﲰﺎﺀ‬ names

‫ﻤﻮﻫﺎ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺳ‬ to name, symbolize

‫ﺍﳊﹸﻜﻢ‬ judgement

‫ﺍﳌﹸﻠﻚ‬ kingdom

‫ﻢ‬‫ﺍﻟﻘﹶﻴ‬ strong, firm

‫ﺼﻠﹶﺐ‬‫ﻳ‬ to hang

‫ﺃﹸﺫ ﹸﻛﺮ‬ mention, remember

‫ﻨﲔ‬‫ﺳ‬ years

‫ﺑﻘﹶﺮﺍﺕ‬ cows

‫ﻤﺎﻥ‬‫ﺳ‬ fat

‫ﺠﺎﻑ‬‫ﻋ‬ thin, emaciated

‫ﻼﺕ‬‫ﻨﺒ‬‫ﺳ‬ ears, stocks

‫ﻀﺮﹴ‬‫ﺧ‬ fresh, green

‫ﻳﺎﺑﹺﺴﺎﺕ‬ dry

َ‫ﻠﹶﺴﺎﺀ‬‫ﺟ‬ advisers

‫ﻘﺎﹰ‬‫ﺸﻔ‬‫ﻣ‬ companionate

‫ﺨﻞﹶ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒ‬ miserliness

14
‫ﻝﱠ‬‫ﺩ‬ to indicate, guide

‫ﺪﺑﲑﹺ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘ‬ solution, plan

‫ﻋﻮﻥﹶ‬‫ﺰﺭ‬‫ﺗ‬ to farm, plant

‫ﻢ‬‫ﺗ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﺣ‬ to harvest

‫ﻗﹶﺤﻂﹲ‬ famine, drought

‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ general, encompassing

‫ﻢ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﺰ‬‫ﺧ‬ preserve, stock up

‫ﻄﻮﻝﹸ‬‫ﻳ‬ to prolong

‫ﺼﺮ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨ‬ help, victory

‫ﺐ‬‫ﺨﺼ‬‫ﻳ‬ to prosper, be fertile

‫ﻳﻖ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﺍﻟﺼ‬ very truthful

‫ﺇﺷﺘﺎﻕ‬ become desirous

‫ﻠﺺ‬ ‫ﺨ‬‫ﺃﺳﺘ‬ choose, select for one’s self

‫ﻔﺘﻴﺶ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘ‬ investigation

‫ﻲ‬‫ﺭﺿ‬ be pleased

‫ﻫﻜﹶﺬﺍ‬ likewise, thus

‫ﺃﻣﺲﹺ‬ yesterday

‫ﺧﺎﻥﹶ‬ be treacherous, betray

‫ﻔﺲﹺ‬‫ ﺍﻟﻨ‬‫ﻛﹶﺒﲑ‬ great in terms of his soul

‫ﺎ‬‫ﺃﺑﹺﻴ‬ refuse (to accept disgrace)

‫ﻘﻞﹺ‬‫ ﺍﻟﻌ‬‫ﻛﹶﺒﲑ‬ great in intellect

15
‫ﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﻨﺘ‬‫ﻳ‬ wait, stay

‫ﺮﻉ‬ ‫ﻷﺳ‬ rush, hasten, run

‫ﻴﺔ‬‫ﻗﹶﻀ‬ issue, matter

ٌ‫ﺮﻱﺀ‬‫ﺑ‬ innocent

‫ﺋﻦﹺ‬‫ﺰﺍ‬‫ﺧ‬ treasures

‫ﺔﹶ‬‫ﺍﻷﻣﺎﻧ‬ trust

‫ﻗﹶﻠﻴ ﹶﻠﺔﹲ‬ scarce, less

‫ﻧﺔﹶ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺍﳋ‬ treachery, betrayal

‫ﺨﻮﻧﻮﻥﹶ‬‫ﻳ‬ be treacherous

‫ﺔﹲ‬‫ﺋﻌ‬‫ﺿﺎ‬ to waist

َ‫ﺮﺍﺀ‬‫ﺍ ُﻷﻣ‬ rulers, governors

‫ﻼﺏ‬‫ﻛ‬ dogs

‫ﺒﺲ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺗ‬ wear, cloth

‫ﻨﻔﹶﻊ‬‫ﻳ‬ to benefit (someone else)

‫ﻔﻴﻈﺎﹰ‬‫ﺣ‬ protective

‫ﻠﻴﻤﺎﹰ‬‫ﻋ‬ knowledgeable

‫ﻊ‬‫ﺘﻔ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻳ‬ to benefit (yourself)

‫ﺤﻴﹺﻲ‬‫ﺴﺘ‬‫ﻳ‬ to shy from, be ashamed of

‫ﺃﻣﻴﻨﺎﹰ‬ trustworthy

‫ﺮﺍﺡ‬‫ﺇﺳﺘ‬ to relax

‫ﺔﹲ‬‫ﺠﺎﻋ‬‫ﻣ‬ famine

16
‫ﻪ‬‫ﺟ‬‫ﺗﻮ‬ to turn towards, proceed towards

‫ﻮﻥﹶ‬‫ﻈﹸﻨ‬‫ﻳ‬ to think, believe

‫ﺮﻭﻥﹶ‬‫ﻨﻜ‬‫ﻣ‬ be unaware

‫ﺢ‬‫ﻔﻀ‬‫ﻳ‬ to humiliate, disgrace

‫ﻛﹶﱠﻠﻢ‬ speak to

‫ﺪ‬‫ﺒﻌ‬‫ﻳ‬ to be distant, far

‫ﺓﹰ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻣ‬ once

‫ﺤﻦ‬
 ‫ﺘ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻳ‬ to test

‫ﻊ‬‫ﻮﺿ‬ ‫ﹶﻓ‬ to put, place

‫ﻦ‬‫ﺁﻣ‬ to trust, have faith in, believe

‫ﺩ‬‫ﺭ‬ to return (back)

‫ﻨﺎﹰ‬‫ﺛﹶﻤ‬ price, cost

‫ﺣﻖ‬ right, share

‫ﺪﻭﺍ‬‫ﻌﺎﻫ‬‫ﺗ‬ to make a firm promise

‫ﻛﻴﻞﹲ‬‫ﻭ‬ witness

‫ﻗﹶﺔ‬‫ﺘﻔﹶﺮ‬‫ﻣ‬ separate, dispersed

‫ﺰﻝﹶ‬ ‫ﺃﻧ‬ to reside (someone)

‫ﻦﹴ‬‫ﺯﻣ‬ time, age

‫ﺒﻴﻞﹸ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴ‬ path, way, method

‫ﻜﻦ‬ ‫ﻤ‬‫ﻳ‬ be possible

‫ﺤﺒﹺﺲ‬‫ﻳ‬ withhold, keep behind

17
‫ﺐﹴ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺳ‬ reason, cause

ٌ‫ﺇﻧﺎﺀ‬ vessel, glass, cup

‫ﺛﹶﻤﲔ‬ expensive

‫ﺃ ﱠﺫﻥﹶ‬ to announce

‫ﺫﱢﻥﹸ‬‫ﻣﺆ‬ announcer, caller

‫ﺘ ﹶﻔﺖ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ to move attention towards

‫ﺪﻭﻥﹶ‬‫ﻔﻘ‬‫ﺗ‬ find missing

‫ﻮﺍﻉ‬‫ﺻ‬ drinking cup

‫ﻤﻞﹸ‬‫ﺣ‬ load

‫ﻌﲑﹴ‬‫ﺑ‬ camel

‫ﻔﺴِﺪ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻟ‬ sow corruption

‫ﺠﺰﻱ‬‫ﻧ‬ repay, punish

‫ﺧﺠﹺﻞﹶ‬ become ashamed

‫ﻬﺘﺎﻥﹶ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒ‬ slander

‫ﻛﹶﺮﳝﺎﹰ‬ kind, generous

‫ﻠﻴﻤﺎﹰ‬‫ﺣ‬ forbearing

‫ﺍﳌﹸﺤﺴِﻨﲔ‬ to favour, do good, be kind to

‫ﻌﺎﺫﹶ‬‫ﻣ‬ refuge

‫ﻨﺬﹸ‬‫ﻣ‬ since

‫ﻓﹶﻜﱠﺮ‬ to ponder

‫ﻌﻮﺍ‬‫ﹶﻓﺠ‬ to cause grief

18
‫ﻰ‬‫ﺃﺑ‬ to refuse, reject

‫ﻏﹶﻴﺐﹺ‬ unseen, hidden

‫ﺪﺍﹰ‬‫ﻳ‬ hand

‫ﻦ‬‫ﺘﺤ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻣ‬ test, try

‫ﻊ‬‫ﺠﻤ‬‫ﻳ‬ to gather, collect

‫ﲔﹺ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺼﻴﺒ‬‫ﻣ‬ calamity, hardship

‫ﺔﹰ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺧﻔ‬ hidden

‫ﺔﹰ‬‫ﻜﻤ‬‫ﺣ‬ wisdom

‫ﺔﹰ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺨﻔ‬‫ﻣ‬ concealed

‫ﺮ‬‫ﻳﺴ‬ to make happy, please

‫ﻢ‬‫ﻨﻌ‬‫ﻳ‬ bestow blessing

‫ﻰ‬‫ﻋﺴ‬ perhaps, hopefully

‫ﻌﺔﹸ‬ ‫ﻄ‬‫ﻗ‬ piece, part, portion

‫ﺩ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﺗﺠ‬ to renew, rekindle

‫ﺰﻥﹸ‬‫ﺣ‬ grief, sadness, sorrow

‫ﺳﻔﹶﻰ‬ ‫ﺃ‬ my sorrow

‫ﺰﺍﻝﹸ‬‫ﺗ‬ to depart, stop, seize (with ‘laa’ before it: to


continue)

‫ﻪ‬‫ﻻﻣ‬ to blame

‫ﻠﻚ‬ ‫ﻬ‬‫ﺗ‬ to parish, die, be destroyed

‫ﺃﺷﻜﻮ‬ to complain

‫ﺚﱢ‬‫ﺑ‬ anguish, distress

19
‫ﺍﻟﻴ ﹾﺄﺱ‬ despair

ٌ‫ﺟﺎﺀ‬‫ﺭ‬ hope

‫ﺜﻮﺍ‬‫ﺒﺤ‬‫ﻟﻴ‬ to search

‫ﻬﹺﺪﻭﺍ‬‫ﺠﺘ‬‫ﻳ‬ to make effort

‫ﻄﻮﺍ‬‫ﻘﻨ‬‫ﻳ‬ to loose hope

‫ﺃﹸﺧﻔﹶﻰ‬ to conceal

‫ﻠﻚ‬ ‫ﻤ‬‫ﻳ‬ to control, to own, possess

‫ﻠﻮﻥﹶ‬‫ﺟﺎﻫ‬ ignorant, unaware

‫ﺷﻚ‬ doubt, uncertainty

‫ﻦ‬‫ﻣ‬ to favour

‫ﺘﻖﹺ‬‫ﻳ‬ to fear

‫ﺌﲔ‬‫ﺧﺎﻃ‬ wrong-doers

ِ‫ﻘﺎﺀ‬‫ﻟ‬ meeting

‫ﺮﺍﻕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔ‬ separation

‫ﻄﻴﺐ‬‫ﻳ‬ be pleasant, enjoyable

‫ﻒ‬‫ﺇﻧ ﹶﻜﺸ‬ become manifest, apparent

‫ﺗﻘﹶﺮ‬ become cool

‫ﻲ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻋ‬ become blind

‫ﺼﲑﺍﹰ‬‫ﺑ‬ possessor of eyesight

‫ﺳﺎﺭ‬ to travel, journey

‫ﺲ‬‫ﺃﺣ‬ to sense, feel

20
‫ﺤﺔﹶ‬
 ‫ﺋ‬‫ﺭﺍ‬ smell, odour, fragrance

‫ﺗﺪ‬‫ﺇﺭ‬ return

‫ﺮ‬‫ﻐﻔ‬‫ﺇﺳﺘ‬ to seek forgiveness

‫ﻞﹶ‬‫ﻘﺒ‬‫ﺇﺳﺘ‬ to welcome

‫ﺒﺎﺭﻛﺎﹰ‬‫ﻣ‬ blessed

‫ﺮﺵﹺ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌ‬ thrown

‫ﻗﹶﻌﻮﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬ to fall

‫ﺪﺍﹰ‬‫ﺳﺠ‬ in prostration

‫ﺒﺎﹰ‬‫ﻃﹶﻴ‬ pure, nice, good

‫ﻜﺮﺍﹰ‬‫ﺷ‬ gratitude

‫ﺴﻦ‬‫ﺣ‬ best, beauty

‫ﺒﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻗ‬ conclusion, end result

‫ﻞﹾ‬‫ﺸﻐ‬‫ﻳ‬ occupy (someone)

‫ﺮ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻳﻐ‬ to change, alter

‫ﺤﻜﹸﻢ‬‫ﻳ‬ to rule, govern

‫ﻨﻔﱢﺬﹸ‬‫ﻳ‬ to implement

‫ﻛﹶﺜﲑﺍﹰ‬ abundant, much, many

‫ﺪ‬‫ﻳﻌ‬ to consider

‫ﺮ‬‫ﺤﺸ‬‫ﻳ‬ to raise alive, resurrect

‫ﺍﻷﺣﺎﺩﻳﺚ‬ dreams, matters

‫ﺮ‬‫ﻓﺎﻃ‬ originator, creator

21
‫ﻴﻲ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬ guardian, protector

‫ﻑ‬‫ﺗﻮ‬ give death

22